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Kurmavatara

 

Essence Of
Kurma Purana

 

5    Brahma Srishti and Pancha Sargas

Even as he thought of Srishti, Brahma created darkness involuntarily and as the variations of the darkness, five ‘Avidyas’ occurred viz. Tamas, Moha, Maha Moha, Tamishra and Andha. With meditation in favour of Paramatma, Brahma then visioned a Seed-like Formation of a Five-divisioned Entity surrounded by darkness viz. Prakasha or Jnaana, Stambha or Jada, Sagjna vihina or Chetana vihina, Naga or Stationary or Immobile like Mountains and Trees and Mukhya or the Principal, thus providing broad hints of Mukhya Sarga to Brahma about the kind of Srishti that he could take up; even while taking the pointers or suggestions, Brahma also thought of another category of Srishti viz. Tiryagsrota or of Pashu-Pakshi Srishti. These types of Srishti did not greatly impress Brahma and therefore resorted to Deva Sarga in which the features of happiness and contentment predominated. After further meditation, Brahma realised that there should be an Arvaakstrota Srishti of Human Beings with a mix of Rajasa-Tamasa Gunas with some Satwa Guna as well and thus launched Manushya Sarga. This was followed by Bhuta Sarga in which the Creations would not possess capacity to acquire but give away. Thus there were Five Sargas viz. Mukhya, Tiryagsrota, Deva, Manusha and Bhutadi.  Thus Brahma’s Mahat Sarga comprised the categories upto Manusha Sarga; Bhuta Sarga was followed as the Second Sarga while the Third was that of Vaikarika / Aindriyaka Sarga; all these Sargas were considered as Abuddhipurvaka or Unintentional.

Then followed Buddhi Purvaka (Deliberate) Srishti and Brahma begot Manasa Putras viz. Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanatana, Rijhu, and Sanatkumara all of whom being Yogis, Parama Vairaagis, and Ishwara Bhaktas who did not further the Creative Deeds. Despite continued Tapas, Brahma had to wait long,  got frustrated and out of his eye drops mingled with anger were materialised from his frown the Rudra Rupa called Nilalohita and ten additional Swarupas ( Bhava, Sharva, Ishana, Pashupati, Bheema, Ugra, Mahadeva, Ekapaada, Ahirbhudani, Hara). Brahma continued Srishiti of Jala, Agni, Antariksha, Aakaasha, Vaayu, Prithvi; Nadi, Samudra, Parvata, Vriksha,Vanaspati as also Time-Units l ike Lava, Kashtha, Kalaa, Muhurtha, Dina-Ratra, Paksha, Maasa, Ayana, Varsha and Yugas. He then created Marichi from his eyes; Bhrigu from his hridaya or heart; Angira from his head; Pulastya from his Udana Vayu; Pulaha from hisVyaana Vayu; Kratu from Brahma’s Shanta Swabhava; Daksha from his Prana Vayu; Atri from his ears, Vasishtha from his Samaana Vaayu; Dharma from Vyavasaaya; and Sankalpa from his Sankalpa or Proposition.

Brahma created from his Eastern Face the Gayatri Chhanda, Rigveda, Trivrutsama, Rathantara (Saama) and Agnishtoma among Yagnaas; from his Southern face, he produced Yajurveda, Rishabh Chhanda, Trishthap Chhanda, Pancha dasha Stoma, Brihat Saama and Uktha; from his Western Face, Brahma evolved Sama Veda, Jagati Chhanda, Saptadasha Stoma, Vairupa and Atiratra Yagjna; from his Northern face, Brahma materialised twenty one branches of Atharva Veda, Anushthup Chhanda, Aaptoryaama and Vairaja Yagnas. He created Devatas, Rishis, Pitaras and Manushyas; Yaksha, Pishacha, Gandharava, Apsaras, Kinnaras, Rakshasaas, Pakshi-Mriga-Pashu-and Sarpas.

As there was a mixed factor of Dharma and Adharma across the Srishti attempted so far- and more over since the speed of Srishti did not gain momentum- Brahma divided his physique into two Parts: one as Purusha and another as Stree (woman); the latter was named Shata Rupa replete with Jnaana-Vigjnaana and was married to Brahma Putra  Swayambhuva Manu. Shata Rupa and Swayambhu gave birth to Priyavrata and Uttanapaada as also two daughters Prasuti and Akriti. Prasuti got married to Daksha Prajapati and Akriti was wedded to Ruchi Prajapati. The latter gave birth to Yagjna and Dakshina while Daksha and Prasuti gave birth to twenty four daughters viz. Shraddha, Lakshmi, Dhruti, Tushti, Pushti, Medha, Kriya, Buddhi, Lajja, Vapu, Shanti, Siddhi and Kirti besides Khyaati, Sati, Sambhuti, Smriti, Preeti, Kshama, Santati, Anasuya, Urga, Swaha and Swadha.



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