|4 Devi Sati’s self-immolation and her Shakti-Peethas
Matsya Deva described to Vaivaswata Manu about Pitru Vamsha in Swarga, comprising seven ‘Ganas’, of whom three were ‘Murtirahit’ (without Swarupa) and four Murtimaan (with Swarupa), all of whom were highly resplendent. The Formless Pitru ganas were the progeny of Vairaja Prajapati whom Devaganas worship too. These ‘Vairajas’ had earlier attained Paralokas but due to reversions in Yoga Marga taking rebirth as Brahmavadis at the end of Brahma’s each day but enjoyed the memory of previous births. They attained siddhi by yoga and hence only the material meant for Shraddhaas were to be offered to them. Devi Mena the wife of Himavant and mother of Devi Parvati was the Maanasi Kanya of Pitrus. Mena and Himavant gave birth to two sons viz. Krauncha of the Krauncha Dwipa surrounded by ghrita (Ghee) and Minaka besides three daughters viz. Uma, Ekaparni and Aparni –all the members of the family were practioners of Yoga. The daughters were wedded to Shiva, Sita and Jogeeshva respectively. In the earlier ‘Avatar’, Devi Uma was famed as Devi Sati, who was the daughter of Daksha Prajapati and the wife of Lord Rudra. Daksha organised a Maha Yagna but did not invite Lord Rudra due to his hatred for him. Devi Sati attended the function uninvited and asked as to why he did not invite her husband. He replied that Rudra was inauspicious since he was in charge of destruction and hence was ineligible to attend theYagna. He also abused Rudra as an associate of piscachas and subhumam evil spirits. Devi Sati felt insulted and infuriated and said that she was getting rid of the body which she got from him and gave a curse to him that he would in his next birth become the son of ten fathers and that he would be killed by Rudra’s men as soon as she would sacrifice her body by Yogaagni. Daksha repented and requested her vision again and again at various Tirtha yatras. Devi Sati replied: Sarvada Sarva bhuteshu drushtavya Sarvato bhuvi, Sarava kaaleshu yat kinchit rahitam na mayaa bina/ Tathaapi yeshu Sthaaneshu drushtavya siddhimeepsubhih, Smartavya Bhutikaamairwy taani Vakshyaami tatvatah/
(Daksha! As a matter of fact, there would be no place where one could find without me. However, if somebody wishes to have my darshan, they could do so at the specified Tirthas.). Devi Sati thus affirmed: I exist in Varanasi as Vishalaakshi, Naimishaaranya as Lingadharini, Prayaga as Lalitha Devi, Gandhamaadan Parvat as Kamakshi, Manasarovartha Tirtha as Kumuda, Amber as Viswakaaya, Gomanta (Goa) as Gomati, Mandarachala as Kaamacharini, Chaitraratha Vana as Madotkata, Hastinapura as Jayanti, Kanyakubja as Gauri, Malayaparvat as Rambha, Ekaamrak (Bhuvaneswar) as Kirtimati, Vishweswar as Vishwa, Pushkar as Puruhuta, Kedarnath as Margadayani, Himavan Pushtha Bhag as Nanda, Gokarnika Tirtha as Bhadrakarnika, Sthaneswar (Thaneswar) as Bhavani, Bilwa Tirtha as Bilwa Patrika, Shrishaileswara as Madhavi, Bhedreshwara Tirtha as Bhadra, Varahashaila as Jaya, Kamalaalaya Tirtha as Kamala, Rudrakoti as Rudrani, Kalanjara Giri as Kali, Mahalinga Tirtha as Kapila, Markot as Mukuteswari, Shalagrama Tirtha as Maha Devi, Shivalinga as Jalapriya, Mayapuri (Rishi kesha) as Kumari, Santana Tirtha as Lalitha, Sahasraaksha Tirtha as Utpalaakshi, Kamalaaksha Tirtha as Mahotpala, Ganga as Mangala, Purushotthama Tirtha (Jagannathapuri) as Vimala, Vipaasha as Amoghaakshi, Pundravardhana as Paatala, Supaashwa Tirtha as Narayani, Vikuta as Bhadrasundari, Vipula as Vipula, Malayachala as Kalyani, Koti Tirtha as Kotavi, Mahavavana as Sugandha, Godaashrama as Trisandhya, Gangadwar (Haridwar) as Ratipriya, Shivakunda Tirtha as Shivananda, Devika (Devanadi in Punjab) as Nandini, Dwarakapuri as Rukmini and Brindavan as Radha, Mathurapuri as Devaki, Patala as Parameswari, Chitrakuta as Sita, Vindhyaparvat as Vindhyavasini, Sahyadri as Ekaveera, Harischandra Tirtha as Chandrika, Rama Tirtha as Ramana, Yamuna as Mrigavati, Karavira (Kolhapuri) as Maha Lakshmi, Vinayaka Tirtha as Uma Devi, Vaidyanath as Aroga, Mahakaal as Maheswari, Ushna Tirtha as Abhaya, Vindhya kandar as Amrita, andavya Tirtha as Mandavi, Maheswarapura as Swaha, Chaagamandala as Prachanda, Makaranda as Chandika, Someswara Tirtha as Vararoha, Prabhasa as Pushkaravati, Sarasvati as Devamata, Samudratatavarti Mahalaya Tirtha as Mahabhaga, Payoshani (Pena Ganga) as Pingaleswari, Kruta shoucha Tirtha as Simhika, Kartikeya as Yashaskari, Utpalaavartak as Lola, Shonasinga as Subhadra, Siddhapura as Lakshmi Maata, Bharatashram as Angana, Jaalandara Parvat as Vishwa Mukhi, Kishkindha Parvat as Tara, Devadaruvana as Pushti, Kashmiramandal as Medha, Himagiri as Bhima Devi, Vishveswara as Pushti, Kapalamochana as Shuddhi, Kayavarohana (Karavaan, Gujarat) as Maatha, Shankhoddhaara as Dhwani, Pindaaraka Kshetra as Dhriti, Chandrabhaga (Chenab) as Kaalaa, Aacchheda as Shivakarini, Vena as Amrita, Badari Tirtha as Urvashi, Uttarakuru as Aoushadhi, Kusha Dwipa as Kushodaka, Hemakuta Parvat as Manmatha, Mukut as Satyavadini, Ashwattha Tirtha as Vandaniya, Vaishwanaalaya as Nithi and Vedavadana as Gayatri. Sati Devi also exists at Shivasannithi as Parvati, Devaloka as Indrani, Brahma Mukh as Saraswati, Surya Bimba as Prabha, among Maataas as Vaishnavi, Satis as Arundhati, Sundari Strees as Tilotthama, in Chitta as Brahmakala and Akhila as Shariradharis. Whosoever reads or hears the above hundred and eight names of Devis and Tirthas would be blessed and rid of sins; those who actually visit the Tirthas and Devis would be eligible to attain Mukti in Shiva loka; while in the current life, the devotees concerned would achieve Putra labha, Dravya labha and Yasha labha (good progeny, money and fame). As the hundred eight names were rendered , Devi Arundhati secured Yoga Siddhi, Rajarshi Pururava became invincible, Yayati received Putra Prapti, and Bhrugunandan got Dhana Prapti. Those who read the names with shraddha and Bhakti would never be unhappy but would be always contented.
Prev:How Bhumi was renamed as Prithvi?