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Varaha

 

Essence Of
Varaha Purana

 

 

14    Devotion to Surya on Saptamis (Text of Adithya Hridayam included)
The unparalelled and ageless Jnana Shakti of the Supreme Energy is but a token sign on the Sky in the form of Suryas everlasting luminosity and heat, constantly reminding human beings of the wonder of Creation. The unique radiance of Surya on the Sky providing fleeting glimpses of Mahan Atma is named Ravi. Surya is also called Bhaskar or Prabhakar. As he is visible during daytime, Surya is called Diwakar. Since He is the known Deity from the beginning, one calls Him Aditya. Although the presence of Surya was a matter of immense happiness initially, Devas started to feel the excessive illumination and heat and as such prayed to Him to tone down these to bearable levels;They said that He was too sizzling and literally burning Devalokas; the glow emerging from the Chariot is too dazzling to look at; that He was always invited to share the oblations of Ghee ( Classified butter) in Yagnas and they were grateful to do so; but He must become far less blistering and radiant to limits of tolerance and that they would sincerely beseech Him to do so. Sun God responded to the requests of Devas and since that day of Saptami became visible at Prithvi also initially.Those human beings on Earth sincerely worship Surya Deva along with recitation of Aditya Hridayam on this day would certainly have their desires fulfilled.

Aditya Hridayam:
Thato Yuddha parishrantham Samare chinmayaasthitham,
Raavanam chaagratho dhrushtva Yuddhaya Samupasthitham /
Daivathescha samaagamya drashtumaabhayagato ranam,
Upagamya braveedrama magastyo Bhagavan Rishih/
Raama Raama mahabaho, Shrunu Guhyam Sanaathanam,
Ena sarvaanareenvathsa Samere vijayashasi.
Aditya Hridayam Punyam Sarva Shathru vinaasanam,
Jayaavaham Japennithyam akshayyam pramam Shivam /
Sarva Mangala maanganglyam sarva paapa pranasanam
chintashoka prashamana mayurvardhhana muttamam /
Rashmimantham Samudyantam Devasura Namaskrutam,
Pujayaswa vivaswantham Bhaaskaram Bhuvaneshwaram/
Sarva Vedaanthako heysshas Tejasvi rasmibhaavanah
yesha Devaassura gananlokan paathi gabhastibhih /
Esha Brahmecha Vishnuscha Shiva Skanda Prajapathih,
Mahendro Dhanadah Kaalo Yama Somohyapaampathim/
Pitaro Vasavassaadhya Hyashvino marutomaruh,
Vaayurvahnih Prajaaprana ritukartha Prabhakarah/
Aaditya Savithassuryah khagah pushaa Gabhastiman,
Suvarna sadruso Bhaanuh vishva retha Divaakarah/
Hardasyva ssahasararchi Sapta Saptir Marichiman /
Timironmadhana Shambhustwasthta Martandam Anushman/
Hiranyagarbhas sisirahstapano Bhaskaro Ravih,
Agnigarbhodite putrah sankhassisira naashanah/
Vyomanathahstamo bhedi Rig yajur Saama paaragah
Ghanavrishtirapam mitro vindhya Veedheeh plavangamaha/
Aatapee mandalir mrutyur pingalah sarva thaapanah,
Kavirvisvo Maha Tejah rakta sarva ssabodbhavah/
Nakshatragana Taaraana madhipo Viswa bhaavana,
Tejasamapi Tejasvi Dwadashatma namosthutey/
Namah purvaya giraye paschimaadrayenamah,
Jyotiragaanam dinadhi pathaye namah/
Jayaya Jaya Bhadraya Haryasvaya namonamah,
Namo namassahasramso Adityaya nomonamah/
Namah Ugraya Veeraya Saarangaya namonamah,
Namah Padma Prabhodaya Marthaandaya namah /
Brahmeshanaachuteshaya Suryaadithya varchase,
Bhaaswate Sarva bhakshaya Roudraya Vapushe namah /
Tamoghnaya Himaghnaya Shatrughnaya amithatmanye
Krithaghna hanyaya Devaya Jyotishampathaye namah/
Taptachaamika rabhyaya Haraye Vishvakarmane,
Namasthamobhignaya Ruchaye Loka Saakshiney/
Naasayatyesha vibhutam tha Deva srujatih Prabhuh,
Payatyesha Tapatyesha varshatyesha gabhasitih/
Esha Supteshu Jaagarti Bhuteshu parinishthithah,
Esha evagnihothramcha phalam chaivagnihotrinam/
Vedantha kratavaschiva Kratuunam Phalamevacha,
Yani krutyani lokeshu Sarva esha Ravi Prabhuh/
Yena maapathsyu krushcheshu kanthareshu bhayeshucha,
kirthayan Purusha kaschinnavaseedhati Raghava/
Pujasvinamekagro Deva Devam Jagatpatim,
ethah Trigunitham jatva Yuddesh vijaishyasi/
Asmin kshane Maha Baaho Ravanam twam Vadhishyasi,
Evamuktwa Agasthyo jagam yadhagatham/
Edhat srutwa Maha Teja nashta shoka abhavat tada,
Dharayamasa Suptreetho Raghava prayathtmaavan/
Adithya preksha japtwa thu pavan Harsha mavaptavaan,
Thriraachamya Suchirbhuthva dhanuraadhaaya Viryavan/
Ravanam preshya hrushtatma yuddhaya samupagamat,
Sarva yathnena Mahata vadhetasya dhruto bhavat/
Adhaaraveera vadha nireekshya Ramam, Muditamana paramam prahurshyamana/ Nisicharapathi Samakshyam vidhitwa, Suragana madhyo vachaswarethi/

(A meditatve Lord Rama was about to commence the battle with Ravana and an all-knowing Sage Agasthya who joined Gods to witness the Great Battle assured that the victory would indeed be Lord Ramas for sure!
This Sacred Hymn Adithya Hridayam dedicated to Sun God is highly propitious, extinguishes all enemies, ushers Glorious Victory and is worthy of reciting always ensuring eternal bliss.This Holy Prayer is a guarantee to achieve Prosperity; destroys sins, anxieties and wavering thoughts as also secures long life with contentment. We pray to Sun God as He has fully risen on the sky and is revered by Devas for the high splendour providing to the entire Universe.He embodies the totality of Celestial Deities and is self-radiant nourished by His own rays and heat, energising the whole world with its inhabitants including all the Objects of Gods creation. He is Brahma, Vishnu, Siva, Skanda, Prajapathi, Mahendra, Kubera, Kala, Soma, and Varuna. He is Pitras, Vasus, Sadhyas, Asvini Kumars (Physicians of Gods), Marud Ganas responsible for breeze, Manu, Vayu, Agni, Prana, the Season Maker and Prabhakara, the Provider of radiance. He is the son of Aditi, Savitha, Surya, Traversor of Sky, the Energy to perform various things, the cause for rains, the One to create shining Golden rays and the Maker of the Day. He has propitiously green horses, emits innumerable rays, rides seven horses, dispels darkness, destroys life, enables rebirth and provides unending effulgence. He is the Sourcer of Gold, imparts coolness, provides heat, causes illumination, has fire within, praised by one and all, melts off snow and enjoys sky-wide rides. He is the Lord of the Sky; Master of Rig, Yajur and Sama Vedas; cause of heavy rains, friend of water and rapid traveller over Vindhya Mountains. He originates heat, causes death, provides shape to the Universe, assumes colour of gold, heats up everything, connoisseur of knowledge, loved universally, Manager of the Universe and Great Organiser. Our Salutations to Him who has Twelve Forms, is the Chief of Stars, Planets and Zodiac and the Great Illuminator. Our reverences to Him who rises from the East and sinks in the West, the Master of Jyotirganas, the Sovereign of the Days and the Lord of Objects that shines. Our veneration to Him the embodiment and basis of Victories and Eternal Rider of the memorable Green Horses, the immortal personality of Thousand Rays and the Illustrious Son of Aditi Devi. Greetings to Him, who is a terror to the Vicious, a hero to the admirers, a prompt and fast voyager of the Sky, an efficient opener of Lotus and an efficient Energiser of lives. Our worship to Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva as also Surya who is blessed with Aditi; He is ever shining, consumes everything and has a formidable form of Rudra! He destroys darkness, snow and enemies; has a huge body, devastates the ungrateful and the Lord of everything that shines. Our Salutations to Him who is yellow like molten gold, has the form of Fire, is the Creator of the World and the demolisher of ignorance; He endears one and all, and the ready witness to all! This God facilitates everything to grow and also demolishes; with His powerful rays, He generates extreme heat and also causes heavy rains! He is awake and active when everybody is fast asleep without even our knowing about it; He is the Fire Sacrifice Himself and also the one who performs the Sacrifice too. All the pious tasks carried on in the Universe related to Vedas, Yagnas and Yagas are Lord Surya Himself. Hey Raghava, any one who recites this Hymn in praise of Adithya in times of danger or suffering or in wild forests, and in times of fear shall indeed cross over the problems for sure. Do worship this Lord of the Universe with single minded devotion and faith thrice and indeed the Victory shall be yours. Sri Rama, the Her of Heros, you shall annihilate the Demon Ravana in a second, thus said Sage Agasthya and left his way. On hearing this, Lord Rama became free from any sorrow and prepared Himself to execute the Prayer with utmost devotion; He cleaned Himself, did Achamanathrice, lifted the bow towards Sun God and was excited with happiness to commence the Battle. He faced Ravana with the firm resolve to destroy the Demon. The Lord of Skies Bhagavan Adithya, along a bevy of Gods, blessed Rama to kill the Demon forthwith.]


Kartikeyas worship on Shasthi and its auspiciousness

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