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Kurmavatara

 

Essence Of
Kurma Purana

 

17    Unfolding of Ishwara ‘Vibhutis’ (faculties) and concepts of Pashu-Paasha-Pashupati

Parameshwara addressed Maharshis and explained about his own Vibhutis as follows:

Paraat Parataram Brahma shasvatam nishkalam dhruvam,

Nityaanandam Nirvikalpam taddhaama Paramam mama/

(My Supreme Destination is far beyond ‘Paraatpara’, Brahma, Everlasting, Spotless, Steady, Blissful and Nirvikalpa / State of Oblivion): He  is the Swayambhu Brahma  among Brahmajnaanis; Avyaya Deva Hari among Mayavis; Parvati among yoginis; Vishnu among Dwadasa Adityaas; Paavaka among Ashta Vasus; Shankara among Ekaadasha Rudras; Garuda among birds; Iravata among elephants; Parashurama among ‘Shastradhaaris’ or weapon holders; Vasishtha among Rishis; Prahlada among ‘Sura dweshis’ or the Detestors of Devas; Vyaasa among Munis; Vinayaka among Shiva Ganaas; Veerabhadra among the Valiant; Sumeru among Mountains; Chandrama among Nakshatraas; Vajraayudha among diamonds; Satyanarayana among Vratas; Anantadeva among serpents; Kartikeya among ‘Senaanis’ or Chiefs of Soldiers; Grihastaashrama among the Ashramas; Maheshwara among Ishwaraas; Maha Kalpa among Kalpaas; Satya Yuga among Yugas; Kubera among Yakshaas; Veeraka among Ganeshwaraas; Daksha among Prajaapatis; Nirruti among Rakshasaas; Vayu Deva among the Balavaans and Pushkara among Dwipaas. Shiva furter states: I am a lion among animals; Dhanush among Yantraas; Sama Veda among Vedas; Shata Rudreeya among Yajurmantras; Savitri among the Japa Mantras; ‘Pranava’ among the confidential Mantras; Purusha Sukta among the Veda Suktas; am the Jyeshtha Saama among Saama Mantras; Swayambhu Manu among those who know the meanings of all Vedas; Brahmaavarta among various Deshas; Amimukta among Kshetras; Atma Vidya among the Vidyas; Ishrara Jnaana among ‘Jnanas’; ‘Aakaasha’among Pancha Bhutas; and Mrityu/ Yama among Satwaas

Parama Shiva then annotated the words of Pashu-Paasha-Pashupati as follows:

Vidyaanaamaatmavidyaaham Jnaanaamaishwaram param,

Bhutaanaamasmyaham Vyoma Satvaanaam Mrutyurevacha/

Paasshaanaa masmyaham Maayaa Kaalah Kalayataamaham,

Gateenaam Muktirevaaham Pareshaam Parameshwarah/

Atmaanah Pashavah Proktaah Sarvey Samsaarvartinah,

Teshaam Patiraham Devah smrutah :Pashpatirbudhaih/

Maayaa paashena badhnaami Pasunetaan swaleelayaa,

Maameva mochakam praahuh Pashnaam Vedavaadinah/

Maayaa paashena badhnaanaam mochakonyo na Vidyatey,

Maamrutey Paramaatmaanam Bhutaadhipatimavyayam/

( I am Parameshwara who is the Maya among Paashaas or the hard rope strings, Kaala or the Mrityu among the destroyers and among the Pathways am the destination of Mukti;  You should realise that the Most Lustrous and the Mightiest ‘Satwa Padaartha’ or the Virtuous Entity is myself and am the highest powerful provocator of actions among all of the Pashus or Jeevaas / Beings in the Univese is myself; as the Beings in Srishti are Pashus, I am indeed the Pashupati. I tie up the Pashus with Paashaas for fun; Vedagnaas seek to help release the Pashus from the ‘Samsaara Paashaas’ and are called the facilitating  ‘Mochakaas’ or Helping Liberators as I tie them all with the strong strings from their birth to death. Let it be made clear that there could be none else that might liberate from  these Paashaas excepting Paamatma the Eternal.


The twenty four Tatwaas, Maya, Karma and Tri- Gunas all put together hold the Jeevas or Pashus as ‘Paaashas’are enforced by Pashupati. The Tatwas are Manas or Mind, Buddhi or thought , Ahamkara or Ego, Prithvi, Jala, Vaayu and Akasaha; Ear, Skin, Eyes, Tongue, Nose, the two Marmendriyas, hands, feet, voice, shabda, sparsha, Rupa, Rasa, and Gandha which are all a part of Prakriti and the rest are all Vikaras or aberrations. There are two kinds of Paashaas viz. Dharma and Adharma besides the Karma bandhana; Avidya, Asmitaa or Ego, Raaga , Dwesha,  Abhinivesha or attachment –these Five are constant Paashaas called Taatvika bandhanas. Maya is stated to be the root of these bandhanas. Mula Prakriti, Pradhaana, Purusha, Mahat, Ahamkaaran are all manifestations of Sanatana Deva; he is the one creating bandhanaas; he is the Paasha-Pashu-and in the final analysis, he is the Pashupati!   


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