Essence Of
Brahma Purana


2    Primary and Secondary Creations by Paramatma / Brahma and Manvantaras

Maharshi Lomaharshana, the disciple of Vyasa Deva, addressed a mammoth Meet of Sages presided by  Maha Muni Suta at ‘Naimishaaranya’ (where the ‘Kala Chakra’ or the Cycle of Time stopped as Kali Yuga made its appearance). He initiated discussion on Brahma Purana by the delineation of Universal Creation by the Supreme Energy of Paramatma as also his Alternative Power called Prakriti / Maya, which further materialised ‘Maha Tatwa’ or the Great Awareness. The Maha Tatwa made possible the appearance of ‘Ahamkara’ or the Inherent Consciousness which identified a sense of belonging or Identity (Ego in Abstractness). This got transformed into ‘Bhutas’ or Entities.

 In the Sanatana Srishti, the First Ever such Entity was created on its own and hence called ‘Swayambhu’ / Narayana who created ‘Apo Naaraa’ or the Radiant Water first and was thus known as ‘Narayana’ who floated on water. He deposited his ‘Veerya’ or virility as an indication of his resolve to create and as a result there appeared a Golden Egg and floated on the Radiant Water. ‘Hiranya garbha’ Brahma himself sat in the Egg for a year; the Egg had two parts viz. ‘Diva’/Urthva Loka and ‘Bhuva’/ Earth, the space in between being ‘Aakaasha’. He then created ‘Dasa Dishas’ or Ten Directions viz.Uttara (North), Ishanya (North-East), Purva (East), Agneya (South-East), Dakshina (South), South-West (Nairutya), West (Paschima), North-West (Vayavya), Urthwa (Overhead) and Athodik (Underneath). Further, he created Kaala (Time), Manasa (Thought), Vaak (Speech), Kaama (Desire), Krodha (Anger), and Rati (Physical joy). Brahma then created Eleven Rudras (Mahaan, Mahatma, Matimaan, Bhishana, Bhayankara, Ritudwaja, Urthwakesha, Pingalaksha, Ruchi, Shuchi, and Kaalaagni Rudra) out of irritation and annoyance and further on the Sapta Rishis viz. Marichi, Atri, Angirasa, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu and Vasishtha as his mind-born sons. The Kumara brothers Sanaka, Sandandana, Sanat and Sanatanas were born too but they did not take up Srishti. Brahma created further Vidyut, Vajra, Megha, Rohita, and Indradhanush; Ruk-Yajur-Sama Vedas; Sadhya Devatas and smaller such creations like ‘Pakshis’.

As the momentum of creation was very tardy, hence Brahma decided to divide himself into two, one as a male and another as female. The male manifestation was as Manvantara and that of female was as Shatarupa. The latter did penance for ten thousand years and was blessed with a husband named Swayambhu Manu, also known as Vairaja Purusha; each Manvantara comprises Four Maha Yugas. Manu and Shatarupa begot Veera, Priyavrata, and Uttanapada. Veera’s daughter was Kanya who married Kardama Prajapati and the latter’s sons were Samrat, Kukshi, Virat and Prabhu. Prajapati Atri adopted King Uttanapada who from his wife Sunrita gave birth to Dhruva, Kirtiman, Ayushmaan and Vasu. Dhruva and Shambhu gave birth to Slishta and  Bhavya, while the former and Succhhaya begot Ripu, Ripunjaya, Vira, Vrukala and Vrukateja; Ripu and Brihati had their grandon Chakshusa Manu whose progeny included Kutsa and Puru, while Puru and Agneyi gave birth among others to Kratu, Angira and Maya. Anga and Sunitha – who was the daughter of Mriytu Devatha, gave birth to Vena Kumar and his son Pruthu.

King Vena and Prithu Chakravarti: When Vena became the King, he ordered that none should perform Yagnas to Devas but to himself. He was so coneited that he claimed himself as a symbol of bravery, victory and unparalelled knowedge. In fact, he enacted a strict Regulation and enforced it with force. For long time, the Subjects suffered him with great hatred and in course of time the Sages revolted and a day arrived when the latter imprisoned the King; Maharshi Atri, the Kula Guru Atri himself spearheaded the uprising. They churned the King’s thighs and there emerged an ugly and frightful Kaala Swarupa who traced the origin of the King’s provocative attitude despite his glorious ancestry of Atri Maharshi.Deva’s and nobility; they pounded the Kala Swarupa who controlled the King Vena. On rubbing the right shoulder of Vena, there emerged a sparkling and imposing figure armed with bow and celestial arrows donning a ‘Kavacha’ (body cover), while Vena left for Swarga, as the newly materialised Pruthu saved Vena from a Naraka called ‘Pluma’.

The new King Pruthu picked up unprecedented popularity as he proved to be an ideal and highly virtuous Administrator, endeared by Maharshis and commoners alike; there was no fear of ‘Adhibhoutika, Adhyatmika and Adhidaivika’ problems owing to physical ailments, mental tensions or natural calamities in the Society. This was the first King ever who performed Rajasuya Yagna. It was this illustrious Emperor who controlled the entire Bhumi (Earth), as the latter took the form of a cow, chased and forced her to provide ample milk to one and all in the way that they desired to receive: Pruthu himself milked the cow having converted Swayambu Manu as a calf and milked food grains where as in the regime of King Vena the staple food was fruits and flowers; all other Beings arranged their own representatives as the milkmen, calves and selected their own kind of material as milk; for instance, Rishis made Chandrama is the calf, Brihaspati as the milkman, Tapomaya Brahma as the milk and Vedas as the container into which to fill up the milk; Devatas made Indra as the calf, Surya as the milkman and Pushtikaarak (highly healthy) food as the milk and a golden container; Pitru Devatas requested Yamaraja as the calf, Antaka Deva as the milkman and ‘Swadha’ in the form of milk into a silver container; Naagas selected Takshaka as the calf, Iravata Naag as the milkman and ‘visharupa dugdha’ (milk-like poison) into a ‘thumba’container; Asuras appointed Madhu as their milkman, Virochana as the calf and ‘Mayaaksheera’ or milk in the form of ‘Maya’(illusions) to fill up in an iron vessel; Yakshas preferred Kubera as  the calf, Rajatanaabha Yaksha as the mikman, Antardhan Vidya as the milk in a ‘kacchaa’ vessel; Gandharvas opted for Chitraratha as the calf, Suruchi as the milk man, fragrance as the milk, and lotus as the vessel; Rakshasas desired the milkman, calf, milk and the container as Rajatanabha, Sumali, blood and Kapala respectively; Parvatas (Mountains) desired Meru as the milkman, Himalaya as the calf, ‘Aoushadhis’ as the milk, and a rock as a container; and ‘Vrikshas’ (Trees) chose Pluksha Tree as the calf, Shaala Vriksha as the milkman, milk cut from trees as also water as the milk and Palaasha as the container. This was how Maharaja Pruthu satisfied all species of Beings under his governance. 


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