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Matsya Avatara

 

 

12    Features of Nava Grahas and Procedure of Navagraha Shanti
Adithyaya Somaaya Mangalaaya Budhaayacha
Guru Shukra Sanirbhyascha Rahavey Ketavey Namah/

Surya, Chandra, Mangala, Budha, Brihaspati, Shukra, Shani, Rahu and Keta are all expected to be basically benificient Grahas (Planets). Description of their Swarupas (Forms) is as follows:

Padmaasanah Padmakarah Padmagarbha samuddhitah,
Saptaashvah Saptarujjuscha Dwibhujah syaat sadaa Ravih/

(Surya Deva has two hands wearing two lotuses, seated on a lotus flower; his luster is abundant like that of the outside part of a lotus; Surya Deva is comfortably seated on a magnificent chariot driven by Seven Horses).

Swetah Swetaambaradharah Swetaashvah Swetavaahanah
Gadaapaanirdwibaahus cha Kartavyo varadah Shashee

(Chandra Deva is of white colour, wears white clothes, has white horses, white chariot, with gada/ mace and Varada Mudra or sign of Protection).

Raktamaalyaambara dharah Shakti Shula Gadadharah,
Chaturbhujah Raktaromaa varadah syad Dharaasutah/

(Dhrarani nandana or the son of Earth, Mangala is adorned with Shakti, Trishula, Gada and Vara Mudra on his four hands; his body colour is blood red, wears red clothes and red flower garland)

Peetamaalyaambara dharah Karnikaa rasamadyutih,
Khadgacharma gadaa paanih Simhastho varado Budhah/

(Budha Deva wears yellow flower garland and yellow clothes with body colour too yellowish; he sports a sword, shield, mace and Vara mudra by his four hands and is seated on a lion);

Deva daitya Guru Taddhat peetaswaitow chaturbhujaow,
Dandinow Varadow Kaaryao Saakshasutra Kamandalu/

(The Pratimas or Idols of Deva Guru Brihaspati and of Danava Guru Shukraachaarya should respectively be of yellow and white colours; their hands are ornamented with Danda, Rudrakshamaala, Kamandalu and Varada Mudra).

Indra neela dutih Shuli varado Grudhra vaahanah
Baana baanaasanadharah kartavy -orka suthastathaa/

(Shanaischaras body colour is of Indraneelamani / blue diamond; he rides a Grudhra / Vulture and carries bow and arrows, Trishula and Varada Mudra).

Karaala vadanah Khadgacharma Shuli Varapradah,
Neela simhaasanascha Rahuratra Prashasyatey/

( Rahu Deva is fierce looking, carries sword, skin sheath, Shula and Vara Prada by his four hands and is seated on a blue throne).

Dhumraa Dwibaahavah Sarvey Gadino vikrutaananah,
Grudhraasana gataa nithyam Ketavah Syurvara pradaah/

(Ketu Deva is of grey colour and of fierce Rupa with two hands showing gadaa and varada mudra seated always on a vulture)

Sarvey kireetinah kaaryaa Grahaa Lokahitaavahaah,
Hyaanguleynocchritaah Sarvey shatamashtottaram sadaa/

(These are all beneficient Grahas worthy of ornamentation with Kiritas/head gears and be of hundred eight inches of Pratimas / Idols).

A Vedi(platform) is to be prepared with white rice grains with Surya Deva the Center, Mangal in the South, Brihaspati in the North, North East with Budha, East as Shukra, South East as Chandra, West as Shani, South West as Rahu, and North West as Ketu. The Adhi Devatas to each of the Planets are as follows: Shiva for Surya, Parvati for Chandra, Skanda for Mangal, Vishnu for Budha, Brahma for Brihaspati, Indra for Shukra, Yama for Shanaischara, Kaala Devata forRahu and Chitragupta for Ketu. The Pratyabhidevatas respectively are Agni, Varuna, Prithvi, Vishnu, Indra, Aindri, Prajapati, Sarpa and Brahma. Besides, Vinayaka, Durga, Vayu, Aakasha, and Ashvini Kumars and these are also to be invoked by individual names. While visualising the various Grahas, one has to visualise Mangala and Surya as of red colour, Chandra and Shukra as of white colour, Budha and Brihaspati as yellow, Shani and Rahu as black and Ketu as grey. The Kartha who is to perform the worship the Grahas should try to secure these coloured Vastras (clothing) and flowers as also apply Gandha (Sandalwood paste), offer Dhupa, Dipa and fruits. By way of Naivedya, Surya has to be offered Anna Payasa/ kheer; Chandra to be offered material made of ghee and milk; Mangala to offer cows products, to Budha cooked rice and milk, Brihaspati curd rice, Shukra ghee and cooked rice mix, Shanaischara to be offered Khichidi or cooked rice with lentils and ghee, to Rahu cooked corn grain and to Ketu chitraanato be offered. On the Northeast side of the Vedika, a Kalasha (vessel) has to be arranged containing Akshatas (raw rice grains mixed with turmeri powder) and curd inside, covered on its top with tender mango leaves, and duly wrapped around with new cloth, with fruits kept besides. In side the Vessel should be placed Pancha Ratnas and Pancha Bhang or the roots of Five Trees viz. Peepal, Bargad, Paakad, Gular and Mango. Into this Vessel, Avahana or salutary reception/ invocation of waters of Varuna, Ganga and other Sacred Rivers, Samudras, Sarovaras should be performed. Then the Chief Priest would pre-collect the Earth of River-beds, Goshaalas etc and apply to the Karta/devotee and recite the Mantra saying:

Sarvey Samudraah Saritah Saraamsi
jaladaa nadaah aayaantu Yajamaanasya duritah kaarakaah/

( May all the waters of Samudras, Rivers, Rivulets, Sarovars and cloud / rain waters be prayed to clean up and purify the Karta. Later on, let havan be intiated with ghee, rice, yavas, til /sesame seeds; then samidhasor the bark / branches of specified trees viz. madaara, palaasha, khaira, chichinda, peepul, gular, duub and Kushashould be used to appropriate Grahas. To each of the Grahas, there should be one hundred offerings (or atleast twenty eight) Ahutis should be made along with honey, ghee and curd; the measurement of Samidhaasmust optimally be of the size of thumb-top to pointing finger-top made of branches, barks and leaves.The Purohitas / Priests should address each or the specified Grahas with the relevant Mantras as designed appropriately and slowly in proper intonation. Again, the samidhas with ghee are to be offered ten times. There after, each Graha has to be appeased one by one: Surya should be pleased with the havan as per the Mantra

Akrishnena Rajasaa vartamano nivesayannamrutam marthaumcha Hiranyayena savitaa rathenaa Devo yati bhvanaani pasyan;

then to Chandra with the Mantra :

Apyaayaswa sametutey Viswataassoma vrishniyam,
Bhavaavaajasya sangadhey;

to Mangala by the Mantra viz.

Agnirmurdhvaah Kakuppatih Prithivyaa Ayam,
Apaagum retaamsi jinvati/ ;

to Budha with the Mantra:

Udbhudhvassajney prati Jaagruhey namishtaa purtey sagum srujedhaamayamcha,
punah krunnvag sya pitaram yuvaa namanvaataagum srujethaa mayamcha/ ;

to Guru by the Mantra:

Brihaspatey ati yadaryo arhaaddyumadwi bhaati kratumajjeneshu,
yaddeedayaccha vasarta prabhaata tadasmaasu dravinam dehi chitram;

to Shukra by the Mantra:

Sukramtey anyadyajatam tey anyadwishah ruupey ahaneedyouri vaasi,
Vishwaahi maayaa avasi swadhaavo bhadraatey puushanniharaatirastu/;

to Shanaischara with the Mantra:

Sham no devirabhheshtaye

or alternately with the Mantra :

Shamagniragni bhiskarachannastapatu Suryah sham vaatovaa tvarasaa Apasridhah;

to Rahu, the relevant Mantra is:

Om kayanaschitra Aa Bhuvadutee Sadaa Vrudhaas sakhaah
kayaa shachishthayaavrutaah/;

and to Ketu, the relevant Mantra is:

Om Ketumkrunvanna ketaveypeso maryaa Aa pesasey Samushadbhirajaayathaah/

After seeking the blessings of the Nava Grahas, other significant Deities are also to be pleased by performing havans: To RUDRA DEVA first corresponding to Surya:

Aa Vo Raajaana Madhvasarasya Rudram

or alternatively:

Kadrudraaya prachetasey meedushthamaaya tavyasey,
vochema shantamagum hrudey;

to DEVI UMA corresponding to Chandra:

Apo hi shtha mayo bhuvah taana oorjey dadhaatana,
Maheranaaya chakshusey
yoh vah Sivatamorasah tasya bhaajahateha nah/ Usiteerava Maatarah/
Tasma arangamama vah yasya kshayaaya jinvatha, Apo janaayata cha nah/
Om Bhurbhuvassavaha

or alternatively

Gowrimimaaya salilaani takshatyeke padi dwipati saa chatushpadi,
Astaapadi Navapadi babhuvushi Sahasraakshaaraa paramevyoman;

to Swami KARTIKEYA :

Syona Prithivi Bhavaanruksharaa nivesani yacchaanassarmasa prathaah;

to Vishnu:

Idam Vishnurvichakramey tredhaa nidadhey padam, Samoodhamasyapaagum Surey;

to BRHAMA:

Taneeneesaanam Jagatasthasdhushash pati dhiyam jinwamavasehoo maheyvayam, Pusaano yatha Veda Saama Sadvradhey rakshitaasaayu radabdha swastaye/

OR-

Brahmaajajnaanam prathamam purastaadwi simatassuruchovena aavah, Sabuddhniya Upamaa Asyavishtha assatascha yonimasatas cha nivah;

to INDRA:

Indram vo Visswatassari havaamahe janebhuah Asmaatamastu kevalah;

to Lord YAMA:

Ayam Gowh prusni rakrami dasananmaataram punah pitaramcha priyamtsuvah;

to CHITRAGUPTA:

Sachitra chitram chitayamtamasmey chitrakshatra chitratamam vayodhaam/
Chandram rayim puruveeram Bruhantam Chandra chandraabhirgrunutey yuvaswa/

to AGNI:

Agnim dutam vruneemahey hotaaram Vishvavedasam, Asyayajjassya sukrutum/

to VARUNA:

Imam mey Varuna shrudhee havamadya cha mrudaya twamanassuraachakey,
Tatwaayaami Brahmanaa vandamaanasta daasaastey Yajamaano havirbhih/ Ahedamaano Varuneha bodhuru sagmusma maa na Ayuhu pramosheeh,
Yacchidhetey visho yathaa pradeva Varuna Vratam meemaamsi dyavidyavi/
Yat kinchidam Varuna Daivye jenobhidroham mamaanushyaascharaamasi,
Acchithee Yattaava dharmaa yupomimaa nastamaadenaso Devari rishah/
Kitavaaso yadrirupurna deevi yadvaagha satyamuta yannavi,
sarvaa taa vishya sthitireva devatha te syaama Varuna priyaasaha;

PRITHVI Mantra: Prithivy antariksham etc.;

to VISHNU DEVA :

SahasraRirshaa Purushah sahasraakshas sahasrapaat,
Sa bhumim Vishwato vrutvaa Atyathishthaddashaangulam/ ;

to Devi DURGA:

Om Jatavedasey sunamaava Soma araati yato nidahaati Vedah,
Sanah parushadati Durgaain Viswaanaaveya Sindhum diritaadyaghnih;

to PRAJAPATI:

Praja patena twadetaanyanyo Vishwaa jaataani paritaa babhuva,
Yatkaamaastey juhumastanno Astuvagagg syama patayo rayeenaam;

to VINAYAKA:

Om Ganaana antwaa Ganapatigum havamahey Kavim Kaveenaamupashramastapam, Jyestha raajam Brahmanaam Brahmanaspata Aanashrunvannootibhisseeda saadhanam/

to VAYU:

Tava Vayavrtaspatetwashtarjaamataradbhuta, Aavaasya vrinee mahey/

to ASHWINI DEVATAS:

Kraanaashishmura heenaamhinvanrutasya deedhitam,
Viswaaparipriyaa bhuvadadhvitaa/
Aaditpratatnassya retaso Jyotih Pasyanti vaasaram paroyaddhyatey Divaa/

Thus satisfying the Deities above and others with appropriate Mantras with Havanswith Ajyam, that is ghee plus other suitable materials, POORNAHUTI should be performed commencing with Muurthaanam Diva etc. including fruits, flowers, dry fruits, and other suitable materials including vastras, gold etc. as a grand finale with musical instruments, Veda ghosha, and parikramas of Yagna Purusha.This would be followed by Abhishka/ Mangalika Snaan to the Karta and his wife along with Mantras saying: May Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara purify you; may Vaasudeava, Balaraama, Pradyumna and Aniruddha bring in Victory to you; may Indra, Agni, Kubera, Yama, Nirruti, Varuna, Pavan, Sehanaaga and Dikpalakaas protect you; May Kirti, Lakshmi, Dhurti, Medha, Pushti, Shraddha, Kriya, Niti, Buddhi, Lazza /modesty, Shanti, Tushti, Vapu and Kanti-the wives of Dharma bless you; may the Navagrahas safeguard you; may Deva, Danava, Gandharva, Yaksha, Naga, Daithya, Rakshasa, Sarpa, and the entire Srishti provide you raksha. After the Ashirvaad/blessings, the chapter of Daanasto satisfy the Brahmanas would commence.There are prescribed Danaas as follows: to propitiate Surya Graha, the Daana is a Kapila cow, Chandra a Shankha, Mangal a bull; to Budha gold, Brihaspati yellow clothes, Shukra a whirs horse, Shanaischara a black cow, to Rahu the suitable Daana of a Metallic Vastu/ material and Ketu a goat.


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