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TRIVIDHA VISHNU SAHASRA NAAMA

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Skanda Purana

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              (Skanda Purana-Avantya Khanda)

Shuklaambaradharam Vishnum  Shashi Varnam Chaturbhujam, Prasanna Vadanam Dhyaaye Sarva Vighnopashaantaye/ Laabhasteshaam Jayatyeshaam Krutasteshaam Paraajayah, Eshaamindeevara shyaamo hridayastho Janardanah/

( In his address to Devas, Lord Brahma invoked  Shri Ganesha in the Swarupa of Bhagavan Vishnu as wearing white and clean clothing decked with four hands with a pleasing countenance and prayed to Him to appease any type of obstacle in the task being initiated. May Lord Janardana of Shyama Varna -blue complexion- who retains a splendid  blue lotus in his heart bestow boons to us as he is the Emblem of Earnings and Magnificent Victories).

Viniyoga: Om Asya Shri Vishnu Sahasranaama Mantrasya Brahmaa Rishih Vishnurdevataa Anushtubh Chandah Sarva Kaama vaapyartha Japey Viniyogaha/ (To this Vishnu Sahasranaama Stotra, Lord Brahma is Rishi himself  and Anushthup is Chhanda or the Meter / Cadence; to maximise the fruition of rendering this Sahasranaama as also to fulfil the desired objective,  the Viniyoga or its Usage is commended.

Dhyanam:   Sajala Jalada Neelam Darshitodaara sheelam Karatala dhruta shailam Venuvaadye Rasaalam/ Vraja jana kula paalam Kaamini kelilolam Taruna Tulasi Malam Noumi Gopaala baalam/

(I salute and pray to Gopaala paalaka Bhagavan Krishna whose physique shines like the fresh blue and bright clouds, whose benign features are acclaimed as full of magnanimity, whose hands are raised by softly lifting the inconceivable weight of Govardhana Mountain, whose popular flute resonates the surroundings with mellifluous and heavenly tunes, who administers the ‘BrajaVasis’ with care and affection, who displays his ‘Leelaas’ or miracles to the mesmerised Gopika maids with amusement some times and utter surprise other times but fully absorbing always and who always sports Tulasi Garlands which enhance their shine and fragrance by their being worn by him around his soft and tender neck!)           

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                                 V I S H N U  S A H A S R A  N A A M A  S T O T R A

Om Vishnurjishnur Hrishikeshah Sarvatma Sarva Bhavanah, Sarvagaha Sharvari naatho Bhuta graamaashaashayah/ Anaadinidhano Devah Sarvagjnah Sarvasambhavah, Sarva Vyaapi Jagad –dhaataa  Sarva Shaktidharonaghah/ Jagadbeejam Jagatstrashtaa Jagadisho Jagatpaitih, Jagadguruh Jagannathah Jagaddhaataa Jaganmayah/ Sarvaakriti dharah Sarvey Vishwarupi Janaardanah,  Ajanma Shawato Nityo Vishwaadhaari Vibhu Prabhuh/ Vahnirupaikarupaswcha Sarva Rupa dharo Harah, Kaalaagni Prabavo Vaayuh Pralayaanta karokshayah/ Mahaarnavo Maha megho Jajabudbudaabhavah, Samskruto Vikruto Matsyo Maha Matsyatimingalah/ Ananto Vaasukih Shesho Varaaho Dharanidharah, Payah ksheera Vivekaadyo HamsoHaimagirihshitah/ Hayagreevo Vishaalaaksho Hayakarno Hayaakritih, Manthano Ratnahaari cha Kurmo Dharaadharah/Vinidro Nidrito Nandi Sunando Nandana priyah, Naabhi naala Mrinaali cha Swayambhuschaturananah/ Prajapatiparo Dakshah Srishti kartaa Prajaakarah, Marichih Kashyapo Vatsah Suraasura Guruh Kavih/Vaamano Vaamabhaagocha Vaama Karmaa Brihadhupuh, Trilokya kramano Deepo Bali Yagjna vinaashanh/ Yagjna hartaa Yagjna Kartaa Yagjnesho Yagjnabhuk Vibhuh,Sahasraamshuh Bhago Bhanurvivaswaan Raviramshumaan/ Tigmatejaalpatejaah Karma Sakshi Manuryamah, Deva Rajah Suraptirdaanavaarih Shachipatih/ Agnirvaayu sakhoVahnirvrunoYaadasaampatih,Nairruto Naadano naadi Raksho Yaksha Dhanaadhipah/Kubero Vittavan Vego Vasupaalo Vilaasakrut, Amritashravanah Somah Somapaanakarah Sudheeh/ Saroushadhikarah Shrimaannishakaro Divaakarah,Vishaari Vishaharta cha Vishakantha dharo Girih/ NeelakanthoVrishi Rudro Bhala Chandrohyumapatih,Shivah Shaanto Vashi Veero Dhyaani Maani cha Maanadah/ Krimikeeto Mriga Vyaadho Mrigahaa Mriga Vatsalah,Vatuko Bhairavo Baalah Kapaali Danda Vigrahah/ Shmashaana Vaasi Maamsashi Dushta naashi Smaraanta krit, Yoginistraasako Yogi Dhyaanasyo Dhyaana –vaasanah/ SenaanihSainyadah Skando Mahaa Kaalo Ganaadhipah, Adi Devoanapatir Vighnahaa Vighna naashanah/  (1-24)

(Om- Vishnu or Bhagavan  the Preserver of Creation; Jishnu or the Triumphant; *Hrishikeshah or ‘Hrishik-Esha’or the Master of Senses-

[ *Raibhya Rishi performed Great Tapasya and  pleased Vishnu / Rishik-Isha appeared before him and the Holy Tirtha on the banks of Ganges is thus popular ever since; another allusion is that Lord Agni was cursed by Mahadeva as the former disturbed Shiva’s tranquility and Agni performed severe Tapasya to atone his blemishes under a ‘Kubja -amrak’or uder a mango tree and this spot continues as Agni Tirtha at Hrishikesh];

Sarvaatma or the Soul of all the Beings; Sarva Bhavanah or the internal thoughts and feelings one and all; Sarvagah or Bhagavan Vishnu being omni present, is existent among allthe Beings; Sharvarinaatha or Bhagavan is of the Form of ‘Sharvaris’ or Twilights between day-rise and day- break; Bhutagraamaashyaashyah or the Aboder of all the Places of all the Beings; Anaadinidhano Devah or The One who exists since the Awareness of the concept of the Beginning; Sarvagjnah or the All- Knowing; Sarva Sambhava or the One who encounters every body and everywhere; Sarva Vyapi or the All-Pervading; Jagaddhaata or He who sustains all; Sarva Shakti Dharah or He possesses the combined Power and Energy of all and beyond; Anaghah or the One who has no blemish nor Sin; Jagadbeejah or the Super Seed of Creation; Jagatsrashta or the Ultimate  Creator;  Jagadeeshah or the Lord of the Universe; Jagatpatih or the Master of the Worlds; Jagdguru or the Mentor of the Tri Lokas; Jagannaathah or the Chief of the Worlds; Jagaddhaata or the One who upholds the Universe; Jaganmayah or He in whom the World is absorbed into; Sarvaakriti dhara or He who assumes the profiles of all the Beings; Sarvah or Bhagavan Vishnu is of the Totality; Vishwarupi or of the Personificarion of the Universe; Janardanah or the Pacifier of Universal miseries and despairs; Ajanma or He is devoid of births; Shaswata or Everlasting; Nitya or  Perpetual; Vishwaadhaara or the  Strong hold of the Worlds; Vibhu or the Utmost ; Prabhu or the Over Lord; Bahu Rupa or of Myriad Forms; Eka Rupa or of The Singular Form; Sarvarupadhara or He assumes all possible Swarupas; Hara or the Destroyer; Kaalaagni prabhava or the Ever Radiant Form of the Destructive Fire of Death; Vaayu or the manifestation of Air; Pralayantakara or He who is the Terminal Force of Pralya or Universal Annihilation; Akshaya or Perpetual without breaks; Maharnava or Bhagavan is like an Endless Ocean; Maha Megha or He is also like a huge and colossal cloud; Jalabudbhuva Sabhavah or Narayana the one who surfaces from water by making the sounds of emergenc and floats on the water surface; Samskrita or perfected and polished; Avikrita or the State of Equilibrium unaffected by deficiencies of efficiencies; Matsya or of the Water-based species of Fish;* Maha Matsya the incredible Form of  Vishnu’s Incarnation of the Great Fish as the Saviour and Restorer of the Universe by way of collecting and carrying specimens on a huge ship drawn by the Maha Matsya and anchored on Meru Mountain against drifts in the Pralaya waters; Timingala or Bhagavan assumed the Form of  a whale at that time; Anantah or Vishnu  assumes the Form of the Great Ananta Naaga;- of Vaasukui-and of  Shesha; Varaha or Bhagavan assumes the Incarnation the Grat Boar and saved Bhu Devi from sinking her from by alacrity and courage; Dharanidhara or Vishnu secured the epithet of the Retriever and Uplifter of Earth eversince; Payah ksheera vivekadhya or Bhagavan displayed high sense of discretion and presence of mind in the context of distributing Amrita to Devas at the time of ‘Samudra Mathana’ or churning of the Ocean of Milk; Hamsah or an epithet of Brahma as also his Vahana thus Vishnu is Brahma Swarupa; Haimagiristhitah or His abode is Himalaya;

*Hahagriva or Bhagavan Vishnu, one of whose Avataras was Hayagriva who killed a mighty demon by the same name of Hayagriva-[ *When Bhagavan Vishnu assumed Yoga Nidra, the Demon Hayagriva challenged the lives of Devas; Brahma requested a worm to wake up Vishnu who in his sleep kept his bow and arrrows under his chin; the worm bit the bow string and the bow hit the chin so hard that Vishnu’s  head got snapped and fell in the Ocean of Milk; Brahma and Rudra prayed to Shakti who advised Vishnu’s head be replaced with that of a horse neck viz. Haya griva;Vishnu as Hayagriva eventually killed the Daitya Hayagriva and saved the  demon’s tortures to Tri Lokas.In another context, Hayagriva Deva retrieved Vedas from Rasatala by Madhu Kaitabha demons who took the boons from Brahma that they should be invincible unless they fought battles singly and on dry battle fields ; the demons fought in doubles always and only in waters;  Vishnu got fed up as they were fighting twosome but Vishnu was fighting alone; in a battle recess, Vishnu prayed to Maha Maya who advised that Vishnu should expand his thighs so that there was dryness all around even as Devi appeared and enticed the Asuras to fight mutually to win her over; thus the brothers were killed one by one by Vishnu as Hayagriva];

Vishaalaaksah or Vishnu as Hayagriva had broad and sparkling eyes; Haya karnah or He had the ears like those of a horse; Hayaakritih or Vishnu also possessed the Form of a Horse; Manthanah or Bhagavan at the time of Ksheera Samudra Manthana or Churning of the Ocean of Milk; Ratnahaari or He who took away the Koustha Mani by a slip to Danavas; Kurmah or Bhagavan played a vital role at the Ocean Churning by asuming the Incarnation of Kurma or Tortoise by providing support to Meru Mountain without being tilted as the latter was used as the Churning Rod while the Great Serpent Vaasuki was utilised as the string for rotating the Meru in the process of churning;  Dharaadharah or He as Varaha Deva gripped Dhara Devi or Bhu Devi tightly so that she should not slip into the deep depths of Rasatatala as Hiranyaaksha dragged Bhumi into it; Vinidrah or Paramatma Vishnu is never affected by sleep and hunger; Nidritah or He resorts to Yoga Nidra occasionally as he plans the process of Creation- Peservation- Termination-Revival of the Universe in a Cyclical manner; Nandi or He assumes the Form of Nandishwara the Shambhu Vaahana; Sunandah or Bhagavan is of Sweet Temperament; Nandana priayah or He who is exremely delighted to stay and wander about in the Nandana Vana as Krishna in the blissful company of Devi Radha and Gopikas; Naabhi naala Mrinaali or He who mateialised a lotus flower stem from his navel; Swayambhu Chaturaanana or He is of the Self-born Brahma Swarupa with Four Heads each reciting the Four Vedas of Ruk-Yajur-Sama-Atharvanas; Prajaapati Parah or Bhagavan is far above the levels of Prajaapatis; Dakshah or Bhagavan assumed the Form of  Prajapatis as for example that of  Daksha Prajapati; Srishti Karta or Vishnu takes over the role of Creation too; Prajakarah or He is the Maker of Populace and Masses; Marichih or He assumes the ‘Rupas’ of Maharshis Marichi; or of Kashyapa Muni; or of Vatsa or Suraasura Gurus or Brihaspati and Shukracharya respectively or of Kavi Maharshi; Vamanah or Vishnu’s Incarntion  as Vamana Deva who as a Dwarf Brahmachari tricked Bali Chakravarti at his Yagjna by requesting for mere three feet of Land for his Tapasya and on the grant of his wish by occupied as Virat Purusha the Three Lokas of Prithvi-Urthwa Lokas and Pataalaadi Lokas despite the protests of Danava Guru Shukracharya thus restoring Swargaadi Lokas to Devas and suppressing Danavas to the Lower Lokas; Vaamabhaagi or Vishnu let Devi Lakshmi to occupy the left portion of his body; Vamakarma or He performs all his deeds from his left side of the body only; Brihadrupah or Bhagavan displays his colossal Form occasionally as for instance as Vamana Deva or at the warm up of the Maha Bharata Battle to Arjuna; Trilokya kramana or He who is the Originator-Sustainer-Destryoer-and Revivor of the Three Lokas in an orderly and ever-repetitive manner; Deepah or He is the Grand Form of Effulgence; Bali Yagjna Vinaashanah or as Vamana Deva he was responsible to the devastation of the MahaYagjna contemplated by Bali;  Yagjna harta or He is the destroyer of Yagjnas; Yagjna Karta or He is the Successful Concluder of Yagjnas; Yagjneshah or the Paramount Power of Yagjnas; Yagjnabhuk or the Receiver of the Yagjn Phala or the Havish at the Agni Homas of Yagjnas; Vibhuh or the Swarupa of Magnificence; Sahasraamshu or Vishnu like Surya Deva  is of Thousand Rays of Radiance; *Bhagah or He is like Bhaga-

 [ *Dwadashaadityas are Indra, Dhata, Parjanya, Mitra, Aryama, Pusha, Shakra, Varuna, Bhaga, Twashta, Viviswan,  Amshuman and Vishnu];  

Bhanuh or of the Swarupa of Bhanu Murti; Viviswaan or as one of the Dwadashaadiyas; Ravi or Vishnu as Ravi; Amshuman or Bhagavan as another Aditya Swarupa; Tigma Teja or of severely sharp and scorching radiance; Alpa Tejaah or of subdued heat; Karma Sakshi Bhagavan like Surya is the witness of each and every deed of the Beings; Manu or He is of the Rupa of Manus; Yama or He is also of the Form of Yama Dharma Raja; Deva Raja or Devendra; Surapati or Indra; Daana Veera or Bhagavan too is Daana Veera like Indra; Shachi patih or He is like Indra again whose wife is Devi Shachi; Agnirvaayu sakhah or Vishnu like Indra is a companion of Agni and Vayu Devas;Vahni or Vishnu is of the Form of Agni; Varuna or Bhagavan assumes the Swarupa of Varuna Deva too; Yadasampatih or like Krishna Bhagavan Vishnu is the emblem  of Prosperity of Yadu Vamsha; Nairruti or the Dikpalaka viz. Nirruti Deva; Naadana or of the resemblance of Sound; Anaadi or Vishnu has neither Beginning nor Origin; Raksho Yaksha Dhanaadhipa or He provides security to the God of Wealth Kubera; Kubera or Bhagavan is like Kubera himself; Vitttavan or He is the Symbol of affluence; Vegah or He is the formula of Speed;Vasupaalah or the Monarch of Earth; Vilasakrit or Being the Miracle Man like Krishna He is the Performer of Unusually Interesting Deeds; Amritastravna or the Deposit and Provider of Amrita; Somah or Chandra Deva; Somapaanakarah or the Facilitator of drinking Somarasa; Sudhih or the Grand Fund of Ambrosia; Sarvoushadhikarah or like Dhanvantari, Bhagavan is the personification of all kinds of medicines; Shrimaan or He is the One who is always accompanied by Devi Lakshmi; Nishakarah or the One who produces nights and darkness; Divakarah or He is also the creator of days just as Surya Deva; Vishaari or He is the antagonist of Poison; Visha harta or the detroyer of any thing of poison; Vishakantha dhara or of Shiva Swarupa who preserves Visha in his throat lest the Lokas inside his stomach get burnt off; Girih or of the Form of Meru Mountain; Neelakantha or Vishnu as Shiva the blue throated owing to his devouring the blue flames of ‘Halahala’; Vrishi or Vishnu as Shiva whose carrier is Nandi the Bull; *Rudrah or Vishnu as Rudra Deva- one of the Eight Manifestations of Shiva-[* Sharva, Bhava, Rudra, Ugra, Bhima, Pashupati, Ishaana and Maha Deva]; Bhaala chandrah or Vishnu as Shiva whose forehead is adorned with half-Moon; Umapatih or the Master of Devi Uma; Shivah or Mangala Murti the embodiment of propitiousness; Shantah or the emblem of Peacefulness; Vashi or the One controlled by his devotees; Veerah or the Flagship of Courage and Valour;  Dhyani or the basic form of meditation; Maani or the  One considered as the Highest Standard; Maanada or the Provider of Self-Composure; Kumikeeta or In the Lord’s  Creation even Worms and Insects seek their sustenance;

*Mrigavyaadhah or Vishnu in Shiva’s Form as a Forest-hunter testing Arjuna’s bravery and grit to chase a deer; Mrigah or Vishnu as Shiva who killed of the deer when Arjuna argued with the hunter in disguise that it was he who killed the animal; Mriga vatsalah or He is full of compassion even for animals or animal-like human beings; Vatukah or Brahmachari as in the Incarnation of Vamana Deva;

*Bhairavah or Vishnu as Bhairava created from Shiva’s Third Eye-

[* As Shiva went in rage since Brahma committed the sin of infatuation for his own daughter Sarasvati, he manifested from his third eye the incarnation of Bhairava who cut off Brahma’s fifth head but attracted the sin of ‘Brahma hatya’or killing of Brahmana; the sin haunted Bhairava with the skull of the head and he atoned the sin by begging alms for long; he then reached Vaikuntha and Lakshmi Devi taught him the Manoratha Mantra; he visited Varanasi and begged alms in the skull- bowl at the doors of Annapurna but could not enter the Temple; finally he reached Patala Loka and got rid of the sin when Kapala Moksha or the drop of the skull happened with such circuitous route of atonement ended];

Baalah or Vishnu’s Swarupa as Maha Baala Shakti; Kapaali or He as Kapaali Shakti; DandaVigraha or Bhagavan as the Idol of Punishment and Retribution; Shmashaana Vaashi or Vishnu as Shiva the dweller of Shmashaana or Burial Grounds; Maamsaashi or He like Maya Shakti is a Flesh Consumer; Dushta naashi or the Destroyer of Evil Foeces; Smaraanta krit or He who remembers the deeds of Virtue and Vice and  acts accordingly; Yoginistraasaka or who liberates the Yoginis; Yogah or of the Substance and Practice of Yoga; Dhyanasthah or the One ever engaged in Meditation; Dhana vasanah or He who resides in Yoga Vidya itself; Senanior Vishnu as of the Swarupa of Kumara the military of Devas; Sainyadah or the Provider of Army; Skandah or Vishnu as Lord Skanda; *Maha Kalah or Vishnu as of the Rupa of Maha Kaala-

[* The Origin of the Swayambhu  Maha Kaala-the Self Generated Linga at Ujjain which is of among the most popular Dwadasha Jyotir Lingas on the banks of the Sacred River Kshipra as described in Shiva Purana was in reference to a pious Brahmana well versed in Vedas and Scriptures who was blessed with four equally well-versed sons; a Raakshasa called Dussahana who abhored Veda Concepts and Shivaarchana attacked the Brahmana boys engaged in ‘Abhisheka’of Maha Kaala Linga; as the demon and army surrounded the boys and tried to kill them there was a frightening and reverberating ‘Humkaara’ the Demons were killed instantly and the brothers prostrated before Maha Kaala and since then they and their generations intensified their Tri Kala Pujas eversince and specialised in Tantrik way of Worship including ‘Bhasmabhisheka’ with the burnt ash of the first dead body of Ujjain sanctified with the waters of the nearby River Kshipra by reciting appropriate Mantras as a daily practice till date!]

Ganadhipah or Vishnu as Ganeshwara; Adi Deva or the Vighneshwara who is worshippd foremost before any Deed of Auspiciousnesds is performed; Ganapati or He is the Chief of ‘Ganas’ or Army of Shiva; Vighnahaa or the Destroyer of Impediments and Difficulties; Vighna naashanah or Vishnu in the Swarupaof Ganesha overcomes any hurdle and the concerned task becomes easy of achievement);

Ruddhi Siddhi prado Dantih Bhala Chandro Gajaananah,Nrisimhah Ugradamshtrascha Nakhi DanavaNaashak krit/ Prahlaada posha Kartaa Sarva Daityaneneshwarah Sharabhah Saagarah Saakshi Kalpadruma vikalpakah/ Hemado Hemabhagi Himakartaa Himaachalah, Bhudharo Bhumido Meruh Shri Kailasha Shikharo Girih/ Lokaalokaantaro Loki Viloki Bhuvaneshwarah, Dikpaalo Dikpatirdivyo Divyakaayo Jitendriyah/ Virupo Rupavaan Raagi Nritya Geeta Vishaaradah, Haahaa hoo hoo striratho Devarshi Naradah Sakhaa/ Vishwey Devaah Saadhya Devaa Ghritaashischalo –chalah, Kapaali Jalpako Vaadi Datto Haihayasangharaat/ Vasishtho Vaama Devascha Saptarshi Pravaro Bhriguh, Jagadambo Maha Veerah Kshatriyantakaro Rishih/ Hiranyakashipuschiva Hiranyaaksho Haripriyah, Agastih Pulaho Rakshah Poulasthoy Raavano Ghatah/ Devaaristaapasa-taapi Vibhishana Haripriyah, Tejaswi Tejadasteji Ishah Rajapatih Prabhu/ Dasharathi Ragavo Ramo Raghuvamsha vivardhanah, Sitaapatih Patih Shrimaan Brahmanyo Bhaktavatsalah/ Sannadhah Kavachi Khadgi Chiravaasaa Digambarah, Kiriti Kundali Chaapo Shankha Chakri Gadaadharah/ Kousalyaanaandanidaaro Bhumishaayi Guhapriyah, Soumitro Bharato Baalah Shatrughno Bharataa –grajah/ Lakshmanah Para Veeraghnah Stree sahaayah Kapihwarah, Hanumaan Ruksha Raajascha Sugrivo Vaali naashanah/ Doota priyo Dootakaarih  Angado gadataam Varah, Vanadhwamsi Vani Vego Vaanaro Vaanaradhwajah/ Laahyanguli cha nakhi damshtri Lankaa haahaakarah Varah, Bhava Seturmaha seturbandha setu Rameshwarah/ Jaanaki Vallabhah Kaami Kiritee Kundal Khagi, Pundareeka Vishaalaaksho Mahaa baahurghanaakritih/ Chanchalaschapalah Kaami Vaami Vaamaanga Vatsalah, Sthreepriyah Streeparah Strainah Striyo Vaamanga vaasakah/ Jitavairi Jitakaamo Jitakrodho Jitendriyah, Shaanto Daanto Dayaaraamah Eka Stree Vrata Dharakah/ Saatwikah Satwa samshaano Madaha Krodhaha Kharah, Bahu Rakshasa samveetah Sarva Raakshasa naashakrit/ Raavanaari Yagjnakaari Daataa Bhoktaa Tapodhanah/ (25-50)

( Ruddhi Siddhi pradah or the bestower of Accomplishment and Prosperity; Danti or Vishnu as Ganesha the  One with elephant tusks; Bhaalachandrah or Vishnu as Shiva with Chandra on his forehead;  Gajaananah or Vinaayaka with Elephant Face; Nrisimha or the Man-Lion Form of Vishnu; Ugra damshtrah or with frightening protruded and piercing teeth of a lion;Nakhi or Narasimha possessed  unushuallly sharp hand nails; Danava naashakrit or He devastated the Daanava Hiranyakashipu to death; Prahlaada  Posha Karta or the Saviour of Bhakta Prahlada; Sarva Daitya janeshwarahor he uprooted the Daitya Population of the Time;

*Sharabhah or Vishnu as Sharabheshwara an incarnation of Bhagavan Shiva in the curious Form of  Giant Bird which is part-Lion and part-Human as depicted in the Temples especially South India-

[*When Vishnu assumed the Incarnation of Nrisimha and devastated Hiranyakashipu to save Prahlada, Nrisimha displayed his wrath for long time and Prahlada could not at all control his fury; Shiva despatched Veerabhadra to some how assuage the anger but failed.; Maha Deva then  took the Form of a Giant Bird and held Nrisimha by its powerful beak; Vishnu complemented Shiva for the latter’s timely intervention as otherwise there might have been a universal havoc];

Sagara or Vishnu is an alternate profile of  the Great Oceans; Saakshi or the Unfailing Evidence of the happenings across the Universe; Kalpadruma vikalpakah or the One who materialised the Kalpa Vriksha which fulfils the wishes of all; Hemadah or the provider of extreme coolness as snow; Hemabhaagi or He is an integral part of that coolness; Himakarta or the One who enables the fomation of snow; Himchalah or He who creates Hima Parvata or Snow Mountain; Bhudhara or He holds Earth like Varaha Deva; Bhumida or the Creator of Bhudevi; Meru or He who materialised the Meru Mountain; Kailasa Shikaro Girih or He is the one who  made the topmost Shikhara of Kailasha possible as his own abode; Lokaalokaantarah or the Magnificent Creator Trilokas and the clear demarcation of the Lokas; Loki or He is worldly wise; Viloki or the One conceptualises the mapping of the Lokas; *Bhuvaneshwarh or the Over Lord of the Fourteen Bhuvanas-

 [* Bhu-Bhuvah-Swaha-Maha-Janah-Tapah-Satya besides the Patalaadi Lokas viz. Atala-Vitala-Sutala-Mahatala-Talatala-Rasaatala-Pataalas];

*Dikpaalah or Bhagavan is the Top Controller of Ashta Dikpalakaas-

[*Indra/ East-Agni /South East-Yama /South-Nirruti /South West-Varuna/West-Vayu/North East-Kubera/North-Ishaana/ North West] ;

 Dik pati or Vishnu is the Chief Superviser of the Dikpaalas; Divyah or the Creator of the Celestial Region too; Divya Kaayah or Bhagavan is of the Celestial Form ; Jitendriyah or the Conqueror of Physical and Internal Parts of Human Body; Virupa or Formless; Rupavaan or of Splendid Form; Raagi or Full of Desires and Pleasures of Life; Nritya Geeta Visharadah or an Outstanding Expert of Dance and Music Disciplines; Haaha hooho or the Profile of boisterousness and Over-excitement; Chitra Rathah or He possesses a Dreamlike and Mysterious Chariot; Devarshi Narada or of the Swarupa of Narada who is atonce playful yet purposive and always aiming at ‘Loka Kalyana’ or for the Universal Virtuousity and Advantage; Sakhaa or an intimate friend;

* Vishwadevas born to Vishwa and Shukra Devi named Kratu, Daksha, Vasu, Satya, Kaala, Kaama, Dhriti, Kuru, Shankumatra and Vamana-  

[* While Daksha Prajapati was gifted with sixty daughters he married off ten of them to Dharma and as per the ‘Amshas’of Planets the progeny were as follows: Bhanu Devi gave birth to Dwadasha Adityas; Sadhya Devi to twelve Sadhyas or Concepts of Achievement with Chandraamsha; Ashta Vasus from Vasu Devi wirh Mangalaamsha; Devi Arundhati gave birth to Prithvi Tatwa with Budhaamsha-this Arundhati is stated to be different from Vasishtha’s wife the famed Pativrata; Devi Muhurta begot thirty Muhurta Ganas with the Amsha of Deva Guru; Vishwa Devi gave birth to ten Vishwa Ganas with Shukraamsha; Thirty Marud Ganas were born to Marud Devi with the Amsha of Shanaischara; Lamba Devi begot Rahu and Yami gave birth to Ketu; Muhurta Deva begot thirty Muhurta Manis  and Sankalpa Devi to Sankalpa Ganas];

Sadhya Deva or Vishnu of the Swarupa of Sadhya Devas born of Sadhya Devi-

[* viz. Bhava, Prabhava, Kurushaashwa, Suvaha, Aruna, Varuna, Vishwamitra, Chala, Dhruva, Havishman, Tanuja, Vidhana];

Ghritaachi or the Celestial Damsel (Apsra) the Mother of Shuka Muni and Vyasa Maharshi; Chala -achala or the Creator of Moveable and mmobile Beings in the Creation; Kapila or He of the Swarupa of Kalpila Muni the Exponent of Sankhya Yoga signifying the numbers of Tatwas called Prakriti as distinguished from Paramatma also the cause of Bhagirath’s bringing down the Sacred Ganga from Vishnu’s feet to Earth to enable the Salvation of his ancestors of the Sons of King Sagara; Jalpaka or Talkative or Bhagavan also includes in his Srishti who are blabberers; Vaadis or Argumentative persons; Dutta or Dattatreya Swarupa; Haihaya Saamraat or Kartaveerarjuna the the famed Emperor of Haihayas who ruled the entire Bhuloka on principles of Dharma under the tutelage of Dattatreya the Tri Murti Swarupa but eventually became too ambitious and got punished by Parashu Rama Deva the incarnation of Vishnu; Vasishtha or the most  illustrated Maharshi among the Sapta Rishis and the celebrated Guru of Ikshwaku Vamsha that hailed Lord Shri Rama as the Epic Hero; *Vamadevascha or Vishnu is the alter-ego  of Pancha (Paschima) Mukha Rudra viz.Vaama Deva the other Rudra Mukhas being Aghora- Sadyojaata- Ishana-Tatpurusha;

*Saptarshih or Bhagavan is of the Form of the Seven Maharshis-* viz. Marichi, Atri, Angirasa, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu and Vasishtha];

Bhrigu or Bhagavan is of the Swarupa of  Bhrigu Maharshi; Jamadagni or He is of the Form of Maharshi Jamadagni ; Maha Veera or He is the characterisation of Intrepidity and Valor; Kshatriyanakara or of the Incarnation of Parashurama; Rishi or the Essence of a Tapasya; Hiranyakashipu or Vishnu as antithesis of the Daitya of that name who saved Prahlada  the signage of Bhakti; Hiranyaksha or the Opponent of Varaharupa who killed the Demon by that name and saved Bhudevi vindicating virtue thus reversing the qualities of Adharma; Harapriya or Vishnu is the beloved companion of Shiva thus scorching the belief that Hariharas are different Entities; Agastih or of the Form of Agastya Muni; Pulaha or of the Swarupa of Pulaha Muni; Rakshah or Symbol of Safety and Security; Poulastya or like One of the Saptarishis; Ravana or Bhagavan is the destroyer of Ravana as Shri Rama; Devaari or He is the regular foe of those who seek to sudue Devas; Taapasa or the One ever engrossed in meditation; Taapi or he personification of Tapasya or Meditation; Vibhishana Hari Priyah or Ravana’s younger brother Vibhishana who was a Vishnu Bhakta; Tejaswi or the one who is of the Swarupa of  Brightness; Teji or the Embodiment of Effulgence; Tejada or the Bestower of Sparkle; Isha or Bhagvan Ishwara; Rajapati or the Overriding King of Kings; Prabhu the Utmost Emperor; Daasharathi or the Eminent son of King Dasharatha; Raghava or the boon of Raghu Vamsha; Rama or He who brings joy and reputation; Raghu Vamsha Vivardhana or He who enhances the fame and name of the Raghu Vamsha; Sitapati or the Master of Devi Sita; Shriman or the Symbol of Prosperity; Brahmanya or the One with all the features of Brahma Tatwa; Bhaktavatsalah or He who encourages and motivates his devotees; Sannadhah or the Readily Prepared; Kavachi or Body Secure; Khadgi or the Ready Sworded; Chiravaasa or the Wearer of course clothing; Digambara or Bhagavan is magnificently clothed by the Ten Directions as Viraata Swarupa; Kiriti or of the Swarupa of Arjuna; Kundali or the One who was born with Ear Rings like Karna the Famed Character of Maha Bharata; Chaapi or He like Shri Rama with readily drawn bow and arrows; Shanka Chakri Gadadhara or Vishnu is instantly armed with his Conchshell called Pancha janya-Sudarshana chakra-and Mace called Koumodaki; Kousalyaanandana or Bhagavan Rama was born of Devi Koushalya; Udaarah or of  Magnanimous feature; Bhumishaayi or during the fourteen years of Forest Life Bhagavan Rama slept on the bare ground; Griha Priya or He was always fond of his home surroundings but opted for the life of a Muni ever practising celibacy;  Soumitra-Bharata- Baala Shatrughna  had all followed the great example of Shri Rama; Lakshmana or Bhagavan Vishnu was of the Rupa of Maha Sesha as Lakshmana; Para Veeraghna or He is the vanquisher of the most valiant; Stree Sahaya or Lakshmana was chivalrous and generous enough to Shurpankha only by slicing her ears and nose but spared her life; Kapeeshwara or Shri Rama joined hands with Sugreeva the Lord of Monkeys; Hanuman or Rama whole-heartedly accepted Hanuman’s devotion; Ruksha Raja or Shri Rama admired and acknowledged the help of Jataayu in fighting Ravanaasura who abducted Devi Sita at his own risk; Sugreeva or Shri Rama provided confidence to Sugreeva that he was capable enough; Baali naashana or Rama decimated Bali despite the latter’s extraordinary might and valour coupled with the power of the boon granted to Baali that half of his Shakti would accrue to his adversary thus Shri Rama hid himself while shooting an arrow; Doota Priya or Shri Rama made sincere effort to avert the Battle at Lanka and despatched a counsellor to Ravana but the latter was fool-hardy and self-opinionated without guessing that Dharma was at stake; Dhyutakaari or Shri Rama appointed an emissary viz.Angada; Gadataam Varah or he was blessed by the boon of the strength of his  mace; Vana dhwamsi or He as Hanuman devastated the Gardens of Lanka; Vani Vegi Vanara or the speed and strengh of Hanuman in destroying  the Gardens was so instant that the inhabitants of Lanka were shocked and bewildered; Vanara dhwajah or the Monkey Flagship on the Chariot was enough to scare the valiant of Lanka; Laanguli or the one a sturdy tail; Nakhi or Hanuman with his piercing nails; damshtri or his powerful teeth; Lankaa haahaa karah or Hanuman made the Lanka masses dizzy with hoarse shouts and cries of helpnessness; Vara or he was fortified with the blessings of  Lord Shri Rama; Bhava Setu or indeed the mammoth  bridge across the huge Ocean was akin to that of a bridge to cross the Ocean of ‘Samsara’ or the tribulations of Life itself; Maha Seturbaddha Setu or the Gigantic Bridge was the result of  incredible construction of numberless  monkey brigade; Rameshwarah or the Epoch Making Symbol of Victory by Shri Rama was materialised as the Illustrious Rameshwara Temple; Janaki Vallabha finally vindicated Dharma against Immorality as he won back the daughter of King Janaka the beloved Devi Sita; Kaami or Shri Rama is the fulfiller of all desires of Ayodhya Vaasis as he took over his Kingship; Kirita he excels with his Kireeta and  Kundala or his ear ornaments; He commands his carrier Garuda Deva; He is Pundarika or the white Lotus as also the Great Devotee of  Vitthoba / Panduranga Deva;Vishaalaaksha or the broad and transparent eyes; Maha Bahu or the One with huge hands and wide reach; Dhanaakritih or the Embodiment of Wealth; Chanchala or like Devi Lakshmi He is Restless; Chapala or like Bala Krishna he is mischievous and restive; Kaami or the Obsessive; Vaami or Left Handed; Vaamaanka Vatsala or the One who is fond of being lef sided/ handed; Streepriya or like Lord Krishna is a lover of womanhood; Streepara or always oriented towards  femininity; Straina or He craves for the company of Goddess Lakshmi; Striyo Vaamanaaga Vakshah or He desires to keep the fair sex on his left side;  Jitavairi or the Ever Victorious against his adversaries; Jita Kaama or He overcomes desires and aspirations; Jitakrodha or He overwhelms anger and annoyance; Jitendriyah or He conquers external and internal organs and senses; Shantah or the Icon of Peacefulness; Dantah or like Varaha Deva he possesses extended and fearsome teeth; Dayaaraama or the Emblem of Mercy; Eka Stree Vrata dharakah or like Lord Shri Rama was the Observer of Singular Life Partner; Saatwikah or the Signage of Satwa Guna; Satwa samsthana or the Abode of  Satwa Guna; Madaha or the Destroyer of Arrogance; Krodhah or the surmounter of rage; Kharah or the terminator of the Khara Rakshasa as Shri Rama; Bahuraakshaa samveeta or the destroyer of innumerable Raakshasas; Ravanaari or the sworn enemy of the Epic Villian Ravanaasura; Rana kshudra Dasamastaka Chedakah or Rama the devastator of the Ten Heads of the Meanest and wretched  Ravanaasura; Rajyakari or the benefactor of Vibheeshana by bestowing the Kingdom of Lanka; Yagjnakari or the Performer of Ashwamedha Yagjna or assuming the Kingdom of Ayodhya; Daata or He as the Munificent King of Ayodhya gave away endless charities; Bhokta or the exemplary King provided sustenance to his Subjects; Tapodhana or He was engrossed himself in ardent Tapasya as also motivated his followers to emulate his example);

Ayodhyaadhipatih Kantah  Vaikunthaakuntita Vigraha, Satyvrato Vrati Shurastapi Satya phalapradah/ Sarva Saakshi Sarvaga Sarvagascha Sarva pramanaharovyayah, Praanaapaana vyanodaanah Samaanakah/Naagah Krukalah Kurmascha Devadatto Dhananjayah,  Sarvapraanavido Vyaapi Yoga dharaka dhaarakah/ Tatwavdtaatwada Tatwi Sarva Tatwa vishaaradah, Dhyaanasyo Dhanashaalicha Manaswi Yogavittamah/ Brahmagjno Brahmado Brahma Jnaataacha Brahma Sambhavah, Adyaatmavidvedo Deepo Jyotirupo Niranjanah/ Jnaanadojnaanaha Jnaani Guruh Sishyopadeshakah, Susishyah Shikshitah Shaali Shishyasikshaa Vishaaradah/ Mantrado Mantrahaa Mantri Tantri Tatwajanapriyah, Sanmantro Mantravinmamtri Yantra mantraika bhanjanah/ Maarano MohinoMohi Stambhocchaatana krita Khalah,Bahu Maayo Vimaayascha Maha Maayaa Viohakah/ Mokshado Bandhako Bandi Aakarshana Vikarshanah, Hreemkaaro Beeja Rupi cha Kleen kaarah Keelakaadhipah/ Soumkaarah Shakimaancchaktih Sarva Shakti dharo dharah, Akaarokaara Omkaarashcchano Gaayatra sambhavah/Veo Veda vido Vedi Vedaadhyaayi Sadaashivah, Rukyajur Saamaadharveshah Saamagaanaarokari/ Tripado Bahu paadi cha Satpathah Sarvatomukhah, Praakritah Sdamskruto Yogi Geeta Grandha prahelakah/ Saguno Vigunascchando Nissangjnaka Viguno guni, Nirguno Gunavaan Sagjni Karmi Dharmicha Karmadah/ Nishkarmaa Kaamakaamicha Nissangah Sanga Varjitah, Nirlobho Nirahamkaari Nishkalanchana Jana Priyah/ Sarvasangakaro Raagi Sarvathyaagi Bahishwarah,Eka paado Dwipadascha Bahupaadolpapaadakah, Dwipaadastri –paadah Paadi Vipaadi Pada sangrahah,Khecharo Bhucharo Bhraami Bhringa keetaka Madhupriyah/ Rituh SamvatsaroMaasoyanaha Pakshoharnishah, Krita Tretaa Kalischaiva Dwaaparas chatura –akrithih/ Desha Kaalakarah Kaalah Kuladharmah Sanaatanah, Kalaa Kaashthaa Palaa Naadyo Yaamah Pakshah Sitaasitah/ YugoYugandharo YogyoYuga Dharma Pravartakah, Kulaachaarah Kuakarah Kuladaivakarah Kuladaivakarah Kulee/ Chaturaashramachaaro cha Grihasthyodhyatithi priyah,Vanastho Vanachaaricha Vaanaprasthaashramaashrayi/ Vatuko Brahmachaaricha Shikhaa Sutri Kamandalo, Trijati Dhyaanavaan Dhyaani Badrikaashrama vaasakrit/ Hemaadri Prabhavo Haimo Hemaraashirhimaankarah, Mahyaa Prasthaanako Vipro Viraagi Raagavaan Grihi/   (51-70)

(Ayodhyaapatih or the King of Ayodhya Shri Rama; Kaanta or Devi Sita; Vaikunthah or the Resider of Vaikuntha; Akunthita Vigrahah or of Irresistible Form; Satyavrata or He who is Ever Truthful; Vrati or the Practitioner of Religious Rituals; Shura or the Most Courageous; Tapi or the Ever Mediitative; Satya Phala prada or the Bestower of the fruits of being truthful and virtuous; Sarva Sakshi or Bhagavan is the Evidencer of each deed; Sarvaga or the All-Enveloping; Sarvpraanahara or the Destroyer of Everything in Creation; Avyaya ot the Indestructible;

*Prana -Apana-Vyana-Udaana –Samaanaka or the Pancha Pranas or the very Life Force and its Five Ramificatons;

*Naaga-Krukula-Kurma-Devadutta-Dhananjaya or Bhagavan is of the Swarupa of the Pancha Pranasas mentioned above as also of the Sub-Life Forces of the Swarupa of Marud Ganas

[*viz. Naaga, Kurma, Krukala, Devadatta, Dhananjaya, Avaha, Paravah,Samvaha, Shamyu, Udhvah, Vivaha, Shamkhu, Kala, Shwaasa, Nala, Anila, Pratibha, Kumuda, Kaamta,Shuchi, Ajita, Guru, Jhumjhu, Samvartaka, Kila, Jita, Soumya, Kapi, Jada, Mamduka, Samhruta, Siddha, Rakta, Krishna, Pika, Shuka, Yathi, Bheema, Hanu, Pinga and Kapana]

Sarva praanavidah or Bhagavan is of the Swarupa of all the Life Forces; Vyapi or All-Pervading; Yoga dharaka dharaka or He is the Supreme of the Yoga Practitioners; Tatwavid or the Swarupa of Tatwas and of the intimate Knowledge of Tatwas; Tatwada or the Provider of Tatwas too; Sarva Tatwa Visharada or the Huge Fund of  Tatwa Jnaana; Dhyanasya or the Forrm of Dhyana or Deep Meditation; Dhyaana shaali or the One abounding with Meditation; Manaswi or the One with the Inimitable Heart and Thoughts of Clarity and Transparence; Yogavittama or He possesses the enormous  wealth of Yoga; Brahmagjna or He is the Symbol of Brahma Jnana; Brahmada or the Provider of the knowledge of Brahma; Brahma Jnaata or the One who is aware of what Brahma is all about; Brahma Sambhava or He who is the Creator Brahma; Adhyaatmavid or He has the full awareness of Adhyatmika Vidya; Vid or the Manifestation of Vedas; Deepa or the Sign of Illumination; Jyoti Rupa or the Magnificent Form of Effulgence; Niranjana or Spotless and Fearless; Jnanada or the benefactor of Knowledge; Ajnaanah or the destroyer of Ignorance; Jnaani or  the Source of Knowledge; Guru or the Teacher of Excellence; Sishyopadeshika or He the High Mentor who blesses Shishyas or Pupils and preaches intimate Mantras and Prayers of Sacred Import; Susishya or the Ideal Follower of a Guru with sincerity, dedication and faith; Shikshitah or the Great Learner of Learning; Shaali or Ably equipped with Learning; Sishya shiksha visharadah or a Unique Expert in Teaching the Teachers; *Mantrada or Bhagavan is the Unparalleled Deposit and Provider of Mantras-

[* Mantras are Vedic Hymns or Sacred Prayers  addressed to various Forms of Deities as Ruchaas meant for recitation set in Metrical or Chhandorupa portions in low tones for chanting in musical Forms of cadence; or incantations of Veda Samhitas, Beeja Swarupas or representative Alphabetic Words of Concealed and Confidential Invocations to specific aspects of the Almighty; or plain Prayers addressed to several Appearances like Male Deities  of Tri Murtis, Ganesha, Kumara, Indra, Nava Grahas , Dikpalakas etc. or as Female Deities as the manifestations of Durga, Lalitha, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Gayatri etc. The Invocation Media are also in the Form of Vratas, Pujas, Abhishekas, Tirtha Darshanas, Homas, Yagjnas, Pitru Oriented Karmas like Shraaddhas, Tarpanas etc; Agni Karyas, Samskaaras like birth and death related orientation; rituals like Upanayana, Vivaahadi samskaras; Mystic Hymns, Yoga Practices; Astra-Shastra Chikitsas; and a host of negative Mantras]

Mantrah or the Mantra Swarupa; Mantri or Bhagavan is the Outstanding Source of Mantras; Tantri or Bhagavan is the Ultimate Personifiacaion of Tantra Vidya or the Complex Form of Doctrines, Disciplines and Practices;  Tantra Jana Priya or He is indeed the one who encourages and appreciates the experts in the field; Sanmantra or He likes being invoked in Mantras; Mantravid or His knowledge and expertise in Mantras is Unique;  Yantra Mantraika Bhanjana or He who be bound  and overcome by Yantra and Mantra ; Maarana or He could indeed be conquered by the Tantra-Mantra  Sadhana; Mohana or He could be enticed and mesmerised;  Mohi or Vishnu is vulnerable by one’s devotion; Stambhocchatana krita or Bhagavan alllows himself to be stupified like a pillar; Khala or  Bhagavan yields to Stubborn Determination of his devotees; Bahu Maya or He displays endless Illusions; Vimaaya or the Reality which is Eternal; Maha Maya Vimohaka or Bhagavan being the Source of Compex and Deep Illusions victimises the Universe; Moksadah or He is at once the Benefactor providing Salvation; Bandhakah or also the One who imprisons with the chains of Samsara; Vandi or the One ever worshipped and saluted; Aakarshana or He is the Unchallenged Enticer; Vikarshana or the One who provides Vairagya or Profound Disinterst in the Worldly Attractions; Hreem kara or the Seed Mantra frequenting in the Scriptures invoking Bhagavan/Shakti the Embodiment of Bliss-Truth-Tranquility; Beeja Rupi or Bhagavan is of the Incarnation of Shakti; Kleenkara or He like Shakti is responsive to the Invocation  another Beeja Rupa viz. Kleemkara; Keelakaadhipa or Vishnu is the hinge and hold of the several Beeja Mantras or Letters signifying the Concealed Meaning and Purport; Souhan kaara is another such Beeja Mantra; Shaktiman or the Personification of Power, Supremacy and Total Command; Shaktih or the Pictogram of Shakti; Sarva Shakti dhara or He is the One who possesses endless Energies; Dhara or the Foundation and Axis; Akara-Ukaara-Omkara or Bhagavan is the Unique Manifestation of *OM the Pranava Mantra which is a Magnifecent Combine of the Three Outstanding Letters of Language-

[*Astro-Physicists and Astronomers proved that the Sound generated by the rapid movement of Earth, Planets and Galaxy or the Milky-Way with some  billion Stars plus at a mind-boggling velocity of twenty thousand miles per second is called by Vedic Sages as the sound of  OM ! The total Kinetic Energy produced by the friction of the said Entities on the basis of the formula of Mass x Velocity x 2 is stated to be excessive of the over all Energy required for the sustenance of Cosmos];

*Chhanda or Vedic Meters the popular one being Dwipadi, Gayatri, Ushnik, Anushthub, Brihati, Pankti, Trishthub and Jagati; Gayatra sambhavah or Bhagavan Vishnu is the Generation Point of Gayatri or the Swarupa of Om Bhuh-Bhuvah-Swaha-Maha-Janah-Tapa-Satyah;Veda or Bhagavan is Spring of Vedas; Vedavid or the Great Fund and Interpreter of Vedas; Vedi or the Personification of Vedas; Vedaadhyaayi or the Ever Reciter of Vedas; Sada Shiva or of the Pancha Preta Swarupas of Brahma-Vishnu-Rudra-Maheswara and Sadashiva; Ruk-Yajur-Saama-Atharvesha  or Vishnu is  Chaturveda Swarupa; Saamagaana Karo Kari or He is engrossed in the singing of Saama Veda; Tripada or He represents the Tripada or Three Lined Stanzas of Poetry; Bahupaadi  or also of Many Stepped Poems; Saptathah or of Seven Lined scripting; Sarvatomukhah or He is an adept of any types of Poetry; Prakritah of He is of the Prakrita Type of Linguistic Expression; Samskritaha or He is equally proficient in Sanskrita Language; Yogi or Bhagavan  is of Yogi Swarupa; Geeta grandha prahelakah  or He is the Analyser of the Bhagavad Gita’s Essence and Concealed Significance; Saguna or Vishnu is of the Three Traditional Characteristics of Satwika-Rajasika-Tamaswika nature; Viguna or He has no Gunas at all; Chhanda or He is Chanda Swarupa; Nissnagah or He is totally detached; Vigunah or He is devoid of Gunas; Guni or Bhagavan is at the same time possessive of features; Nirguna or He neither has Satwika-Rajasika- Tamasika Gunas nor has a shape-physique-form; Gunavan or quite contrarily He  possesses  all the characterisistics afore mentioned and remains a mystery for ever; Sangi or He is attached to his devotees; Karmi or He is the great performer of deeds often of miraculous nature; Dharmi or the practitioner of Virtue and Justice; Karmada or He who inspires performance some times noble and at times misleading; Nishkarma or He  is not indulgent of doing deeds all by himself ; Kama Kaami or yet He is desirous of Doing various desirable acts; Nissangah or He shuns attachments; Sanga Varjitah He is the least affected by wants and aspirations; Nirlobhah or He is too magnanimous to be corrupt and selfish; Nirahankari or He is devoid of Ego or Pride or Self -Esteem; Nishkinchanajianapriyah or He is fond of those who are not possessive and narrow minded; Sarva sangakara or He who creates and fulfills desires; Raagi or of Raga Swarupa or Symbol of Desires; Sarva Tyagi or contrarily He is the Great Sacrificer of every thing himself; Bahishwara or the Super Lord of of Agni; Ekapaada-Dwipaada-Bahupaada-Alpapaadaka-Vipada or Bhagavan manisfests several Forms of  Species like Single Foot-Two feet-Many feet-Narrow Feet- footless or crocked feet  in His Srishti; Khecharo Bhucharo Bhraami Bhringa Keetaka Madhupriyah or Bhagavan assumes innumerable Rupas of Sky borne- Earth borne-Water borne-Air borne species, fliers,  fleas, Insects, honey sucking butterflies and so on; Rituh Samvatsaro Maasoyanah Pakshoraharnishah or Bhagavan is of  the Kaala maana Swarupa comprising Ritus or Seasons-Years-Months-Ayanaas viz. Uttarayana and Dakshinayana depending on the Surya Deva’s movement from South Pole to North Pole-and of Day and Nights; Krita-Treta-Kalischiva-Dwaaparaschauraakritih or  Bhagavan created Krita-Treta-Dwapara-Kali Yugas and their features; Desha Kaala Karah or He also made the Desha Kaala or the variant characteristics; Kaalah or the Kaalamaana; Sanatana Kula Dharma or He shaped the Dharmas or Principles of the Yore; Kala-Kashtha-Pala-Nadi-Yama-Sitaasita-Paksha or He invented the Time Measurements in terms of Units viz. Kala- Kashtha-Pala-Nadi-Yama- Fortnights and bright and dark phases of Chandra; Yugaha or the Creator of Yugas; Yugandhara or He is the Master of Yugas; Yogya or the Noblest; Yugadharma pravartaka  or He is the One decides and enforces the Practices of the Four Yugas ever-rolling in a cyclical manner; Kulaacharah or He adopts the customs and practices of the Kulas or Varnaas; Kulakarah or He conceived  the Kulas; Kula Daiva Karah or He is the Supreme of the Kula Devatas; Kuli or the expression of Kulas ; Chaturaashramachaari or He assumes the Duties of the Brahmana- Kshatra-Vaishyaadi Varnaas; Grihasthies or He also undertakes the responsibilities of the family members; Atithipriyah or Bhagavan is keen to serve Guests and have them feel homely; Vanasthah -Vanachari cha Vanaprasthaashramas or He also fulfils the obligations of ‘Vaana Prasthas’ or the elderly persons of limited speech-deed-thought and plenty of devotion and virtuosity; Ashramis or He takes over the Final Stage of Sanyaasaashrama and fully refrain from worldly affairs and concentrate on the Almighty with extremely limited intake of food and  practise Vairagya; Vatuko Brahmachaari cha or Bhagavan also sets an example to Vatus or just  turned Yagjnopaveeta dhaaris and Brahmacharis who are engaged in Vedaadhyana-Guru Kula Residence-Celibacy -Gayatri Japa-Nitya homaadi duties;  Shikhaasutri and Kamandalah or the generation of Brahmachaaris need to wear Shikha or Tuft and Sutri or the Sacred Thread besides carrying kamandalu or the water vessel; Trijati or Bhagavan also emulates the example of The Three plaits of hair; Dhyanavan or He is ever engaged in Meditation; Dhyani He is the Emblem of Dhyana; Badarikaashrama Vaasa krit or He is the Resident of Badarikaashrama by assuming the Nara-Narayana Swarupas; Hemaadri prabhavah or Vishnu enhances the glory of Himalayas; Haimo or He assumes the Form of Devi Parvati; Hema Raashi or He is like the Fund of Snow; Himankarah or  he presumes the appearance of Maha Deva; Mahaa prasthanaka or He leads Himself to Vaikuntha his ultimate abode emulating the Great Images of a Vipra-Viragi-Raagavan and Grihi or those of an exemplary Vipra- the disinerested Vairagi -Raagavaan or Blissful and as a Grihasthi or Lakshmi pati);

Naranaraayano Naagi Kedarodaara Vigrahh, Gangaadwara Tapaassara Tapovana Taponidhih/ Nithiresha Maha Padmah Padmaakara Shriyaalayah Padmanaabhah Paritaatmaa Parivrat Purushottamah/ Paraanandah Puraanaascha Samraad Rajaviraajakah,Chakrasya Chakravaalasya Chakravarti Naraadhipah/ Ayurvedavido Vaidyo Dhanvarischa Rogaha, Ao0ushadhi Beeja Sambhuto Rogirogavinaasha krit/ Chetanaschetakochintya Chittachittaavinaasakrut, Ateendryaha Sukha –sparshascharachaari Vihangamah/ Garudah Pakshiraajascha Chaakshusho Vinataatmajah, Vishnuyaana Vimaanasyo Manomaya turangamah/ Bahuvrishtikaro Varshi Yairaavana viraavanah, Ucchaaishravaa Hayo gaami Haridaksho Harihpriyah/ Praavrisho Meghamaali cha Gajaratnam Purandarah, Vasudo Vasudhaarascha Nidraaluh Pannagaasanah/ Sheshasaayi Jaleshaayi Vyaasah Satyavati Sutah,Vedavyaasakaro Vaagmi Bahushaakhaa vikalpakah/ Smritih Puraanadharmaarthi Paraavara vichakshanah,Sahasra sirsho Sahasraakshah Sahasra Vadanojjwalah/ Sahasrabaahu Sahasraamshuh Sahasra kiranonnatah, Bahusirshaikashiryasya Trishiraa Vishiraah Shikhi/ Jatilo Bhasmaraagi cha  Divyaambaradharah Shuchih, Anurupo Brihadrupo Virupo Vikaraakritih/ Samudra maathako Maayi Sarvaratna haro Harih, Vajra Vaiduryako Vajri Chintaamani Mahamanih/  Anirmulyo Maha Mulyo Nirmulyah Surabhih Sukhih, Pitaamaataa sishurbandhurdhaataa Twashtaa –rayamaa Yamah/ Antasyo Baahyakaari cha Bahisyovai Bahishvarah, Paavanah Paavakah Paaki Sarva bhakhi Hutaashanah/ Bhavaan Bhaaha Bhaagi Bhavabhanjo Bhayankarah, Kaayasyah Karyakaari cha Karyakartaa Karapradah/ Ekadharmaa Dwidharmaacha Sukhi Dutyopa jevakah, Paalakahtaarakahtraataa Kaalo Mushaka bhakshakah/ Sanjeevano Jeevakartaa Sajeevo Jeeva Sambhavah, Shadvimshako Maha Vishnuh Sarvavyaapi Mahesshwarah/ Divyaangado Muktamaali Shrivatso Makaradwajah, Shyaama Murtirghanashyaamah Peetavaasaah Shubhaananah/ Cheera vaasaa Vivaasaascha Bhuta Daanava Vallabhah, Amritomrita bhaagi cha Mohini Rupa Dhaarakah/ Divya drishtah Samadrishtih Deva Daanava vanchakah, Kabandhah Ketukaari cha Swabhaanu –schandra taapanah/ Graha Raajo Grahi Graahah Sarvagraha vimochakah, Daana maana japo homah Saanukuah Shubhagrahah/ ( 71-90)

(Nara Narayanah or Vishnu‘s Swarupas as Nara and Narayana Rishis at Badarikashrama where Bhakta Prahlada once visited Badari to discover the Rishis as wearing Astra-Shastras, heckled and challenged them to fight only to be subdued physically and by Bhakti; Naagi or the Illustrious Sesha Naaga; Kedaarodara Vigrahah or Parama Shiva performed severe Tapasaya on Himalayas deep inside the boulders of the Mountain for Loka Kalyana and  manifested himself as a Maha Jyotir Linga; Gangaadwaara Tapassaarah or the Sacred Ganga at Haridwara at the foot hill plains of Himalayas was the outcome of Bhagiratha’s dogged Tapasya  where Sri Hari’s hallowed feet rested; Tapovana Taponithih or He who motivates ‘Tapasvis’to perform deep meditation in the quest of Truth; Nidhi or the Source of Wealth; Maha Padma or Devi Lakshmi; Padmaakarastriyalaya or the alternative Swarupaof Lakshmi who is the company of Maha Vishnu; Padmanabhah or Narayana as floating on Ksheera Saagara who materialised Lord Brahma atop the former’s lotus stem; Paritaatma or the Supreme Soul; Parivraat or of Brahmarshi Narada Swarupa who was the Great Parivrajaka or Sanyasi; Purushottama or the Noblest of Purushas; Paramaananda or the Form of Bliss; Purana or Sanatana or Ageless-[The reference might also be to the Ashtaadasha Maha Puranas of Maha Bhagavata-Matsya-Varaha-Kurma-Vamana-Vishnu-Brahma-Brahmaanda-Brahma Vaivarta-Shiva-Linga-Skanda-Agni-Narada-Padma-Bhavishya-Markandeya-and Garuda besides Upa-Puranas]; Samrat or the Highest Authority of the Universe; Raajeeva Raajakah or King of Kings; Chakrasya or the Swarupa of Sudarshana Chakra; Chakravaalasya or He who is adorned by the Maha Chakra; Chakravarti or the Highest Monarch of the Universe; Naraadhipa or the King of Humanity; Ayurvedavid or the One who is fully aware of the knowledge of Ayurveda or herbal medicines; Vaidya or the Physician of high reputation; Dhanvatari or the Celestial Deva of Medicines born at Deva Danava Amrita Mathana; Roghah or the Curer-in-Chief of illnesses and diseases; Auoshadhi beeja sambhuta or Bhagavan is the  Chief Producer of Seeds and Herbal Medicines; Rogiroga Vinahashakrit or the destroyer of the diseases of the patients; Chetanah or The Source of Enlightenement ; Chetaka or the Provider of Enlighment; Achintya or beyond understanding or inconceivable; Chittachintaa vinaasha krit or He who smashes the mental worries of any kind; Ateendriya or He who is unaffected by physical or psychological barriers; Sukhasprasha or He who has healing and envigorating touch; Chara chari or the Ever Mobile Entity;Vihangama or the Sky roaming; Garudah or the Swarupa of Garuda Deva the Celestial Carrier of Maha Vishnu and the glorious Son of Vinata and Kashyapa; Pakshiraajascha or the King of Birds; Chaksusah or Bhagavan is Ever Inquisitive and Impatient; Vinatatmaja or the Famed Son of Devi Vinata; Vishnuyaana Vimaanasyah or the Airborne Carrier of Vishnu Bhagavan; Manonmana Turangamah or the Horse –like carrier of the speed of  mind; Bahuvrishti karah or the Provider of  Plentiful Rains; Varshi or of the Swarupa of Rain God Indra / Varuna; Airaavana -viraavanah or the One like Airavana Elephant carried by Indra the Majestic King of Devas; Ucchaishra vaahayo gaami or He rides the Celestial Horse called Uchhaishrava materialised during ‘Amrita Manthana’or the Churning of Ksheera Samudra;  Haripriyah or of the Rupa of Devi Lakshmi the beloved of Hari; Praavrisha or the Lord Rains Indra Deva; Meghamaali or the Swarupa of Indra who is garlanded y the blue clouds; Gajaratna or He like Indra again who rides the Elephant King Iravata; Purandara or Indra; Vasuda or the Creator of Vasus or Bhu Devi; Vasudhaarascha or the One who holds  the weight of Bhu Devi; Nidraaluh or Vishnu is at Yoga Nidra; Pannagaasanah or He is cozily seated on the Soft Bed of Sesha Deva; Sesha saaya or He rests on the Maha Sarpa Sesha Naaga; Jaleshayi or He as Narayana (Naara-Ayana or He who rests on Water Surface); Vyasah or of the Swarupa of Veda Vyasa Maharshi; Satyavati Sutah or like the Famed Son of Devi Satyavati; Vedavyaasakaro or Bhagavan Vishnu was the generator of Veda Vyasa; Vaagmi or Vyasa was an alternate Form of Devi Saraswati; Bahushakhaa vikalpakah or Vyasa had the unrivalled distinction of segregating and editing several branches of Scriptures; Smritih or Vyasa brought to light the Sacred Smritis; Purana Dharmarthi or the One to illuminate Puranas and their Dharmas;  Paraavara Vichakshanah or the Inimitable Sifter and Critique of the Ocean of Dharma Principles; Sahsra seershah or Bhagavan Vishnu is of Thousands of Heads; Sahasraaksha or of of Thousand Eyes; Sahasravadanojjwala or of Thousands of sparkling eyes; Sahasra baahuh or He is of  Thousands of Hands; Sahasraamshuh or of thousands of glimmers; Sahasra kiranonnatah or of thousands of rays; Bahushirshaah or of countless heads; Eka shirshah  or of a Single and Unique Head; Three Shirah or He displays three heads some times; Vishiraah or He might as well display neither a head nor face; Shikhi or He is adorned with a truss of hair; Jatilo or He, like Shiva, displays a coarse and twisted hair style; Bhasmaraagi or like Shiva again he has an ash ridden body; Divya -ambara dhara or at times he is dressed up with the ‘Ashta Diks’ or the Eight Formations of Directions; Shuchih or the Symbol of Purity and Sacredness; Anurupi or Bhagavan is like an atom in size and feature; Bahu Rupi or He is of countless Forms; Virupi or He neither possesses a face nor a shape; Vikitaakritih  or sometimes Bhagavan display dreadful Swarupa while attacking enemies; Samudra maatthakah or He who enabled the Churning of the Ocean of Milk; Mayi or the Image of Maya or the Make-Believe; Sarvaratna harah or He managed to secure various jewels like Koustubha Mani at the time of Samudra Mathana as the Asuras opted nothing less than Amrita; Vajra Vaidruryakah  Vajri or Vishnu is brightly ornamented with Vajra Vaiduryaas; Vajri or He is of Vajra Deha or of Indestructibility; Chantaamani Mahamanih or He also possesses the Outstanding and Invaluable Celestial Chintamani; Anirmulyi-Maha mulyi -Nirmulyah or His possessions or Priceless-or of Huge Value-or Invaluable; Surabhih or Bhagavan is of the Swarupa of Surabhi the Celestial Cow which grants  any or every wish of the Beings; Sukhi or the Embodiment of Enjoyment; Pitaa-Maata-Shishur-Bandhu or Bhagavan is of the Forms of Father-Mother-Child-Relatives; Dhaata-Twashta and Aryama or Vishnu as among the alternative Forms of the Adityas; Yama or the Deva of Death; Antasthah or Bhagavan as the ‘Antarmukha Brahma’ or the Inner Conscience; Baahyakaari cha or He is the display of the external Universe comprising the Tatwas, Pancha Bhutas, Tanmatras and the Ahamkara; Bahishwara or the Supreme of the Three Worlds; Pavana or the Form of Sanctity; Pavaka or One who provides Purity; Paki or the personification of Cleanliness and Transparency; Sarvabhakshi or at the time of Pralaya he is the Great Annihilator; Hutaashna or the Agni Swarupa; Bhagavan or the Unknown-Everlasting-All Pervading-Endless-Unborn-Indestructible; Bhagah or One of the Aditya Swarupas; Bhavabhanjanah or Smasher of the shackles of Samsaara; Bhayankara or the Most Dreaded; Kayasya or of the Physical Profile; Karyakari  or the Most Practical Actor; Karya Karta or the Actual Doer; Karaprada or He who is the handler; Ekadharma or of Single Aimed; Dwidharma or the  Balancer of Two Purposes viz. Iham or the Worldly Wise and Param or Moksha; Sukhi  or the Blissful; Dutyopa Jeevaka or He like Lord Krishna does the balancing Act of Kauravas and Pandavas- Maya and Satya or Falsehood and Reality; Paalaka or Bhagavan is the Highest Administrator; Taaraka or the Medium of Drowning and Floating towards the Seashore; Traata or the Unique Saviour; Kaala or the Final Killer; Mushaka Bhakshaka or the Devouring cat of the targetted and helpless mouse; Sanjeevanah or the temporary revivor of Life; Jeena Karta or the Provider of Life; Sajeevo or the One who revives Life and keeps it going; Jeeva Sambhava or the Creator of Life;  Shadvimshaka or the One who infuses the Twenty Six Aspects or Tatwas into Life again and again; Maha Vishnu or the Utmost; Sarva Vyapi or the Omni-Present; Maheshwara or the Paramount; Divyangada or of Celestial Physique; Muktamaali or Pearl necklaced; Shri Vatsah or Adorned with Shri Vatsa Mani; *Makaradhwaja or the Monkey-Reptile Formed Gate-Keeper of Patala King Ahi Ravana the son of of Lankeshwara Ravana –

[* Makaradhwaja was acually born to Hanuman who no doubt was celibate; Hanuman once bathed in the Sea, got excited in the swim, his sperm fell on waters, a fish consumed it and conceived a monkey- fish form of a boy with enormous strength; Ahi Ravana, the King of Patala appointed Makaradwaja as the Gate Keeper of his Kingdom ; Ahi Ravana kidnapped Rama-Lakshmanas in sleep at their war-camp to Patala Loka by assuming the Swarupa of Vibhishana as he desired to  avenge the death of Indrajit another son of Ravana.; Hanuman visited Patala to save Rama Lakshmanas and encountered Makaradhwaja the mighty Gate Keeper of Ahi Ravanaa; Makaradhwaja who nodoubt demonstrated sympathy and devotion for the  kidnapped Rama Lakshmanas but resisted Hanuman’s entry since he was dutiful to his King; Hanuman threw away Makara dhwaja and killed Ahi Ravana; Rama Lakshmanas appreciated the dutifulness of Makaradhwaja as also his Bhakti to Rama and coronated him as the King of Patala];

Shyama Murti or Lord Krishna; Ghana Shyama or Krishna of the complexion of thick clouds; Peeta vaasa or of Yellow robes; Shubhaanana or of Propitious countenance; Cheeravaasa or robed in coarse/ grisly clothing; Vivasa or Air-Clad or ‘Digambara’; Bhuta Danava Vallabha or Bhagavan is the Master of allthe Beings including Danavas; Amrita or He is of the Amrita Swarupa; Amrita bhagi or the One who as Devi Mohini distributed Amtita to Devaasa; Mohini Rupa Dharaka or the Incarnation of Devi Mohini;  Deva drishti or indeed He has celestial vision; Sama drishti or He has normal vision too; Deva Danava Vanchakah or Bhagavan plays tricks to Deva Danavas alike; *Kabandha or  the Demon decimated by Rama Lakshmana when Sita was kidnapped by Ravana-

[Kabandha was ugly, headless, neckless, legless, immobile, big mouthed, one eyed and long handed Monster who ate whatever came within the reach of his streched hands like animals, humans and other living Beings;  Rama and Lakshmana were also caught and decimated him; he was a Gandhara of arrogance cursed by a Muni but got liberated by Shri Rama; incidentally the occurrence of Kabandha’s end led to Rama’s way to Kishkindha, Sugriva, Hanuman and the subsequent search for Sita and the killing of Ravana];

Ketukari or Bhagavan was also the responsible to the Creation of Ketu who along with Devas in the queue in disguise for the distribution of Amrita but got beheaded by Vishnu as Mohini yet got restored to celestial Life since Ketu already enjoyed the drink of Amrita or deathlessness; Swarbhanu chandra taapnah or Bhagavan in reference to the incident of Rahu Ketu at the distribution of Amrita was obliged to let Chandra and Surya be troubled by Rahu Kethus although at the timings of Ecipses; Graha Rajah or Bhagavan is is the Master of the Grahas; Grahi or He is also of the Swarupa of Nava Grahas; Sarva Graha vimochakah or He is also the Redeemer  of the problems of the Nava Grahas; Daana-Maana-Japo-Homa-Saanukulah or He who facilitates auspicious deeds like providing Charities, Japaas, Homas etc.; Shubha Grahah or He assumes beneficient Fo rms of Nava Grahas;

Vighnakartaapahartaa cha Vighna naasho Vinayakah, Apakaaropakaari cha Sarva Siddhi phalapradah/ Sevakah Saamadaani cha Bhedi Dandicha Matsari, Dayaavaan Dana sheelascha Daani Yajwaa Pratigrahi/ Haviragnischarusthaali Samidhascha Tilo Yavah, Hotodghaataa Shuchih Kundah Saamaga Vaikriti Savah/  Dravyam  Paatraani  Sankalpo Musalaohyaranih Kushah, Deekshito Manbadapo Vediryajamaanah Pashu Kratuh/ Dakshinaa Swastimaan Swastih- yaashirvadah Shubhaprada, Adivriksho Maha Vriksho Deva Vriksho Vanaspatih/ Prayaago Venimaan Veni Nyagrodhaakshayavatah, Suteertha Tirthakaari cha Tirtha Rajo Vrati Vratah/ Vritti daataa Prithuh Paatro Dogdha Gou Vatsa Evacha, Kshirah Kshiravhah Kshiri Kshira bhaga vibhagavit/ Rajyabhagavido Bhaagi Sarvabhaga vikalpakah,Vahano Vahako Vegi Paadachaari Tapashwarah/ Gopano Gopako Gopi Gopa Kanyaa vihaarakrit, Vaasudevo Vishaalaakshah Krishno Gopi-janapriyah/ Devakinandano Nandi Nanda Gopa grihaashrayi, Yashodaa nandano Daami Damodara Ulookhahi/ Putanaaristrunaavartahaari Shakatabhanjakah, Navaneeta Priyo Vaagmi Vatsapaalkaka Baalakah/ Vatsarupadharo Vatsi Vatsaha Dhenukantakrit, Bakaarirvanavaasi cha Vanakreedaa Vishaaradah/ Krishnavarnaakritih Kaanto Venuvetravidhaarakah,Gopa Moksha karo Moksho Yamunaapulinecharah/ Mayaavatsakarom Maayi  Brahma Maayaapamohakah, Atmasaara Vihaaragjno Gopadaaraka daarakah/ Gocharo Gopatirgopo Govardhana Dharo Balih, Indradyumna Makha Dhwamsi Vrishtiha Goparakshakah/ Surabhitraana kartaa cha Daavapaanakarah Kali, Kaaliya mardanah Kaali Yamunaahrada viharakah/ Sankarshano Balashlaaghyo Bala Devo Halaayudhah, Laangali Musali Chakri Raamo Rohini nandanah/ Yamunaakarshanoddhaaro NilavaasaaHali tathaa, Revati Ramano LoloBahumaanakarah Parah/ Dhenukaarirmahaaviro Gopakanyaavidushakah, Kaaamaanaharah Kaami Gopivaasopataskarah/ Venu Vaadi cha Naadi cha Nritya Geeta Visharadah, Gopimohakaro Gaani Raasako Rajanicharah/   (91-110)

( Vighnakarta or He like Ganesha is the One who creates obstacles; Apahatra or He again is the cleanser or the anti-dote of questionable  deeds; Vighna naasha or the negator of difficulties; Vinayaka or of the Form of Gauri Putra; Apakaaropakaari or the Befactor to the one who is Evil-minded; Sarva Siddhi phalapradah or He showers benefits to all; Sevakah or the One who serves like a servant;  Saamadaani or He is well versed  in the art of convincing or the pursuer of ‘Samadaana’ practices of counselling  or gratifying with gifts; Bhedi or in case still unconvinced Bhagavan tries the thid option of creating rifts among opposing parties or the method of dividing opinions; Dandicha or if Sama-Dana- Bheda ways of accomplishments fail, then He resorts to ‘Danda’or Punishment; Matsari or He could be avaricious in the context of favouring his devotees; Dayaavan or He is ever-merciful; Daana sheela or the Great Provider of unsolicited gifts in Charity; Daani or the unique donor; Yajwa or also the receiver of offerings at Yagjnas; Pratigrahi or the top recipient of favours, gifts, donations and so on with willigness; Havi- Agni-Charusthali-Samidha-Tila- Yavah or Bhagavan is the Acceptor of Havis or Offerings to Homaagni; Charusthaali or He is the reciever of Charu or the simple rice mixed with lentil and ghee offerd to Agni with Mantras; Samidha or The one extremely delighted with the offerings of wooden  pieces of selcet tree branches with ghee in Agni Homas; Tilo Yavah or the One who craves for tilas and yava seeds as offerings tio Him; Hota and Udghaata or Bhagavan is highly fond of the roles of Brahmanas as Hotas the Recitor of Mantras or Udgaatas or Samagana singers and Adharvus or the Seniors like Sages conducting the Homa Karyaas;

* Shuchi-Kunda-Saamaga-Vaikriti-Sava- Dravya-Para-Sankalpa-Musala-Arani- Kusha-Dikshita-Mandapa-Vedi-Yajamaana-Pashu-Kratu or Bhagavan is the Swarupa of the various inputs of Yagjna-Homas viz: Physical and Internal Cleanliness-Kunda or the Homa Kunda-Saamaga or the Renderor of Samagana-Vaikriti or the Modifier / Interpretor of the Scriptures- Dravya or the required Materials- Paatra or the vessels- Sankalpa or Invocation- Musala or a stick or blede like object used in Yagnas- Arani or Agni generatedby the friction of two stones- Kusha or the Kusha grass- Dikshita or the Chief Priest- Mandapa or  the Homa Mandapa- Vedi or where the Chief Invitees are seated- Yajamana or The Chief Organiser- Pashu the Sacrificial animal- Kratu or the Yagjna Kaarya;

 Dakshina or the Fees f or performing the Homa;  Swastimaana or He who recites the Hymns of Auspiciousness; Swasti or the Hymn itself; Ashirvada or the Blessing Mantras; Shubhaprada or He who provides Auspiciouness; Adi Vriksha-Mahavriksha-Deva Vriksha or Bhagavan is of the Swarupa of the Very Original Tree of Life-The Huge Banyan-like Tree and the Celestial Tree viz. Kalpataru providing fulfillments; Vanaspati or the Ghee used in Homa Karyas; Prayaga or Vishnu Nivasa; Venimaan or He appears as Saakshi or the Evidence Deva at Prayaga Kshetra at the Ceremonial Worship of Veni Samskara or the Symbolic Cut of a Wife’s plaited hair on the banks of Ganga-Yamuna-Sarasvati Antarvahini Sangama to bless the married couple with auspiciousness,  longevity and successful family life; Nyagrodha or He is like the Banyan Tree the One which is tall, strong and huge; Akshgaya Vata or the Everlasting Vata Vriksha; Suteertha or the most propitious Tirtha / Pilgrimage Place; Tirthakari or He is the One who materialises the unique Places of worship; Tirtha Raja or He is like the King of the Sacred Places of Worship; theVrati or the One who is the Karva of Vratas; Vratah or the Vrata itself; Vrittidaata or the Provider of Professions and Occupations; *Prithuh-Paatro-Dogdha-Govatsa evacha or Bhagavan is like the famed King Prithu who enabled Bhu Devi to fulfl the desires of one and all-

*[He  endeared Maharshis and Commoners alike by controlling Bhu Devi as she tried to run away in the Form of a Cow but he chased her and forced her to yield milk of the choice of various Beings: Rishis converted Chandradeva as a Calf, Brihaspati as Milkman and Tapomaya Brahma as milk; Devatas made Indra as the Calf , Suryaas the milkman and ‘Poushtikaahaara’ or healthy food as milk; Pitru Devatas  requested Yama Raja to convert himself as the calf, Antaka Deva as the milkman and ‘Swadha’ as milk; Nagas selected Takshaka as the calf, Iravata Serpent as the milkman and visha or poison as their milk; Asuras appointed Madhu Daitya as the calf, Virochana as themilkman and Maya or the Illusion as their kind of milk; Yakshas preferred Kubera as the calf, Raja naanaabha as the milkman and yielded Antardhaana Vidya or the Art of Disappearance as the mikk; similarly Gandharvas opted for Fragrance, Rakshasas preferred blood; Mountains desired ‘Aoushadhis’ of Herbal Medicines; and so on thus satisfying all the Species];

Kshirah-Khshiravahah-Kshiro-Kshirabhaga vibhagavit or Bhagavan is of the Rupa of Milk-Cow-and the Disributor of Milk alike; Rajyabhaagavido or He who is aware of the System and norms of distributing Kingdoms; Bhagi or He is also the distributor of  Kingdoms; Sarvabhaga vikalpakah or the One who is the Swarupa of the Parts so distributed; Vahana or the Vehicle; Vahaka or the Driver; Vegi or the One with great speed; Padachari or He who walks by foot; Tapaschara or the One engaged in Meditation; Gopana or the Cowherd; Gopaka or Lord Krishna as the illustrious Gopaka; Gopi  or the One engaged in the business of cowherding; Gopakanyaa vihaara krit or He who excels himself with wandering along with Gopika maidens; Vaasudevah or the famed son of Vaasudeva; Vishaala -aksha or the Broad Eyed; Krishna or Bhagavan Krishna; Gopijanapriyah or the Beloved of Gopikas; Devaki Nandana or the Son of DeviDevaki; Nandii or the son of Nanda; Nanda Gopa Griyashraya or He who resided at Nanda Deva’s Home; Yashoda Nandanah or the foster Son of Devi Yashoda; Dami or He possessed a scar; Damodara or He had a black spot on his stomach; Ulukhali or Bhagavan is of the Swarupaof Lord Indra;  Putanaari or Krishna who decimated Putana who appeared as maiden seeking to give body milk to Baby Krishna; Trinaavarta Samhari or Bhagavan Krishna put off the Whirlwind Demon called Trinaavarta who desired to harm Krishna; Sakata Bhanjaka or Bhagavan who punished Shakataasura who tried to crush Krishna but got crushed  himself; Navaneetapriyaa or Baby Krishna was obsessed with the taste of butter and loved it; Vaagmi or a Popular Orator; Vatsapaalaka baalakah or He liked the company of Calves and those boys who took them around for grazing; Vatsarupadharo He was fond of mimicking calves; Vatsi or of the Rupa of  a young calf; Dhenukaasuraantakrit or He was gifted enough to recognise Dhenukaasura and destroyed him as he attacked Krishna with great speed; Vanavaasi or He loves to spend  long trips to Gardens and Forests; Vanakreedaa Visharadah or he revels himself in  playful joys in forests;  Krishna Varnaakrita or He is splendid-looking in the sky blue complexion; Kantah or Krishna  in the envigorating company of attractive maidens; Venuvetta vidharakah or He who is love-lorn due to seperation and thus engaged in the play of flute; Gopamokshakaro or He bestows Moksha to Gopaas; Mokshah or the Swarupa of Salvation itself; Yamunaapulinanecharah or He who played on the sand heaps on the banks of River Yamuna; Maya Vatsarah Mayo Brahma mayaapamohakah  or He readily recognised Brahma Maya which along with Vedas assumed the Form of a Cow and Calf and in turn secured the genuine prayers from Brahma; Atmasaara Vihaarajno or He is afloat on the Sky of Atma Jnaana or the Supreme Self  Awareness; Gopadaaravidaarakah or  He tends to break the hearts of Gopika maidens; Gochari or He is in the company of Cows which envigorate him; Gopati or the Chief of Cows; Gopa or the Maha Gopa or the Top form of  Shepherd Himself; Govardhana dhara or He lifted up the Govardhana Mountain and provided shelter and food to the Gokula Vaasis to teach a lesson to Devendra who sought to avenge the non-observance of the traditional  Indra Vrata  as advised by Krishna and thus poured  incessant rains and  storms for several days; Bali or Krishna thus proved to the Worlds about his huge physical strength; Indradyumna Makha dhwamsi or as Diwakara Maharshi destroyed the Yagna of the King Indradyumna ; Lord Vishnu was upset and as a result, the Maharshi lost his powers and performed long Tapasya as a result of which, the Lord was pleased and pardoned the Rishi and appeared as Ananta Padma Swami; Vrishtiha or the terminator of excessive rains and storms; Goparakshakah or the Saviour of Gopas; *Surabhitraana karta or the One who was responsible of the protection of the Divine Cow Surabhi at several times- [*for instance when Vishwamitra as a King visited Vasishtha , he demanded Surabhi as his royal right, got rebuffed and decided to become a Rajarshi by long penance;  or when King Kartaveeryarjuna claimed Surabhi but was refused,  killed Jamadagni and Parashurama eventually killed not only Kartaveerya but destroyed all Kshatriya Kings in some twenty one battles single handed by his parashu and so on];

Daavapaanakara or the Originator of ‘Daavaanala’ or the Huge Fire that Agni Deva satisfied his  hunger with in the Daava Forests; Kali or the heralder of Kali Yuga; Kaaliyamardana or as Krishna suppressed the arrogance of the mammoth serpent Kaliya by controlling it and forcing it to move out to the Seas under protection of Garuda Deva; Kaali or the Swarupa of the fearsome and mighty Devi Kaalika; Yamunaahrada vihaaraka or Krishna who enjoyed the outings and boat rides on the River Yamuna along with his beloved wives; Sankarshana or of the Incarnation of Bala Rama; Balashlyaghya or He as Balarama is popular as the Symbol of  Strength; Halayudhah or He who carried ‘Hala’ / plough as his weapon; Laangli-Musali-Chakri or He whose weaponry was a plough, mace and wheel; Ramah or Balarama theIncarnation of Vishnu; Rohini nandanah or Bhagavan Bala Rama the splendid son of Devi Rohini; Yamunaakarshana dwarah or the Resident of the entry door of the banks of the Sacred River Yamuna; Neelvaasah or Balarama is distinctly dressed in blue; Hali or he had the magnificent plough as his Symbol; Revati Ramana or the darling husband of Revati Devi; Lolah or He was an ardent lover of the Devi; Bahu maana karah or He is venerated by one and all; Parah or the one beyond one’s understanding; Dhenukaari or the sworn enemy of Dhenukasura; Maha Veerah or the Great Valiant; Kaama maana harah or the vanquisher of desires; Kaami or Krishna is full of  passion and love; Gopi vaasa taskarah or Krishna was the well known ne who stole the clothes of Gopika maidens as they were bathing; venu vaadi or He who mesmerises with the inimitable notes of the music of flute; Naadee or the pinnacle form of music from his flute; Nritya Geeta Visharadah or the Top Exponent of Dance and Song; Gopi Mohnakarah or Krishna was unique in enchanting the hearts of Gopikas; Gaani or the Enthralling Singer; Rasikah or He who was extremely well versed in Fine Arts; Rajanicharah or the Singular Charmer);

Divyamaali Vimali cha Vanamaalaa vibhushitah, Kaitabharischa Kamsaarirmadhuha Madhusudanah/ Chanuramardano MalloMushti Mushtika naasha krit, Muraha Modako Modee Madaghno Narakantakrit/ Vidyaadhyaayi Bhumishayi Sudamasakhaascha Sakhaa Sukhi, Sakalo Vikalo Vaidyah Kalitovai Kalaanidhih/ Vidyashaali Vishaali cha Pitru Maatru vimokshakah, Rukmini Ramano Ramyah Kalindipatih Shankhaha/ Paanchajanyo Maha Padmo  Bahunayaka Nayakah, Dundhumaaro Nikumbhaghna Shambaraanto Ratipriyah/ Pradyumnaaraniruddhischa Saatvataam –patirarjunah,  Phalgunascha Gudaakeshah Savyasaachi Dhananjayah/ Kireeti cha Dhanushpaanir –dhanurveda vishaaradah, Shikhandi Satyakih Shaivyo Bheemo Bheemaparaakramah/ Paanchaalas-chaabhimamuscha Soubhadro Droupatipatih, Yudhishtaro Dharmaraajah Satyavaadi Shuchirvratah/ Nakulah Sahadevascha Karno Duryodhano Ghruni, Gaangeeyascha Gadaapanirbheeshmo Bhaagerathi sutah/ Pragjnaa chakshuh Dhrutaraashtrascha Bharadwaaja Goutamah, Ashwatthaamaa Vikarnascha Jahnuryuddha vishaaradah/ Seemantako Gadee Gaalvo Vishwaamitro Duraasadah, Durvaasaa Durvineetascha Markandeyo Maha Munih/  Lomesho Nirmalolomi Deerghaayuscha Chirochari, Purarjeevamrito Bhaavi Bhuto Bhavyo Bhavishyakah/ Trikaalotha Trilingascha Trinetra Tripadipatih,Yadavo Yajgnavalkyascha Yaduvamsha vivardhanah, Shalyakreedi Vikreedascha Yadavaantakarh Kalih, Sadayo Hridayo Daayo Daayaado Daayabhaag Dayi/ Mahodadhir Mahipustho Neelaparvata vaasakrit, Ekavarno Vivarnascha Sarva Varna bahischarah/ Yagjnanindi Veda nindi Vedabaahyo Balee Balih, Boudhaarirbaadhako Badho Jagannaatho Jagatpatih/ Bhaktirbhaagavato Bhaagee Vibhakto Bhagavatpriyah, Tridhaamotha Navaaranyo Guhopanishadaasanah/ Shaalagraama Shilaa Yukto Vishaalo Gandakaashrayah, Shruta Devaha Shrutah Shraavi Shruta bodhah Shrutashravaah/ Kalkih Kaalakalah Kalko Dushta mleccha vinashakrit, Kunkumi Dhavalo Dheerah Kshamaakaro Vrishaakapih/ Kinkarah Kinnarah Kanvah Keki Kimpurushaadhipah, Ekaromaa Viromaacha Bahuromaa Brihatkavih/ (111-120) 

(Divyamaali or He wears garlands or Celestial flowers; Vimali or He is ever bright even without garlands; Vanamaali vibhushitah or He is adorned with multi-coloured flowers of immense fragrance; Kaitabhaari or the decimator of Kaitabaha Danava of the notorious Madhu Brothers; Kamsaari or Krishna the antagonist by birth of the ill-reputed King Kamsa who was his owm maternal uncle; Madhu sudanah or He the destroyer of Madhu Danava thus earning his fame and title as Madhusudana; Chanuramardana mallah or He who subdued the giant formed wrestler Chanura; Mushti Mushtaka naasa krut or Krishna as a mere boy terminated the vily wrestlers named Mushti-Mushtaka; Murah or He who killed Mura and thjus earned the encomium as Murari; Modaka or the Great Entertainer; Modi or the personification of amusement itself; Madaghna or the cruncher of arrogance; Narakanta krit or the terminator of the most dreaded Narkasura; Vidyardhyayi or the Student of Sandipa Muni; Bhumi shaayi or Bhagavan slept on the floor at the Guru’s abode as the Vidyarthi; Sudaamasakha or the childhood friend of Krishna named Sudama; Sukhi or Bhagavan Krishna bestowed so much to Sudama that he lived lavishly thereafter; Sakala or He is everty thing in the Universe; Avikala or He is Perfect and Impeccable in all respects; Vaidya or the unique Physician of all Beings in terms of Physical fitness and mental ability; Kalita or the clutch-hold; Kala nidhi or the Representation of all the Art Forms stated to be as many as sixty four; Vidyashaali or the Emblem of knowledge in endless forms; Vishali or Bhagavan represents every thing in large dimensions or from the broadest view-point; *Pitrumaatru vimokshah or the Liberator of Vasudeva and Devaki as also the foster parents of Nanda Gopa and Yashoda-

[* Vasudeva and Devaki in their earlier births were Kashyapa Muni and Aditi while Nanda Gopa and Yashoda were Drona one of the Ashtaavasus and Dhara the ascetic wife of Drona];

Rukmini Ramanah or He the dear husband of Devi Rukmini the eldest wife of Krishna; Ramyah or the Swarupa of Enticement; *Kalindipatih or the Husband of Devi Kalindi-

[* The Ashta Mahishis or the Eight Principal Wives of Lord Krishna were Rukmini, Satyabhama, Jambavati, Nagnajiti, Mitravinda, Lakshmana, Kalindi and Maadri; these were different from the eight thousand wives released from the prisons of Narakasura]

Shankaha or the Holder of Maha Shamankha ot the Unique Conch-shell; *Panchajanya was the Shankha that Bhagavan blew up at the beginning of a battle-[ *for instance at the time of Narakasura’s termination when ‘Mura Pasha’ or the fortification chains mateialised by the Demon Mura around the fortress walls of Narakasura and the deadening reverberation of the Panchajanya shattered the fortress into pieces]; Maha Padma or the most distinct and Outstanding Lotus the Bhagavan holds in one of his four hands  ie. Shankha-Padma- Gada-Saaranga; Bahunayaka Nayakah or Lord Krishna represented the Super Chief among the Chiefs; Dundhumarah or the Decimator of Dundhu Danava the son of Andhaka-another explanation is that King Yuvanashra of Surya Vamsha to which Shri Rama belonged to was the killer of Dundhu Danava; Nishkumbhaghna or Bhagavan terminated Nishkumbha Danava the notorious son of Danu Devi; *Shambharaantakah or Bhagavan in the Swarupa of his son Pradyumna from Devi Rukmini who killed Shambharasura –

[*Shambharasura kidnapped Pradyumna as a toddler but on realising that the boy was Krishna’s son threw him away into the Sea when a big fish devoured the kid; a fisherman caught the fish and presented it to King Shambara who in turn sent it to his kitchen; the kitchen maid called Mayavati found a boy in the stomach of the fish and brought him up and desired to wed the boy eventually ( In the previous birth Pradyumna was Manmatha whom Shiva decimated into ash by opening his third eye but on the prayers of Rati Devi the wife of Manmatha, Shiva gave the boon that she would remarry Manmatha in the next birth as Devi Maya and Pradyumna];

*Aniruddhah or Bhagavan Krishna as his grand son and the son of Pradyumna-

[*Aniruddha fell in love with Devi Usha the daughter of Banasura a great Shiva Bhakta; on realising that Aniruddha was Krishna’s grandson Banasura refused Usha’s wedding and imprisoned Aniruddha; when there was a fight ensued between Krishna and Banasura backed by Shiva Ganas but eventually there was a realisation that Krishna and Shiva were two alternate Forms of Bhagavan, Banasura acquiesed to the wedding finally];

Satvataam patih or the embodiment of Truthfulness and Virtuosity; Arjunah or the One with clean and glorious reputation; Phalgunascha or born on the Srat of Phalguna; Gudakeshah or He who  defeated sleep; Savyasaachi or He who could aim arrows with both hands; Dhananjayah or the Surmounter of worldly riches; Kiriti or the One with Celestial Headgear of Gold; Dhanurpani or Arjuna who was eveready with bow and arrows; Dhanurveda Visharadah or He was an outstanding Expert of Dhanurveda or the Knowledge of Archery; *Shikhandi or the trangender son of King Drupada [*Shikhandi in an earlier life was Amba the eldest daughter of the King of Kashi who along with her other sisters was forcibly taken away by Bheeshma from a ‘Swayamvara’ or a wedding on mutual consent as she loved the King of Salva; when Bheeshma agreed to her to return to Salva the latter declined her; thus the dejected Amba bore hatred against Bheeshma, resorted to severe Tapasya to take revenge against Bheeshma and in the subsequent life as Shikandi killed Bheeshma who never wanted to face a transgender in a battle] ;

Satyaki or a Great Warrior of Yadu Kula a confidant of Krishna and a friend of Arjuna who fought for Pandavas in the Epic War of Maha Bharata and killed inter alia his arch enemy Bhuriswara of Kaurava Camp; *Bheemah or the strong man of Pandavas- [He destroyed countless Kaurava warriors and demons like Bakaasura , Kirmira, Jatasura, Jimuta, Keechaka etc but most importantly Duryodhana];

 Bheema parakramah or in the context of the Great Maha Bharata Epic, Bheema has been acclaimed as Bheema Parakrama or the most Valiant; Panchaalalah or Draupadi Devi; Abhimanyuscha or the Heroic warrior son of Arjuna who was implicated in the Chakra Vyuha or the Circular Pattern of Battle Fortress into which he knew how to enter but unable to exit and thus got killed ; Panchala or Devi Draupadi; Soubhadrah or Abhimanyu the brave son of  dear Sister of Balarama and Krishna; *Droupadi patih or the Pancha Pandavas viz.Yudhishtara-Bheema-Arjuna-Nakula-Sahadevaas-

[* Markandeya Purana revealed that Bhu Devi made an appeal to Indra to materialise Pancha Pandavas to reduce ‘Bhu Bhara’ or heavy concentration of sins; meanwhile Maharshi Durvasa who was pleased with Kunti’s devotion to him as a young girl when he visited her father’s kingdom and taught a Mantra which enabled invoking Indra, Surya, Vayu or any other Deities and bless her to beget a famed son without affecting her virginity. The playful Kunti addressed Surya who blessed a son viz. Karna; she was afraid and left the boy in a floating box on a nearby water flow and Devi Radhika the wife of a Royal Charioteer nurtured the boy. Later after her marriage with King Pandu she confessed of her misadventure to Pandu but the latter not only pardoned her but in fact requested her to invoke Indra again; then Indra appeared and through his virility, Dharmaraja emerged from  the Amsha of Yama, Bheema in turn again from the Amsha of  Vayu and Arjuna from his own Amsha. Devi Kunti taught Devi Madri another wife of Pandu Raja and she too invoked Indra and begot Nakula and Saha Deva with the Amsha of Ashwini Kumars; as Arjuna broke the Matsya Yantra in Draupadi’s Swayamvara, she was counselled by the elders and Gurus that she might be the common wife of Pancha Pandavas as after they were all born to Indra and the Devas with Indraamsha];

Yudhishtrao Dharmarajascha or Yudhishtara was popularly called Dharma Raja or the King of Virtue; Satyavadi-Shuchivratah or He was ever Truthful and practitioner of Morality; Nakula-Sahadevascha or Nakula the son of Devi Madri was an expert of horses and also stated as the hansomest of Pandavas; Sahadeva the youngest of Pandavas was an expert of cows; *Karna the unofficialy eldest of son of Devi Kunti born with celestial Karna kundalas/ Ear Lobe Rings and Kavacha or body shield as was born of Suryaamsha-[*Karna an ardent follower of Duryodhana was a great arrowsman and one of the Ignoble Members of the ‘Dushta Chatushtaya’ or the League of the Evil Four as he was wrongly dubbed so due to the wrong company of Duryodhana-Dusshasana-and Shakuni the maternal uncle of Duryodhana but otherwise Karna was the King of Anga Desha a subsidiary of Kuru Kingdom; more than everything else Karna is reputed for his charity as Daana Karna]; Duryodhana the Yuva Rajah or the heir-apparent of Kuru Vamsha the top-villian of the Epic of Maha Bharata who was notorious son of the blind King Dhritarashtra; Ghrini or Surya; *Gangeya or Bheeshma the son of Devi Ganga and King Shantanu –

[* Shantanu married Ganga on the condition that he would never ever question any of her action but after delivery of a child she submerged the latter in Ganga; he was exasperated however and objected to her horrible action on the arrival of the eighth Issue and Ganga got angry and disappeared; this son named Gangeya took a vow that his  father who desired to remarry Satyavati the fisher woman that not only he would ever marry but would also claim Kingship in his life time; such extraordinary pledge gave him the glorious Title of Bheeshma or the Taker of Stiff ‘Pratigjna’ or Vow; incidentally the seven children who were submerged in Ganga were Seven of the Vasus viz. Drona, Dhruva, Dosha, Arka, Praana, Dhyu, Vibhavasu and Agni];

Gadapaanir -bheemah or Bhima the seniormost of Pandavas next only to Yudhishtara; Pancha Chakshurdhruta –rashtra or the King of Kuruvasha who was no doubt blind but was designated as Pancha Chakshu since he had the eye sights of Five Persons viz. the Duryodhana, Gandhari, Vidura, Sanjaya and his own very sharp mind; *Bhaaradwaja or Dronacharya the Royal Guru of  Dhanur Vidya or the Science of Archery who was the Instructor to both Pandavas and Kauravas-

[* Drona was born to Bharadwaja Muni and Apsara Ghritachi but the Munis’s virility was deposited in a Drona or a Vessel and hence his name; he hated Drupada who was his companion in Gurukula but when he bacame a King he not only insulted but forced Drona out of his Court;   Drona was so fond of his son Ashwatthama that when Pandavas announced aloud the death of an Elephant named Ashwatthama  he presumed that his son was killed and threw of his bow and arrows in great anguish and became the target of the defenceless arrows of Arjuna];

Goutama or Bhagavan assumed the Swarupa of Goutama one of most revered Ones of the Saptarshis or the Seven Rishis of the current Mamvantara-

[* Two allusions about Goutama were made in the Scriptures prominently: Maha Bharata referred to Indra’s infatuation to Ahalya the learned wife of Goutama as the former cheated her in bed by assuming the appearance of Goutama and on learning of this incident the Maharshi cursed Ahalya to turn into a stone only to revive her original self when Shri Rama happened to touch the stone by his Sacred foot and also cursed Indra for his sin to turn his body into thousand eyes resembling the feminine genitals; another reference about Goutama from Brahmanda Purana was that his Ashram or Residing Garden was not touched by famine for twelve years as Kalpa Taru or the Celestial Tree and Kama Dhenu the Celestial Cow provided free food to innumerable Brahmanas and Rishis as the latter were happy with good food and recited Devi Gayatri fulfilling Bhukti and Bhakti or food and devotion; but a few of the Brahmans disturbed by Goautama’s name and fame turned too jealous, hid the Kama Dhenu, materialised a Maya Dhenu and killed the cow blaming Goutama for the ‘Gohatya’ when truth no doubt came to light Gayatri Devi remarked that after all one fed a cobra with milk but the reptile would produce poison ony! ]

Ashwatthama or the son of Dronaacharya; Vikarna or the only virtuous son among the hundred sons of King Dhritarashtra who objected to the wicked task of disrobing Devi Droupadi when Pandavas were defeated in the Game of Dice and even lost Droupadi in it and Dussasana attempted the heinous act of disrobing; Jahnu the Maharshi who drank up the flows of Ganga as released from Shiva’s hair locks down to Earth and submerged the Ashram of the Maharshi and on the supplications from Devas released anga from his Ears thus giving the encomium of Ganga as Jahnavi; Yuddhavisharada or the reference is about Arjuna; Seemantika or the Territorial  Chief ; the  Gadi or the reference is about Bheema; Galva or Bhagavan of the Swarupa of Maha Muni Galwa closely associated with the activities of King Kuvalashva who circumambulated the Universe and killed Kalaketu Daitya with the help of the virtuous Naga King Ashwatara of Patala;

*Durvasa or Bhagavan was of the unique Muni Durvasa of Shivamsha who exposed virtuous personalities of fame to awkward situations with vindicate to the posterity of their determination to defend Dharma-

 [* one instance related to King Ambereesha’s observance of Ekadashi Vrata fast when Durvasa arrived with several of his disciples on Dwadashi and made the King to wait to let him break his fast almost till the last second of Dwadashi as the King had to have a sip of water at least since Dwadashi was entering Trayodashi and the Ekadashi Vrata would be futile otherwise; Durvasa returned and got furious at the King since the latter did not wait for the return of the Sage from bathing at a river nearby and pulled out a lock of hair when flames appeared when Sudarshana chakra appeared to destroy the flames and chasesd the Sage but Durvasa pleaded with the Chakra that he was only testing the King’s tenacity till the last second of Dwadashi. Another such instance was when Lakshmana was tested as he was instructed by Rama not to allow anyone to let in, Durvasa arrived and forced his entry despite Rama’s instruction and Rama abandoned Lakshmana the example of devotion to Rama as to why Durvasa was not let in only to vindicate that Munis of Durvasa’s standing ought to be welcomed and Lakshman failed to use his discretion; yet another example was when Durvasa tested the devotion of Draupadi to Munis as he and Sishyas arrived at the ‘Parnashala’ or the Ashram of Pandavas during their Vana Vasa or Forest Life well after their lunch; she was unable to cook once again and got clueless but a morsel  of cooked rice remained deep inside the vessel and prayed to Krishna to save the situation as the Lord suppressed the hunger of Durvasa and sishyas and the morsel of rice turned out plentiful of food to serve them all];

Durvineeti or the reference was of Dushta  Chatushtaya the Four Villians of the Maha Bharata; Markandeyo Mahamunih or Bhagavan is of the Maharshi Markandeya who survived the Maha Pralaya with the blessings of Bala Mukunda to become Chiranjeevi or Ever Alive till the Kalpanta; Lomesha  or Bhagavan is of the Swarupa of Maha Muni Lomaharshana who scripted inter alia the Skandaadi Maha Puranas; Nirmala or Bhagavan is Transparent as a Symbol of Cleanliness;  Alomaniya or Enticing; Deerghaayuscha or Markandeya with very long life; Chira or Everlasting; Achari or of Limited Life Span like human and such other Beings; Punarjeevah or the One revived back to Life; Amritah or the Everlasting; Bhavi or the Existential Actuality; Bhuta- Bhavya-Bhavishyakah or Bhagavan is the representation of Kaalamaana or the Time Modules of the Past-Future and Distant Future; Trikaala or Bhagavan is the representation of the Three Tenses; Trilingah or the representation of Male-Female-Sexlessness; Trinetra or the Swarupa of the Three-Eyed Shiva representing the three Gunas of Satwika-Rajasika-Tamasika; Tripadipati or the Supreme of three Worlds of the Under Lokas-the Bhu Loka and the Bhuva-Swaradi Higher Lokas; Yadava or Bhagavan Krishna was the cynosure of all Yadava eyes;* Yagnyavalkya the disciple of Vaishampayana or Bhagavan is of the Form of Yagnyvalkya-

[*He was asked to omit those parts of Composite Yajurveda taught by his Guru as Vaishampayana was angry with him; as the portions of the Veda were picked up by the Co- Sishyas of the Guru in theforms of ‘titris’ or patridge birds the relevant Yajurveda so omitted came to be called ‘Taittireeya Yajur’; Yagnyavalkya resolved that his Guru should be Surya Deva and performed very long Tapasya to Surya who was finally pleased and taught such portions of Yajurveda which were not known to Vaishampayana viz. Shukla Yajurveda or Vaajapeya Veda as Surya taught Yagjnyavalkya after assuming the Swarupa of a Horse (Vaaja)]

Yaduvamsha Vivardhanah or None other than Bhagavan Krishna who was the sole promoter of Yadu Vamsha; *Shalyakreedi or Shakuni the maternal uncle of Duryodhana –*who was an ardent expert in the game of dice made of human bones which initiated the events leading to the Great Battle of  Bharata; or alternatively Shalya was the brother of Madri the mother of Nakula and Saha Devas who joined the Kourava side of the Great Battle by the enticement of Duryodhana;  Vikreeda  or the negative aspect of Play or the Questionable format of the dice game or dicey game;Yadavantakarah or the Curse of the Munis that terminated the Yadu Kula; Kalih or the Beginning of Kali Yuga; Sadayahridaya or Bhagavan is always of merciful bent of mind and heart; Daya or the Deliverer or the Donor of Gifts; Dayaadi or the Inheritors / of own Vamsha or lineage; Dayabhak or the one eligible of Inheritance; Dayi or the Swarupa of Kindness; Maha Dadhi or Bhagavan is the One afloat of the Oceans of Milk and Curd; Maha Pushta or an Emblem of Health and Fitness; Neelaparvata vaasa krit or the One who resides on the Blue Mountains; Ekavarni or of Singular Complexion; Vivarnascha or He is of no complexion at all; Sarva Varna bahishwarah or He is the One yonder all the Complexions; Yagjna nindi-Veda nindi-Vedabahya or Bhagavan is also the Creator of vicious forces not only in reference of Daitya-Danava-Rakshasas as in earlier  yugas but with the emergence of Kali Yuga, the evil powers have come to gather further momentum among human and other Beings; Balaha or the mighty; Bali or Sacrifices or Oblations; Bouddhaari or Kali Yuga also ushered the Religion of Boudha as also the enemies of Buddha ways of thought  centering Societal Coexistence, Peace and Non-Violence; Badhah or the problems attendant on this School of Thought; Jgannathah or the Supremo of the Worlds; Bhaktirbhagavatah or in the new era of Kali Yuga there was an active movement of Bhakti and the followers of the Cult of Bhakti; Baghi or there were innumerable branches and interpretations of Bhakti; Vibhaktah or division of thoughts; Bhagavapriyah or all the intepretations of Bhagavan got begotten ; Vibhakto Bhagavapriyah or each of the distinct beliefs were agreed nonetheless on  attachment to the Concept of Bhagavan; Tridhama  or the Abode of Brahma above the Three Planetry Systems of the Higher-Middle-Lower Lokas; Navaranyah or the Nine Enclosures of Kurukshetra, Gokula, Goloka, Kailasa, Mathura, Puri Jagannadha, Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati; Guhyopanishadaasanah or Bhagavan is seated at an unidentified and undisclosed place; Shalagramashilaayukta or  Vishnu Deva is identified with the ‘Shalagrama Shila’which is constantly worshipped; Vishalah or the Broad Bodied, Broad chested, Broad Eyed, and Broad Minded; Gandakashrayah or Bhagavan in the form of Shalagrama is near the banks of Gandaki River; Shruta Devah or of the Form of Shrutis or Vedas; Shrutah or Vedas Himself; Shraarvi or the Lasting Reciter of Vedas; Shrutabodhah or the One who explains the Content and Meaning of Vedas; Shrtashrava or He is also the One who enjoys the audible range of Vedas; Kalkih or Vishnu is of the Tenth Incarnation of Kalki deva; Kaalakala or of the Swarupa of the Eternal Time; Kalka or the Final Capsule of the Ever repetitive Yugas; Dushta Mleccha Vinashakrit or the Destroyer of the wicked Mlecchas; Kunkumi or of Saffron smeared forehead; Dhavala or Vishnu is of Spotless white Complexion; Dheerah or the Icon of Bravery; Kshamakara or the One who is Ever Forgiving; *Vrishakapi or One of the Eleven Rudra Swarupas-[*Maha Bhagavata mentioned Raivata, Aja, Bhaba, Bhima, Vaama, Ugra, Vrishakapi, Ajaikapaad, Abhirudhna, Bahurupa and Mahan as the Dwadasha Rudras while Vishnu Purana mentioned Hara, Bahurupa, Traimbaka, Aparajita, Vrishakapi, Shambhu, Kapardi, Raivata, Mrigavyadhi, Sharpa and Kapali]; Kinkara-Kinnara-Kanvah-Keki-Kimpurushaadhipa  or Bhagavan  is the Chief of various extra-Terrestrial-Creations like Kinkara-Kinaaraadis; Ekaroma-Viroma-Buhuromah or He is also the Creator of odd species like the Single-Haired, Non-Haired and Multi-Haired ones; Brihat Kavih or the Outstanding Poet and Scriptor of the Universe );

Vajrapraharani Vajri Vrirtaghno Vaasavanujah, Bahutirthakarasteerthah Sarva Tirtha Janeshwarah/ Vyatipaatopa raagascha Daanavriddhikarah Shubhah, Asankhyoprameyascha Sankhyaakaaro Visankhyakah/ Mahikottarakottara Balachandrah Sudhakarah, Kimavarnah Keedrushyah Kimchit Kimswabhavah Kimaashrayah/Nirlokascha NiraakaariBahudkaaraaika kaarakah, Douhitraya Putrakah Poutro Naptaa Vamshadharo Dharah/ Dravibhuto Dayaaluscha Sarva Siddhiprado Manih, Aadaropi Vidharascha Dharaasoonuh Sumangalkah/ Mangalo Mangalaakaaro Mangalyah Sarva Mangalah/ Naamnaam Sahasram Naamedam Vishnoratula Tejasah, Sarva Siddhikaram Kaamyam Punyam Hariharaatmakam/ YahPathetpraataruddhaya Shuchirbhutwaa Samaahitah/ Yahscchedam Shrunuyaannityam Naro Nischala Maanasah, Trisandhyam Shraddhayaa Yuktah Sarva Paapaih pramuchyatey/

(Vajrapraharanah or Vishnu is of the Swarupa of Indra who devastates the Evil Forces; *Vajri or Indra- [ * Vajra was materialised by the back bone of Sage Dadhiti as Devas approached and begged him to sacrifice his Body for Loka Kalyana so that the Sage’s backbone alone could be materialised as Vajraayudha or the Unique Weapon that Indra could destroy Vritraasura with];

 *Vritraghnah or Indra who decimated Vritraasura –[* Indra could no doubt kill the invincible Vritraasura but as the latter was a Brahmana by birth and a Yagna Karta, Indra was cursed with the ‘Maha Pataka’ or a Great Sin of Brahma Hatya and lost his Indratwa or the Status of Indra who fled away and there was a temporary vacancy of  Indra which had to be filled in by King Nahusha] ; *Vaasavaanujah or King Nahusha became a temporary Indra since he was in the zone/ panel of promotion- [* King Nahusha was stated to have performed ninty nine Yagnas and was deputised as Indra but soon he became arrogant and insulted Agastya Maharshi by asking the latter to join a party to carry his palanquin  and shouted ‘Sarpa Sarpa’ which had the double meaning of ‘Quick Quick’ and ‘Serpent-Serpent’ and Agastya Muni purposively understood the expression of a Serpent and dropped Nahusha to Bhuloka and the lattter was converted as a Python into jungles while Nahusha apolgised and secured a reprieve from Yudhishtara who replied to the questions of the Python in a bid to rescue Bhima as the latter fell in a pond to fetch a Lotus to please Draupadi; meanwhile Original Indra was exonerated and Sachi Devi and Guru Brihaspati discovered Indra hiding in a Lotus Stalk at Manasarovara Lake ];Vyatipatoparagascha or He is beyond contempt or he is faultless ; Daana Vriddhkara or the Promoter and Inducer of Charity; Bahu Tirtha Karah or Bhagavan is the Creator of innumerable Tirtha Places; Teerthah or He is the Swarupa of Tirtha Himself; Shubhah or the Symbol of Auspiciousness; Asankhyayah or He is Unique among the Countless or He assumes endless Forms; Sankhyaakarah or the One who perfected the Sankhya Shastra; Viskankhyakah or He has no relevance of Numbers as He is Singular Most; Mahikottaraka or He in the Varaha Incarnation uplifted and rescued Bhu Devi; Bala Chandrah or He is of the Form of emerging Moon; Sudhakarah or the One who produces and showers moonshine; Kimvarnah-Kimdrushyah-Kim Chittah-Kimswabhavah- Kimaashrayah or Could Bhagavan be defined by His Complexion or His Swarupa, His Mental Framework or Thought Process  or His Features or His Grasp / Clutch; Nirlokasch or Bhagavan does not belong to any Loka as He belongs to all;Naraakari or He has no Swarupa or Form as all Forms are His own; Brahmaakaaraika Karakah or He is the Cause of the Form of the Causation viz. Brahma the Cause of Srishti; Douhitrah-Putrakah-Poutro-Naptaa Vamshadharo dharah or He is the Daughter’s Son, the Son, the Grandson, and the Great Grandson; Vamshadharo dharah or Bhagavan is the Key Figure of any and every Vamsha; Dravibhutah or One whose heart melts for every Being; Dayalu or the essence of kindness; Sarva Siddhi pradomani or the Outstanding One who bestows all kinds of Siddhis or Fulfllments; Addhaaropi or the Fulcrum of Every Action; Vidharascha or He is Great Healer and Curer of all ailments; Dharaasunuh or Vishnu’s incarnation as Kurma Deva; Sumangala or Bhagavan is of excellent Auspiciousness; Mangala or the Embodiment of Auspiciousness; Mangala -kaara or the Provider of Auspiciousness; Sarva Mangalah or Auspiciousness all around);

The above Sahasra naama of Vishnu of immesurable radiance is highly propitious nature and of Hari-Hara Swarupa. This Sahasra naama is a bestower of Siddhis or capabilities and human fulfillments. Whosoever recites the Sahasra naama with physical cleanliness and internal purity blended with concentration at all the Three Sandhyas shall be redeemed of all kinds of blemishes and sins. Such recitations in Tulasi Vanas, on the banks of Sarovaras, Deva Mandiras, Badarikashramas, Haridwara-Prayaga-Dwarakadi Tirthas of Sanctity would undoubtedly attain Siddhis forthemselves as also for others. The recitation is stated to be of great significance to demolish Bala Grahas, Mohini and such other Shaktis, Evil Spirits and so on. Persons with devotion and faith who would be constantly engaged with the recitations would conquer hunger, thirst, anger,and self-control. Intense prayer and meaningful recitation by fully understanding the concealed import of the Thousand Sacred Names of Bhagavan Vishnu would also firm up steps towards  Vishnu dhaam- Vaikuntha where Peetambara Dhari Chaturbhuja Bhagavan recides for ever.

After each recitation of Vishnu Sahasra naama, prostration and hearty salutation before Vishnu be climaxed with the following finale dedicated to Bhagavan:

Sahasraakshah Sahasrangrih Sahasra Vadanojjyalah

Sahasra naamaantaakshah Sahasrabhuja tey Namah/

(Sahasra Bhujadhari Narayana with thousand eyes and thousand feet! You possess thousand faces of brilliance and hands of unsurpassed might. Bhagavan! These thousand names of yours are merely indicative as your features and forms are endless)

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Ananyaaschantayanto maama ye Janaah Paryupaasatey,

Yeshaam Nityaabhiyutaanaam Yoga Kshemam Vayamyaham/ (Maha Bharata)

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