Hindu Dharma: Vyakarana
The chapters that exist in "Vyakarana" are listed in this page.
To go to another part in "Hindu Dharma", please either go back or see the bottom of this page.
|Mouth of the Vedapurusa||
Vyakarana or grammar is the 'mukha' of the Vedapurusa, his mouth. The Tamil word for grammar is 'illakanam'. Grammar deals with the 'laksanas' of alanguage. 'Laksmana(n)' is 'llukkumanan' in Tamil. In the same way, 'laksana(m)' becomes 'illakanam' in that language. There are a number of works on Sanskrit grammar. The most widely used and ...
|Grammar and Siva||
Siva temples have a mandapa (pavilion jor hall) called ' vyakarana-danamandapa'. In Tamil it has come to be called ' vakkanikkum mandapam'. There are such halls in many temples in the Cola territary of Tamilnadu. One such is in Tiruvorriyur near Madras. Why should there be a mandapa for grammar in Siva temples? What is Siva's connection with language? Is not Siva in his form of Daksinamurti all silence? ...
|Works on Grammar||
In the stanza [in the previous chapter ] we saw that the poet calls Siva 'Candravatamsa'. It means the god who has the moon for a head ornament. 'Candrasekhara' and 'Indusekhara' mean the same. Remarkably enough, 'Indusekhara' occurs in the titles of two grammatical works. One is Sabdendusekharam, and the other pariposendusekharam. A student who has read grammar up to Sabdendusekharam is considered ...
|Sanskrit and Tamil Grammar||
Just as 'illakanam', the Tamil word for grammar, is derived from the Sanskrit 'laksana', so too a number of other words that have to do with grammar in that language are of Sanskrit origin. For instance, there are two terms used in Tamil grammar, pakuti (pahuti) and vikuti (vihuti). To illustrate in the word 'Ramanukku' (for Raman ), 'Raman ' is pakuti and 'ku' is 'vikuti'. Both terms ...
|Sanskrit : The Universal Language||
Sanskrit is the language of all mankind; it is an international language and also the language of the gods. The gods are called 'girvanas'; so Sanskrit is called 'Gairvani'. While the emperor of Tamil poetry, Kambar, describes it as the 'devabhasa', the Sanskrit poet Dandin calls it ' daivi vak'(divine speech) in his Kavyadarsa: ' Samskrtam nama daivi vak. ' ...
|Linguistic Studies and Religion||
Siksa, Vyakarna and the subjects I have yet to deal with -Chandas and Nirukta-are Vedangas-(limbs of the vedas)connected with language. After I said that I would deal with matters basic to our religion, I have been speaking about linguistic studies and grammar. Next I am going to deal with prosody. By works on religion we ordinarily mean those[directly] relating to God, worship, devotion, jnana, dharma and so on. Would not the right thing for ...
For a general background, please see here