Essence Of Maha Bhagavatha Purana

Bhagvat Purana

Analysis of Atom and Time

Mahatatva and Ten Creations having been described, Sage Maithreya proceeded to analyse the Concepts of Atom and Time to Vidura. An atom is the ‘Paramanu’ or the ultimate unit of Matter and this unit is indivisible further. The Matter comprising definable units of the atom goes into the creation of various bodies and the totality of such Material spreading over the Universe is measurable in terms of Space. The sum of Space occupied and the Movement of the Matter totals up to the Atomic Time. Thus the Matter, Space and Time are measurable. The Time Units are  measured in terms of Trasarenus (a mix of three celestial atoms)  and  the duration of integrating three trasarenus is known is a ‘triti’; hundred tritis make one ‘vedha’ and three vedhas make one ’lava’, three lavas make one ‘nimesha’ or a blink, three nimeshas make one ‘kshana’, five nimeshas make one ‘kashtha’ or eight seconds and fifteen kasthas make one ‘laghu’( two minutes); fifteen laghus make one ‘nadika’ or ‘Danda’ and  six or seven Dandas make one fourth of a day or night; there are four ‘praharas’ (‘Yamas’) each in a day and in a night; and two fortnights, called ‘Pakshas’ and two pakshas on a month;

two months each a season, and six months make one ‘Ayanam’ or two complete movements of a year by Sun- as ‘Dakshinayan’ from top to bottom and from bottom to top direction is known as ‘Urttarayan’.Combination of a day and night , numbering 365, makes a year to human beings and their average life-time is one hundred years. On the other hand two solar movements a year of the humans beings measures up to a day and a night to demi-Gods.[ According to Vishnu Purana-Book I, Chapter III on Time Measurement Section, there are 15 twinkles of an eye make one Kashtha; 30 Kashthas one Kala; 30 Kalas one Muhurtha; 30 Muhurthas one Day (24 hours) and so on. According to Hindu Metric System Time (Kala vyavahara), a Paramanu is the normal interval time of blinking ie.four seconds; one Vighati is six Paramanus or 24 seconds approx. ; one Ghadia is 60 Vighatis or 24 minutes; one Muhurtham is two Ghadias or 48 minutes; one Nakshatra Aho- Ratram ( Dawn to Midnight) is 30 Muhurthas. According to Lunar Metrics, a Lunar day or Thithi starts at the time it takes at  the longitudinal angle  between Moon and Sun by 12 degrees, the duration approximating from 19 to 26 hours; a Paksha ( fortnight) about 15 days and a lunar month of 29.5 days providing time for Sukla Paksha and Krishna Paksha; A season or Rithu for 2 months, Ayanam for 3 Rithus and a year for 2 Ayanams.]

 A human year is a day for Devas. Krita Yuga had a span of 4800 Divine Years; Thretha Yuga had 3600 Divine Years; Dwapara Yuga had 2400 Divine Years and Kali Yuga is 1200 Divine Years.All the four Yugas totalling 12000 Divine Years make one Maha Yuga. One thousand Maha Yugas make one Kalpa or a Day for Lord Brahma or 4320,000,000 human Years. Two Kalpas make a full day. Lord Brahma’s one month has 259,200 million Human Years; one Year of Brahma has 3110,400 million human years; 50 years of Brahma is one Parardhha and two Parardhhas or 100 years make one Para or a Maha Kalpa ( a mind- boggling 3110,400, 000,000 million human years). [Interestingly, we are now currently existing in the 28th Kali Yuga of the First Day of the First Year of the Svetha Varaha Kalpa, second parardha of Brahma, in the reign of Vaivasvatha Manu ( the Seventh Manu in the Order). Kali Yuga( Iron Age) is stated to have begun on 17th February 3102 BC of Julian calendar. Each Cycle of Four Yugas has one day of Brahma, called  Maha Yuga and 71 Maha Yugas are ruled by successive Manus.It is estimated that Brahma is 51 years old and has already lived 155 trillion years, since He took over!]  During the First half of Lord Brahma’s Existence, there were Two Kalpas viz. Brahma Kalpa ( or when Vedas came up as ‘Swayambhu’ or on their Own) and Padma Kalpa ( when the Incarnations of The Lord  dominated). Now, the Second Half of Lord Brahma’s Existence has just begun, the Third Kalpa –The Varaha Kalpa- is now in progress.      
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