Essence Of
Varaha Purana


10    Significance of Triteeya as the day of worship to Devi Gauri /Devi Parvati (Rudra Stuti included)
Brahma created Lord Rudra and instructed Him to organise Creation, but Rudra being extremely spiritual executed penance. Meanwhile Devi Gauri was born to Daksha Prajapati and was known as Dakshayani. Rudra got disturbed in His ‘Tapasya’ as Daksha initiated one Yagna which was supported by Lord Vishnu. There was an altercation between Rudra and Vishnu but Brahma intervened as both of them were imperative in the context of Universal Existence and thus declared that both Hari and Hara would be equally crucial. To appease Rudra, Brahma offered a major portion of ‘Havis’ or the oblations to Agni for distribution to various Devas who sought to cool down Rudra by extolling Him:
Rudra Stuti:

‘ Bhaganetra haram Devam Pushno danta vinasanam,
Stutim kuruth ma Seeghram Geetyirethesthu Namami
Namo Vishama netraya Nameste Triambakayacha,
Namah Sahsara netraya Namasthe Suulipaanine-
Namah Khatvanga hasthaaya Dandabhrutey kare,
Tvam Deva Hutabhungjwala kotibhanu samaprabahah-
Adarshaneyat Deva Mridavijnanatodhuna,
Krutamasmabhirevesha Thadatra kshayataam Prabho-
Namah Trinetrayatriharaya Shambho,
Trisulapaney Vikritasya rupa-
Samasta Deveswara Suddha bhava,
Praseeda Rudrachyuta Sarvabhava-
Pushnosya Dantatmaka Bhima rupa Pralambabhogindra lulinthakanthah,
Vishala Dehachyuta Neelakantha Praseeda Visweswara Viswamurthih-
Bhagakshi Samsphotana Dakshakarma,
Grihanabhagam muhatah pradhanam,
Praseeda Deveshvara Neela kantha Prapahinah Sarvagunopapannah-
Sitangaraga pratipanna murthyem Kapaladhaarim Tripuraghna Deva,
Prapahinah Sarva Bhayashu chaiva Umapathey Pushakaranala janma-
Pashyamte Dehagatan Suresh Sargadayo Vedavaraanananta,
Saangaan Savidhyan Sapadakramancha Sarvaan Nileenaamsthvayi Deva Deva-
Bhava Sarva Mahadeva Pinaakin Rudra the Hara,
Natah sma Sarvam Viswesa Aaahinah Parameswara’.

Rudra was pleased with Devas who prevailed on Rudra to wed Devi Gauri eventually. As time passed on, Daksha Prajapati planned another Yagna but did not invite either his daughter or Rudra who ought to have occupied the Prime Seat being eligible for the major portion of the ‘Havis’! More than Rudra who was immune from such lapses as not inviting Him, Devi Gauri felt insulted and despite Rudra’s protests attended her father’s Yagna Ceremony uninvited. Daksha was not only cool at his daughter but started abusing Rudra; she could not control Herself and immolated Her life in Yoga Agni. As a sequel to this most unfortunate development, Rudra created Veerabhadra, got the ‘Daksha Yagna’ devastated and severed the head of Daksha. Later on, Rudra was reconciled and as Devas sincerely entreated to forgive Daksha in the interest of Universal Governance as he was Prajapati, revived the latter by refixing the head of the Goat meant for Sacrifice at the Yagna. As time rolled on, Devi Parvati was born to the King of Himalayas viz. Himavanth and since Her childhood yearned to wed Lord Siva. A powerful ‘Asura’ (Demon) named Tarakasura secured boons from Brahma that none in the Universe could kill him except Lord Siva’s son, presumably since Lord Siva would never marry, especially after the Daksha incident of Devi Gauri. Brahma and Vishnu accompanied by all the Devas and related Deities approached Lord Siva to marry but Maha Deva was in Tapasya. Devi Parvati in Her firm resolve to wed Siva approached Him to perform services like timely provision of flowers and such other material such as fruits, Dhoop and ‘Arthi’ (Light) to Siva for enabling worship by Himself to the Supreme Power. Devas utilised the services of ‘Mammadha’-son of Lord Narayana- and his wife Devi Sati to somehow draw Siva’s attention to Devi Parvati and change Siva’s attitude in favour of Devi Parvati and pave the way for their wedding so that Siva would beget a son who could kill the Demon Tarakasura.But unfortunately the desires of Devi Parvati, Devas and indeed the whole world misfired and Siva opened His third eye to punish Manmadha by converting him as Ashes! As time passed, Lord Siva married Devi Parvati and was blessed with Son, Lord Subrahmanya who annihilated Takasura the dreaded Demon. Since the birth and wedding of Devi Gauri as also of Devi Parvati coincided on the Thriteeya day of a month, Lord Brahma declared that this day is worthy of special worship and austerity to Devi Gauri / Devi Parvati. Both men and women ought to avoid consumption of salt or salted material and those who observe this practice would certainly become prosperous, healthy and famous.

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