|27 The origin of Ravana and Hanuman|
Devi Mandodari was the daughter of Maya Danava the King of Tripura and after the Danava’s death, she performed ‘Tapasya’ in a Cave of Vindhyadri to Maha Vishnu and attained Mukti. After her Salvation, two hundred MahaYugas elapsed and in the twelfth Satya Yuga of the current Vaivasvata Manvantara, Brahma’s son Poulastya was blessed with a son Vishravasu. The latter married Kaikasi the daughter of Sumali the Daitya and begot Ravana and Kumbhakarna. Ravan was a ‘Matru Bhakta’ and Kumbhakarna was a ‘Pitru Bhakta’. Both the brothers performed Tapasya and secured boons of invincibility against Devas and Danavas from Brahma. The Danava brothers fought a fearful battle with Devas and dislodged the latter from ‘Swarga’and Devas in turn executed Tapasya to Lord Shiva for eleven years by way of ‘Parthivarchana’ and the Devas too secured boons due to which they became fearless too. Meanwhile, Kesari the son of Gautami Rishi and Kesari’s wife Anjana secured a grand son named Hanuman with the ‘Amsa’ (facet) of Parama Shiva and Vayu Deva too was responsible in the birth of the boy. Mistaking Surya Deva for a red-coloured fruit, the boy was tempted to fly skywad tried to hold Surya Deva, as Indra threw his Vajra on Hanuman’s body and Ravana tried to hold Hanuman’s tail but Hanuman never left his firm hold of Surya Deva. Ravan kept on fighting for a year in vain and tried to wriggle out of Hanuman’s powerful clasp. Meanwhile Rishi Vishrava arrived at the spot and eulogised Hanuman to release Ravana the terror of the Universe. There after Hanuman resided for long time at Pampapura on the banks of Pampa River as a strong fixture and was thus acclaimed as ‘Sthanu’. Also since Ravana who had dictated the World and controlled Devas was humiliated by Anjaneya, his name and fame spread as Hanuman: Nighnanta cha Suraan mukhyan Ravanam Lokaraavanam, Nihanti Mushthirbhayah sa Hanumaaniti vishrutah. (Ravana who was in the habit of badly hurting Devas and related Demi-Gods and killing Vishnu- Bhaktas without mercy had thus been restrained badly and received a jolt by Hanuman; the ‘Mushtighatas’ or ‘Hanus’ (beatings of closed hand grasps) damaged Ravana was the reason why Hanuman was named as such. Lord Brahma informed Hanuman that during the twenty eighth Tretayuga’s first Part of Vaivaswa Manvantara, Bhagavan Vishnu would take the Incarnation of Shri Rama and that he would achieve Rama’s unreserved devotion to Hanuman and destroy the clan of Ravana, his cruel brothers and sinful sons. Subsequently, Hanuman would assume the form of a human being on Earth and live at the Manikarnika Ghat at Kashi as Bala Sharma and would become a disciple of Shankara Acharya and revive Tantra-Mantra Shastras as an anti-dote of the pull of Kali-Yuga.
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