|20 The advent of Kali Yuga and the Ongoing Phases - Arrival of Gautama Buddha|
In the initial years of Kali Yuga, the survivor Mlecchas gradually adopted responses to the new environs, new ways of life and even new language styles.For instance, earlier languages got corrupted and new expressions emerged; Vraja Bhasha, Prakruti, Sanskrit etc. got adapted from ‘Gurundika’ (English) which was also different from Mleccha Bhasha/ Yavani and new corruptions of various languages both in spoken and written scripts got adapted. For instance, Pitru (Father) became ‘Paitar’; Bhatru became Bathar or Brother; Ahuti became Aaju; Ravivar as Sunday; Jaanu became Jain, Raviwar as Sunday; Phalguni as February and Shasthi as Sixty! Simultaneously, Places of Worship in Bharat like Ayodhya, Mathura, Kashi etc. lost their purity and Shabars, Bhills and robbers dominated. At the same time however, even after the first thousand years of Kali Yuga, quite a few pockets of Virtue, though not in the erstwhile pristine form, survived and semblances of Varashrama and devotion to Almighty did not get completely extinct yet. It is believed that a few Devatas continued to travel to ‘Brahmaavarta’from Swarga loka that is where Ganga flowed. An illustrious Muni by name Kashyapa begot ten sons viz.Dikshit, Upadhyaya, Pathak, Shukla, Mishra, Agnihotri, Dwivedi, Trivedi, Pandya and Chaturvedi. Kashyapa prayed to Devi Sarasvati that Evil Forces had come to control the World and that she being the ‘Loka Mata’ must come to immediate rescue; in response Devi provided enlightenment to the Muni; he established a Kingdom, named after his son King Magadha apparently to resist the Evil Forces. Magadha Kingdom was segregated from Arya desha and was surrounded by Kalinga (Orissa) in Agneya or South East, Avanti in South, Aanart (Gujarat) in Nirruti or South West, Sindhu to the West, Kaikadesha in Vayavya or North West, Madra Desha in North and Kulinda in Ishaanya or North East. In the lineage of King Magadha was the famed Ajata Shatru.
The contemporary times of the Magadha Kings witnessed the emergence of Buddha Dharma set up by Goutama Buddha at Kapilavastu.The emphasis of Buddhism was on Truth, Virtue and Non-Violence which are already part of the traditional Vedic Dharma but were againstthe consequential Rituals. Goutama’s philosophy created high waves and eventually secured wide spread acceptance especiallly supported by Kings and large sections of common persons. It was in this lineage of Kings were Sakya Muni-Shuddhodana-Sakyha Singha-Buddhi Simha-Chandra Gupta.The last of the lineage mentioned set up Maurya Vamsa, was married to the daughter of King Sulub or Selukas of Parsi desha and followed Bouddha Dharma; his son was Bimbisara and the latter’s son was the memorable Ashoka. It was after Ashoka’s regime that a Brahmana of Kanyakubjadesha performed a powerful Brahmahotra Yagna on Abu Mountain and there were four Kshatriyas who were materialised from the Yagna Kunda viz. Pramar (Paramar) who was a Sama Vedi, Chapahani (Chauhan) who was a Krishna Yajurvedi, Trivedi (Gaharvar) a Shukla Yajurvedi and Pariharak who was an Atharva Vedi. These Kshatriyas defeated the descendants of Ashoka, reviving the Veda-based Administration and diminished the dominance of Buddhists; Parihar established his Kingdom at Baghel khanda (Bundelkhand) with Kalanjara as its Capital; Chapahani or Chauhan occupied Rajaputana Kshetra (Delhi Nagar) and constructed Ajmer which represented ‘Chaturvarnas’ or Four Castes and Shukla occupied Aanarta Desha (Gujarat) and set up Dwaraka as his Capital. Stated to be the son of Ujjain’s King Paramaditya of Paramar Dynasity, Vikramaditya who was a legendary Emperor who heralded ‘Vikrama Samvat’ (Vikrama Era) signifying his victory over Rudrasimha of the present Gujarat and virtual destruction of the Saka Kshatraka Dynasity. He maintained the Nine Gems in his Court
(Vikramaasya asthaney Navaratnaani Dhanvantarey Kshapanakomarasinha Shanku Vetalabhatta Ghatakarpa Kalidasah Khyato Vraraha Mihiro Nrupathessabhayam Ratnaani vai Vararuchi mava Vikramaasya) viz.
Dhanvantari, Kshapanaka, Amarasinha, Shankhu, Vetala Bhaata, Ghatakarpa, Kalidasa, Varahamihira and Vararuchi. [He was stated to have ruled most of Asia from the Eastern Arabia to China and North Korea and from Mongolia to Indonesia, subjugating and relieving the Earth of Barbarians like Shakas, Mlecchaas, Yavanas, Tursharas, Parasikas (Persians) and Hunas.That was indeed the Golden Era of Bharat!
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