Page load depends on your network speed. Thank you for your patience. You may also report the error.

Loading...

Sambhoormoorthi         Chapters          Last Page

$ sVgRiصjxmsR[V ssW ssVM

$ xqsRVLRiV RLRiLRisLiy˳Li ssW ssVM
aRPsWLRiWQQLjiM
$ RLRiaRPLRiRVM

ssVzqsQ*}tsQ7xqsV NRP\|qs# ssVs RsW sVV}tsQ

$RsZaP[lLi[s $xqsLRixqs* Rճy}tsQ.

sX^QM {qs*Q\V LRiRVLRi sVRV\lLi LS* gRiVLi\˳LRiyyLi

RlLi[Q sWlLi[ xmsLRisV xqsV[ [R sVVyRRVds

sVVNSQ* ssLi s szms[ sVW][ sxqs=LRids

aRPsWLRiWQQLji aRPLRi ˳Vss[ [bPZNP[sQ xqs*LRiWFy. (RsRWRxqs*LRiWFy)

aRPsWLRiWQQLji aRPLRi ˳Vss[ RLRi xqsLiryxmsyRV.

aRPsWLRiWQQLji L>RiQQsRLRi ry [NRPLRiOSQLRi sVR.

aRPsWLRiWQQLji L>RiQQjsxqs ry aSLRiLi {mshRisVgRiQsV.

aRPsWLRiWQQLji L>RiQQjsxqs ry aSLRiLi NSLi{mshRisV.

aRPsWLRiWQQLjiM xqsRRV sVRVy ˳[ NSLi{mslhi[.

sX^QM {qs*Q\V LRiRVLRi sVRV\lLi LS* gRiVLi\˳ LRiyyLi

RlLi[Q sWlLi[ xmsLRisV xqsV[ [R sVVyR RVyQM,

___________________________________________

xqs*zqs $ yssWs $sVVysV xqsLisR=LRi \saS x xmsxmsj aRPVNRPyxqslLi[ (7c5c1993) $$$ gRiRVLRiV NSLid NSsVN][{mshRi xmsLRisWyLSLi $$$ RsZaP[lLi[s xqsLRixqs*d $RLRi؃yLi aRPy sVx[R=s xqssWLRiLi˳[ ˳NRP bPxtsQs\lLiM xqsLRi*[aRP yzqsճM NTPRVsW NRPsNSճ}tsQNRP sVx[R=s aRPV˳تsxqsLRiLi xmsoLRixqsQXR $RLRi aRPLRi RVy sLRiRM {mshRi˳NRPs\lLiM [sygRiLRiFyLi sVVyxms xmsNSbPRaSRVLi gRisM

xqs*zqs$ yLiRsWs $sVVysVxqsLisR=LRi \saSx xmsxmsjRVLiRV, aRPVNRPyLRiLi L][كs (7.5.1993), $$$ gRiRVLRiV NSLidNSsVN][{mshRixmsLRisWyLRiVQ\s $$$ RLiRZaP[lLi[LiRxqsLRixqs*d$RLRiV aRPysVx[R=s xqssWLRiLi˳Li[ xqsNRP[aRPsyxqsV \s ˳NRPVV, bPxtsQsLRiVV ¿[RVVRVs NRPsNSճ}tsQNRPsVx[R=saRPV˳تsxqsLRi xqsLiRLRiLi[ $RLRiaRPLRiRV LRiLis C gRiLiRLi {mshSsNTP xqsLiLijLis ˳NRPsLRiV¿[R [sygRiLkizms[ sVVjLi xmsNSbPLixms¿[RVTsj.

sVVNSQ* ssLi s szms[ sVW][ sM xqsLRiyQM

aRPsWLRiWQQlLi[ aRPLjiR sVxmnsVsV R骫s sWNRPLRiQsW\lLiQQM ee

@sVyRLi

$M

JLi xqs*zqs $gRi[aSRV ssVM

$ xqsRVLRiVRLRiLRisLiy˳Li ssW ssVM

aRPsWLRiWQQLjiM

ssVzqsQ*}tsQ7xqsV NRP\|qs# ssVsRsWsVV}tsQ,

$RsZaP[lLi[s $xqsLRixqs*Rճy}tsQ.

y. ssVxqsLjiLi¿[y RsVxqsV=sV (@؃yLiRNSLSs) xmsxmsLiRV ¿[}qs $RLiRZaP[lLi[LiRxqsLRixqs* @s[ }msLRiV gRi INSNRP (sLjiLixms aRPNRPLi NSs) [[LSbPNTP ssVryLRiLi.

sX^QM {qs*Q\VLRiRVLRisVRV\lLiLS*ެsgRiV\sVLRiyyLi

RlLi[Q sWlLi[ xmsLRisVxqsV[ [RsVVyRRVds,

sVVNSQ* ssLi sszms[ sVW][ sMxqsLRids

aRPsWLRiWQQLjiaRPLRi ˳Vss[ [bPZNP[sxqs*LRiWFy.

xmsLRisVbPsos sVWLji ssXORPQsVWLisVLiT [ gRiRVLRiVRLiRZaP[lLi[LiRxqsLRixqs*d LRiWxmsLi RLjiLi sssys sR Rs sRsTNRP¿[R @sVRVLRisVV \s yNRPV ¿[R sVNRPV, g]xms xqsVجs B¿[ RLRisWLRisVVsLiRV ؃sLi NRPgRi[xqsW, ˳WRLidsVR xqsLiRLjixqsWsj.

1. \|ms a][NRPLi[s "[bPZNP[sxqs*LRiWFy' (gRiRVLRiVxqs*LRiWxmsLi gRi) @sV xmsysNTP RVV ""RsRWRxqs*LRiWFy'' @sV FyhRiLi gRizLiRsRV胫sV. @xmsVRV ""RLiRZaP[lLi[LiRxqsLRixqs*d LRiWxmsLi][ xmsLRisVbPssVWLji ˳VssLi[ xqsLiRLjixqsWsj'' @s @LRiLi.

2. ""[bPZNP[sQxqs*LRiWFy'' NRPV RVV "RLRixqsLiryxmsyRV' @s NRPWR xmshjiLixmssRV胫sV. @xmsVRV ""RLRixqsLiryxmssN][xqs\sV xmsLRisVbPsos sVWLji ˳W[NRPLi[ xqsLiRLjixqsWsj'' @s @LRiLi.

3. \|ms a][NRPLi[s RRVLRiFyysNTP BLiNS yVgRiV FyhSV ¿[LRiVN]ssRV胫sV ""aRPsWLRiWQQLjiQL>RiQQsRLRi ry [NRPLRiOSQLRisVR'' c ""A xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVs sVWLji BxmsVRV [NSs LRiOTPQLiRRLiN]LRi\ZNP @sRLjixqsWsj'' @s @LRiLi.

4. ""aRPsWLRiWQQLjiQL>RiQQjsxqs ry aSLiNRPLRiLi {mshRisVgRiQsV''. ""A xmsLRisVbPsos sVWLji aRPLiNRPLRiV @RVsR\sVs aRPLiNRPLSyLRi{mshSs @jztsQLi Dsj'' @s @LRiLi.

5. ""aRPsWLRiWQQLjiQL>RiQQjsxqs ry aSLiNRPLRiLi NS{mshRisV''c ""A xmsLRisVbPssVWLji NRPLiNSsVN][{mshSs @jztsQLi Dsj''@s @LRiLi.

6. ""aRPsWLRiWQQLjiM xqsRRVsVRVy ˳[ NS{mslhi[''c ""A xmsLRisVbPssVWLji BxmsVRV, ˳NRPV\|ms RRV][, NRPLiNSsVN][{mshRiLidsVR xmsNSbPxqsWsj'' @s @LRiLi.

sX^QM {qs*Q\VLRiRVLRisVRV\lLiLS*gRiV\sVLRiyyLi

RlLi[Q sWlLi[ xmsLRisVxqsV[ [RsVVyRRVyQM,

sVVNSQ* ssLi sszms[ sVW][ sMxqsLRiyQM

aRPsWLRiWQQlLi[aRPLjiRsVxmnsVsVR骫ssWNRPLRiQsW\lLiQQM.

RsV sRsTNRP¿[R, @sVRVLRisVV \s yNRPV¿[R sVNRPV @RLiR xqsVxmsR\sVs RLRisWLSs [jLiRRLiN][xqs\sV ssLi sR ssXORPQsVWLisVLiT [ sxqsWs xmsLRisVbPsos sVWLji򹸅VVNRP FyxmssyaRPNRPsVV, sVLigRixmsRsVW @LiVVs RLjiRsV ALRiV LiRLRiV ssRLRiV gSNRP.

""RL][ saRP*xqs gRiRM xmsuy''

sVWee RLRi Gs xqs*sVztsQRM xqsLRi*xqs gRiRM xqsLRi*y LRiOSQ}RVM, @˳VRRVxqs sM ZaP[RVxqsxqs R syssV, ys B $ ˳gRisRM xmsLRis[VaRP*LRixqs sMaS*xqs˳Wy7 FLRiV}tsQRV yRV LRiWxmsxqs s[RLSZaP[LjiQLRiRVM ee

@sVee ""RL][ saRP*xqs gRiRM xmsuy'' : c ""RNRPgS ARLjiLis RLRis[V xqsNRP gRiRVsV @s sy LRiOTPQxqsVLij; @˳VRRWsNTP (HzNRPFyLRiNTPNRPxqsVجsNTP) sM ZaP[RVrysNTP (sWOSQsNUP) NRPWR sVWNSLRiLi RLRis[V, sVL]NRP Gk NSRV''@s ˳gRisLiRVs sMaS*xqs\sVs (@sgS @xmsRVRLigS xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVssVLiT sVsTs) @FLRiV}tsQRVyRV\sVs (LSsWRV˳LRiyjgRiLiys xmsoLRiVxtsv s*Lji¿[y LRiLixmsRs) s[RLi ¿[zqss sLRiRVLi.

sVWee RLRi sWLSsVLRiNRP Fy x[ RVyaSxqsQLi RRsVuys Gs[ZNP[ FyyLi sLRiVxmsxmsy xqsVaSLiyj xqssVM xqssVXy ry`. @RLRi Fy[ RLRi}qsRWyLi ˳M, xqsLRi*R gRi xy yNRPVy, xqsV aSLiyj xqsLixms[M xqsLS*Ry sRVaRP ry`e

@sVee aSryQsVryLRiLi RLSsVuysLi ¿[}qss[, RLRisWLRiLi[ AxqsNTP gRi sVV @jNRPLigS DLi[s[, [NRPLi[ xqsNRPFyVNRPV Fs DxmsRyW [s xqsVaSLiyRV xqsLixmsR xqssVXRLigS DLiVLij. @RLRiLi xms \sV[ RLRiLi¿[R GLRiLRis NRPVNRPV ˳LigRiLi NRPVgRiVRVLij. [NRPLi[ @LiR @s[NRPsyVgS yNRPVR*Li GLRiRVRVLij. xqsVaSLiyRV xqsLixmsR xmspLjigS sbPxqsVLij.

sVWee NRPyysaRPRM gRi NSsVsXdyLi Fy[s @sVuyRYLi yyLi RlLi[Q sWlLi[ ssVVy @RlLi[Q xmsj @ճsVVLi R ˳sxtsQ. RVy RVy GsLi ˳sxtsQ Ry Ry [NSsV xmnsVXORPQRW s[R s[][ ˳gRiys xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM J*O~7zms @sRWyzms }qs*yRVRLi sWRWsVRVLi RVLi ysV LRiWxmsLi R {qs*NRPXR [ZNP[ @sRLjixtsQ. DNRPLiR gkiyaS}qs c ""xmsLjiyظRV ryRWyLi syaSRV R RVxtsQQXysV e RLRi xqsLiryxmsyLSRV xqsLi˳ysV RVVlgi[ RVVlgi['' Be @sdLRi xqs ˳gRiys RLRi sWLSsVsLjisM ryRWs xmsLjiLRiORPQs @RLRiLRiys bPORPQRVLiaRP RLRiLi RVysR=sVVRLjixtsQe

@sVee IN]NRPxmsVRVNSxmsyxLi¿[R [NRPLi[ NSsVxmssX xmsLi @LiVVFsRLi][ RLSsVuysLi ¿[RVszqss sV[ RLRixqsLisVR\sVs sWLRiLi sxtsQRVLi[ \ssVVLi GLRiRVRVLij, @RLRisWLRiLi[ AxqsNTP |msLRiVgRiVRVLij. B LjigjisxmsVR s[Rs[RVRV, ˳gRisLiRVRV @LiVVs xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV, yxqssLi[ xmsoVNRP[sy\y, Fs sWLRiVW ¿LiRs xqs*LRiWxmsLi NRPy\y, [NSs @sVgRizLiRRLiN][xqsLi sWRVNRPR \sVs G][ INRP LRiWxmssVW, ysVsVW, gRizLi [NRPLi[ @sRLjixqsWLiزRV.

""xmsLjiyظRV ryRWyLi syaSRV R RVxtsQQXysV

RLRixqsLiryxmsyLSRV xqsLi˳ysV RVVlgi[ RVVlgi[''

""xqsRVLRiVxtsvsV LRiOTPQLiRRLiN]LRiNRPV, FyFyRV yaRPLiN]LRiNRPV, RLRiLi sRLiN]LRiNRPV A RW RVVgS[ xmsoRVRW DLi؃sV'' @s gkiyaSxqsQLi[ ¿xmsTLij. ˳gRisLiRVRV @sRLjiLi RLRisWLSs @sVxqsLjiLi¿[ xqsRVLRiVxtsvsV LRiOTPQxqsW, @RLRiLi ARLjiLiRRLi[ AxqsNRPVQ\sysV bPOTPQxqsW RLSs @j G sRLigS DLiy[ A sRLigS DRLjixqsWLiزRV.

sVWee @sdLRixqs ˳gRis][ s c LRiWxms c ysV c NRPLSj xqsLRi*Li jsLi, }qs*RRW xmsLjigRiX{RLi dLRiWxmssV e FyNRPXR FyyLi yj RV s Ry. Rj RRsVztsQR NRPLSRVRsV. @RM Rs NRPLSkyLi xqsLRiصjNRPLi s ZaP[RV}qs ˳s FyysV. ˳gRis][ yj RV RV][ sORPQLi c sWRWsVRVLi R, @R xqss c ysV c LRiWxms c NRPLSkyLi xqsLixqsLRi NUPLRiyjNRPLi xqsLRi*Li sVsV؃yLi sVx[ xqs*ZaP[RVryRV NRP[. RRVNRPLi ˳gRis\s gkiyaS}qsQ c ""s NRPLRiR s[V js s[VsLi W s[ RRQ*RM e RQQNSQ* [xLi xmsosLRisQ\s sWs[V r7LRiVs'' B e

@sVee @sRLjiLis ˳gRisLiRVs s, ysVsVV, LRiWxmssVV, NRPLRi sVVR\s Bsds NRPWR jssVV \ss. ˳gRisLiRVRV dss @ss d¿[R }qs*y郫sVryLRiLi RLjiryRV. BRLRiV \s FyNRPXRsoyjNRP\sV[ C sR \sVsj NSRV. A soV ¿[zqss NRPLRisV xms GLRiTsj. @LiRV¿[R A so sNRPLSRVsV xqsLjiLiRRLi sVVR\s ys FyVNRPV ZaP[RVxqsV= NRPgRiRV. ˳gRisLiRVs yjNRP \sV[ BLiRVNRPV sxmsLkiRLi; sWRWsVRV \sVsj NRPWR. @LiRVs ˳gRisLiRVs scysVcLRiWxmscNRPLSRVsV xqsLjiLiy NUPLjiLiy BRLiy sWssoNRPV FsLi][ sVLigRixmsRLigS DLiVLij. C sxtsQRWs[c

""s NRPLRi R s[V jss[VsLi W s[ RRQ*RM,

RQQNSQ* [xLi xmsosLRis \s sWs[V r7LRiVs''

""@LRiVy! y ssV NRPLRisV gRiWLji胫s C RyQ*s VxqsVN]syRV [xLi RLis zmssV sVd ssV F~LiRRV; ss[ ¿[LRiVyRV'' @s ˳gRisLiRV[ gkiyaSxqsQLi[ ¿FyRV.

sVWee xqssVxqs NRP sys ˳Wys NRPsV aRPsVys, s[Rs[Rxqs ˳gRisRM @syLRi xqsLiLij s NRPLSRsV Liks, gRixys Fysys dLRiWFy RLjiys xy sLjiys xmsoLS[xtsv c $yryjճM sVxL<ji s\lLiQQM, RRsV xqsLRi RRRQ* LiRyjy yyLi NRPXyLRiy, ˳sLiR ssLRiVQQNRPy R xqssV[[ e

@sVee ˳gRisLiRV xqsLjiLiRRLi, ˳gRisRyQ*s sVssLi ¿[RVRLi sVVR\s y y*LS sVV xqsLiryLRiLiRLisVLiT ssVVNRPVQ\ NRPXyLRiVV NSy s[ @ճFyRVLi][ $ yryjsVxL<RiVV ˳gRisLiRVs @syLSNTP xqsLiLijLis sNRPLSRVsV }ms xmssR\sVs RLjiRsVVsV @s[NRPsyVgS xmsoLS[ sLjiLiyLRiV. s[Rs[RVQ\s A ˳gRisLiRVs RLjiRsVVV xqssVxqsNRPgRiVNRPV sRV\sVss; NRPsVجs aSLiLixms¿[ryLiVV.

sVWee ""W Li sRy xmspLRi*Li W \s s[yLiaRP xmsz[ R\|qs# e

RLi z [ssWR Vj xmsNSaRPLi sVVsVVORPQQ\lLiQQ* aRPLRi sVxLi xmsxms[ ee''

sVVsVVORPVs aRPLRiM xmsNSaSRN][ [sM $ ˳gRiys Li xmsRsVLi xqsXuy*, sMaS*xqs y[Vs s\ss FyNRPXRLi xmsRVRLi xqs*ryRճsQQNRPLi s[RLSbPLi Rxqs xXR[V FyRVLS骫sRWsWxqs (R\|qs# DFyjaRP`), [Vs @sLis ˳W[s xqs xqssVgRiLi xqsLRi*Li gRiLi xqsxtsvLi, xqssVN`P ry*RRRQ*Li ysgRisVLi xms˳VLRi鮪s[`; Ry xqsXxtsQxqs Fy sNSRVxqs @˳VRRV sM ZaP[RVxqs xqsLixmsR򹸅[V @sVxqsLRiRV RLSsgRiaRP RV][ ˳##s[`e

@sVee sWORPQLi F~LiRs ss[ @ճxtsQ gRi sVNRPV LRiORPQNRPVRV, xmsNSaRPxqs*LRiWxmsoRV @LiVVs ˳gRisLiRVRV sVVLiRVgS RRVLRiVVs xqsXztsQLiyRV. gRiLiR LRiRyRV\ZNP [NRPLi[ rysWssVV ¿[}qs xmsRVRLi sLi xmsRVRLi Gk [NRPVLiy ˳gRisLiRVssVLiT, @xmsRVRLigS, sMaS*xqsLi s s[RLSbP AsLRisLiLij. C s[RLSbP xqsRVLi][ RRVLRiVVRV xqsNRPgRiRVsV xqsXztsQLiy; ARRyQ*s RNRPgS VxqsVN][y; xqsXztsQLiRTs FyxqssVVyRWsNTP NRPWR C s[RLSbPsVLiT @˳VRRVsVV (NTPNRPxqsVصjNRPsVV) sMZaP[RVxqssVV (sWORPQsVV) ճLiRysNTP DxmsWgjiLi¿[ RLSs gRiWLji RW @s[ D[aRPLi][ A ˳gRisLiRVRV s[RLSbPs A RRVLRiVVs xXRRVLi[ AsLRisLixms¿[aSRV, @RsNTP [jLiyRV. C sxtsQRWs[ C NTPLij sVLiRLi ¿xmsoRWsjc

""W Li sRy xmspLRi*Li W \s s[yLiaRP xmsz[ R\|qs#,

RLi z [ssWRVjxmsNSaRPLi sVVsVVORPV\lLiQQ* aRPLRi᪫sVxLi xmsxms[''.

sVWee xqs ˳gRiys xLjixLSRNRPM xLRiLiaRP Fyys[s Ry xLSLiaRP Fyys[s R Ry Ry ssy sVWLkiLRiysM xqsLRi*xmsosVLRi ryRsRLi s[RLSbPLi RRVjR RLRi sWLRiLi R RVys RsVFyRVs [NSssVgRiX񦦦. RVRM aRPV sRRV RRVjR RLRi xqssVVRLRi᮪s[Vs Rxqs xmssVVLi NSLRisV, @RM $ ˳gRiys @_ xqssWNRPRV dsVyNRPXLi, s[RLSbP][LRiLi gRiճdlLi[ @FyLRiNRPWFylLi[ sdsLi, rsVNRP ysVNRPsVxqsVLRiLi xy*, s[RLSbPLi xqssVVRyLRi e

@sVee xLjixLRixqs*LRiWxmso\s A ˳gRisLiRVRV INRPxmsVRV sxtsQ*LiaRPNUP sVL]NRPxmsVRV bPyLiaRPNUP FyysLi RWxmsoRW, @xmsVRxmsVRV @s[NRPsy \s sVWLRiVsV RLjiLi xqssVxqsxmsoLRiVuyLRisVVNRPV ryRsLigS xmszqsR\sVs s[RLSbPs, @j [jLis RLRisWLSds RgRiV sRLigS FyxqsW [NSsV @sVgRizxqsWLiزRV. s[RLSbPs, @j [jLis RLSds DRLjiLiRRs[V ˳gRisLiRVs xmsysNRPLRisLi. @LiRVs ˳gRisLiRVRV sVVsVVR dsVyNSLRiLi RLjiLiyRV. s[RLSbPs @xmsxLjiLi sVxqssVVRLi[ ygji Ds rsVNRPVRs[ LSORPQxqsV xqsLixLjiLi A s[RLSbPs DRLjiLiyRV.

sVWee RRsV gRiRM zqsLi xmsLjizmsFyLiVVxtsvM xqs ˳gRiys NRPWLSj yysR sVWLki LRiysM RLRiRVxM ؃yxqsVLRisXys, xqs*dsLRi afLSjճM xqsVRXFys xqsVLSks, dRWsRWRV, xqsyLRi gSsVsM, \sxqsLixms R=sVV zqsRxqs xqs*˳NRPXsxqs, @˳RVLi, xmsLRisWLi aSLiLi xqssVVxmsNRPRVs, xmsLRisVLi RRQ*Li R xqssVV][鵳RRVs, Ry RlLi[Q, Fyss[s, {qs*[VyRLRi[s yyLi RlLi[Q sWlLi[ ssXLi, xqs*ysV xqsLiNUPLRis xqsLixqsLRiصjy ؃ssWlLi[ LRiVLi, xqs*ys[s \sLSgRiLi, xqs*xmsps[yLiR \sVaRP*LRiLi R xqssWRysM, xqs*xqs xqslLi[*aRP*LRiyLi, xqsLS*aSLiVV rysVLRiQ xqsLixmssyLi, xqsLRi*gRiRyLi, "xqsLiNRPLRiLi sy RLRi}qsRWyLi ssryxmss[ xqsVRXyLi kOSQLi, ryRVs xqsLiLRiORPQ RRLRiyLi R xmsNSaRPRVs, RLRisWLRiLi ryRVxqssVsryxmsRVs, xsyM FysyM dM FyNSaRPRV`, RWrysVsVs yjy yyLi sWLiztsQ NRPXyLRiy sVjgRiRLi e

@sVee sVyQ=syLRiLi RLRiVyR gRiRVsV ss ss[ @ճxtsQ][ ˳gRisLiRVRV NRPWLSsyLRiLi sVVR\s @s[NRP@syLSV RLjiLi @xqsVLRixqs*˳تsLi NRPy\lLi RsV cdsLRicafLSRV][ gRiLji*Li RLSsNTP sxmnsWRLi NRPgjixqsWs @xqsVLRiVV sVVR\sysV @yRWxqsLigS @s[zqs, \sxqsLixmsR=LixmssVQQ\ xqsyLRiLi[ xqsLiRLjixqsWs Rs ˳NRPV XLiysNTP @˳RV sV yNRPV xmsLRiRRQ*Li [jLi g]xms aSLis xmsryjLiyRV. RLRixqsLisVRsVV, xmssRsVV @LiVVs Rs ARLRi y*LS sVV RLRixqsLisVR \sVs sWLRiLi[ xmssLjiLi¿[ V ¿[aSRV. Rs ysWs NUPLjiLiRRsVV, xqsLjiLiRRsVV sVVR\sy¿[R yLji[ ؃ssWLRisVVsLiRV LRiV xmso[V ¿[aSRV. Rs ysLi¿[R yLji[ \sLSgSs |msLiF~LijLixms¿[aSRV. RssV xmspLisyLjiNTP @LiR\sVs HaRP*LRiLi @sVgRizLiyRV. ysV xqslLi[*aRP*LRiVRV, @LiRLjids sVLis rysVLRiQLi NRPyRV, @LiR DsyRV, RLRissxqsV gjiFNRPVLiy NSFyRRLi[sV, ryRVsVsV LRiOTPQLiRRLi[sV RXRkORPQ NRPyRV @sV sxtsQRWs yVRW RLRisWLSs RNRPgS sزRV. ZNP[sLi xqsLRi᪫sWRLi¿[Rs[ sV ssV ryLRiNRPLi ¿[}qs Rs @s[NRPsy\s xmssRdsV xmsNRPLiyRV.

sVWee RL][z aRPVRVjRM, xmssX ORPQ[ ssX ORPQZaP[輽 j*xmsNSLRiM e RR xmssX ORPQ[ RLRiM, BRRVs ys xss RRW7 zLiryjLRiWxmsM, ryOSQR˳VRRV }RVM, xmsLRiLixmsLRiRW sMZaP[RVxqs}RVaRP ˳s RRRLjiysV e ssXORPQxqsV RLRiM ؃s \sLSgSj LRiWxmsM e xqsz ryOSQ[s sMZaP[RVxqs}RVM e aSLiyLi aRPy xqssWyyRRVM @R xmsLjiNRPLRiysVVxmsRWLi e xqsLRi*zqss}ms Rzqss RLRiؾ[, @\Q*yR RLRi+ssV RV`, R` xmsLRisVRLRi[*s xmsLjigRi[ sVxL<jiճM e Ry ][NRPLi ˳gRisy RWs[Qs c ""ByLRi RsWzLiryys ry*yRV NRPLRiتsV, @RVLi z xmsLRisW RL][RVV][lgi[yRRLRi+ssV'' B e

@sVee s[RLi [jLis RLRiLi "xmssX' @ds "ssX' @ds lLiLiRV syV. RWgSV ¿[RVRLi, s[yRRVsLi, ysLi, x[sWV, RRV, @zLixqs sVVR\sj xmssX LRiWxms \sVs RLRiLi. kss xmsRQORPQLigS (s[LRiVgS) @˳VRRVLi (Bx[NRPcxmsLRi[NRP xqsVصjNRPLi) NRPVgRiVRVLij; xmsLRiLixmsLRiRW, (@sgS RaRPVjy*LS AR؃sLi, ysy*LS sWORPQLi @s[ NRPsVLi¿[R) sWORPQLi @ճxqsVLij. ؃ssVV, \sLSgRisVV sVVR \sj ssX LRiWxmsRLRiLi. kss sWORPQLi xmsRQORPQLigS (s[LRiVgSs[) ճxqsVLij. aSLi (sV[sgRixLi), yLi (}LijRV sgRixLi), aRPR, xqssWysLi (^QNSgRiR) sVVR\ss ksNTP (ssXORPQ RLSsNTP) @sxqsLRi\sVs ryRsrysWgji. C xqssVxqsQ\sVs RLRixqssVVyRVLi[sV @j*dRWR ryOSQyLRiLi @s[j xmsLRisVRLRi sVs sVxL<RiVV @LigkiNRPLjiLis sxtsQRVLi. C sxtsQRVs[V xmspQ\s RWsVQRVc

""ByLRiRsWzLiryysry*yRVNRPLRiتsV,

@RVLi z xmsLRisW RL][ RV][lgi[yRRLRi+ssV''.

""RWgSV, AyLRisVV, RsVLi, @zLixqs, ysLi, ry*yRVLi @s[ NRPLRi[ WgRiLi¿[R ARryOSQyLRiLi ¿[zqsN]sRLi @s[j xmsLRisVRLRiLi'' @s ¿FyRV.

sVWee xLRisVWLji Fyys[yzms $˳gRiys RL][jkL<RiQ\Vs dتsVLiVWM sVWLkixqs=LiyLRiRV e xmsLRiLiRV xmsLRisVRLRi xqssVVRLRi s[Vs RRsWQQLji xmsLjigRi} xmssVVLi NSLRiLi ˳s e @R Gs xqs ˳gRiys aRPLi˳VM, xqsLS*ryLi syy dsVaSsM syyLi LS[*s @˳QL>jiRLi ryOSQ` xmsLRisVxmsoLRiVuyLRiryRds˳WRLi KxmssxtsQyRRRQ* RLRi+sLi xqssVVjkL<RiVM sVyLiR NRPLRiNRPsVM, sg][R sVW[ $ ROTPQتsVWLji LRiW}ms xmsRsVLi ry*ysLi xmsNSaRPRWsWxqs e

@sVee RLSs DRLjiLiRRLiN]LRiZNP[ ˳gRisLiRVRV bPssVWLji Fyyys NRPWR xmsoLRixqsLjiLiRVN]s dتsVRW \s @syLSV RLjixqsWLiزRV. @LiVV[ A RW sVWLRiVsV {qs*NRPLjiLiRysNTP xmsysxmsWsLi xmsLRisVRLSs (@\Q*yRRLRi+ys DRLjiLiRRs[V. @LiRVss[ xqssVxqssRNRPV @jxms\Vs A xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV xqsNRPsR[ LS (ZaP[xtsQsVV) @s xmszqsR\sVsj, ryOSQRVgS xmsLRisVxmsoLRiVuyLSsNTP (sWOSQsNTP) ryRssVW @LiVVs, DxmssxtsQRV¿[R xmsFyjLixmsTs ARRRQ*RLRi+ys DRLjiLiR R, Rs xxqsxmsRsVVsV sVR][ (ss[ sLRi RLRis sLji˳gRiLi ¿[LRigS GLRiTs sVVR sVR) @LiNRPLjiLi ] ryLjigS, ROTPQتsVWLjiLRiWxmsLi][, ssXORPQsVWLi[ AsLRisLiyRV.

sVWee ""sxqs=LijgRiLi sjysj[RLRi x RyQ*jgRisVM NRPRLi y @ryNRPLi zqsR? RVRjgRiRLi c s R` x ˳sRVsVL>Ri, @sjgRiRLi R R` c NRPRLi y xqsLRi*Li xqsLiryLRi d˳Wysy ssLRisORPQsVLi ˳##s[`? ؃sLi R xqssVVRsLi xqs` ysy[ xmnsظRV NRPR B sRVsW yzqs e @xqsLijgRi sVsxmsLRixqsLi R ˳##s[¿[ [s R` xmnsظRWLi ˳##s[` e @RM xqsLiaRPRWj ][uyLi xqsLiryL][ 7zms RVy ysbP}tsQR, Ry RVRM NSL][ ˳s sVVsVVORPVճM e @RXaRPsVsQ sVsxms[aRPsV Byj sZaP[xtsQ\M aRPVM Rxqs xmsRQOSQj xmssWgRisVyLi xmsFyRRV e xmssW؃s ky xmss[VRWsgRiM NRPRLi y ry`?'' Byj xqsLiaRPRV yNRPVyM ""AyLRiys xmsoLRiVus[R'' B aRPVRsVaSxqssLi RXaRP[. NRPVR y ˳[R yRXaRP AyL][7 ryNRPLi, W RVLRijgRisWR RyQ*jgRisV xqsLixms sVsVgRi{xmsd y[Rs ssVgRi sWsryM xxmsLSM, xRyQ*s[*xtsQ xmsLSM, sVy[, sVxL<RiRVM csVxRM xmsoxmsoLixqs xmsLjiFyZNP[s ssVW[ xqssW{qssLi, RLi ROTPQتsVWLji LRiWxmsRLRiLi, sVyLiR NRPLRiNRPsVLi [sLi RRXaRPVMee

@sVee ""x RV[k NSRV, RVRskNSRV. @Li xVVNRP RRQ*Li sVsNRPV sMxqsLijgRiLigS Fs VxqsVLij? G\[ RVRVRVLi][ (RORPVLSkLijRWNRPV g][RLRiLi @soRVLi][) @j x @sysNTP dsV [RV. @j RVRNRPF[ xqsLRi*xqsLiryLSsNTP d\sVs @sRsV @j Fs ]gjiLixmsNRPVgRiVRVLij? ؃sLi xmsosLiRsWRLi¿[R xmnsLi Bs*NRPVgRiVRVLij. @s[ sW [RV. ؃sLi xqsLiaRPRW [ds [NRPVLiysV, sxmsLkiRRXztsQ [NRPVLiysV DLi[s[ @j xmnsLi Bs* NRPVgRiVRVLij. @LiRV¿[R sVVsVVORPVsoV RsV sVsxqsV=[ xqsLiaRPRVLi sVVR\s ][uy xqsLiryLRiLi NRPWR (yxqss NRPWR) sVgRiNRPVLi[ V xmsRVRLi ¿RW. "@RXaRPLi' (RWR aRPNRPLi NSsj) "@sQsV' (EzLixms aRPNRPLi NSsj) "@sxms[aRPLi'Bj B DLiVLij @s ¿xmsysNTP aRPNRPLi NSsj) Byj sZaP[xtsQ¿[R aRPV @j (x) xmsRQOSQj xmssW¿[R VxqsVN]sysNTP aRPNRPLi NSsj @s ¿xmsoRWsj. xmssWNTP LigRis xmss[VRVLiVVNRP ؃sLi Fs NRPVgRi RVLij?'' (s[RLi, a][RLi, aRPLi sVVR\ss xmssWV. s[RLi xmnsVصRV ؃ys NRPgjixqsVLij. a][RLi aRP؃ys NRPgjixqsVLij. aRPLi G][ INRP @LRiLi [jxqsVLij. B xmssW¿[R RV[, xmnsVsVV, aRPsVV, @LRisVV sVVR\ss xmss[VRWV)c Byj xqsLiaRPRW][ RLi yNRPVR ¿LiRgScxxmsLRiV\s, xRyQ*s @s[*ztsQLiRRLi[ AxqsNRPVQ\s, sVRVQ\s N]LiRLRiV sVxL<RiVVc ""AyLRiVRV Ds xmsoLRiVxtsvRV sWRs[V (ARRyQ*s) VxqsVN]sgRiVgRiVyRV''@s aRPV ¿xmsoRWsj; RV aRPNRPLi NSs ARRRQ*Li VVNRP ؃s sVs[ xqsLixmsRsV sVsNRPV @sVgRizLi¿[ @Li AyLRiVRV FsNRPR ճryRV?''@sV A[Rs[ sVgRiQQ\sVs sVsxqsV=][ LiLiRVRVLiRgS, yLjiNTP, yLRiV ¿[zqss sVxmsoxmsoLisVV xmsLjiFyNRPLi¿[R ROTPQتsVWLjiLRiWxmsLi RLjiLi, sVyLiNTPRNRPLRiV\ ssXORPQsVWLi[ A{qssV\ Ds xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV RLRi+sLi ByRV.

sVWeeRXuy* RsVxmspLRi*Li [sLi, xL<RixqssVVsxtsQRQXRRV sRVyM c xqsNRP LRiR sLRiM ˳xqsyFyLiRVLSLigRiM RLiRRWRM [RM NRPXyryM DLRigSRNRPORPQM RLRixqs xqssVV*sV sVLisVWLjiM sVWLki ˳Wy @ORPQLSjgRisVds xmsLRis[s ˳xqssWsM @R RXaRP[ c N][7r [sM?'' B CxtsQjs xqssW[R ""sWxqsV sNTPy= c y[ 7RVLi, NTPLiRV xqsLRi*gRiVLRiVM xqsLRi*M CaSsM, xqsLS*ryLi syy dsVaRP*LRiM aRPLi˳VlLi[s'' B sbPy*yM, Li RVLRijgRisWR RyQ*jgRisV xqsLixmsLi sVy*yM KxmssxtsQRLi xmsLRisVLi RRQ* sVjgRisVxtsQsM ""@RVs[VyryNRP sWyLRiM xmsLRisWgRiM GxtsQ x \s RR=LRi*Li sORPQQ'' B sbPyLiRLRiLigSM, RyR xmsyLjiR xXRRWM sjs` RsVVFyxqsRs e

@sVee xmspLRi*Li FssRW RWRs A ˳gRisLiRV RWRgSs[ y xXRRWV sRVyV xqsLi][xtsQLi][ sNRPzqsLiss. ""xqsNRPLi sLi, sLiT sLi, LRiLigRiV gRiyRV, ˳xqs¿[R @LiR gS Ds aRPLkiLRiLi NRPyRV, RLiRV bPL][˳WxtsQLigS RLjiLis yRV, sVWRV s[y VsyRV RLRisxqsQsVVsV RLjiLisyRV; FyLRi+Q*sVVLiRV xqsLRisVVV RVVN]s DsyRV, LRiVsso*¿[R xmsNSbPxqsVs sVVLi][ IFyLRiVRVs sVWLjigRiyRV, ARRyQ*s }ms sVWLki˳sLis sR s xmsNSbPxqsWsyRV @LiVVs, BNRPR xmsRQORPQQ\sVs, C [so s][!'' @s N]Li¿Li A[Li yc ""xqsLi[xLi FsLiRVNRPV? BRRV xqssVxqs sRNRPV @jxms,xqsLRi*ٲRV, xqsLRi*gRiVLRiVso @LiVVs bPso[ NSs sVL]NRP s*RW NSRV''c@s saRPLiVVLiRVN]s ճLiRysNTP y NRPxtsQ\sVs ARRRQ* ؃sxqsLixmsR sVs NTPxmsoRV ճLisj @s ˳؄sLiRVRV, DxmssxtsQRVV Dxms[bPLis xmsLRisVRyQ*s F~LiRRsy\lLi ""sVsNRPV xmsLRisVgRi\Vs AyLRiVTR[; BRRV RxmsNRP sVsNRPV @j @Liy [jLiRgRiRV'' @s sVsxqsV=[ saRPLiVVLiRVN]s, ARs FyRxmsRsVV\|ms RsV xXRRVsVVsV xqssVLjiLi RVyaSxqsQLigS (bPxtsvRV gRiVLRiVsosV FsV ¿[LRis[ A sRLigS) yss xqsdsVzmsLiyLRiV.

sVWeeRy sjsRVxmsxqsys ys sVxL<kis, xqs ˳gRiys xqsLRi*M xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiM aRPLi˳VM, NRPLRiVتsVXR NTPLRi[ xqssRV yճLSsV sVVRLiRsVLiRM, RRճ xqsLij sVjgRiR, KxmssxtsQRLi xmsLRisVLi RRQ*Li ""@sRs[\ss FyR'' ByRVxmssxtsQ y*NRP xqsLiRLS郫sVgRiV[s, KxmssxtsQk s[Vs sVLSysVsVLRiVR, ssORPQ[s ys[s yRxtsQe

@sVee A sRLigS RssV xqsdsVzmsLis A sVxL<RiVsV RW, NRPLRiVتsVXR NTPLRi][ xmsNSbPxqsVs s[RsVV][ sV[xLRi\sVs sVVRLiRVRV gRi, ˳gRisLiRVRV, xqsLRi*ٲRV, xmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVRV @LiVVs A bPsoRV y sV[gRiyճFyRVsVVsV gRizLi ""@sRs[\ss FyR'' (sWزRNRPVLiys[ ¿FyRV) @s DxmssxtsQRV[ ¿zmss xmsRs[ @sVxqsLjiLi ssLRiWxms\sVs ysLi][s[ yNTP DxmssxtsQRQQQNRP xmsLRisVRRQ*Li saRPRLigS [jLiyRV.

sVWee RR}qs xqssVjgRiR xmsLRiRyQ*M, xmsLjigRiRssWRVM sZaP[+xtsQ sR*xqs xqsLiaRPRWj xqsLRi*][uyM, xmsOUPQ sLRi*NRPLRiLiyM xmsgRiR xmssVRV=xmssWRX ˳تy, ry*y LSsWM@syFyxmssaRPWyM, @ػR ػRs aRPWyM, \sxtsQLRiQ zqsj ORPQLi, xmsLRisWLi aSLiLi xqssVyxmsoM "@ss FZNP[7gRiLRiR yzqs'' B z aRPVM (FRsWs R ˳W[yylLi[ FZNP[ ARs, @sL][][ s ˳sd s c ˳s[ys[RM a][RVM, R[y xsV{qs, AyLRi}qss).

a][ee ssy xmsNRPR xmsLRixRRQ*Li RVVysLi

sL<jiQuys[ sxqsRXztsQgRi\ LSsXRLi xs|t^sQM e

AylLi[sLi NRPLRiNRPR sVR sWss sVWLjiLi

ry*yLSsVLi sVVjRsRsLi ROTPQتsVWLji dsV[ ee

a][ee RLi sRL][ LRiW[ sXy bP+uy gRiVLRiV LRiVy e

gRiVL][xqsVssLi ysLibPuyxqsV 郫s xqsLiaRPRWMee

@sVee @xmsVRV xmsLRiRyQ*s VxqsVN]s y sWRV yLjisVLiT RWLRi\sV FLiVVsj. xqsLiaRPRVLi sVVR\s xqssVxqs][uyV xmspLjigS sbPLiyLiVV. NRPLRiLiy ds LjiFRWLiVV. VxqsVN]s g][lLi[yRV. VxqsVN]syRV @s[ ˳[R˳تsLi ]gjiFLiVVsj. yNRPV @LiRsLRiNRPV RVNRP N]RgS BLiNS VxqsVN]sszqsss gSs, @LiRNRPV xmspLRi*Li ճLiRNRP BxmsVRV N]RgS F~LiRszqsss gSs Gds sVgRiNRP FsRLi][ yLRiLiRLRiW ry*yLSsVV\ (RsV[ ys[V RsV][ AsLijxqsW) "\sxtsQLRiQzqsj' (G NRPLRi][sV xqsLiLiRLi [NRPFsRLi, NRPLRixmnsؼdRV RsRLi) @sV ORPQLi gRi g]xms aSLis F~LiyLRiV. ""@ssFZNP[7gRiLRiR yzqs'' @s NRPy aRPV ¿xmsoRWsj? (G x [jLixmsRVRVs][ A x[V y xqs*xqs*LRiWxmsLi @s[ saRPRVLi gRi AyLRiVRV Dxms[bPLis RLRiVyR AR؃sLi NRPgRi Rs[ sW [RV; AyLRiVsNTP NRPgjisVgSs[ a][RNRPV ""A x[V s[sV''@sV ؃sLi NRPgjidLRiVRVLij).

(\|ms sVWRV }msLS[ ¿zmsssxtsQRVsVVs[ C NTPLij lLiLiRV a][NSV ¿xmsoRVyLiVV.

a][ee ssyxmsNRPRxmsLRixRRQ*Li RVVysLi

sL<jiQuys[sxqsRXztsQgRi\LSsXRLi xs|t^sQM,

AylLi[sLi NRPLRiNRPRsVRsWsssVWLjiLi

ry*yLSsVLi sVVjRsRsLi ROTPQتsVWLjidsV[.

a][ee RLi sRL][LRiW[ sXyM bPuy gRiVLRiVLRiVy,

gRiVL][xqsV ssLi ysLi bPuyxqsV 郫sxqsLiaRPRWM.

sVWee xqssVsVFy}ms NRPݸRVVlgi[ @d[ R FyRVzqsQxqsxxqs sL<Ri sV[ NS[ NRPxms˳تs saRPRM, yyLi \sjZNP[xtsv RlLi[xtsv NRPsVaRPM aRPy sVLik˳Wy. @\sjZNP[}tsQ yylLi[xtsv LRiVLRiVR xqsLiػy. RRVLiR xmsLRisV yRLRi˳WR xmsLRisV RLRiLRiWFy\Q*R RLRi+s xmsxmsORPQ ˳Wys RLRi+ys xs, DssVRV bPLSLizqs, sXLi˳sW yxqss e [xtsv NSsRs AzqsNRP RLRi+ys, NSsRs yzqsNRP RLRi+ys AzqsNRP RLRi+ys RVRzms s[RyNSyLi FysW sVLigkiNRPVLRi*Li, RyzmsaRPVRLiR xmsLRisV yRLRi ˳Wy\Q*R RLRi+ssxtsQ[Vys xmsxmsORPQQrys Gs ssaRPLicyNS˳xqs RVVNSQ* ˳rysxtsQLi˳[s e RWs RV yzqsNRP RLRi+ys FyxtsQLiR xmsys ys xqslLi[*uys[Vs aRPVyNSyLi FysW sVxmsxmsLi, xqs*Vj sWy sxtsQLi˳[s RVVNSQ*˳rys xmsRLRi+RVLi, xmsLRisV RLRiLRiWFy\Q*R RLRi+sLi sRLSLi xmsZOP[QxmsoLi xmsRVRLi[ e xqssVgji*yLRi aSryQLRiLi RVys` xmsxmsRV sVORPQsVRRW, yaRP xsM, xmsR xmsoLRiVxtsQ xmsys ys[s RLRi+ys @sLi, xmsLRisV xmsoLRiVuyLRi FyxmsNRP LSsWLRi ˳Wy` \sjNRP NRPL][Fyxqsy؃s ORPQػ` xqsyLS`, ˳uyxqs=sV˳Wss e

@sVee NRPRVVgRiLi FyLRiLi˳Li @LiVVLij. yyxmso sVWRV s[ xqsLisR=LSV gRiTyLiVV. NRPxms˳تsLis \sjNRPRLRiLi sxtsQRVLi[ NRPsVLigS sV aRPR xqssgjiLij. @\sjNS \s AyLSRVLiRV AxqsNTP @RjNRPLi @LiVVLij. DxmssxtsQRV xmsLRisVyRLRisV, xmsLRisVRLRisVW @LiVVs @\Q*RRLRi+ysNTP sLRiVR\sVs Fs[ RLRi+yV R sXLiճLiRrygSLiVV. y[ N]s AzqsNRPRLRi+y \[ N]s yzqsNRPRLRi+yV. AzqsNRPRLRi+yV s[RyNS FysWs @LigkiNRPLjiLiy @s N]s yNS˳xqssV (RsVNRPV @sVNRPWLigS DsV \|msNTP NRPs[s yNS˳xqsV) RVVNSQ˳xqssV (xqsLji\Vs RVVNRPVV NSNRPFLiVVy RVVNRPV s NRPs[s RVVNSQ˳xqsV) RsVgS dzqsN]s DxmssxtsQRV xmsLRisVyRLRi \sVs @\Q*RRLRi+ysNTP xmsxmsORPQQrysLi[s[ syLiVV. FyxtsQLiRVV LRiLis yzqsNRPRLRi+y \[ aRPVyNSNRPV G sWRsVW FysWLi @LigkiNRPLjiLiRNRPVLiy ZNP[sLi xqs*Vjخs[ AyLRiLigS ¿[zqsN]s RVVNSQ˳xqsV xmsRLji+xqsW xmsLRisVRLRiQ\sVs @\Q*ys @s sy AZOP[QzmsLiRysNTP xmsRVLiyLiVV. gS syLRi ¿[zqs aSryQLSs Ds RVsVgS gRizLi¿[ rysVLRiQLi [NRPFsRLi][ y sVLij sVV xmszqsRxmsoLRiVxtsv¿[R sLjiLiRTs sVysV @sLiLi xmsLRisVxmsoLRiVuyLSs F~LijLi¿[ LSsWLRiQ\sVs \sjNRPsVV\s NRPLRiV, DFyxqssV, ؃ssVV @s[ xqsyLRiLisVLi ˳xtsv RWLRiV.

sVWee Ry RRVLiRxmsORPQ xmsxmsORPQ˳Wys ys xqsLS* RLRi+ys sxmnsVRV, xmsLRisVZaP[W sys˳WRLi aRPVRLiRryLRi xqssVRLi xqsyLRiLi xqsLiryxmsLiVVRVLi, xmspLRi*Li RVM sg][RsVW[ ROTPQتsVWLjiLRiW}ms FyRVLRiWRV, ssORPQ[s ys[s xmsLRisV RLRiLRiWxmssWRRLRi+sLi xqssVsVgRiXx xqssVVyLRiRWsWxqs sVxL<ji xqsLixmnsVLi, xqs Gs ˳gRiys, AjgRiVLRiVM, xqsLRi*gRiVLRiVM, aRPLi˳VM, xqsLRi*M, CaS[ syyLi, aRPLRiM aRPLiNRPLSyLRiLRiW}msتsRyLSss sVLiR[ e

@sVee @xmsVRV, DxmssxtsQ=yLiysNTP sLRiVRsVV \s A RLRi+y sLis LRiWxmsosWzms xmsLRisVZaP[RVxqsV=NRPV (sWOSQsNTP)sVWNSLRi᪫sVV, s[yLiy ryLRisVW @LiVVs xqsyLSs ryzmsLiRRLiN][xqsLi, xmspLRi*Li ssVWLi[ ROTPQتsVWLji LRiWxmsLi[ AsLRisLi ssLRiWxms \sVs ysLi¿[R xmsLRisVRLRi \sVs AR؃sLi @sVgRizLi sVxL<ji xqsLixmnsWs RLjiLixms¿[zqss ˳gRisLiRVRV, AjgRiVLRiVso, xqsLRi*gRiVLRiVso, aRPLi˳Vso (xqsVجsNTP rys \sVsyRV), xqsLRi*ٲRV, xqsNRPsykaRPVRV @LiVVs aRPLiNRPLRiV[ aRPLiNRPLSyLRiLRiWxmsLi][ ˳WsVLiRLidsVR @sRLjiLiyRV.

sVWee@sdLRi xqsM ˳gRiys xmspFyRM $aRPLiNRPLRiyLRiM, y*xmsLSLi[ $sV][ yLSRVryLiaRPRM xqsLiؾ[s $s[Ry}qss ˳gRisy gRijRxqs, s sgRisV xmsLRisV yRLRi sLRiRV xmsLRixqs xxqsWR xqsLiRLRixqs, R][xmssxtsQyLi, gkiyaSxqsQxqs R aRPV xqsQX xmsoLS؃sVgRiRLi, xqsRVQQNTP xqsLiNRPRLi, gRiճdLRiRLRiLi ˳xtsQLi sLSRV, RVysRV xmsxqss[˳Li, @sVgRi[˳M DxmsjaRPs, A}qsRV bdPyR ˳W˳gRiLi xqs*FyRxqsLiylLi[ xmssdNRPVLRi*s, RR RR sRsWys FyxtsQLiRyzqsNRP RLRi+ysVRWLiVVsM, y][Rys, xms RVVNTPyR sxmso؃s, xqsLS*s sRVxtsQM, dRW s\ss aRPLRi؃sNRPL][`. xms RLRiRVVNTP xmsRLRi+sxmspLRi*NRPLi, RRVQQNUPysW˳xqsyLi c xmssWxqsLisVRyLi, RRVNTPxtsv xmspLS*xmsLRi sL][jyLi R FyRLRi+RV` e

@sVee aRPLiNRPLRi˳gRisRWFyRVV @sRLjiLi, y*xmsLSLiRLi[ yLSRVLiaRP][ sLis ˳gRisLiRV\s s[RyxqsVRV LRiLisj. xqssVxqs s[y xmsLRisV yRLSs sLRiLiVVLiRysNTP DjxtsQsVW @LiVVs xxqsWRgRiLiysNTP, DxmssxtsQRVNRPV, gkiyaSryQsNUP NRPWy aRPVcxqsQXcxmsoLSNRPV @sVgRiVLigS sVLi RVVNRPV][ NRPWTs @gRiLiճdLRi \sVs ˳xtsQLi LRiLi RVysjgS RssV ¿[Lji Rs][ NRPWR Ds bPxtsvNRPV Dxms[bPxqsW }qsRVsosVLiT zsWRLi sLRiNRPW Ds ˳W˳gSs Rs FyRxqsLRi+¿[R xmssRLi ¿[xqsW @NRPRNRPR Ds, yRLi[ DRRV\s, xmssVV\s RVVNTPyy[ xqssVLRiV\s, yzqsNRPRLRi+ysV @sVxqsLjiLi¿[ FyxtsQLiRxmsLiTRV sLiRLjids, @yRWxqsLigS [ LRisNRPVLiy ¿[aSLRiV. FsNRPV䪫s xmssVV\s RVVNRPVsV RWzms y RVVNRPVV A˳xqssVV[ (ryLRiLRizRsVV[)@ds, xmssWNTP sLRiVR\sVs sds, @s xmspLS*xmsLRi sL][RLi][ sLiT Dy RVds RWzmsLiyLRiV.

sVWee AzqsNRP RLRi+s[xtsQ*zms c s[aRP*LRi sVVNTP Ry=Ryj sxtsQ[Vxtsv [V sLRiRW}qsuyLi aRPVxqsQXyj xmssW xqsLisVRyLi, xqsRVQQNTP sRVLRiyLi R xmsRLRi+Q aRPVxqsQX xmsoLSصjxqssVQ\M xmsVRLRi xqsRVQQNTP LiRV\lLiM y\M AzqsNRP RLRi+ysVRWLiVV[7zms y*, @\Q*RRLRi+sxqs xqsLS*aSLiVVyLi, xqsLRi*RLRi+s sVWLRisyLi R xqsVxtsvsLRiWxmsRV` e

@sVee soRV, CaRP*LRiVRV, sVVNTP, ysNTP ryRyV sVVR\s sxtsQRW[ AzqsNRP RLRi+y[ Ds sLRiRWV NRPWR aRPVcxqsQXyjxmssWNRPV xqssVR\sVss NSsds, Rgjis RVVNRPVV [s sLRiRW ds RWzmsLi aRPVcxqsQXcxmsoLSصj xqsLisVRsVVV RXRsVV\s xqsRVNRPV][ RXRsVVW @LiVVs yy¿[R AzqsNRPRLRi+ysV @sVxqsLjiLi¿[ ysV LiVVLi @\Q*RRLRi+sLi @sLiNRPLi[ g]xmsRds, xqsLRi*RLRi+y[NTP ZaP[xtsQ\sVs Rds RNRPgS sLRiWzmsLiyLRiV.

sVWee @zms R, aSLi yLiyj xqsNRP NRP gRiVryLSM $ aRPLiNRPLRi ˳gRisRW FyyM y[xtsv xmsLSR sVdsztsQ sVLiRdLi xmsLiTR sVLiR sVLiRyRV sWs sVLiRs sVaSkLiaRP sVRVLRi sVRVLRi y gRiVLi˳##\sM ˳s˳RWRWLkiNRPLRiORPQsVLi, xmsLRisVRLRiLRiWxms sWRXRLRi+sLi ryRWxmsjaRP, [uyLi ry*Li[yzqsyLi yLigkiNRPXR @sVgRiXx. kOSQLi R Ry*, RWs˳LRi[ xmsjys \ZaPs\sxtsQyks RWs xtsQys, ys RRy7 xqsyyLS sry=LRi[s, s[yLiR sWLSsVgRiV[s xqssVN`P xqsLia][R ssryxms R, xtsQR ryxmsNSyLRiLi *, xmsLRisVxmsoLRiVuyLRi FyxmsORPQsWLi NRPLRi ys ؃s ORPQ xmsLRi*RW}msyLi, yRVLRi*LRiQ ssrysVgRiyLi, \sjNUPLi xqsR=LRiLi sVVsVVORPVճ LRisVxqsLRiRW sVVxmsjaRP, sVVxmsjaRP, @sWsVxtsQ xms˳ sZaP[\|tsQLji*LSsWyM xqsLRi* gRiRVLRiV[*s, xqs\lLiQQ*M xmsLiT\M @ճxtswRVsWy sLSLiR e

@sVee @Li[NSNRPVLiycaSLi, yLi sVVR\s xqssVxqsNRPgRiV ryLRi\sVs $aRPLiNRPLRi˳gRisRWFyRVV yy[ JTFLiVVs xmsLiTRV xqssVVyRVsVVsNRPW xmsLiTRsVLiRNTP @LiNSLRi˳WRV\s sVLiRssVaSRVNRPW @sVRVLRisVV\s yNRPV][ ˳s˳RWs RWLRiLi¿[RVysNTP xqssVLRisVV, xmsLRisVRLRisVW @LiVVs ARRLRi+ys RNRPgS Dxms[bPLiyLRiV. ysV RsV bPxtsvsVgS @LigkiNRPLjiLi xqsLiyxqs kORPQ NRPWR ByLRiV. sVVRLi ˳LRiR[aRPLi[ xmszqsRLigS Ds \ZaPs\sxtsQyjxtsQy[ Ds ¿RV AyLSsV ]gjiLi ys s[yLiRsVysNTP @sVgRiVLigS RNRPgS xqsLia][jLi, ys AsRLigS ryzmsLiRR¿[R xtsQRryxmsyyLRiVVgS F~LiyLRiV. sVVsVVORPVsoV @sVxqsLjiLiRRgjisj, xmsLRisVxmsoLRiVuyLSs F~LijLiRysNTP xqssVLRisVW, NRPLRicysc؃ssVV s[ sVWRV xmsLRi*][(s˳gS][)NRPWTsk yRVLRi*LRiQssxqsNRPV @sVgRiVLigS DLi[j @LiVVs \sjNRPsWLSs Dxms[bPLi, sWsssWRV[ RVLRi˳sVV\s xms؄sZaP[uy][, xqsLRi*gRiRVLRiVsoVgS xqsNRPxmsLiTRV¿[R xqsVLixmsRVRV sLSLRiV.

sVWee RRM, }qs*s ssryzmsyRW \sjNRPxqsLRi[M RRsVgRiR xqsyyLRi ryzms LRiryLiVVR* NRPyRV, ˳LRi[ xqsLRi*R RRxqsXxtsv jORPV AyLS{mshSsVxmsNRPQ, RR $RNRP xmsuyLi syRV, sLRiLiRLS\Q*Rsy s[R LRizqsNSM $gRiRVLRiV aRPLiNRPLRi ˳gRisRW FyyyLSM aRPVR Q\sNRP sVWlLi[M, NSLRixmsLRi RWFyRWM, $ NSsWOUPQ [yM xmsLjisrysVxtsQNSLiRMNRPLRixqs=LiRM, RR xqs*sLji[ {mshRislLi[ NRPLiy sVVztsQy*, xqs*NUP[V {mslhi[ xqs* bPxtsQsLRiLi xqsLRi*sVVsLi {mshSj xmssWyLRiLi syRV, Q\QNSsV˳W xqsLixmss sxqsV؃sLiR sLRiLSLi, sLji*ZaP[xtsQ sxtsQQxmsLiR aRPVR RWxmsy ORPQLi zqsjsVVxmsgRiyLi e

a][ ee @؃yLiRLRixs xmsy yR s][xms[\ZaPM

yRVLi [NSs ˳sRsbPػyxms FyxmsRsWys e

sVVNSQ* ssLi sszms[ sVW][ sxqs=LRiLid

aRPLi˳[LRiWQQLji aRPLRi ˳Vss[ aRPLiNRPLSyLRiLRiWFy ee

a][ee xqsNRPxmsRLi xqssVyxms gRiVLRiV

LjigRisWNRP xqsVsWLRisNSxqsNRPX[e

DxmsNRPQRV {mshRiRLi xmsjys

xqs*NRPbPxtsQsLSs sRys jFysee

a][ee sgRisWLiRxqsVRXNRPR GxtsQ gRiVLRiV

LRi骫s sVVNTPNRPlLi[ sLRiNSLixmsolLi[e

xmsLRiLiRVgRiyLi sLRiNSsVNRPLi

xqs*RVsVLRiLiVVRVLi ssxqsRV=LRisVee

a][ee xqs DFyxqssRWRsyLRiRW

sgRisV s\lLiM xqsx xqsLiNRPRRW e

xqssVRVLi z sRVs xmsLRisRQsLRiM

xqssVyxms R zqsj sVyR xmsolLi[ ee

a][ee xqs*NRP{mshRislLi[ xqsNRP sVVsLi

sRy R=z {mshRixmsLi gRiVLRiVLS e

@˳R z W7R xmsLRiLS

˳sy xqs xms LRisV {mshRiR[M ee

@sVee zmssV, sLRiLiRLRisVV @\Q*Rsys[RsVVsLiRV AxqsNRPVQ\s $ gRiRVLRiV aRPLiNRPLRi˳gRisRWFyRVV ysVV ssxqsV GLRiLRis \sjNRPsWLSsNTP, ysNTP xqsLiLijLis xqsyyLSsNTP LRiryLiVVR*Li NRPLiRRLiN]LRi\ZNP ˳LRiR[aRPLi[ yVgRiV jNRPVRVLiRV yVgRiV AyLRi{mshSsV sN] RsV xmssVVbPxtsvsV A {mshSNRPV @jxmsRV\s AyLRiVsVgS sRVsVLiyLRiV. RLRiVyR NSLidxmsoLRiLi ¿[Lji @NRPR $RNRP xmsxtsQ ¿[zqs, aRPVR؃sxqs*LRiWxmsoLSV NSLRixmsLjiRWxms @LiVVs $NSsWOUPQ[ss }qssLiRV[ AxqsNRPRVQ\ @NRPR ysVV ryzmsLis {mshSs @jztsQLi N]LiR NSsVVLiT, RsV bPxtsQZaP[xtsv\s xqsLRi*sVVss {mshSjxmssgS sRVsVLi Q\QNSsV˳sLi¿[R ճLi¿[ ry [s AsLiRLi][ sLiTsk, sZaP[xtsQsVVV [sk, xmsxmsLiRaRPWssVW @LiVVs aRPVRRWxmsLi[ DLiRRLi @s[ ORPQLi gRi zqsjs F~LiyLRiV.

a][ ee @؃ysLRixsxmsyyRs][xms[\ZaP

ryQRVLi [NSs ˳sRsbPػyxmsFyxmsRsWys,

sVVNSQ* ssLi sszms[ sVW][ sMxqsLRids

aRPsWLRiWQQLjiaRPLRi ˳Vss[ aRPLiNRPLSyLRiLRiWFy.

"@؃s sVs[ @LRisVRLi[ xmsT xqsLiryLRi sVs[ yygjibP¿[R DTNTPLi s[RVRVRWs sVsV ARs][xms[aS¿[R LRiOTPQLiRRLiN]LRi\ZNP sssVVsV sR ssXORPQsVWLisVLiT aRPLiNRPLSyLRiLRiWxmsLi[ [ sxqsWs bPsos sVWLji [NRPLi[ xqsLiRLjixqsWsj''.

a][ee xqsNRPxmsRLi xqssVyxms gRiVLRiV

LjigRisWNRPxqsVsWLRisNSxqsNRPX[,

DxmsNRPQ RV {mshRiRLi xmsjys

xqs*NRPbPxtsQsLSs sRyRjFys.

""gRiRVLRiV \ss aRPLiNRPLSyLRiVV s[][NRP \sVs DRsVsWLSs xmsNSbPLixms¿[RVRLi N]LRiNRPV xqsLRi*Qryys F~Lij (@jztsQLi) {mshRixqssVVyRWs sN], Rs bPxtsQxmssVVVsV {mshSjxmsRVsVgS sRVsVLiyLRiV.

a][ee sgRisWsxqsVRXN`P RR GxtsQ gRiVLRiV

LRi骫ssVVNTPNRPlLi[ sLRiNSxmsolLi[,

xmsLRisVgRiyLi sLRiNSsVNRPLi

xqs*RVsVLRiLiVVRVLi ssxqsRV=LRisV.

""zmssV s[yLiRsVVsV RNRPgS xmsLkiOTPQLis C gRiVLRiVso xmsLRisVsosV ¿[Lji Ds sLRiNSsVNRPsV xqs*RVLigS @LjiLiRRLiN]LRiNRPV xqsLiryLRiLisVLiT sVVNTP NRPgjiLi¿[ DRsV \sVs NSLixmsoLRiLi[ LRiNSLi sszqsLiyRV.

a][ee xqs DFyxqssRWRsyLRiRW

sgRisVs\lLiM xqsx xqsLiNRPRRW,

xqssVRVLi z sRVs xmsLRisRQsLRiM

xqssVyxms R zqsjsVyR xmsolLi[.

""xmsLRixs[R[ ZaP[xtsv\s A gRiVLRiVso DFyxqss¿[R, ARsyLRiLi¿[R, s[Rs[R][ xqsLi˳xtsQ¿[y NSLi gRiRVxmsoRW C xmsoLRiLi[ zqsj F~LiyRV''.

a][ee xqs*NRP{mshRislLi[ xqsNRPsVVsLi

sRyR= z {mshRixmsLi gRiVLRiVLS,

@˳R z W7R xmsLRiLS`

˳sy xqs xmsLRisV {mshRiR[M.

""A gRiVLRiVZaP[xtsvRV Rs {mshSsNTP xqsLRi*sVVss {mshSjxmsgS ¿[zqs, G RVdLiRVRV C {mshSsNTP @jxmsgS DLiز][ @RRV y {mshRixqssVVyRWsNTP @jxms @soyRV @s NRPWR ¿FyRV''.

sVWee RRsLiRLRiLi FyRVM xqsxxqsRVssV[ NS[ ˳LRiyss[M RVsyRRVM aSxqsNS LS؃s xqs=sV˳Wss, [V z xmsLRisVFysyRW \sjNRPxqsLRi[M xmsxmnsWRs[ sLRiyM, @yxmnsWR RLRiaSxqsQyLSgRiyM, @xmsLjiyyR aSxqsQ sXyLiyM, [VuyLi yLRiVlL^iyLi xqsLixmsj e \M aSxqssWyyLi ˳LRidRWy sVzms sVyLizqs RVy LS B y[Vs, NRP[M xms˳تyR xR RRsV ryLki[y˳Wss e [V RV RRsVxqsLRiLi ysVsVs*[, [ R ճdy yNRPVyLiRM NRPLRiM xqssV˳sse ZNP[uyLi Rs xXRRWs RLRixqs*LRiWxms sLRi[V @xms˳W, @xqsRQZOP[Q saS*xqs{ys R xqsLisXyse RRaRP ˳LRi[ @˳VRRV sM ZaP[RVxqs sys˳W[ RlLi[Qxmsj xmssX LRiRLiRLi NRPXaRPy sVjgRiy e xqsyyL][7 zms xqsLixqsLiճRxmsyL][ 7 ˳W` e yRVLRi*LRiQ ssry RWLki˳Wy e RLRi}qsRsaRP sLRiWFy xqs=sVsxtsQR e

@sVee RLRiVyR yyxmso sLiVV xqsLisR=LS FyV RVsyRVV ˳LRiR[aRP FyNRPV RWLRiV. yLiRLRiW xmsLRisVFyss\sVs \sjNRPsWLSs R*LixqsLi ¿[RVysNTP AxqsNRPVQ\ DyLRiV. RLRiaSryQ gRiLiRLi NRPWR yNTP RVRV. @yRaSxqsQLi @Li[ GsV[ yZNP[ sWRsVW xmsLjiRRVLi [RV. yNTP \sxqsLixmsR @Li[s[ sgRiV.""RVy LS Ry xmsM'' @s[ yRVLi¿[R, NRPxms˳تsLis NRPWR y¿[R FyLixmsRVRWs ˳LRidRVV sVsxqsV=V NRPWR ys[ @sVxqsLjiLi DLi[s. y xmsRs @sVxqsLjiLiRNRPWRRsVNRPVs[y sVsxqsV=V ˳RVLi][ yNRPVLigS DLi[s. RLRixqs*LRiWxmsLi GsV[ sLRiLiVVLi¿[ rysVLRiQLi [s N]LiRLji xXRRW[, sVs xmsORPQLi sxtsQRVLi[ saS*xqsLi xqssgjiLij. ys][ ˳LRiR[aRPLi[ @˳VRRVsMZaP[RVryNTP sVWNSLRi \sVs RLRixqsLisVR \sVs sWLRiLi[ xmssLjiLiRRLi y RgjiFLiVVsj. xqsyyLSsNTP xmsyLRiLi sFLiVVLij. yRVLRi*LRiQssxqs RWLRiLi @LiVVFLiVVLij. RLSsNTP xqsLiLijLis sRVsWV yLRiVsW \lLiss.

sVWee GsLi zqs[, W z aRPLiNRPLSyLRiLRiW}msتsdLRi, xmsVRLRiy\M @\sjNSs RLRi+ys sxmnsVRV, RLRiQLixmsLiys sVs_ xqsLiryxmsRWsWxqs, xqs Gs ˳gRiys aRPLi˳VM CaSsM ry*sVuys[s, aSxqsQ LRixryLRi xmsNSaRPs xmsVճ LRiQXRVy\M xmsLRisVRLRi˳Wy \Q*R RLRi+s xms[Rs R y sZaP[\|tsQM, ˳LRiys_ RLRisWLRixqs gSssVxmsdsRV, xqsVxmsztsQRR* xqsLiFyRyRV, RLRixmsuyxmsy yLRi LRiW}msتsRLRi sWsaRPNRPsV sbPR, gRiRVLRiV [bPZNP[LiR $RLiRZaP[lLi[LiR xqsLRixqs*d xqs*LRiW}msتs RyLSss sVLiR[e

@sVee B DLiWLiRgSc˳gRisLiRV\s G aRPLi˳Vso, G CaSsVRV aRPLiNRPLSyLRi LRiWxmsLi[ @sRLjiLi @\sjNS \s RLRi+ysV ¿[jLi ˳WsVdsVR RLRisWLSs ryzmsLiy][ A aRPLi˳Vs[ ysV xqs*RVLigS ¿[zqs @sVuysLi¿[R, aSxqsQLi[ Ds LRixxqs sxtsQRWsV xmsNSbPLixms¿[RVRLi[ xqssVLRiQ\sVs sVXRVxqsLi˳xtsQ¿[R, xmsLRisVRLRiQ\sVs @\Q*RRLRi+ys [jLiRRLi sxtsQRVLi[ xqssVLRisVVVgS xmszqsRsVV\s sbPxtsQsxtsQRV ssLRi¿[y RLRisWLSsNTP GLRiTs gSss ]gjiLi Ljigji yss ˳LRiR[aRPLi[ zqsLRiLigS sxmsys\ZNP RLRixmsuyxmsyyLRiLRiWxmsLi[ @sRLjiLiRRLi @sxqsLRiLi @s saRPLiVVLiRVN]s gRiRVLRiVc [bPZNP[LiRc RLiRZaP[lLi[LiRxqsLRixqs*dLRiWxmsLi[ ˳WsVLiRLi dsVR @sRLjiLiyRV.

sVWee $sVjLRiss ryyLRi\ LRi sVxRQ\lLiM, xqsLRi* [N][RLRixmns\M, s[R RRLRisWLRi xqssVVRLRi؃sVNRPW yFyLRiLRiW\|msM RLji\M, $RLRi؃yLi ˳gRisy @ճsQQNS ˳s e

@sVee $RLRiVV ˳gRisLiRV[ @s[ sxtsQRVLica][˳ظRVVNRPsVVV, BRLRiVsLjiNUP ryRsVVV NSsds, xqssVxqssVsV DRLjiLiRR sVs[ xmsysxmnsLi N]LRiNRPV D[bPLiR Tsds s[ysV, s[RsWLSs DRLjiLiRysNTP @sVNRPW\sVs NSLS LRiWxmsLi[ Dsds @LiVVs yLji RLjiR ¿[Rs[ xqsxtsQLi @soRVLij.

sVWee @sdLRixqs Rry Gs sRVzqs c sRM RWsaS Gs, $NSLidsgRilLi[ $aRPLiNRPLRi˳gRisyQ\M xqs*RVsVRVztsQRM, RRsV xqsLRi* ճOSQQ*jճ LRixmsoLigRi\sM xmsLjiFysWsM $NSsVN][RW xmsjRM, RVM {mshRiLSM, Rryj xms[*s xmsճ}tsQNRP sVx[R=sM xqssVs e

@sVee @sRLjiLis A aRPLiNRPLRiVRV c $NSLisgRiLRiLi[ ryOSQRV $aRPLiNRPLRi ˳gRisyRVV @jztsQLisj, RLRiVyR xqsLRi*ճORPVso sVVR\s RVxmsoLigRiso¿[R xqsLiLRiOTPQLixmsTj, $NSsVN][ @sV }msLRiV][ xmszqsRsVW @LiVVs ZaP[xtsQ\sVs {mshSsNTP @jxmsgS, xmsRsVWRV xqsLisR=LS sRVxqsV=[ @ sVVsLi[, @ճztsQNRPV RRWRV.

sVWee RRjxms[*yճztsQN][ W RVsLRiM [\ss RdhSj[syxmsp NRPLRiy, ys[s sVxmsLiT[y {ms RRRsRVsVM e @RxqsdhRisVLSyճM, Ryrys sy*s xmsLRisVLSgRiR RdhRi [sysVWLkiM xmsRLRi+Q, RRWxmsNTPRWLi [RLiVVRVLi ""BRVLi $RssdaRP*LRisVWLjiM, BRVLi $ xmsoLRixqsVLiRLkisVWLjiM, Bs[V xmsLiyRVRs sVWLji򾻽[*s xmszqsy gRiyyRRVM'' Byj xqsLRi*sVVNRPys e xqsNRPXRVNTPsW[ $ RV[M, x[MNSػ` xqsVxmsLjiRsVs, gRiXxxms[M gRiXLRi xmsLjiNRPLRi xmsLjiRRV Bs, RR=LRi* sVsgRiRsW{qs`e

@sVee G RVdLiRVRV A {mshSsNTP @jxmsgS @ճztsQNRPV _y][ @RRV sWRs[V A {mshSj[sR xmsp ¿RW NSs, sVxmsLiTRV \y NRPWR BRLRiV s*LRiV ¿[RVNRPWRRV @s A {mshRiLi[ Ds sRVsVLi. @LiRV¿[R A {mshRiLi[ Ds NRPVV zqss Aryssy*LixqsVRV xmsLRiLixmsLRigS sxqsWs A {mshRiLi[s [sysVWLRiVsV RWzms A sVWLRiV xmsp؄syys [jLiRRLiN]LRiNRPV ""Bj RLiRsdaRP*LRisVWLji. Bj xmsoLRi xqsVLiRLkisVWLji. Bs xmsLiyRVRssVWLRiV s xmszqsRV\s gRiyyRVV'' Byj sRLigS @s sxtsQRWV ¿FyRV. INRP sWLRiV C sRLigS ¿zmssLiRsWRLi¿[Rs[ A RV A sxtsQRW sLiRds y NSLi sVLi y xmsLjiR\sVs sxtsQRVsVVsV s gRizLiyRV; gRiXxxqsVRV Rs gRiXxLi[ Ds sxqsVso ssLids gRiVLjiLisV @yRWxqsLigS gRiVLjiLiyRV.

sVWee RRM @LRiyxmsxqsN_ ""@lLi[Q [s[ @LRiZNP[s "R*s[VyxsVzqs' B y[Vs @˳[RRXztsQM NRPLRiy'' BRVxmsjxtsQ sWrysxmsLiT[s e ryzms yLS RV [LRi sW[ y˳ػ` e Ry xqsRVM RLRixqs sVLiRW gRiճdLRiRW RXaS ""@LRiy xmsxqsN_?'' BR[R`, xqsLRi*Q\s[RVLi RXztsQ LSsaRPNUP V, ""@LRiy xmsxqsN_ B NTPsV? ByaRPRVyss Dxms[uyLRisVs[ORPQsWM e BLigjiRxqs @jgRiR RyaRPRVryxqs xmsLiTRsLRixqs xXRRVLi "@x[ sbPuy xms˳ @xqs NRP}qs' sxqs[Vs, "{mshRisLRiry xqskRVxqs @L>RiRsVM @jxmsLRiQ' B xL<SlLi[ZNP[ R xqssVVQXLiճR sW{qs` e @sgRiR RR*QXyLiyM {mshSsVRWLiVVsM xqslLi[* @sVLiysLiR sLRiLSM xqss˳Wss e

@sVee RLRiVyR A ArysxmsLiTRVRV c ""@LRi胫s ¿[}qs xqsLiRLRiLi[ @LRi胫s ¿[}qsyRV @LjiLiRRgjis [sos sxtsQRVLi[ ""sVs[* s[sV @sV @˳[RVj][ DLiy'' @s Dxms[bPLiyRV. C sxtsQRVLi NRPWR A RVNTP N]RjgS NRPsR[RV. @xmsV y RV LRiVsso*][ xqsVLiRLRisVVgS Ds gRiLiճdLRi\sVs RWxmso][ @ Dxms[bPLis ArysxmsLiTRV RWxqsW ""@LRi胫s ¿[}qs xqsLiRLRiLi[y?'' @s xmsbPLiyRV. ""BLi RXztsQ FsxmsVRW DLiy NRPy?@LRi胫s ¿[}qs xqsLiRLRiLi[ @s[ sW GsV?'' @s[ ˳تsLi A LRiVsso*[, A xmsaRP[ xqsVLjiLisj. A xmsLiTRsLRiVRV A RV sVsxqsV=[s ˳تys gRizLiyRV.""A! CVRV FsLiR sbPxtsQ xms˳xqsLixmssVRV! sVs ZaP[xtsQ\sVs {mshSsNTP @s sy Rgjis @jxms ճLiyRV''@s A xmsLiTRVs xXRRVLi xL<SaRPLS][ DF~LigjiFLiVVsj. A {mshSsNTP xqsLiLijLisyLiRLRiW C sxtsQRVLi zqs @sVLiysLiR˳LjiRxXRRVV RWLRiV.

sVWee GRdhRi xmspLS*y\lLiQQM ssryxms xmsLjiFy sWy\Q*Rxqs˳ظRWM @RQORPQM xmsLiTygRigRiM, RVuy R xճLRiR*Q\lLiM, xmsLiRsRZOP[QQRy{qs NRPXxtsQ aSzqsQ sVx[RRVM, ""NRPM NRPaRPyxqsk[V {mshRislLi[ @jxms [*yճztsQNRPM, NTPsVRV sWyLRirys[ @sryRVLi, sVxRLRiLi, {mshRiNSLRiLi sL][*RVLi R aRPNRPVRW`'' B xqsLijsM, gRiy* xqs*RVLi RxtsQsLi sV[V sbPR, RR gRiRM, RVR xqs RVMe y*LRisVNRPsV @LiRMxmss}tsQ xqs, xmsoLRiry` NTPLiRWlLi[ Axqss[ DxmssxtsQM, LRiVLSNRPXM, xmsxqss[LiQjRVM RLRixqsxqssVVzqs sRssVLiRM, sbPLiRM, RVM RXg][RL][7˳W` e RX}tsQ xqsRzqss, xmsLiTygRigRixqs c xmsLjiRLRiRW xqsVRX|m^s#LSxs dsRWRgjiճ LRiVxmsjxtsQR RQ*xqs, xmsLRisWLRixqs, bPxtsQxmsLRixqs, DxmsN][xqsxqs sVVLi, xmsyry[R RXuy xmsLRiRW7sVNRPsVRW AyL][ sR ""xsR Bs rsV [ sVVLi ˳ؼd'' ; }qsRVLi DxmsN][xqs NRPy xqsQX xmsRsWgRiy e @x[ N][7RVLi sbPxtsQ Bs ˳ؼd LiRRVs RV[ LRiLiNRP sWgRiRM e ry*sNRP sWgRiRLi RLi xmsLiTygRigRiLi xqs RVM "ALRi! RLRiQLi ˳sysVgji x[yRsVuysLi sLRisLSRVLi R y? RxmsaRPLS R'? BRxmsXR` e xmsLiTR sLRixqs xXRRVLi xL<Ri sxqsRW˳ sW xmspLjiR sW{qs`e @LiRRV\¿Q誫ssV c "@x! N][7RVLi M, zms][LRiVR=LigS jydss[Vs zLSgRiRM? sbPxtsQ aSryQ ykRys, sVxmsLiTR Bs ˳ؼ e DRRLRiLi ˳Ἵ e sRssVxqs xsRQ* sVճsLiRV, sRsLi yxqs RLRisRsVR*sV e @RVLi rysWs B s sVsssV e sWssVs[s {mshRisLRixqs xqsLRi*][sVV sNSr ˳sxtsQ. xqsLRi*y yxqs sy ˳sxtsQ' B sbPR ry*aRPRVLi RR[xtsv xR R xmsNSaRPRVs xqsLi][}tsQ xqs*xmsoLRiLi RVR e RRaRP RV[M M xqsLixmsoztsQRxqs sXORPQxqs gRisBs, RWLRiRLRiLi xqssV gRi yFy 7 ˳W`.

@sVee @s[NRP RVV ¿[zqssyRV, xmsLiRsRZOP[QQRsy{qs @LiVVs NRPXxtsQaSzqsQ @s[ xmsLiTygRigRiVRV C {mshSs @jztsQLis ssVNRP AyLRiVV ryzmsLi FyLis @\Q*Rxqs˳NRPV @RQORPVRVgS DLi[yRV. ""sVs {mshSsNTP @jxmsgS FssL][ V @ճ}tsQNTPLiy LRi; C AyLRi rysLi[ DLiRysNUP, y NRPxtsQ\sVs {mshSjxmsys sLRi*zLiRysNTP BRRV xqssVLRiV[y'' @s[ xqsLi[xLi][, xqs*RVLigS s sxtsQRVLi GsW VxqsVN][y @s[ @ճFyRVLi][ A xmsLiTRsLRiVRV A RV Ds ryysNTP sزRV. ARVs y*LRiLi[ xmss[bPLiRgSs[ N]Li¿Li RWLRiLi[ @LiR\sVs ANSLRiLi][, xmsxqsssVV\s BLijRW][, LRiVsso*][ xmsNSbPxqsWs sVVsVLiRLi][, Fs Liy [NRPVLiy INRP AxqssLidsVR NRPWL]s Ds RV NRPsyRV. yLi][gRixmssxtsQRV[ INRP NRPR DLij. DxmsN][xqsV Rs[ INRP VRV Rs AyLRiVRV xmsyrysNTP s sxmsVRV ARVs A xmsNSLRiLi @xsdsRWRgRiVNRPV }qss ¿[aSRV. @LiRVNRPV xqsLi][ztsQLis A @gRiVV ysNTP xmsLRisWLRiRyQ*s Dxms[bPLiyLRiV. xmsyxqsLi sVLiT s胫s AyLRiVRV [kxmssWsLigS sgjiFRWs bPxtsvs sVVLi RW FsLi][ }mssV][ ""rsVVy! ds sVVLi xs[R sVVLi s sgjiFRWs[!'' @yRV. C RVs RWRgSs[ NRPXxtsQaSzqsQNTP A DxmsN][xqsVs NRPR sVsxqsV=[ xqsVLjiLiLij. ""A! C NRPVRV @ryyLRixmsتsLiRVRV s Dy[!'' @s @sVN]LiW ARVs A RV RgRiLjiNTP sLRiV. Rs RgRiLjiNTP s胫s ARVssV RW A RVc ""ALS! RLRixqsLisVR\sVs dsV @gjix[yRsVuysLi @Liy sLRiLiRLSRVLigS LRiVgRiVRVsy? RxmsaRPLRi N]srygRiVRVsy?'' @s xmsbPLiyRV. A sWV ssgSs[ A xmsLiTRZaP[xtsvs sVsxqsV= AaRPLSsLiy][ sLiTFLiVVLij. ARVs sVsxqsV=[ C sRLigS @sVN]yLRiVc ""RRLiRV IT[sVLi BxmsV[ jgji s胫s C V sLRiV? sZaP[ztsQLi aSryQRRVsLi Gk ¿[RV[RV; sVxmsLiTRVRV s NRPsRVRVyRV. FsLi][ DR \sVs Lki[ sWزRVRWyRV; BR ]NRP g]xms xs[R RVs dss sVVLi xqsWxqsWsj. CRs sWV BRRV g]xms RLRis[R @s VxmsoRVyLiVV. BRRV sWsVWV V Rs @sVN]sysNTP dsV [RV. CRs y*LS ZaP[xtsQ\sVs C {mshSsNTP xqsLRi*][sVVճsXj ճxqsVLij. BRs xqsLRi*R*Li xmszqsj¿LiRVRVLij''. C sRLigS saRPLiVVLiRVN]s @NRPR sVsyLjiNUP yتsVLij BRLRiVNRPW NRPWR Rs @ճFyRVLi zms xqsLi][xtsQLi][ Rs xmsoLSsNTP Ljigji sزRV. @xmssVLiT A RV VVNRP NUPLji. gS xmsoztsQLis sXORPQsVVVVNRP xqsVgRiLiRLi s, xqsVRWLRiLigS @s jNRPV[sV yzmsLisj.

sVWee RRM ylLi[ NS[, $LiVZNP[aRP*LRiZOP[QQ[, gRiRLiNSRW @Li[aRP*LS ryLiNRP xmsuy sVx[R=sM NRPLRis B sLkiRLi RsLijLRi NSLRi sLS*x\ZNPM. $aRPLiNRPLRi ˳gRisy=Q\lLi[s xmsRsV sVNSLji yLiNS˳LRiLiNRPLRi[R=sxqsry [yMe RRM xms˳X Ry˳LRi xqsLiryLRiM RVy AsaRPNRPM, Ry $˳gRisykRV NSsVN][ {mshSk \ZaPlLi[s RyLRiLi sLRiVxsWLi sLRi򾻽[ e GsLi zqs[, xmsjRRVaRPxqsM, sVxmsLiTyM, sVxy y xqsLixmsy, xqsyds $aRPXLigRigjiLji {mshSkaS LiVZNP[aRP*LRi ZOP[QQR sWgRiR sRVs[VsRyLiNRP sVx[R=ssLS*xNS ˳##s[s[V sVLijLRiNSLRi sLS*x ZNP[˳[ ss[RRVs e $NSsVN][{mshRi NSLRiNRPLSL][ 7zms $RVy ryNRPLi RygRiR, @xqsdhSkaRP*Q\lLi lLi[\sRyLRi sLS*x\ZNPLS骫sLi, y\sQLjiR[Rs e RRM [dssVLijLRi sLS*xNSM NSLRiLislLi[RV sVORPQsW xqssQLRiRV NRPLRiظRV yRW[V BsVsVLiaRP sVVxmsOTPQxmssLiRM e yRV sLRiRWjNSLjiM xqssVN`P xqsVLRiLi syLRi, $NSsVN][ {mshSkaSy s[VyyjNSLRiM, ys[uysV, $aRPXLigRigjiLji {mshSk \ZaPLRiR s ryRs sV][7sR gRiLiRs sV sLRiRVLi RNRPVM e sLRiRVLi RsVsVxqs=QXR sVxysM $aRPXLigRigjiLji {mshSkaSM xmsry[sV @˳Wsse [uyLi xmsry[sVyLi. RsQLRiRVLi R aRPVy* sbPxtsQ sxtsQRV ss[Rs xmsVRLRijxtsQ[ RVM GssVyk` ""@zqss NSlLi[ NRPRLRiryjNSLRi B z yRVrys[ syLRi[*s DxmsOTPQFLi7 aRPM, RL>ji D˳WLRi[ @sRLRiryjNSLRiM ys}qs sLRiRVNRPLRiLi RVVNRPLi c $aRPXLigRigjiLji {mshSk \ZaPLji][7sR gRiLiRssV R yRWk\ZaPLRiVR[ e NTPsVLRis[VsLi \LRiVR[? c @xmsxqsNRPM V rLi7 aRPM'' B. yLSsVsWLi xmsry[sVM sVsM [ ry*sVsM aRPVy*, RV[ Lji*xtsQRV ss[Rs xmsVy sVjgRiR sVLiR sWsLiR sVs*˳Wss, sxqsRVLi R; @x[ yRVLi rysWs NRPM c xqsLRi*N][ sVjgRiR鼽, sLjixtsvLRiRVsV e @ryjxms[ RdhRixqs xqsLRi*][ sVV[sNSxqsM xqsLixmsR=Q[, BybdPLji LRiճsLiR xmszqsyM e

@sVee Bj B DLiRgSc RgRiLRis[ Ds $LiVZNP[aRP*LRiZOP[QQRLi[ gRiRLi\Vs @Li[aRP*LjiNTP yLiNRPxmsuysVx[R=sLi (NRPLS˳LRiV RLjiLixms¿[}qs DR=sLi) LjizmsLiy s [yRVNSLRisLS*xNRPVV sLRiLiVVLiyLRiV. A [sNTP sVVsVVR yLiNS ˳LRiLiNRPLRi[R=sLi aRPLiNRPLRi˳gRisyRV[ ¿[zqs DyLRiV. @j sVVRV A A˳LRixqsLiryLRiLi ¿[RVszqss sxmsVR A NSLRiLi $˳gRisyRVV @jztsQLis NSsVN][{mshRisVVsV @jztsQLisylLi[ ¿[xqsW DLi[yLRiV. B DLiRgScsVxmsLiTRVV, sVNUPLjixqsLixmssVV @LiVVs A y $aRPXLigRigjiLji {mshSkaRP*LRiVV LiVZNP[aRP*LRiZOP[QQysNTP s yLiNRPsVx[R=sLi s[Vs[V sLRi*zryLi @s [yRVNSLRisLS*xNRPVNRPV RVxmsLSLRiV. $NSsVN][{mshRiNSLRiNRPLRiV NRPWR $RV][ @NRPTNTP s C NSLRiLi sW {mshSkaRP*LRiV[ ¿RW NSs BRLRiV s*LRiW ¿[RVNRPWRRV @yLRiV. @xmsVRV [yRVNSLRiLi Fs ¿RW[ sLRiLiVVLiRysNTP @xqssVLRiV\ Rgjis sLRiRVLi N][xqsLi C sxtsQRVLi yRWRWsNTP dxqsVN]ssLRiV. yRVsLRiRWjNSLRiVV y NSLi C sxtsQRVLi gS xmsLjibdPLic ""C DR=sLi sLRi*zLi¿[ @jNSLRiLi $NSsVN][{mshSkaRP*LRiVZNP[ NSs BRLRiV ZNPs*LjiNUP [RV; $aRPXLigRigjiLji{mshSkaRPV NRPR DLiRNRPWRRV; C ZOP[QQRLi sT sVL]NRP ][NTP s'' @s sLRiLiVVLiyLRiV. A sLRiRVLi xmsNSLRiLi sVRVQ\s $aRPXLigRigjiLji{mshSkaRPVV xmsRWجsNTP zqsRLi @RWLRiV. A sLRiRWs gRiWLji, aRPXLigRigjiLji{mshSkaRPVV xmsRW[sVVRWLRiV @s[ sxtsQRWds VxqsVNRPVs, sbPxtsQsVV\s sxtsQRWsV ss[LiRRLi[ @xqssVLRiQ\sVs Vj gRi, RV B @yLRiVc ""C NSLRiLi ¿[RVysNTP FssLjiNTP @jNSLRiLi Dsj @s NRPy yRVryysNTP dzqsN]s ss sxtsQRVLi? BRLji[ INRPLjiNTP sWRs[V @jNSLRiLi, sVL]NRPLjiNTP [RV @s sLRiRVLi ¿[RVRLi sWRs[V RVVNRPLi. $aRPXLigRigjiLji{mshSkaRP*LRiVV BNRPTsVLiT sVL]NRP ][NTP sFy s NRPWR yRWkaRPV LiVyLRiV. yLRiV B FsLiRVNRPLiVyLRiV?BNRPR ks xmsxqsNTP [RV NRPy?''. xmsRWճsVVV \s A sVry*sVVyLRiV C sxtsQRVLi ss RVNTP sxtsQRVss[RsLi[ Ds rysVLSQs gRiWLji VxqsVN]s g]xms AaRPLSsLiyV F~LiyLRiV. ""BRRV rysWsVQ\s NRPVRV NSRV. sXj[sNTP LSgRi BRRV xqsLRi* xqsLRixqssV ¿[LRisVyRV. dss AjxmsRLi[ {mshRiLi xqsLRi*][sVVصjxmsRLi F~LiRVRVLij''@s AbdPxqsV=][ @ճsLijLi xmsRW\sV sLRiV.

sVWee @s[s xqsss[ZaP[s [bPZNP[Li[xtsv $RLRi[xtsv @sVsLRisWy c sxtsQRV ss[Rs xmsVy, aRPf sV[ R xqsLRi*R xqssVRXNS, yQ\VNRPRXNS R, xqssVgRiճsQQNSe {qs*RVLi rLRi˳sVVR=QX[s xmsoxtsQsVVsxtsQd [NRPzqsR sW˳NRPsV e

@sVee AyLRisLRiV \s $RLRiV[ sRsLisVLiU @s郫sLigS @sVsLjixqsW sxqsWs sxtsQRVss[RyrysVLRiQsVW, aRPRVso sxtsQRVLi[sV, sVRV sxtsQRVLi[sV, @LiRLjisxtsQRVLi[sW NRPWR xqssVRXztsQ yQ\VNRPORPQFyRsVW @s[s C xqsLixmnsVssV xms xqsxtsQLigS VxqsVyLiVV. ""xmsoxtsQLi xmsoRVRWs[ xqsVgRiLiRLi sRsVVRVLij''@s[ [N][NTP xmszqsRs[V NRPy?

sVWee sgRiWRsVR ryLRi*QsV, szLjis yLRiV. RyRszqsRVLi xms˳sLi xqslLi[* e NRPVbPNRP sLiR[7xmsyk` c ""@xLi s[j sVysLi LSsVLi xqsR xmsLSNRPsVsVe szqsuzms sV[ [V ys[ Rxmszqs zqsyM'' B $LSsVRsxms˳V sVjNRPXR e

@sVee NRP[ @gji s dsLji[ sgRiWRLigS Ds xqsLRi*y*s @LiRLRiW gRiVLjiLixmsLRiV. @LiRV¿[Rs[ $LSsVRLiRxms˳VsosV gRiWLji sWزRVRWsxmsVRV saS*sVRVRVc

""@xLi s[j sVysLi LSsVLi xqsRxmsLSNRPsVsV

szqsu 7zms sV[ [V ys[ Rxmszqs zqsyM''

""sVRVRV, xqsRxmsLSNRPsVVRV @LiVVs LSsVV gRiWLji yNRPV VxqsV; sV[M aS\Vs szqsxtsvsNTP VxqsV; RxmsxqsV= ¿[}qs RFRsVNRPV VxqsV'' @s @yRV.

sVWee ¿[uysVLRiNRP Bs ˳xqssW[7zms, xqsyylLi[, ry*aRPsWR RLSsVuys[, $[sysLjisryRWLi, RRQ*ys suyRWLi ysxms[RsLi s\ss cxqs*RVsVRLi yxqsNRPsWy GyRVsV; @xmssV xms˳aSd Re @yzms aSxqsQsRQ*sVFysaRPNRP sWyLRi {mshRisVjztsQR }qsy[R, sRVVLis sVRsM xmsLiT][ RsWs RV sVyxmsLiVVRVLi {mshRiNSLRi sLS*xNS sXyMe xmsplLi[*uysVzms gRiVLRiVs[VRLi @yxmsLi s[Vs sVs*[sXy G[. RaRPLRi][7zms ˳gRisLiRLi $LSsVRsLicEs uRaRPsL<][[7RVsV[s WNRPys sVxlL<i[ Lji*aS*sVRxqs xqssWgRis[V e

@sVee ¿[xtsQRVLiRV AxqsNTP NRPyRV s NRPsRVRVy NRPWR ry [s xms˳ gRi C RV xqsyyLRisVV, Rs AaRPsWsNTP Rgjis RLSsV ARLjiLiRRsVV, [syLSRs, RRQ*ysLi[ zqsLRiLigS DLiRRLic C sVVR\s NSLS[ Fss*Lji }msLRi NRPWy [NRPVLiRgSs[ xmssLjixqsWLi[yRV. @LiVVy NRPWR AyLRi{mshRiLi @jztsQLisysNTP aSxqsQ؃sLi NRPWR AsaRPNRP sVs[ @ճFyRVLi][ {mshRiNSLRisLS*xNRPV\s |msRV C RVNTP aSryQV s[LRiys\ZNP xmsLiT][RsVVsV sRVsVLiyLRiV. CsXRVV, xmspLRiV*NRPV NRPWR gRiVLRiV\ss CRss FyhRiLi ¿xmsszqss VgS ˳؄sLiyLRiV. saS*sVRVRV s胫sxmsoRV RaRPLRiRVRV NRPWR ˳gRisLiRV\s LSsVV gRiWLjicBRRV xmsRlLi[ [xmso xmszqsVRV @s @yRV !

sVWee ""AyLS^s sy sjy ryjxtsQLi Fyxms`''

B aRPVRsVaSxqss zqsR xqsyyLRi xmsLjiLRiORPQQ\NRPsLRiR xqs=RVM, RVy RVy RVLi RVsVLRiLi xqssVVR[RRVs xmsLiT][RsW xqsR=LRi*sVsVR, @syLRi rysVLSQ aRPRW` @sVxmsRs[Vs RV][NRPLi xmssRs, @جs R aSryQ d\Vs gSxe @zms R sVdsztsQ sVLiR xqssWs sVdsuy Fys[s [NRPsXRsVzms xqssVgSNRPRV, {mshRiNSLS xqsLS* xqsRVLi sLRi*QQLRiLiVVRVLi R xms˳VLRi˳W` e

@sVee ""AyLRi^s sy sjy ryjxtsQLi Fyxms`'' (AyLRiVssVLiT F~LiRTs sR[V ryxmnss F~LiRVRVLij) @sV aRPVsRVsVLi¿[R zqsjLis xqsyyLSs xmsLjiLRiOTPQLiRRLi[ AxqsNTP gRi A RV xmsLiT][RsVVV G [V aSryQsV G [V sRLigS Dxms[bPLiyL][ ys A sRLigSs[ Ljigji ¿xmsoRW y ssLids @yRWxqsLigS gRizLiyRV. s[VysLiRVV NRPWR sVRVNRPVs[ VjaRPNTP][ NTPNRP sxtsQRWsV NRPWR gRiVgS xmsLjibdPLi {mshSsNTP xqsLiLijLis NSLS ds ys[ xqs*RVLigS sLRi*zLiRysNTP Rgjis rysVLRiQLi xqsLiFyjLiyRV.

sVWee sVRsxqsxqs RVRaSxqsQsRQ*Li, xqs*xqsRLRixqs, xqs*sxqs, xqsLRi*xqs R [NRPxqs LRiORPQ[ RRLRiy, sskOSQj sRVsVxmspLRi*NRPLi aS{qsQRV xqsyyLRi RFyyjxtsv R @NRPVLihjiR suy, xmsLRisVNSuysVjgRiy aSLiyLiyj xqsLixmsM @ryyLRi [NRPy ByRW [V NRPgRiVM RRQRVVNS M c xqsLixmsoztsQ Rxqs sXORPQxqs gRis Bs RWLRiRWLRiLi [aSLiRlLi[xtsQ*zms xmsRy, xmsjy y{qs` e ssVճ LRiaRPaRPLijNSճ LSNRPXxtsQ sVsryLi ˳NRPyyLi c jRXORPWLi Ry xqsWy sWLSkyLi R yy[bdPRWy sWgRisVs sVճsLRisWs sW{qs` xmspFyRxqs @sWsVxtsQ jysV˳s xqsLixmssxqs Rxqs RVsLRixqsQ RLRi+s[s, RyRLRi xmspLRi*NRP xqssVVR xqsxms xqsLi˳xtsQصjy, xmsLRisWsVgRix xmspLRi*NRP js sVLiyORPQyj xmsys[s, xqssWgRiR ˳NRPs xqsLi][xM c xmsLRisWLi RXzmsLi, xmsLRisWLi aSLiLi ysV˳sLiRM RRLRi ssxqsNRP xXRRW ظRVLi[ e sM }qs*xtsv c xms˳Vxtsv, sR*RV= c FysVlLi[xtsv, xmsj[xtsv c @xmsj[xtsv, ss[xtsv c xqsVxmsLji[xtsv c R xqssWs Gs RRWsVXR LRixqsxqssVVs[xtsQ sVRVLRiM, RLRixqs LiRVLRiaRP xqsVyNRPLRixqs NRPLRisNRPLRisFyR Bs xmsp$ RLRi؃yLi RXNRPQryLRiM. xqssVRLki+ z ˳gRiys xqsLRi*R xqsLRi*y e

@sVeeA sVRVs @aSxqsQ؃ssVW, Rs RLSds Rs ؃yds xqssVxqs [NSds LRiOTPQLiRRLi[ AxqsNUP, sskOSQjsRVsWsV FyxqsW aS{qsQRVxqsyyLRisVVRVLiRV, RFyyRVLiRW @NRPVLihjiR\sVs sxtsQ][ DLiRRLi, @RVsyryLiVV ¿[LRiVN]s aSLiyLiyjxqsLixms, @ryyLRi\sVs [NRPssLRi؃sLi sVVR\s NRPgRiVV, ys NRPgjis NUPLji NRPWR gS xmsoztsQLis sXORPQLiVVNRP xqsVgRiLiRLi sV sVW yzmsLi sV @RWLRiLigS [aRPs[aS[ NRPWR @LiR yzmsLiLij. sLRi\sVs NUPLjiRLijNRP¿[R ANRPL<jiLixmsTs sVsxqsV=V gRi ˳NRPsVV dsLjis gRiWLji VxqsVN]ssss[ N][LjiNRP gRiyLRiV, ALRiVV sVVR\syLRiV dsLjis RWRs ssV N][LjiNRP][ @s[NRP[aSsVLiT @RjNRPxqsLi[ LSsRLi sVVRLiVVLij. sVsVxtsvNRPV aRPNRPLi NSs jssVV\s aRPNTPrysVLSQV gRi xmspQ\s A RVsLRiVs RLRi+sLi¿[R, ARLRixmspLRi*NRPLigS yLRiV RgRiV Lki RsV][ sWزRRLi¿[R, xmsLRisWsVgRixLi][ js sVLiyORPQyRVsV Bs*RLi¿[R yLji RLRi+sLiN][xqsLi s胫s ˳NRPs xqssVVyRWV g]xms RXzmss, @jNRP\sVs aSLis @sV˳sxqsW yLji FyRxmsRsVV\|ms sVsxqsV=V gRiQQ\sVsy LRisoyLRiV. RLjiRVV, @jNSLRiVV, xmsLiTRVV, FysVLRiVV, xmszqsRVV, @xmszqsRVV, N]RyLRiV, xqsVxmsLjiRVV, BLi @LiRLji sxtsQRVLi[sW NRPWR, RRWsVXR LRixqsxmsryLRiLi¿[R sVRVLRisVW, LRiVsso*][ xmsNSbPLi¿[j @LiVVs $RLRiV RXztsQ xmsryLRisVV, RLiRVs NTPLRixmsryLRiLi s xqssWsLigSs[ DLiVLij. ˳gRisLiRVRV @s ][, FsxmsVRW NRPWR xqssVRLji+[V NRPy?

sVWee jyLi RkRWLi sVWLjiLi RXuy*, ZNP[Rs RNSsVLi RLi sVs*[ e ZNP[Rs sRryLi LkiLi xqssWNRPRV, NRPجsRsRLixqsLi xqsLRi*Li sVs*Li[ e ZNP[Rs sVRVLRi sVRVLSxqskRW sVsV¿[uy @s[NRP, Ry RRW xqsVyLRixqs xqsLijsM RkRWs NRPORPQQxmsryLSLiaRP @sV˳WRV, $NSLidsgRiLRi yLiVVNSLi CaRP*LRis˳Li sVssWy sWRLi[ e xqsLRi*sVVxmsxmsRR Gs xqsLS*RNRPy* yyLRi sLRixqs Rxqse

@sVee $RLRiV jssVWLjis RW N]LiRLRiV ARVssV sVsRVs LiVVLis yLjisgS RVxqsWLiLRiV. yLji sRs\sxmsos RW N]LiRLRiV RLiRVRV bPL][˳WxtsQLigS gRi xqsLRi* Rs @sVN]LiLRiV. yLji @sVRVLRiLigS DLi[ sV[xLRi ¿[xtsQsV, RRWsVXys NRPVLji}qs yLji NRPORPQQxmsryLRisVVsW @sV˳sLis N]LiRLRiV NSLidsgRiLRixmso LS\Vs CaRP*LRiVs zmsRVVLS s ˳؄sxqsW xqsLi][ztsQxqsWLiLRiV. xqsLRi*xqs*LRiWxmso\s AyLRiVs sxtsQRVLi[ @Liy Dxmsxmsss[V NRPy?

sVWee aRPy c ˳NTPc xqsyyLSsVsLRis c xqsRLSsVuycyj LRiWFyLixmsLRisV RLRi xmsFyjdsLi \sjNUPLi xqsLRiLi xqsLRi*R xmsryLRiLiVVRVLi xmsdxtsv, gSs[Vxtsv, sgRilLi[xtsv R RWy AsaRPNUP jRW, g][xmsp c gRixmspصjNRPLi RVy xqssVQyRVLi NSLRiRVLiRM NS $RssdaRP*LRi xmspصj xqs*RVLi sLRi*QQLRiRVLiRM, ygS*QFyLS\QM RLRi x RRQ*Li xmsNSaRPRVLiRM, sRVRWyLi Ry Ry NRPVLRi*LiR Axqss e RVRM RRsVuys RLRis[s, RRVNTP aRPs[s R yyLi xqsRsVuyyxqsNTPM, RLRixRyQ*sVLRiNTPaRP xqsVRXRLi ظRV[, yaRP aRPRaRPM xqsxxqsaRPaRP zqs}qssxtsQsM aRPVaRPWxtsQsxqs=LiRM, yssVgRiRLiRM, RRLRi+yjy xXxtsQ xXRRW ظRVLi[ c Ry sRV RWy @sZaP[*aRP*LRi LSydsZOP[QQR sVsVsLRidsRW B $RV sLS sWaRPRVM e }qsRVLi yLRi{qs RWy s AysLi FysLiVVRVLi $RVs\lLi LjibPy, NTPLiRV [N][RLRi\Vse

@sVee aRPR, ˳NTP, xqsyyLSs @sVxqsLjiLiRRLi, xqsRLRisV @sVztsQLiRRLi c sVVR\s @s[NRP @LiaS][ NRPWTsj xmsLRisV RLSs RWxmsgRigjisj @LiVVs \sjNRP sWLSs xmsV[sV, gSsW[sV, sgRiLS[sV @LiR xmsyLRiLi ¿[RVRLi @sxqsLRiLi @s[ @ճFyRVLi][, $RLRiVV, xqsLixmsyRWsVryLRiLi g][xmsp gRixmspصRVV ¿[LiVVxqsW, sVWRV NS[sV (FyRM c sVyx c ryRVLiNS[) ys[V xqs*RVLigS RLiRsdaRP*LSjxmsp ¿[xqsW, xqsLi˳xtsQصRV¿[R RLRiRyQ*s xRyQ*s [jxqsW @xmsVRxmsVRV sRVRWR ¿[xqsWLi[yLRiV. FsLiRV NRPsgScyLji @sVuyys RWRRLi¿[R, yLji xqsLi˳xtsQsV ssRLi¿[y sVNRPV xqsRLSsVuysLi dsVR AxqsNTP RLRiRRQ*cxRyQ*RVLiRV aRPy NRPWR RXRLigS GLRiRyLiVV; yLjis }qssLiRs sds, yLji xqsLi˳xtsQV sss sds N][LjiNRP][ sLiR N]j, s[ N]j sVV yLji ssVNRPs[ sRVRW yLji RLRi+yRV¿[R xqsLi][ztsQryLRiV. C sR\sVs sRVRWR sZaP[*aRP*LRiZOP[QQR\sVs NSbdPsLRiNRPV rygS s $RVsLRiV @ճFyRVLi. C yLRi{qsRWR ¿[RVs ss RVsLRiVV RsVsV xmssRLi ¿[zqsN]sRLi N]LRiNRPV NSNRP [N][RLRiLiN][xqss[V xqsLiNRPLiyLRiV.

sVWee sVRyLi ˳gRisRLRiVuyتsVRVLi xqs*˳تsM c @yxmss xmns˳خs[ 7zms @RLiyxqsNS Bs aRPRRW NRPLSsVxtsQLi e RR xmnssVRs[Vs, RV[N][RLRi᪱sV e DNRPLi z ˳gRisy c ""ysyxms sVyxmssLi sLRi Gs R NRPLRie Dd=[RVVLjis[V [NS s NRPVLSLi NRPLRi¿[RxsVe'' B e sVRyLi RVyRLRiLi, RRsVsLRis s[Vs sVsV؃yLi xqs*˳تsM e RRxmsoQQNRPLi ˳gRisy c (""RVRyRLRi ZaP[xtsQxqsR򮵅[s[RL][sM'') ""sVsV sLSQsVsLRiLi[ sVsVuyM FyLRi xqsLRi*aRPM'' B e

@sVee ysVV xqsLiFyjLiRszqss xmnsLi GdsV [NRPFLiVVy NRPWR sVRVV FsLi][ AxqsNTP NRPyLRiV s NRPLRisV @aRPR][ ARLjiryLRiV; Bj ˳gRisRVLRiVxtsv xqs*˳تsLi. [N][RLRi᮪s[V dsLRiV ¿[}qs NRPLRiNRPV xmnsLi.

""ysyxmssVyxmssLi sLRi Gs R NRPLRi''

""yNRPV @LiRNRPVsVVLiRV [sk N]RgS xqsLiFyjLiRszqssk [RV; @LiVVy s[sV NRPLSRLRiLi[ xmssLjixqsWs[ DLi؃sV''.

""Dd=[RVVLjis[V [NS s NRPVLSLi NRPLRi ¿[RxsV''

""s[sV NRPLRi ¿[RVNRPF[ C [NSV sbPLiFyLiVV''@s ˳gRisLiRVRV (˳gRiskR[) ¿zms DyRV NRPy? sVRVV Gj ARLji}qs @j ARLjiLiRRLi sWsso xqs*˳تsLi. C sxtsQRVLi NRPWR c (""RVRyRLRi ZaP[xtsQxqsR򮵅[s[RL][sM'' ZaP[xtsvRV Gs[VsV ¿[ry][ @[ rysWssWssoRV ¿[ryRV'') ""sVsV sLSQsVsLRis[ sVsVuyM FyLRi xqsLRi*aRPM'' ""@LRiVy! sWssoV @s sy, @s \sxmsosVLiU, y sWLSs[ @sVxqsLjiryLRiV''@s ˳gRisLiRVRV ¿zms DyRV.

sVWee sVsV؃yLi z xmsNRPXLjiQ*y ˳ؼ [ZNP[ c LSgSsVgS, aSryQsVgS ¿[ e RR LSgSsV\lgis sVsV[xtsv FyW RXaRP[, s ry xmsLRisV xmsoLRiVuyLRi ryjNS c aSryQsV\lgis xmsLRisV xmsoLRiVuyLRi FyzmsNS, ry R*ds sLRi e LSgSsVgRi xmsNRPX xmsRVVZN^PQQQs z c xqs*RLS` sLjiLRiLixqsVLi, xmsLRiRLRi xmss᪫sVLi FyLRiLi z\{tsQ ˳gRiys $NRPXxtsQ RsM ""RVM aSxqsQsj sVVR=QX['' yRVxmsjaRP aSryQsVgRi xmssXf ryxmsRWsWxqse R\s $RVsLSM xqsLRi*R ˳LRiys_ LSgSsVgSLi xmssXLi soRxqs, aSryQsVgSLi xmssXLi xqsLiryxms, xqsyylLi[ yM ryxmsdsRW B[s, A LSsV}qs][M, A sZaP[*aRP*LRi LSys c sRV RWyLi sLRi*QQLRiLiVVRVLixmssXyM e

@sVee LSgSsVgRi (˳[gSxqsNTPs @sVxqsLjiLi¿[j), aSryQsVgRi (aSryQs @sVxqsLjiLi¿[j) @s sWsso xmssX [NRPLi[ lLiLiRV syVgS DLiVLij. ryyLRiLigS LSgSsVgRi xmssX򹸅[V sWsso[ @jNRPLigS NRPsRVRVLij. @j xmsLRisVxmsoLRiVuyLSs ryjLi¿[j NSRV. aSryQsVgRixmssXsWRs[V xmsLRisVxmsoLRiVuyLSs BxqsVLij; NSs @j y @LRiVRVgSs[ DLiVLij. LSgSsVxmssX򹸅VVNRP }msLRi¿[Rs[ @LRiVsVRV xqs*RLRiLisVLiT sLRisVLi xmsLRiRLSs @sLiLiy s @sVN]sxmsVRV @Rs zys N][Ljis ˳gRisLiRV \s $NRPXxtsQRLiRVRV ""RVMaSxqsQsjsVVR=QX'' ByjNRPLi Dxms[bPLi ARRV aSryQsVgRi xmssX[ s¿[V ¿[aSRV. @[ sRLigS $RVsLRiVV NRPWR ˳LRiR[aRPLi @LiR LSgSsVgRixmssXs ]gjiLi aSryQsVgRixmssXs ryzmsLi sVsV xqsyyLRiLi[ sFy @s[ @ճxtsQ][ LSsVVs }qsRVsosVLiT sZaP[*aRP*LRiVs LSys\Vs yLRizqs sLRiNRPV sRVRWR LRixmsysNTP DRVNRPV RWLRiV.

sVWee NS*xmsxmsLjixms NS [sxmspصjNRPLi, xqsRsVuys xqsRLRi [Rs xmsoLRixqs=LRiLi, $RLRi؃yLi ry sRVRWy rysysLi xmssXy, RVRW RlLi[Qxmsj xms؃ysVsVLRiNTPM, gRiVLRiV[syjxtsv R xqsRQQNTPM, xqsVRXy @ճslLi[R e

@sVee NS[syxmsp sVVR\s @sVuyysNTP FsNRPy NRPWR [xmsLi LSNRPVLiy xqsRLSs [jxqsW $RLRiVV, xms[ RLRisWLRiLi sxtsQRVLi[ @sVLSgRiLi NRPgRiysNUP, gRiVLRiV[syRV sxtsQRVLi[ ˳NTP RXRLi @sysNTP DxmsWgjiLi¿[ sRLigS @RLiR rysysRLi][ sRVRWR rygjiLiyLRiV.

sVWee RLRi+s[xmso=ճM, RRQ*NRPyaRPs[xmso=ճM, $ RssdaRP*LRi xmspصj xmsoNSLSsV xtsQNSQ* ry*RsaRPLjiyLRiyLi sdsxtsvճ LRisVgRiRj LRiQQNRP\sM ryNRPLi xqsxmsLjiyLSLi $RLRi؃yLi ry sRVRWy, D[\M NRP[\M xqsLi˳Xy, [NSs FysLiVVRVLi xmssXy, ˳gRisyM $˳gkiLRiyM RW[s c @ds, sV[, xqsNRP [NRP NRP xqsLiyLiVVds y{qs` e

@sVee RLRi+sLi ¿[zqsN][y s[ N][LjiNRP gRiyLRiV. RRQ*NRPRsV sy s @ճztsQLi¿[ yLRiV, $RLiRsdaRP*LRiVs xmsp sVVR\s xmsoNSLS][ xqsLiLiRLi |msVN]sRLi¿[R RsV ssV ryLRiNRPLi ¿[zqsN]sN][lLi[yLRiV @LiVVs, RsVsV @sVxqsLjiLi sxqsWs ˳NRP sV][ NRPzqs xmsLjiyLRixqszRV\s $RLRiVV ¿[zqss A sRVRWR RLRiLigSV \|ms\|msNTP FsgRiRVVRVLiRgS [NSsV xmssRsVVV ¿[RVRLiN]LRiNRPV DRsVLis xmsp ˳gkiLRij RWR s FsLi][ sV[xLRi\sV xqsNRP[NSsNTP NRPLi NRPgjiLi¿[jgS Ljigjisj.

sVWee yLS{qs sVjxtsQRV= $RLRi[xtsv, sWssVdsztsQ sVLiRyRV sWyM, $yLRi{qs zqs xmsLiTR RM, xqsLRi*gRiRQR RVa][s˳WztsQyM $sVRs sWxs sWdsRV xms˳XRRVaRP xqslLi[* xqsLi˳WRV c ""@[ z aSryQLRisV AylLi[ ryxmsRVRzms, xqs*RVsWRLRi[RVryRryyyLRi DR['' Byj aSrQQQNRP xqsLRi*syyLRi ORPQ OTPQyM, $ aRPLiNRPLRi{mshRi sVjuyRV ˳xqssWyM, @sWsVxtsQ xmsM, $RsZaP[lLi[LiR xqsLRixqs*d xqsLiRVdsVLiy Gs xqsLRi*gRiRVLRiV xmsR˳M By RVQ][xtsQ xmsoLRixqs=LRiLi, ysճsLiR, RRLRi}qsysVxtsQNRP xXRRW xqsRs[yzqsy sVjgRigRiVM e

@sVee $RLRiVV yLSzqs[ DsxmsVRV xmspQ\s sy*LixqsVNRPV @LiNSLRi˳WRV\s $yLS{qssLSsWsV\s xmsLiTRZaP[xtsvV, xqssVxqsgRiRVsLiRV xmszqsR\sVs NUPLji¿[R @LiNRPXRV\s $sVRssWxssWdsRV sVVR\syLRiV, @LiRLRiW NRPzqs ""A[ z aSryQLRisV'' (aSryQ[ Ds sxtsQRW xqsLiNRPsLi ¿[zqs, ys @LiRLRiW ARLjiLi¿[ V ¿[zqs ysV NRPWR ARLjiLi¿[yRV AyLRiVRV) @s aSxqsQLi[ ¿zmss @s sy AyLRiORPQ][ NRPWT, $aSLiNRPLRi{mshSs @jztsQLi sLSVRVs [NSdR\sVs xmsgRi $RLiRZaP[lLi[LiRxqsLRixqs*d xqsLiRVdsVLiRV[ "xqsLRi*gRiRVLRiVso'@s[ ryys F~LiR RgjisyLRiV @s y ¿xmsVRV yLjis @ճsLijLi, yLji RLRi᪫sVVsV }qssLiRVRVLiRV gRiQQ\sVs xXRRVLi NRPy\lLi yLjiNTP bPxtsvRWLRiV.

sVWee xqsLRi*M, CaRP*LRiM B aRP xmsLRibPs[ sLRiVxmsyLRiLi RVy RVyLRiORPQL_, Ry7RVLi gRiRVLRiVaRP[7zms $RsZaP[lLi[s xqsLRixqs*d xqsLiRVdsVs[ sLRiVxmsyLRiLi RVyLSORPQLRi Gs e

@sVee "xqsLRi*ٲRV' (xqsLRi*sVW zqssyRV) "CaRP*LRiVRV' (@LiRsV sRVsVLiRV yRV) @sV lLiLiRV aRPV G sRLigS DxmsyLRiLi [NRPVLiy xmsLRisVbPsos sxtsQRVLi[ sWRs[V RVyLRiQ\sVs @ORPQLRisVVV gRi[ @[ C"gRiRVLRiV'aRPLi NRPWR sLRiVxmsyLRiLigS $RLiRZaP[lLi[LiRxqsLRixqs*dxqsLiRVdsVLiRVsxtsQRVLi[ sWRs[V RVyLSORPQLRi \sVsj.

(INRPRV zqsLixLi NSNRPFLiVVy ys[ Ds afLRiQ\LSRVsV xms "BRRVzqsLixLi'@LiLi. dssRVLiRV [s zqsLixR*Li AL][zmsLiRTLij. C sRLigS AL][zmsLiRys"DxmsyLRiLi'@LiLRiV. @[ sRLigS xmsLRisVbPso Rxms sVlLisLjis "xqsLRi*ٲRV'@y "CaRP*LRiVRV'@y @j DxmsyLRis[V @soRVLij. s\sVs xqsLRi*R*Li, CaRP*LRiR*Li ZNP[sLi xmsLRisVbPsosRVLi[ DyLiVV. @LiRV¿[R A xmsLRisVbPsossxtsQRVLi[s[ @s ryLRiNRPsVVV. @[ gRiRVLRiVR*Li dsLjiRVLi[ ryLRiNRPLi @s @LRiLi).

sVWee xmsLRisVFyss[ Rzqss ZOP[QQ[, [ RVLSM c RsgRiLRi xms˳[M, RRR ˳NRP XLiRxqs R FyLRiysVLigkiNRPXR, NRPLi y sVVztsQy*, RRM xmsryRV, rysysLi RVyxmspLRi*Li, xqsRLSsVuys xmsoLRixqs=LRiLi, xqsxmsLjiyLRiLi @sVgRiR`RR` gSsVyzqs ˳NRPs xqsLi][\| xqs=LiRVVyM, [Vs sWlLi[gRiyM, RRM sWLSsLRi sVsVxqsXR, [aSLiRlLi[xtsv c gSsWLiRlLi[xtsv R xqsRLRi xmsyL][ x[ RVy ˳##s[Ry, A LSsV}qs][M sRV RWyLi sLRi*QQLjiRsLiRM e

@sVee RVLS A sgRiLRi xms˳VsoVVNRP @NRPR sVs ˳NRPXLiRsVVVVNRP FyLRissV @LigkiNRPLjiLi xmsLRisVFyss\sVs A ZOP[QQRLi[ N]LiR NSLi DLiT @NRPT sVLiT RVV[Lji xmspLRi*sVVsLiRV srysysLigS RLSsVuysLi ¿[xqsW xmsLjiyLRi xqss[VRV\, A RW gSsW[ sszqsLi¿[ ˳NRPVV RsV sLi LSgS G sWLSs sL][ ysNRPLi[ ճsQQ\sVs sWLSs @sVxqsLjiLi, [aSLiRLS[sV gSsWLiRLS[sV @jNRPLigS RLRixmsyLRiLi Ljilgi[ sRLigS LSsV}qsRVso sLRiNRPV sRVRWR LjiFyLRiV.

sVWee\Q*R RLRi+s[xtsv xmsLiTyM, Ry FyxtsQLiRsWLSsVgSaRP sy*LixqsM ZNP[Rs y][RV=NS, @\Q*R RLRi+s sVjZOP[QxmsoLi Ry Ry $RLRiجsNRP sWgRiRLie ys xqsLS*s, sVX\Q*Qs Lkiy, @xqsRճss[ZaP[˳M xmsLSsLRiQ, \sjZNP[ sWLRi GysVxtsQNSs NRPXy* @sVgRiXx񦦦Li e s NRP*Rzms, NRPzqsszms, yy sVsry y D[*gRiLi sRVLi aRPsV˳WsVsVWLRiRVM $RLRiMe @aSxqsQsRQ* sVճsLiRV xmsLRisWLi NSuy sVjgRiRM aRPsVM RsVaRP $RLRi[xtsv e y][RV=NSy sWgRisVs xqssV[V xqsLRi*sVWLRiRVM $RLRiM, ry*sNRP|q^sxqs=x \|qs#*LRiLi RWs NRPyFys NRPVLRi*Li][ sLRiLi[, [}tsQ*y}msxtsv c y][RV=Q\ZNPM ry*aRP##[VxtsQ* xmsNSbP[xtsQzms, [xtsv @xmssWNRP yLi @sVxms xmsRsWsyLi R xmsRLRi+Q, [uy sV\Q*R RLRi+s[ \sjZNP[ sWlLi[ @RLiRsWxqsNTPsWaRPV sRVLi e @s s[j[ xtsQ*zms ry*aRP##[Vxtsv, xqs*RVsVsgRiR, xqsLRi*sVWLjiճM $RLRi\M NTPRVsW dsVRXbdP sVsWsVxtsQ xms˳[zqsy sVVxms[aRPxmsNTPRW sWORPQQ, [ sxqsRWsxtsQ xXRRWM, Fyyssy xqsRs[yzqsy sVjgRiRLi e GsLi xmsLRisVRLRi LRiWFy\Q*R RLRi+sryxmsyRV, xR FyxtsQLiRsWLSM, RLRi+yLiRLRiyyaRP sLRiryM gRiVgSzճM $RLRi\M RVyyRVLi xqsR=LixmsyRWsVgSM xmsLiTyM xqsLisWsyM x*QaRP xmsLjixtsQR xqsRLRiLi ryzmsyM

@sVee N]LiRLRiV \Q*RRLRi+y[ xmsLiTRV\sy, FyxtsQLiRsWLSs @sVxqsLjiLi¿[ sy*LixqsVW NRPWR @\Q*RsVys @jZOP[QzmsLiRysNTP yRLi ¿[RVRLi[ AxqsNTP][ @xmsV RxmsVRV $RLRiV RgRiLRiNRPV sxqsWLiLRiV. aRPsWsRVsVWLRiV \s (@RjNRPaSLixqs*LRiWxmso \s) $RLRiVV ysLiRLjids sVXRV\ss Lki¿[Rs[ ¿R xmsVRsVLiT sVLRi \sjNRPsWLSxqsNRPVsV ¿[zqs @sVgRizxqsVLiLRiV; @Li[s[ NSNRP FssRW FssLji sxtsQRVLi[sW NRPWR sW¿[R gSs ¿[xtsQ¿[R gSs D[*gSs (sWsxqs ZNP[aSs) NRPgjiLiRLRiV. $RLRiV[ @RVRsVryLiVVs ¿[LRiVN]s aRPsVRsWV yLji NRPVs xqsNRPaSxqsQFyLiTys xqsWxqsVyLiVV. yLji][ G][ yRLi ¿RW s Fss\lLiy s¿[xqssVRWsNTP RsV RgRiLRi DsyLji][ Gs[[ sxtsQRWsV gRiWLji sWزRVRWs $RLRiVV, yjLiRysNTP s胫sy BLiNS RsV @ճFyRW[ds xmsNRPVLiys[, RsV sW[, A s胫sy ¿[RVRs yyV FysWNSVNSso, @s RVVNRPVNRPV NRPVRLRiso @s xmsFyjLi yNTP sLis[ @\Q*RRLRi+sLi sxtsQRVLi[sV, \sjNRPsWLRiLi[sV ARLRiLi NRPlgi[ V ¿[xqsWLiLRiV. RsV @ճFyRWV VxmsysNTP sVVLi[ xqsLRi*sVWLRiVQ\s $RLRiVV xqs*RVLigS VxqsVN]s, sWsssWRV[ RVLRi˳##\sVs xms˳؄sZaP[xtsQLi][ ¿[xqsWs C sR\sVs Dxms[aRPsyys RW y AaRPLRiRNTPRV\, FyysRV\, yLjiNTP bPxtsv soRWLiLRiV. C sRLigS @\Q*RRLRi+ys ryzmsLiRRLi N]LRi\ZNP $RLRiVV @s[NRPxms[aS[ FyxtsQLiRV sWLSsV BRLRiRLRi+syysV sLSNRPLjiLiyLRiV. gRiVsV gRiVLjiLi¿[ xqs*˳تsLi gRi $RLRiVV xqsR=LixmsyRWsV @sVxqsLjiLi¿[ xmsLiTRVsV RgRiV Lki[ xqsRLjiLiyLRiV; y N][xqsLi @s[NRP xmsLjixtsQRVsV NRPWR ryzmsLiyLRiV.

sVWee @zms R xqslLi[*uyLi RLRi+yyLi ""sXخs[VN][ gRisVxqsQ*sVzqs xmsRVry sVLRis Bs'' BRճ sRs sVsVxqsXRxmsLRisVLi ORPQQLi GNRPs[Vs, s RR sL][][7{qs xqsVxtsv xmsNSaRPLiVVRVLi sVRLSqs sgRilLi[ ""xtsQyyLRi xmsLjixtsQ`'' B GNS xmsLjixtsQ` xmsyy, RVR xqsLRi*[aRPxqs aSNRP c gSxmsR c rLRi c \sxtsQs c \ZaPs {mshSkaRP*LRiLi xqslLi[*uy s[VNRPR xqssWs[aRPM rLRi xmsoLRixqs=LRiLi xmsLRixqsLRi xqsLixmsaRP xqsLixms[R. @˳WR xmspLS*, xqsLRi*˳LRiR [aSsVLijds ¿[RVLi xmsLjixtsQ` $RLRi؃ysV sWsVxtsQyLi xqsLRi*xqssVyLi, @syRbdPyLi R sLiRV e xmsLRixqsLRi xmsxmsORPQ˳WR sLRiVyaRPRWsxtsQ xXRRWyLi RR`{mshSkaSy s[VNRPR GNRPy xqssWs[aRPM ZNP[sy NRPLRiVLi aRPNRP[? VV[ xqsLRi*˳WR gRiVaRPRW` ˳gRisRM e

@sVee ""sX᮪s[VN][ gRisVxqsQ*sVzqs xmsRVrysVLRis Bs'' (@s V ¿[LRiVN][ szqssj xqssVVRs[V @LiVV sV sWsso LiRLRiW sLjiNTP ¿[LRiVN][szqssj ss[) @s xqsLixmsyRVs[RV ¿zmss sW ssVxqsLjiLi @s RLRi+yNUP NRPWR xmsLRisVORPQQLi INRP[; yNTP xmsLRixqsLRisL][RLi [RV @s[ sxtsQRWs RNRPgS xqsxtsQLigS xmsRLiN][xqsLi sVyxqsVsgRiLRiLi[ "xtsQyyLRixmsLjixtsQ`' @s[ INRP xmsLjixtsQRV sRxmsTLij. sVVRLi ˳LRiR [aRPLi[ Ds aSNRPcgSxmsRcrLRic\sxtsQsc\ZaPs{mshS @jxmsRV\s AyLRiV LiRLRiW INRP ][ ¿[Lji xqsVxXy骫sLi][ xmsLRixqsLRisVV xqsLi˳xtsQ ¿[zqsN]sysNTP @sNSaRPLi NRPLiRRs[V ks xmsy[[aRPLi. $RLRiVV FsLi @sWsVxtsQxms NRPyL][, xqsLRi*xqssVV[, syy[sNTP jlgi[ xqs*˳تsLi [syL][ xqssVxqs ˳LRiR[aSsNUP xqsLiLijLis C xmsLjixtsQRV xqsxtsQLigS VxmsoRVsj. xqsLRi*FyV xXRRVLi[ sszqsLi¿[ ˳gRisLiRVRV Rxms sVlLisLRiV, sVsxqsV=[ xmsLRixqsLRisVV FsjLjiLi¿[ sLRiVRsVV \s @ճFyRVsVV][ sLiT Ds A RW {mshSkaRP*LRiVsV IZNP[ NSLi[ INRP ][ ¿[LRigRiLRiV?

sVWee NRPX¿[Qؼ sVxRlLi[ Rxmsry * sVxL<jiճM, x sLibdP[Vxtsv @RRVyyxmss xmsLRisVLRiRW BRVLi LRiORPQRW ˳sjLji c [VRVLi xqsLRi*gRisLi gRiyLiVVds, aRPV sRRVLRiWFy xqsLixmssQOTPQFy, R[ydsLiRy x᪫sLi bdPRWM, NRPLSryxqs NRP[M xms˳تyRy xqsNS RXaRPLi[. RR [uyLi xqssVVy=xM NRPdsRV B gRiRVLRiVճM $RLRi\ LSsyLRiysVLiRds sVxRLS @˳WRxmspLS* @sRLRi ryy GNSxmsLjixtsQ` xmsuyxms xR xmsyye AzsWRLi A}qsRVLiRLi xqsLRi*xms[aRPryM @kRxqs*xqs*aS sR*R*lLi[ AxyMe AgRi\xqs=Q\lLiQQ* Lji*R*jM xqs*xqs*aS FyLSRVLi NRPLRissV e xqs*xqs*aS؃sVryLji xss xmsWgSaS sVuyRV xmsRLRi+dsRW B sRVsVaRP NRPXRM [Vs xqsLRi*FyLiRryyLi xqslLi[*uyLi sRVuyLi xqsLRi*aS؃sVLij FyhRisZaP[uyM, xsyj NRPxmsgRiR xmsNTPRW sZaP[uyaRP xqssVgRisgRiy ˳##s[RVVM, xmsLRixqsLRi xqsLi}mss xmsLRixqsLRiLi xqsVxXy, R\s @RRV yyxmss yFylLi[ xqssVVy=xaRP xqssVճslLi[R e gRi xqsLRi*R xqsy xqsVxXy xqsLiFyRs RR=Q\lLis $RLRi؃y xmssXMe xqsLRi* sVR ˳WyM V [ e

@sVee @NRPXRQQ\sVs sVRxmsxqsV= ¿[zqss sVxL<RiVV xqsLRi*gRiRVNRPV sVLigRisVVsV NRPgjiLi¿[ s[RxqssVVyRVLRiWxms \sVs xqsLixmsRsV xqsLiFyjLi ""kss dsVLRiV @RRVyyxmssxmsLRiLixmsLRi¿[R xqsLiLRiOTPQLiy'' @s ¿zms xؼNTP ¿LijsyLjiNTP @xmsgjiLiyLRiV.NSs NRPNSxms˳تsLi¿[R C y x sLibdPRVVNRPV A s[RxqsLixmsRdsVR ARLRiLi RgjiFLiVVsj. ks sxtsQRVLi[ yNRPV Dy=xLi |msLiF~LijLixms¿RW @s[ @ճFyRVLi][ gRiRVLRiVso \s $RLRiVV xqssVxqs˳LRiR[aSsNTP xqsLiLijLis INRP g]xms xmsLjixtsQRVsV ryzmsLi yss @s[NRPryy[ sTzmsLiyLRiV. BLi xmsLjixtsQRV @LiRNRPV sVVLiRV FssRW AsLRisLiR[RV; BRLRiV s*LRiW @jNRP RsryRQ\sVs BLi xqsLixqssV ryzmsLixmsLRiV. RsV RsV s[RaSsV @RRVsLi ¿[zqss sVsy*LixqsVV A}qsRVzsWRLi xqssVxqs˳LRiR[aRPLi[ DsyLRiV A*sLixmsyLRiV. s胫s sy*LixqsV LiRLRiW RsV RsV aS FyLSRVLi ¿RW ds, RsV RsV aS AyLRiLi xmsNSLRiLi ¿[}qs x[sWV, BRLRixmsWgSV @sVztsQLi RWFyds sRVsVLi NRPWR ¿[RVTLij. B ¿[RVRLi¿[R @s FyLiy[sV Ds sy*LixqsVLiRLjiNUP, @s aSNRPW xqsLiLijLis FyhRisZaP[uyV, x[sWjNSLRiNRPFyNRPV xqsLiLijLis syy[ sZaP[uyV VryLiVV; xmsLRixqsLRixqsLi˳xtsQصRV¿[R xqsVxXy骫sLi |msLRiVgRiVRVLij. @RRVyyxmsyRV sxtsQRVLi[ Dy=xLi sXjF~LiRVRVLij @s @ճFyRVLi. gRiRV[ @LiR, xqsVxXyys sN]RLi sxtsQRVLi[s[ $RLRiV xmssX @yxqsNTP][ DLiVLij. yLRiV xqsLRi*[NRPsVRVV.

sVWee NTPLi R s[R s[yLiR sWLRi xmsuyxms\sNRP sLRiyM $RLRiM c s[RRLRiaSxqsQ xmsLjiFys xqs˳, @\Q*R xqs˳, sRVsWRRVs xmsLjixtsQjyjysW {*M xmsLjixtsQRM DxmsNRPRV, xqsLS*Li ˳LRiyss sVճyxms [V@kRWy @yxmsNSrys xsR x FyLji][ztsQNRP xmsyyjy j*gRiV][y=s NRPXy* s[RsWLSsVxtsQNRP xXRRWs NRPVLRi*Li e

@sVee s[RsWLSds s[yLiRsWLSds xmsztsQLiRLi[ @yxqsNTP gRi "$RLRiVV' s[RRLRiaSxqsQxmsLjiFysxqs˳, @\Q*Rxqs˳, sRVsWRRVsxmsLjixtsQ` sVVR\s }msLRi][ @s[NRPxmsLjixtsQRVsV GLRiLRiyLRiV. sVVRLi ˳LRiR[aRPLi[ Ds s[yRRVsLi ¿[zqss @yxmsNRPVNRPV @s[NRPsy\s Fs[ xsVRVsV Bs*RLi sVVR\s Fy=xNS¿[R y Dy=s lLiLixmso ¿[zqs ysV s[RsWLSxqsNRPVsVgS ¿[xqsWyLRiV.

sVWee @zms R \sjNRPxqs RLRixqs xqssVVyLSRV {qs*NRPXyNRPXճM $RLRi\M NRP*sWRs RRW s[RaSxqsQ FyhRiaS ssryzmsyM NRP*` xmspLRi*s[Vs xmspLRi*R\sM ssryzmsyMBydsLi sVsxmsxqsLS RW sLRiLi[ yxqs=LS* xqs=dsVdysaRPNRP ssry xqsLiNRPs[s xqssVVsyMe sLigRi[ZaP[ (LigS) rysVs[RgRiR N_RVsVaSdRW x x sLRiLi[ e @yzms RR [y GN][7zms RR s RXaRP[ e s[yslLi[7zms @k[ sLRi Gs[R sgRiR, NRPNRPysgRilLi[ GNSLi rysVs[R FyhRiaSLi ssryxms RR s[RRRWRRVs yFyLRiM xqssVVQXLi˳ysV DR rNRPLRi xqsLisys xmsoLRixqs=LRiLi s[RRRV FyhRiaSLi xqssVryxmsRVs e Gs sVVRLRixms[ZaP[ $yLRi{qs sVZOP[QQ[7zms rysVs[R FyhRiaSLi, aRPVNRPRVlLi[*R FyhRiaSLi, Ry FR yRV s[yLiyj aSxqsQ xmsyLSRV aSxqsQ FyhRiaSLi R xqssVryxmsRVs e Gs s[V[R[ (ILjiry=) [ZaP[ $gRiyRZOP[QQ[ @RLRi* s[kRV zmsxmsصRaSظRWM caRPVNRP RVlLi[*Rxqs R @yxmsyRV FyhRiaSصR*RVLi ssryxms yظRVLi xqse NTPLiR NRPLSNRP xms[ZaP[ x[xqs}ms sgRilLi[ xqsLS*Lig][ FyLig][zqsR xqsLRi*s[yRRVyRV xqsLRi*s[R ˳uyRRV yRV ysVNRPWLi, sbPuyLi sVxdLi FyhRiaSLi xqssVryxmsRVse GsLi RsyLiR [aRPWzms xR FyhRiaSM xqsLiryxms, xqsLRi*s[R s[yLigSRRVy yxmss xmsLRiLixmsLSLi xqssVVQXLiճy sVNRPVLRi*s e

@sVee \sjNRPRLSs DRLjiLiRysZNP[ @sRLjiLis $RLRiVV N]s ][ N]RgS s[R aSxqsQFyhRiaSV ryzmsLiyLRiV. N]s ][ xmspLRi*s[V N]LiRLRiV ryzmsLis, BxmsVRV xqsLjigS sRss FyhRiaSsV, Rgjis ssxqsV ¿[zqs sVd @ճsXj[sNTP dzqsN]ssyLRiV. sLigRi[aRPLi[ rysVs[RN_RVsVaSNRPV xqsLiLijLis xVV yتsVLij DyLRiV. @LiVV[ A aS @RRVsLi ¿[zqssyRV INRPRV NRPWR @NRPR [RV. BRLRi s[RaS @RRVsLi ¿[zqssy NRPWR @NRPR y RNRPV䪫sgSs[ DyLRiV. C sxtsQRVLi zqss $RLRiVV NRPNRPysgRiLRiLi[ INRP rysVs[RFyhRiaS ryzmsLiyLRiV. s[RRRW RRVsLi NRPWR @NRPR N]srygS @s[ D[aRPLi[ Rgjis rNRPLS ds NRPLi s[RRRVFyhRiaS ryzmsLiyLRiV. DRLRixms[aRPLi[ NRPWR $yLRi{qs sVZOP[QQRLi[ rysVs[RFyhRiaSsV, aRPVNRPRVlLi[*RFyhRiaSsV, FR\sVs yRVs[yLiyjaSryQ xmsyLRiLiN][xqsLi aSxqsQFyhRiaSsW ryzmsLiyLRiV. ILjiry=LSxtsQLi[ NRPWR @RLRi*s[ysNTP xqsLiLijLis zmsxmsصRaS, aRPVNRPRVlLi[*RsVW @RRVsLi ¿[RVysNTP lLiLiRV FyhRiaSV sN] sTzmsLiyLRiV. NRPLSNRP[aRPLi[s x[xqs}mssgRiLRiLi[ ryLig][FyLigRi s[yRRVysNTP xqsLRi*s[R˳uyRRVysNUP @sVNRPW \sVs INRP sbPxtsQ\sVs g]xms FyhRiaSsV ryzmsLiyLRiV. B[ sRLigS ALiR[aRPLi[sV RsVyRV[sV @s[NRP xms[aS[ FyhRiaSV sN] xqssVxqsQ\sVs s[Rs[yLigS @RRVyyxmssxqsLixmsyRWs xmsosLRiVRLjiLiyLRiV.

sVWee @zms y[7 RVsVLiaRPMc sVLS}tsQ $yzqsNS ZOP[QQ[ FyLi[ @jgRiR RVlLi[*kRV \sVyRVRVaS GNRP Gs sy*s sLRi򾻽[ e xqs R sXRM RR RRRRVs[F=lLi[NRPryxms˳تy` ry aS @sryRLi Fyxms=QLids zqsy B, Ry ZNP[LRi##[ZaP[ rysVs[kRW LSظRVds aS }msss[Vy}qs BRsgRiR, RRRRVyRV RR sW᪫sNSs xqsLi}msxtsQ, Ry R*RVLi DsRW sWxqsVMe Gs s[VyRXbdP @ss ryyLRi s[][yLRi RRLRiy $RLRi؃yLi ˳gRisyLi xmsNSaRPRV. s[][yLRi\Vs V xmsRsVLi @sdL<S ػy xmsLRis[VaRP*LRixqs e

@sVee sVL]NRP sxtsQRV s[VsVsgScRVlLi[*ysNTP xqsLiLijLis \sVyRVRV aSsV @RRVsLi ¿[zqss IZNP[ INRP sy*LixqsVRV sVLSxtsQ[s yzqsNSZOP[QQRFyLiRLi[ DyRV. @RRV y sXRVRV. ys @RRVsLi ¿[RWs[ N][LjiNRP gRiyRV INRPRV NRPWR [NRPFsRLi][ A aS[V @LiRLjiLiF[V xmsLjizqs GLRiTLij. ZNP[LRi##[aRPLi[ rysVs[ysNTP xqsLiLijLis LSظRVRVaS xmsLjizqs NRPWR Blgi[ DLij. @LiRV¿[R y @RRVsLi ¿[RVRLiN][xqsLi @NRPTNTP syLRiVsV xmsLizms A lLiLiRV aSsV sLRiV. @ssryyLRi \sVs C s[][RLRiaRPR $RLRiVV ˳gRisLiRV[ @s[ sxtsQRWs xqsxtsQLi ¿[xqsWsj. ˳gRisLiRVsNTP @sRLjiLiy s[ N][LjiNRP sVVsVVR NRPgjisj s[ysV DRLjiLiRRLi N][xqss[V NRPy?

sVWee NTPLi yNSLji $RLRi\M A ZNP[yLSsW LSs[VaRP*LRiLi xR $aRPLiNRPLRi ˳gRisy yyLi sVhSyLi sLSLi, LSyLi [s sVLijLSLi xqssVVRLRiLi, sWyyLi [s yRVRyyLi sLSصjNRPLi [Vs xqsLRi*R ˳LRi[ syRWM xqsNRP[NRP NRP xqsLiys sys˳WR gRiVLRiV [sy˳NTP xqssVVxqsM xqssVVQXLiճRM ry` e

@sVee ZNP[yLRiZOP[QQRLi sVVRV LSs[VaRP*LRiLi sLRiNRPV @s[NRPxms[aS[, $RLRiVV $aRPLiNRPLRi˳gRisyRV sVhSsV ryzmsLiyLRiV. LRisVV\s [yRWV DRLjiLiyLRiV. N]RgS [yRWsV sLjiLixms¿[aSLRiV. BLi xmssV y*LS ˳LRiR[aRPLi[s sVLiRLji[sV xqsNRP[NRPNRPجsNTP sVWNSLRi\sVs gRiVLRiVc[sy˳NTP sXjF~Liys yLji @ճxtsQ.

sVWee GsLi sVVsVVORPQ˳NRPsxqssVVyLRi c kyLRis xqsLiLRiORPQصks @sVxRLS @RVys gRiճdLS @xmsLjis[VRWs RLjiys RkRWs, sZNP[yzms ryNRP[s sLRiLiVVRVLi aRPNRPLi[ e

@sVee C sRLigS y g]xmss, AaRPLRiNRPLRisVVV, gRiLiճdLRisVVV, EzLixmsaRPNRPLi NSss @LiVVs, dsLRiV ¿[zqss, sVVsVVORPVso\s ˳NRPsVsV DRLjiLiRRLi, ksVsV NRPuy[ DsysV LRiOTPQLiRRLi sVVR\s NSLSV Fss*LRiW NRPWR xmspLjigS sLjiLixmsLRiV.

sVWee @LiRLSR˳WyM $RLRiM ry*s[sxqssVsVVORPV ˳NRPsxqsLi}mnsV c NSLiaRP胫s RX\ZaPs ZNP[sRW, @sRs xmssRs[s (ss[s) NSLiaRP胫s, xmsVRLRi yRWsV sR aRPVRLiR ryLSLRi xmsNSaRP##s[s NSLiaRP胫s, xqsLRixqs $sy$sVLiRkOSQ xqsLixmsyW xms[ZaP[s NSLiaRP胫s, NSLiaRP胫s afRryQQLRi xqsR=LixmsyRV xqsLixmss RWgSjxtsv xmssLRi RVLiRaRP c xճM xmsNS\lLiM, xy c RRR=LiryLSsV L][[s @sVgRiXx c xqssVVyLRiRVLi e

@sVee @LiRLji @LiRLSRgS Ds $RLRiVV RsV RgRiLRi sszqsLi¿[ sVVsVVORPVso\s ˳NRPsV[ N]LiRLjis INRP sW NRPWR sWزRNRPVLiy ZNP[sLi RXztsQ xmsryLRiLisWRLi ¿[y, N]LiRLjis xmssVV \s RVVNRPV][ NRPWTs DxmssxtsQy=LRisVV \s zqsyLiysV [jLiRRLi¿[y, N]LiRLjis $sR[sV $sVLiRkORPQ[sV Ds LRixrysV Dxms[bPLiRRLi¿[y, N]LiRLjis afRcryQQLRixqsLixmsyRWsVryLRiLigS RWgSRV sV ARLjiLiRysNTP }mslLi[zmsLiRRLi¿[y, yLji yLji xqsxxqsLiryLSsV @sVxqsLjiLi @s[NRPsy @sVgRizLi RLjiLixms¿[xqsWLiLRiV.

sVWee @zms R kyLSjFy xqsLiLRiORPQ[7zms xqsR][RRLi $RLRi؃yLi xXRRVsVe NRPy` RdsRVzqs sLRisWy szms xqs*RVLi xqs*}ms [uyLi ry*ysLi RLRi+LiVVy* @sVgRiXx LRiORPQLi e xmsػRLi R xmso\lLis''.... WgRiZOP[QsVLi ssVxLi'' B. RRW xqsVyLRixqs zqsLiRsM $RLRiM e

@sVee ksVsV, L][gSj{msTRVsV LRiOTPQLiRRLi[ NRPWR $RLRiV xXRRVLi FsxmsVRW DRVQQNRPQ\sV DLiVLij. RWLRiLigS DsyNRPV NRPWR @xmsRxmsVRV xqs*Fy[ RLRi+sLi B @sVgRizLi LRiOTPQxqsWLiLRiV."".... WgRiZOP[QsVLi ssVxsV'' (s[sV y ˳NRPV WgRiZOP[QsWsV xqsLiLRiOTPQxqsWLi؃sV) @s xmspLRi*s[V xms ¿[zqs sV $RLRiVV RRWsVXRLRixqszqsLiRVsoV.

sVWee sVxRV= xqsVxxtsv NSlLi[xtsv ssVgSysVzms, yyjgRiQM xqssWgRiR RLRi+s[xmso=sxqsLi\|mnsVM NRPLRiVتsVXR LRixqsxqsLij bdPR NRPORPQ FyyyNSLiORPQsW\M xmsLjiyLRi sW؃ysVzms, sLRiLiRLRi $RssdaRP*LRi sLjisryyyRsVxtsQNRP xXRRWyLi c NRPyzms [[*g][ sVszqs $RLRi؃yLi, sgSs aRP+LkilLi[, \sy xmsxqssy, \ssLRiQLi y sVV[, s FyLRiVxms sV_RLi y y e RVRFyLRiV sVVxms˳[ RROTPQRVVgRi[ c s R` N][RxmsRVVNRPLi, NTPLiRV sVxmsoLRiVxtsQ ORPQ᮪s[VsR` e xqsy y Bs, @xqsLiNRPyLRiLi˳ Bs, RVxtsQxXRRW Bs, xmsxqss[LiRV sVLiR[s aSLRiyLiLRi sVs ˳sWy RXaRPLi[ e s NRP\|qs#Rs NRPVRLi, sVXRVsVRVLRiLi ˳xtsQs[ c sLRissVzms yRXaRPsV e

@sVee $RLRiVV Fs[ sVNSLS[ ssVgRiVQQ\ DLiLRiV; yLji NRPLRiVتsVXRLRirys ZNP[ NRPORPQFyRLi F~Liy s N][LRiVRW yLji RLRi+ssVVs\ZNP yy jNRPVsVLiT s胫s sxqssVWV yLjisRVVsVV DLiLiVV. @LiVVyNRPWR FsxmsVRW RsV xXRRVsVVsV RLiRsdaRP*LRiVs }qss, yssVV sVVR\sy[ szms Ds $RLRiVsVsxqsV=[ FssRW D[*gRiLi NRPgRiRV; aRPLkiLRiLi[ @xqs NRPsRRV; sVVLi[ @xmsxqssR*Li gSs, LRiLigRiV[ sWLRiV gSs NRPsRRV; yNRPV[ xmsLRiVxtsQR*Li gSs @sVRR*Li gSs @gRixmsRRV. yLji s[y[ FsLRiVxmso Dy NRPWR @j N][RLi s NRPgjisj NSRV; @j ZNP[sLi sVxmsoLRiVxtsQORPQLi sWRs[V. F~LiRRgjis yss F~LijsyLRiV s, G NSLRisVVsV xqsLiNRPLiRsyLRiV s, xqsLi][xtsQ˳LjiyLi RLRigRiV s yLRiV, FsxmsVRV, xmsxqssQQ\sVsxms RLiRsVLiRLi][ aRPLRiyNSaRPLi xmsNSbPxqsVsV xmsNSbPxqsWLiLRiV. FssLjidsVy N][zmsLiRLRiV; sVXRVsogSsV sVRVLRiLigSsV sWزRVyLRiV; yLji xmssLRis NRPWR @[ sRLigS, sVXRVsVRVLRiLigS DLiVLij.

sVWee sVxRV= xqsRV= NSlLi[xtsv xqsy xmssLRi RV[7zms ys, xqs*RVLi R xmssXy @zms, @yxmnsWR NSLRigRiLiy Bs xmsaSLiR xXRRW ˳xqsLi[ e NS*zms s sgRiy, s NS*xmsճxtsQLigRiM, s NS*zms xqsLiO][Q˳M e aRPV˳ xmspLRi xqsL][sLRi sVs xmsaSLiR sxtsQLiR bdPRsXy sLSs[sR sXyM $RLRiM e

@sVee g]xms g]xms xqsyLSV ¿[RVysNTP sVsV FR=zxqsVy NRPWR, ysVV NRPWR @Li NSLSV sLRi*zxqsVy NRPWR $RLRiVV G NSLRisVV][sV G sWRsVW xqsLiLiRLi [syLRiV s xmsaSLiR \sVs xXRRVLi][ xmsNSbPxqsW DLiLRiV. G sxtsQRVLi[sW ]LiRLRiFyV [RV; G sxtsQRVLi[sW AyxqsNTP [RV. G sxtsQRVLi[sW NRPLigSLRiV [RV. sR \sVs RLjiR gRi $RLRiVV xmsLjiaRPVR\sVs DRNRPLi][ sLiTs xqsL][sLRiLi s xmsaSLiRsVV, saRPsVV, bdPRsVV @LiVVs zqs[ xmsNSbPxqsWyLRiV.

sVWee @jgRiR ss[NRP xmsLRi{qssVxqsV sVxRW=xms ORPQQsWجs NRPLS, RVRM NRPLRiQX y*ճxqsLij, xmnsճxqsLij sRVLS @Rrys s NRPLRiQXyLi [uy sWxqsLiLiVVRVLi xms˳sLi. DNRPLi R c ""ss[NUP sVVNRP Gs ry`; NRPVLRi*][7xqs s NRPLRiQXy e @[xmssX sWbPR $NRPXxtsQ sN_ RVy'' B e

@sVee ss[NRPLiVVNRP @RVsRzqss F~Lijs sVxmsoLRiVxtsvV NRPLRiV ¿[xqsVy ys NRPLRiQXy*ճsWsLi NSs, xmns}msORPQ gSs [NRPVLiy ¿[xqsWLiLRiV; @LiRV¿[R A NRPLRiV yLjiRVLiRV NRPLRiQXy*RVsV NRPgjiLiRso.

""ss[NUP sVVNRP Gs ry` NRPVLRi*][7xqs s NRPLRiQXy,

@[xmssXsWbPR $NRPXxtsQsN_ RVy''

""AyyRss[NRPLi NRPgjisyRV sVVNRPV򮲅[. @LiyRV $NRPXxtsQcsNRPV s sLjixms Vj][ NRPLRi ؿRLjiLiy NRPWR ysNTP NRPLRiQXR*Li [RV'' @s ¿xmsTLij.

sVWee ""RVxqs=sVryLRi [xtsv ssLRizms bdPRM e xmsLSlLi[ztsQ*s xmspLSyxqs ssVQQNRP DR['', ""sVXRVy sVXRV˳ztsQy'', ""xqsLis[[s xXyNSZaP[ sVygRizms s xms[ e RVry7rysy xqsLis` xqs ssVQQNRP DR['', ""RVxqs=LRi*ysճ}qsxM RR yQxms aRPV˳ aRPV˳sV e yճsLiR s [*ztsQ Rxqsxms xmsztsQy'', ""s [*ztsQ xqsLixmssXys s ssXys NSLiORPQ e Dy{qsssy{qs[ gRiV\L][ s sy['' Byks ssVQQNRP c zqsRxms c gRiVؼdR xmsoLRiVuyLi ORPQجs, sZaP[RVryLjiճM ryR\ZNP LRi˳xqsdsRWs c RWs aS}qsQxtsv xmsFyjys, [uyLi xqslLi[*uyLi, xqsLS*Ry ORPQQ˳WRLi xqs`, $RLRi yLi sLRisLi sLS[ e RRaRP Ry*NSyLi FysWLi xqsVxtsv xqsLiryzmsR sVzms ˳s e sM ZaP[RVryLjiճ LkiRXbdP sXLRisVxqsLRiṸ[V sbPu [][7zms yyLi xqssVVRR[ e xqs*RLji[ [ZNP[ RLRi sWLRiLi xmsuyxmsLiVVRVs[Vs VxmssXyM $RLRiM, $LSsVRs xms˳VLjis. (""RLRi sWLRiLi RLji[ ؃ssWLRiLi R ysVRM'' ByRVxmsFyjRLi LSsVyxmsdsWxmssxtsQj).

@sVee ""RVM xqssVryLRiLRi[xtsv ssLRizms bdPRM,

xmsLSlLi[ztsQ*s xmspLSy xqs ssVQQNRP DR[''

""xqssVxqs NSLRixqssVVyRW[ FyLiVy NRPWR FssRV BRLRiV NSLSRVLiRV s RgS DLiز][ (BRLRiV NSLSV LRiVgRiVRVsxmsVRV G sRLigS ˳suy sxtsQRVLi[ Dy{qssVRVgS DLiز][ ysV Fyܮs[ NSLS sxtsQRVLi[ NRPWR A sRLigS Dy{qssVRVgS DLiز][) @RRV ssVNRPV Rs ¿xmsRVRVyRV''.

""sVXRVy sVXRV˳ztsQy''

""sVXRVsogS sWزRRs[V sVXRVR*sVsgS'',

""xqsLis[[s xXRNSZaP[ sVygRizms s xms[

RVryrysy xqsLis` xqs ssVQQNRP DR[''

""xXyNSaRPLi[s Fsss RLi NSs xqsLis` (`) N]Li¿Li NRPWR [RV\sVs xmsyLRiLi ¿[R xmsLi NS][ @RRV ssVNRPV Rs ¿xmsRVRVyRV''.

""RVM xqsLRi*ysճ}qsxM RRyQxms aRPV˳aRPV˳sV,

yճss s [*ztsQ Rxqs xms xmsztsQy''

""FssRV [sRVLiRW @yxqsNTP [sy][, aRPV˳sV F~Lij sxmsVRV DF~LigRi][, @aRPV˳sV F~LijsxmsVRV (ys RyLRisV) [*ztsQLiR][ ys Vj zqsLRi \sVsj''.

""s [*ztsQ xqsLixmssXys s ssXys NSORPQ''

(FssRV xqsRQ*LRixqssWgRiVNSLSQ\s xmsNSaRPcxmssXcsWV xmssLjixqsWsxmsVRV [*ztsQLiR][, ssLjiLisxmsVRV (sVd NSys) N][LRi][''

""Dy{qsssy{qs[ gRiVL][ s sy[''

""Dy{qssVRV s NRPWL]s Ds FssRV gRiV¿[R RLixms¿[RVR]['' Byj yNRPsVV[ ¿zmss ssVQQNRP c zqsRxms c gRiVؼdRV ORPQsV sWOSQs F~LiRg][lLi[ ryRNRPVV @˳zqsLiy @s aSryQ[ sjLixmsTLij. $RLRiV xmssX @s sy C ORPQ sLiNUP ORPQQLigS sLSVRWsj. C sRLigS C yNS FysWLi RXRLigS ryzmsLiRTs RsoRWsj; sWORPQLi NSysVN]s[y B xmssXs @sLRiRVN][y @s sVNRPV ؃sLi NRPWR NRPVgRiVRWsj. $LSsVRLiR xms˳Vso s $RLRiVV NRPWR RsV sRsTNRP¿[R [NRPLi[ RLRisWLSs xmsztsQLixms ¿[RVysZNP[ xmssLjixqsVyLRiV NRPy?

(""RLRisWLRiLi RLji[ ؃ssWLRiLi R ysVRM'' ""$LSsVVRV Rs RLjiR¿[R RLRisWLSs ryzmsLiyRV, Rs ysVxms˳تsLi¿[R ؃ssWLRiLi ryzmsLiyRV''@s LSsVyxmsdsWxmssxtsQRV[ xmsFyjLiRTsj)

sVWee GsLi Fyss[s {qs*[Vs sLRis[s, ssLRixmsys ss[NRP xmsys xsyLi ssVQQNSyLi sXLi c ˳NRP bPxtsQ s bPOSQLRi sWsxtsvLRi*LiRM, BydsLi xqssWj xmsys sVVNRPxmsoLRiVuyLi sXRsVzms bPxtsQbPOSQ\V xmsRLRi+LiVVRVLi xmssXy}qse

@sVee C sRLigS xmssR\sVs RsV xmssLRis¿[R, ˳NRPVQ\s bPxtsQsVNRPV Dxms[bPLiRRLiN]LRiNRPV, $RLRiVV, xs[R \s ssVNRPV[ N]LiRLRiV s*sLSsNTP, N]LiRLRiV ss[NSsNUP FyysLi BxqsW G sR\sVs xmssX[ DLiL][ @ xmssXs AsxtsQLjiLi BxmsVRV xqssWjNTP FyysLi B¿[ sVVNRPxmsoLRiVxtsv xmssXs NRPWR bPuxms[aRPLiN]LRiNRPV xmsRLji+LiRysNTP xmssLjixqsVyLRiV.

sVWee xsRV= \ssRLi RVRQXaRP[ R` c RRRVFyRsVLij xqssWLRixmnsNRPLRiyyR*xmsRVVNRPs[Vs, s R` ؃syyR* xmsRVVNRPsV e \LRijgRiRxqs xmnsxqs Ry=Rs[*yճsVRxqs RRQ*؃sxqs R xqsLS*Ry GNRPLRiWxmsy*`, xqslLi[* [ ؃sRM xqssW Gs. DNRPLi R c ""NRPXu ˳[gki aRPVNRPryQgki sXF sNRPLSxmnsV_ e szqsxtsQM NRPLRiNRPLS R xqslLi[* [ ؃sRM xqssWM'' B e ""xsRM syM ssLRi xmsyyM, ss[NRP xmsyy xqs=sWj xmsyy B'' $syLRigRiVLRiVճLRizms \LkiWxmss xtsQy}tsQ sLjiRsV.

@sVee xs[R[ \ssRLi (˳[RLi, s[LRiV s[LRiV xmsRRV[ DLiRRLi) NRPsRVRWsj. @j ZNP[sLi A RW DFyRVNRPV ([RVNRPV) xqsLiLijLis, xmnsجs Bs*ysNTP FyLRiLiճLis, NRPLRi ˳[ys xms GLRiTs[ NSs y ؃sLi[ Ds ˳[ys xms GLRiTsj NSRV. yLRiV F~Lijs xmnssVW (sWORPQsVW), ysNTP ryRsLigS ¿xmsTs RRQ*؃ssVW NRPWR @s sy GNRPLRiWxms\sVs[. yLRiLiRLRiW ؃sLi sxtsQRVLi[ xqssWsV[.

""NRPXu ˳[gki aRPVNRPryQgki sXF sNRPLSxmnsV_,

szqsxtsQM NRPLRiNRPLS R xqslLi[* [ ؃sRM xqssWM''

""$NRPXxtsvRV ˳[gji; aRPVNRPsVxL<ji ygji; sNRPVRV $LSsVVRV LSFysLi ¿[zqss LSV; szqsxtsvRV NRPLRi ؿRLjiLiRRLi[ DRVNRPVRV. ؃sLi¿[R dsLRiLiRLRiW xqssWsV['' @s ¿xmsTLij.

""xs[RV ssLRixmsysVV, ss[NRPxmsysVV, xqssWjxmsysVV @s sVWRV syV @s \LkiWxmssxtsQyxtsQLi[ $syLRigRiVLRiVso yLRiV.

sVWee xqssWj aRP##[s RsX sL][][ yR ssOTPQRMe NTPLiRV, ""@xs[Vs xmsLRiLix xmsLRiLi xsV zqsM e xqssWjxqs= RV s[RV xqs=LRi*sX ssLjiRM'' (bP[xms sxtsQ`) ""xqssWj xqs=sVysry yR xmsLRisWR[M'' ByRVxmssxtsQ y*NSssV xqsXR, ""@xLi 7zqs c \|yxsV{qs'' R˳[[ysrysLi xqssWjLji ˳gRisyQ\ LRiճzRy*R, Ry7s zqslLi[s (xqs*xqs*LRiW}msتs zqsM, xqsLiaSLiR xqsLRi* xqsLis[R xqsx xqsLisyys|q^ss) ssOTPQy e

@sVee BNRPR xqssWj @sgS RsXsL][RLi @s @LRiLi NSRV; sVlLi[ sVsgSc

""@xs[Vs xmsLRiLi xxmsLRiLi xsV zqsM,

xqssWjM xqs RV s[RVM xqsLRi*sXssLjiRM'' (bP[xmssxtsQRV)

""s[s[ xmsLRixsV; xmsLRix s[sV' @sV zqs, BRLRisXRV [ds [s zqs, "xqssWj' @s RVRgjisj''

""xqssWjM xqssVysry yRxmsLRisWR[M''

(yRcxmsLRisWRV INRPgS Ds @sxqs ""xqssWj'')

C sVVR\s DxmssxtsQy*NSsV @sVxqsLjiLid, ""s[sV xsV, x[V s[sV' @s @˳[R Vj][ DLiRRLi xqssWj'' @s ˳gRisyRVV ¿xmsRLi¿[y NRPWR xxqs*LRiWxmsLi[ DLiRRLi (xqssVxqs[RVsVVW aSLiLiRLigS xqsx\sVs yRLRiWxmsLi[, xqs*xqs*LRiWxmsLi[ DLiRRLi) @s @LRiLi.

sVWee RRVLRi sR=lLi[˳M xms˳X $RLRi؃yLi xmssXLRiRLiR sORPQ RXaRP[e rys Fys afR xmsp yyjxtsv NSlLi[xtsv xmspLRi*Li [V sRVsWM NRPh][LS AbPy }qsztsQ*yds sVRLiR sy{qssLi, xmsLjiRLS xms\lLi LRisVR\lLiLRizms ˳ztsQRVLi [y=xM, ryyLiRLRi NRPsV[7zms s[y, xmsLjiaSLiy}qss, sRRW xqssWNSLiR }qss xqsRRLi aRPRV[sVy. AaRPyyRyj xtsQ*zms xqs*RM xmssXLSQzqs e s\lLiM NTPRVsW[xtsw xmsylLi[xtsv @sVsWRM @zqs ss[ s ػRVLi aRPNRP[ e RW7zqs sVV[ xms˳ xqs*y, rsW, saRPy, { c ry xqsLRi*Q\NRPLRiW\|msy s˳xqs[ e s[[ Dds[ Gs RXZaP[[e @zmsRV RRQXztsQM NTPLi y sxtsQLiVWNRPL][d s ظRV[ e NTPLi sQ[, ZNP[*Fy= NRP*s[ c NRPRsVzms ZNP[yzms s aRPNRP[ sػRVsV e @LiRLRi˳تs xqsWRNSs sVVs[R Fyj xqsLiRyszms sVXgSs e @sy, @ػR xmspLS* ¿[RVLi RLS AaRPLSRV NRP[ xqss[VuysV e

@sVee sVWRVcyVgRiV xqsLisR=LSsVLiT $RLRiV xmssX y sORPQLigS NRPsRVRVsj. ryssVV, FyssVV, afRLi, xmsp, ysLi sVVR\s NSLS[ xmspLRi*Li G NRPh][LRisRVsWV FyLi¿[yL][ A sRVsW sxtsQRVLi[ BxmsVRV xmspLjigS Ky{qssLi RWxmsoRVyLRiV. xmsLjiRLRi ¿[}qs @sVRLRiV][ NRPWR sWزRysNTP Dy=xLi [RV. sVL]NRP ][NTP ss[ N][LjiNRP [RV. @zqsFLiVVsyLRiV s, sR @szLis yLRiV s FsxmsVRV xmsLiRVN]sysZNP[ DsVV\ DLiVyLRiV. ˳[scAyRyRV sxtsQRVLi[ NRPWR RsVLiR ysVVgS xmssLjiLiRRLi[RV. BRLRiVV ¿[xqsWs DxmsyLS sxtsQRVLi[ NRPWR dsLji @sVsWRLi Dsy [y @s[j RVRLi [RV. @LiVV[c sVVLi[ sWRLi xqs*R骫sVV, rsVsVV, sLRisVV @LiVVs xa][˳ RVyxmspLRi*LigSs[ Dsj. NRP FsxmsVRW Lji¿[ DLiVyLiVV. A RWxmsoV G sxqsVsosV RWxqsVyW RVRV. GsV A[xqsVyLRiV; Gj NSysVN]LiVyLRiV; Gj @NRPLRi[ RsVNRPVLiVyLRiVcBLi sxtsQRWV FssLRiW NRPWR G sRLigSsW VxqsVN]sNRPVyLRiV. sVsxqsV=[ Ds ˳تys xqsWLi¿[ sVVcs[RcxryRV NRPRNRPV NRPWR [so. @sRsVW, xmspLRi*Li FssRW NRPs ss FsLRigRisk @LiVVs C RLRi @LiRLjids AaRPLRi RNTPRVsV ¿[xqsWsj.

sVWee GsLi zqs[, ˳NSMZNP[Rs c LRiRW @ճ˳WyM $RLRiM, [ZNP[FyRVM GsLi sXy Gs sXy RXaRPLi[ c B sVs*[ e ZNP[Rs Ry s, yj xmsW\Qs[RVLi zqsM, xmsتsWLiRLi R RXaRP[ e @saRPLi NTPy= NRPLRiṸ[V sVssWyM NTPy=Li NSLRiLiVVRV sVRyճ ss[ZaP[s yxmsXyM e xms\lLiQQQORPQLiR ճxtsQgRi*LS xqs=sWgRiR x[ xy. sLRi[RLiaRP s yjxmsW[RVLi zqsM, sysLi R*R ysgRisVR B e

@sVee B DLiVLiRgScN]LiRLRiV ˳NRPVV c ""$RLRiV yLRiNRPLi {msTxqsWsj; ryyLRiLigS sXRVV C sRLigSs[ xmssLjiryLRiV'' @s @sVN]LiVyLRiV. N]LiRLRiV c ""@j NSRV; yjss[ C zqs GLRiTLij. VjsWLiRLi NRPsRVRWsj. RxmsNRPVLiy NTPR= ¿[LiVVLiy'' @s @sVN]s FsLi][ xmsVR][ NTPR= ¿[LiVVLiRRLi FyLRiLiճLiyLRiV. FsLiRL][ \sRsxmsoVV s @s[NRPsyVgS xmsLkiOTPQLic ""C zqs yjs NRPgjisj NSRV; ksNTP NSLRiLi GsW sWNRPV @LiRVxmsRLi [RV''@s ¿FyLRiV.

sVWee s[RVLi rysWs ysgS zqsM, s[RVLi yj xmsRVVNS; yzms xmsتsWLiR xmsW; NTPLiRV RRQ*sRQs\lLiNRP xqssVjgRisW ""Guy {zqsM FyLRi'' Byjy gkiyaS}qsQ xmsFyjy RW xmsLRisVFysy {zqs \|qs#=s; yye RVR R sWxxqs xqsLS*Ry xmsxqsNRPQ˳تsM, RV xRyQ*s [Rzmsys ˳WRxqs, xqsLS*sLRi sVW xmssX d˳WRxqs NSsVxqs xqsLS*Ry sRVM, sMxqsQXxy, ˳sLiR sVWxLiNSLRi c sVsVNSLRiW\lLiQQ*RVLRiLi, xmsLRisVaSLiaRP xmsoLixqs xqs=LixmsR[, RW R xqssWj aRPճ[RW xmsLS xms, RR ˳Wy ry, yye xmsLSRWM xmsظRWM xqs*LRiWxms sVVFysLji DxmssxtsQj c ""xqssWzy sRRXFy RVy˳WyLRi RLji+ds e xs xqssWj aRP##[s xmsLS xms[R[ V\M'' B e RVRW z RW RVy˳WyLRi ryOSQyLRiM xqsLixmsR[ c sRRXxmsy R zqsy ˳s, ry xmsLSxms ! RVy˳WyLRi xms[s xqsR NSصyR*RV xmsLjixmspLRi [ysLiR ORPQ xmsLRixxqs*LRiWM A\sV[R[; R][7 sXxqs (sxtsQRWRNRPxqs) RXaRPػRxqs xryyNRPxqs y xqsLRi*xqs sVyy*` ! Rzqss z @sgRi[, sxtsQRV sxtsQRVNRP xqsLiNRPysVVs[xtsQ Gs G ˳s ! xqsLiNRP˳خs[ RsWNSyLi sVsM xmsLjiتsV LRiWFyLi NSsWkyLi xmsxqsNTPlLi[s s ˳s RR˳خs[ sVsr sVs\|qs#*s[Vs Vxms[! xqsyR*RV xmsLjixmspLRi [ysLiRORPQLi xmsLRiLi \|yx sV sxqs=LijgSxmsL][ORPQ ryOSQyLRixqs (AR xqsysV [RORPQxqs) xqsLixmssy* yRsRM sRRXxmsy zqsy ˳se @R Gs xmssX xmsWNRP NSsWkyLi (RXuykyLi) @˳تy`, خs[LijRWLi y, NRPlLi[LijRWyLi y xmssXLRi˳s e @RM ARRRQ*syLi aRPLkilLi[LijRWjxtsv xqsR=Q*zms, RLRi+s xqsLRi+s c aRPsصj ssL][ y, ˳xtsQ gRisVyyyj ssL][y s sLi˳se xqsRQ*zms aRPLkiLSjxtsv DFyjxtsv, [V RRQ* sR}qs @aRPLkiLji Gs c sVVNS Gs @aRPLkiLRiR*Li z sVVNTPM e @aRPLkiLRiR*Li R c s aRPLkiLRiLSzRLRiWxmsLi, NTPLiRV aRPLkiLSRճsWs (yxqsLigRi) LSzRLRiWxmssV! RRQ*خs[s AR[ [j xqsLiLiR˳LiyaS R` zqsR e

@sVee Bj sWsVWVy ZNPsLjiNUP @LRiLi @[V zqs NSRV. Bj yjs NRPgjisj NSRV, VjsWLiRLis NRPgjisj NRPWR NSRV. sVlLi[sVsgS c Guy { zqsM FyLRi'' ByjyNS¿[R gkiyaSxqsQLi[ xmsFyjLixmsTsj, c ZNP[sLi RRQ*s[RNRPV sWRs[V @LRiLi @[Vk @LiVVs ""{ zqsM'' [V NSs sVL]NRP NSRV. G zqs[ G sRLigSsW NRPWR sWxLi DLiRysNTP @sNSaRP##s[V [][, Gj ճLiRRLi¿[R xRQ*؃ys NRPzmss[zqssj, xqsLS*sLSNRPW sVW \sVs ssLSsNTP dsVW @LiVVs NSsVLi xmspLjigS sbPLiFRVLi][, [ss xmsoLRiVxtsvsNRPV AaRP##[NRPFsRsVV, xqsLiryLRiLiysNTP sVW\sVs @xLiNSLRisVsVNSLS syaRPssVV xmsLRisV aSLid NRPWR NRPVgRiVyW, Gj "xqssWj' @s[ sWLRiV }msLRiV gRi "xmsLSxms' VVNRP xmnssW Bj A xzqs[V gSs sVL]NRP Gk NSRV. "xmsLSxms' VVNRP xqs*LRiWxmsLi DxmssxtsQRV[c

""xqssWzy sRRXFy RVy˳WyLRiRLji+ds,

xs xqssWjaRP##[s xmsLS xms[R[ V\M (@s. D. 1.48)

""J! x[RsW! ^QNSgRiQLi][ NRPWTsj, FsxmsVRV RXzms][ Dsj. ARxqs*LRiWFys RW¿[j @LiVVs xmsLRixmss[ xmsLiTRVV "xqssWj' @LiLRiV @s ¿xmsTsj. Gj ճLiRRLi¿[R RVy˳WyLRiryOSQyLRiLi NRPVgRiVRVLi][, sRRXxmsR*Li NRPWR zqsjxqsVLi][ @[ xmsLRixms. "RVy˳WyLRi' xmsysNTP xqsRsVV, sVWRV NS[sV @صRsVV (@s NS[sV zqsLRiLigS DLi[j), @j*dRVsVV, xmsLjixmspLRisVV \s ؃ysLiRsVV s[ ORPQV gRi x[V xqs*LRiWxmsLigS gRi AR @s[V @LRiLi. FsLiRVs ssgS c ysNRPLi ճsQQ\sVs x \sVs RXaRPxmsyLS xqssVVyRVsVV, AyNRP \sVs (aRPLkiLSsNTP xqsLiLijLis) xmsyLS xqssVVyRVsVW NRPWR sVR[V. @j zqss RLRiVyR sxtsQRWNRPV xqsLiLijLis xqsLiNRP[ NRPgRiso. xqsLiNRPV [NRPF[ sVsM xmsLjiتsVLRiWFy\s NSsWRVV sLi¿[ xmsxqsZNP[ [RV. @s [NRPF[ @s [NRPF[ sVsxqsV=VVNRP sVsxqsQ*s[V [zmsxqsVLij. @j [zmsLiRRLi][ gRizLi[k gRizLi¿[k @s[ ORPQLi gRi xqssVxqs \sVs ssLRisVW NRPWR VxmsLi @soRVLij. xqsRsVV, @R*RVsVV, xmsLjixmspLRi ؃s c AsLiRxqs*LRiWxmssVV @LiVVs xmsLRix[V s[sV @sVxqsLiaRPRVLRizR \sVs AR ryOSQyLRiLi NRPgRiRLis ARs[RNRPV sRRXxmsR*Li zqsjxqsVLij. @LiRVss[ NSLRisVVV ¿[RVysNTP }msLRiNRPsVV\s NSsWRVV (RXuyRVV) [NRPFsRLis خs[LijRWV NSs NRPlLi[LijRWV NSs xmssLjiLiRso (G NSLRisVVsW ¿[RVso). @LiRVs ARRRQ*Li zqssyLjiNTP aRPLkilLi[LijRWRV Vy NRPWR RWRRLi, xqsQXbPLiRRLi, ssRLi sVVR\s ssLRiLi gSs, sWزRRLi, sT sRLi sVVR\s ssLRiLi gSs xqsLi˳sLiRRV. aRPLkiLRiLi sVVR\s DFyRVV Dy NRPWR RRQ*s[RV aRPLkiLRiLi [sylLi[, sVVNRPV[. sVVNTP @sgS @aRPLkiLRiR*s[V NRPy? @aRPLkiLRiR* sVsgS aRPLkiLRiLi [NRPFsRLi NSRV; aRPLkiLSRVdsVR @ճsWsLi, AxqsNTP [NRPFsRLi, RRQ*؃sLi¿[R ARNRPV [j xqsLiLiR}RV \ss ˳Li sbPLiRRLi s aRPLkiLSRճsWsLi DLiRRV.

sVWee RVRFyRsM, xqs*RM NRPyzms DFyjճM xqsLiLi][ y}qsQs c Ryzms, RRxqsLigSRLRiWxmsLi R*aRPLkiLRiR*Li ˳Liy L][zRsV ! ""@aRPLkiLRiLi aRPLkilLi[xtsv'' "".... @xqsLig][ xRVsWy'' Byj aRPVyNRP yR RRQ* ryOSQylLi[ ˳LiyaS`, RRճs[e R[yaRPLkiLRiR*Li @ճsQQNSxqsLigSR xqs*LRiWxmsLi; \|qss ssVQQNTPMe RRQ* syLi ssVQQNSyLi, xqssWj xmsyyyLi s N][zms ssLRiM xqsLi˳s e [ z s NTPsVzms NRPVLRi*[ e s NTPsVzms ˳xtsQs[ c s NTPsVzms }msxmss[, sys Bs sxqsLiRLi xtsQLi e xms\lLiM xms[RsWyM NRPy` c xmsoy ˳##s[RVVM, NRPys c BRVs[Vs z, BydsLiRds $ RLRi؃yLi zqsM e BsWsVRVRsWLi {Li zqsLi @jgRiR RyQ* Gs sVy[ ؃s[, ys[ e RRVNRPLi ""@sLji*xtsQRV aRPWsxqs zM xqs*RLiR yLjiMe ˳LiR}qss RaSry ry ryRXaS Gs ؃s['' Be

@sVee yxqssLi[ ARNRPV FssRW NRPWR DFyRV][ xqsLiLiRLi [s[ [RV, @LiVVy NRPWR aRPLkiLRiLi][ xqsLiLiRLi [NRPFsRLi @s[ (xqs*LRiWxmsLi gRi) @aRPLkiLRiR*Li ˳Li¿[R NRPxmsTFLiVVLij. ""@aRPLkiLRiLi aRPLkilLi[xtsv...'' ""@xmsLig][ xRVsWy'' ""AR aRPLkiLRiLi [sj; ssR aRPLkiLS[ DLiWsj'', ""ARNRPV [s][sV xqsLiLiRLi [RV'' Byj aRPVyNSs NRPgjis ARRRQ*Li VVNRP ryOSQyLRiLi ¿[R ˳Li sbPLiRgS @j (@aRPLkiLRiR*Li) @ճsQQNRPLi @soRVLij. C @aRPLkiLRiR*s[V [s][sW xqsLiLiRLi [sjgS @ճsQQNRP \sVs ARVVNRP xqs*LRiWxmsLi. @[ ssVQQNTP. xqssWjxmsysV\s RRQ*s[R \s ssVNRPVNRPV G sR\sVs ssLRisVW NRPWR DLiRRLi xqsLi˳sLi NSRV. y G xmsds ¿[RVLRiV; GdsV sWزRLRiV; GdsV F~LiRs ss N][LRiVN]sLRiV. sRFRVsyLRiV s saRPLigS DLiLRiV. BRLRiVV s[Vy INRPxmsRV \ xmsxmsLiRLi[sNTP sryLRiV INRPxmsVRV LSLRiV. $RLRiV Bxms zqs B[. @RVRsV \sVs C xzqss RRQ*؃ssLiRV\s sVRVV sWRs[V @LRiLi ¿[zqsN]LiLRiV. BRLRiV s*LRiW @LRiLi ¿[zqsN]sLRiV. C sxtsQRVs[Vc

""@sLji*xtsQRVaRPWsxqs zM xqs*RsyLjiM

˳؃s}qss RaSryryryRXaS Gs ؃s[''

""sVsxqsV=[ G A[RsW [syRV \ xqs*RgS xqsLiRLjiLi¿[yRW @LiVVs DsRVRV s Ds ssVQQNTPs A RW @sxqssV @Liy[ VxqsVN]sNRPVgRiVyLRiV'' @s ¿xmsTLij.

sVWee BRVs[Vs {zqsM xmsLS xqs*LRiWxmszqs Lji R sLRiQ[ e ry z ""xqsLiaS s xqsLRi* xqsLiNRP RW bPتsRszqsM e gRisQy ssLRiVQQNS ry xqs*LRiWxmszqsM xmsLS'' B yZNP[yճzy e xqs*LRiWxmszqs LSsV ARsM xmsLRiRy7 szqs lLi[s e ARsM xqsLS*sry ryOTPQy* RxmsLji 郫sy*`, RWxmsy*`, @ssy*`csLi xqs*LRiWxmsLi xqsRجsj ORPQLi xmsLRi\|s, s [j, [uyLi xmsLji郫sQy`, @s˳xqsy*` Ry*` e x R ""@Fy[ xsWyM aRPV˳M'' ""@yNRP yRLRiM'', ""sxtsQLi sztsQQRVsV'' Byj aRPVy\ZNPQQM sVsM FyOSQj sRVLRi sVRsgRisV[e ""R[yx sV{qs'' RsgRiR, @sy xmsRVVNRPLi [j xqsLiLiRLi sRWRV, xmsLRiRyszqsRxqs ssVQQNRPxqs RRQ*sRM c sVsxqsM @˳تy`, RRLjiتsV ˳WRxqsLiNRPyLi xqsLS*Ry DxmsaRPsVM, RRaRP NRPsWjy NRPX NTPRW sVxqsLi˳sM; RRaRP, ssXR RLRi+s aRPsصj xqsLRi*ssLRiM, sxtsQLiRLi ryOTPQLRiW}ms Dy{qsss[s xqs AyLSsVxqs=s xtsQ e Ry ][NRPLi gkiyaS}qsQ ""Dy{qs ssy{qs[ gRiV\L][s sy['' Byjy e sLRirysyy*`, xmsLRiRW xmsRW xqsLixmssy*`, R}qsRVLi zqsM c s syLRiWFy; BLijRV yFyLRi LSzy yzms gRiRWFy c NTPLiRV xqsLRi*sORPQ, sVxRM RxmsxqsM xmns˳Wy, xqsVy˳VgjilLi[Q\sM sVxL<ji ճLRixms˳LRiQsWy, xqsVRVLSFy, xsRQs\lLiNRP xqssVjgRisW! RsWzqsyM $ aRPLi˳[LRisyLRi ˳WyM $ RLRiM BydssV!

@sVee C xzqsZNP[ "xmsLRixqs*LRiWxmszqs' @s }msLRiV. kss gRiWLjic

""xqsLiaSsxqsLRi*xqsLiNRP RW bPتsRszqsM,

gRisQyssLRiVQQNS ry xqs*LRiWxmszqsM xmsLS''

""xqsLRi*xqsLiNRPV aSLiLiRgS bP s G zqs Ds][, gRiRsxqs][ NSs sysxqs][ NSs xqsLiLiRLi [s A zqs ""xmsLRixqs*LRiWxmszqs'' @sV yNRPLi ¿xmsVRVsj. AR xmsLRix xqs*LRiWxmsLi][ DLiRRs[V xqs*LRiWxmszqs. AR xqsLS*sxqsNRPV (gRiyRVNRPV, RVNRPV) ryOTPQ, xmsLji郫sLi NSsj. RWxmsLi, sVL]NRP ys¿[R ˳zqsLixms¿[RV[j NSRV. @LiRV¿[R ks xqs*LRiWxmsLi xqsRyjORPQ\sVs xmsLRix[V NSs [jNRPLi NSRV. FsLiRVs ssgS @s xmsLji郫ssVVV, RsVVV, BRLRi \sVsys¿[R ˳zqsLixms ¿[RVRgjiss. ""@Fy[ xsVyM aRPV˳M ""(AR FyV sVsxqsV= [sj, xmsLjiaRPVRsVV, ""@yNRP yRLRiM'' (ygSRVV [sj) ""sxtsQLi sztsQQRVLi aSssV'' Byj aRPVyNRPsVV¿[R ARNRPV sVsMFyصRVV [ss VxqsWsj. ""@ x[V s[sV'' @s VxqsVN]s @sR¿[R GLRiTs [jxqsLiLiys sR xmsLRixxqs*LRiWxmsLi][ Ds جs \Vs ssVNRPV sNRPV sVsxqsV= DLiRRV gSs ys xmsLjiتsW \s xqsLiNRPV @xqs[ DLiRso. @LiRV¿[R NRPsVLigS BR, xmsRVRLi, NTPRV Bs NRPWR DLiRysNTP @sNSaRPLi [RV. @LiRVs RLRi+ssVV, aRPs᪫sVV sVR\s xqssVxqsssLRisVVV ssLjiLiRgS ryOTPQLRiWxmsLi[ Dy{qssVRV s AyLSsVV\ (Rs[ ys[ AsLijxqsW) saRPLigS NRPWLRiVLiزRV. C sxtsQRVLi ˳gRiskR[sc

""Dy{qsssy{qs[ gRiV\L][ s sy[''

ByjyNS[ ¿xmsTLij. @yRV @sRsV ]gjiLiRVN]yRV. "xmsLSxms' xqsLiFyjLiRVN]yRV. @LiRV¿[R ys C zqs syLRiWxms\sVsj NSRV. BLijRV yFyLSV [NRPFsRLi¿[R gRiRWxms \sVsj NRPWR NSRV. xqsLRi*sORPQ \sVsj. g]xms RxmsxqsV= VVNRP xmnsLi Bj. @sVXyaRPsV \s [sRW sVxL<RiVW NRPWR Bj NSys N][LRiVNRPVLiWLi LRiV, @LiVVy yNRPV NRPWR ճLiRRV. xs[R[ ZaP[xtsv\s yRV sWRs[V F~LiRgRiVgRiVyRV. $bPsos @syLRi \sVs $RLRiVV BxmsVRV A zqs[ DyLRiV.

sVWee RW {zqsM, RW xmsLS xqs*LRiWxmszqsM, \|qssWgRi yLRisdgRiLi[. xmsFyjy c xqsLissLiVW xqsxتsry{ms R sNRPVLi aRPNRP[ e RR*yLi ORPQ؃yLi sXRxqs \¿NRPsRy*` ! $sVjM ˳gRisyQ\M ""ssLRi RVLidLi s[LijRW xmssLRiRVdsLi xmsLRisWR˳تssVe xqsLisxqsLiVWLi yLi xqsxتsVsryLi NRPygRisVuysV gRiys˳تsMe'' B a][ZNP[s, @ZaP[xtsQ RXa][QR ZNP[s RXLiVW, xqsx xqsLisxqsLiVW, bPjyxLi c sVsV˳\sM xmsoLRiVxtsQ_lLi[\VM sR*jlLi[yjgRisVLi aRPNS, s[LijRV yFyLSLi ssLRis[ c xmsLRisWR ˳sFyxms[ R ORPQsW, NSRs sbPuy @srxmssLjiy e @jgRiR RRsryyLi sXR sVxmsoFysLji gRiLiy_ c

""s gRiLRiM yzms xqsVxtsvzms˳تsM

[ sRLi [ sVLRiLi sRsV''

s RxtsQQXy yzms R RXaRP˳تsM

ryXsV龻[ ZNP[s xqsLis[s''

Byjy xqsLRi*[NRP sORPQ᪱sV e

RRsV c

a][ee xmsRgji*sVLS+aRP##[Vs xmsoLiryLi

Fyds gRiLi[xtsv xmsLiVV[xtsv e

FyRVLRi鮪s[y RزR sy c

xmsxmsLiR yLi xmsLjisLRiRVLid ee

a][ee s郫s xqsLiNRP sNRPsVW[ c

sZaP[+xtsQ sLRiWR NRPLRi[ !

sLiRLS˳xqs syLiR˳y c

ryXLi˳##[ Wgjis WgRisy ee

B a][NRPR*[Vs [}LijRWRsVLij yxqsyyLi @xLiy sVsVyORPQ؃yLi ssXf, ARxqsysV[R ORPQxqsLigSR xqs*LRiWxms xmsR[V xqsLixmss[, s鮃s[, R xqsLRi*xqsLiNRP sNRPsVW[, sLRiW[ yZaP[xtsQNRPLRi[, syLiR˳y, NSRزy xqsLisxqsLiVW sy FyRVLRiWRV sQXLi˳##[ BRVQQNSQ c

a][ee saSLi sWryR RVLkiRVR[ c

saS*Rsry RWxmsLji}qs e

xqsLi sxqsLiVWLi NSsVzms xqsLRi*NS

syLi xqs[ sLji*aRP sLji*NRPsV ee

B a][ZNP[s ""@sLRi*RdsRVRW xqsLisxqsRW sRRW c ""xmsxmsLi][xmsaRPsVLi aSLiRLi bPssV\Q*RLi RRVLRiLi sVss[ c xqs Ay; xqs s[RVM'' B RVRVLkiRVLi sxqsV c sWLiRWN][xmssxtsQRVxms sLjiRLi, Ry鮪s[ysrys ORPQRW xqsLRi*NSLi sLji*NRPLi ryRssV xmsFyR, @Li[ xmsosM, ""@x[ Vy sLRi RXxtsQW7 zms NTPLis xmsaRPLi gRiR=sVgRisV'' B, [uyLi sVRyLi, RLRi+s aRPsصjZNP[xtsv sslLi[xtsv xmssXLRi ˳s, @ssLRi sLji*ZaP[xtsQ xmsLRixxqs*LRiW}msتszqs lLi[s ˳sd xmsFyjRsV e GsLi ¿[ydsLi $RLRi[xtsv RW zqsLRiVxms ORPQQ[ c xqsNRP [NRP sORPQ c ry e xqsx xqsLisxqsLiVW zqs LjiRzms slLi[RVLi aRPNRP[ e

@sVee G "{zqs' Ds][, Gj "xmsLSxqs*LRiWxmszqs' W @[ WgRiyLSs[ ¿zmss xqsLisxqsRV (aRPVR؃ssVRV) xqsxتsxqs @s NRPWR ¿xmssRV胫sV. FsLiRVs ssgS A xqsLisxqsRVxqsxتsxqs Dsy ORPQV xmssXd NRPWR IZNP[ sRLigS DyLiVV.

""ssLRiRVdsLi s[sRW xmssLRiRVdsLi xmsLRisWR˳تssV,

xqsLisxqsLiVWLi yLi xqsxتsVsryLi NRPy gRisVuysV gRiys˳تsM'' (W. y. 23)

""xqssVxqs \sVs BLijRWsV ssLjiLixms [zqs xmsLRi\sVs ARxqs*LRiWFys xmssLjiLixms¿[}qs A xqsLisxqsRV (؃ssVRV) xqsxتsxqssV, ˳[R˳تsLi ]gjiFLiVVs s[sV FsxmsVRV F~LiRgRi[ NRPy?'' @s[ a][NRPLi[ $sVRgRisyRVV xqsxxqsLisxqsRV \sVs (؃s sWRxqs*LRiWxms \sVs) INRP sbPxtsQ \sVs @sxqssV sLjiLi DyLRiV. C @sxqs xqssVxqssVV \s RXaRPxmsyLRisVV][ aRPWsQ\sVs (G RXaRPxmsyLRiLi][sV) xqsLiLiRLi [s) ZNP[s RXNRP+QQNTP (؃saRPNTP) xqs*LRiWxms \sVsj. kss @xLi sVsV ˳تyV xmspLjigS ]gjis xmsoLRiVxtsQ ZaP[xtsv\s sy*LixqsVV sWRs[V F~LiRNRPVgRiVyLRiV. Bj xqssV}qsLijRVyFyLSsV ]gjiLi xmsLRisWRxqs*LRiWFys F~LijLiRRLi[ (ryOSQRLjiLixms¿[RVRLi[) xqssVLRiQ\sVsj. @Li @sxqssV F~LijsyLji xqsLRi*[NRPsORPQs\sVs xmssLRis NRPWR c

""s gRiL][ yzms xqsVxtsvzqs˳ت[ [ sRLi [ sVLRiLi sRsV'' (W. y. 15)

""Bj gRiLRiLi NSRV, xqsVxtsvzms NSRV; sRLi NSRV, sVLRiLi NSRV, GsV AaRPLRisVV!'' @ds,

""s RxtsQy yzms R RXaRP˳تsM ry XsV龻[ ZNP[sxqsLis[s'' (W.y.16) ""(@ @sxqs[) RxtsQR*Li (RWRRLi) gSs, RXaRPR*Li (RWRRRLi) gSs [RV. ZNP[sLi xqsLisRV sWRs[V sXLiճLi DLiVLij'' @ds sLjiLiRTLij. ks RLRiVyR c

""xmsRgji*sVLS+aRP##[Vs xmsoLiryLi FydsgRis[xtsv xmsLiVV[xtsv,

FyRVLRi鮪s[yRزRsy xmsxmsyLi xmsLjisLRiRVds''

""xmsRgSRsV sLiRLRisVW ysLi ¿[RVRLi¿[R sVsVxtsv (sVsxqsV=[s xmsoLSRssVV\s xqsLiryLS ds sT FyLjiFyLiVV. @xmsVRV xmsxmsLiys gRiWLji胫s A[RssV RWLRiLi ¿[}qs INSNRP (sLjiLi ¿xmsysNTP aRPNRPLi NSs) RR*Li [s sR sxqsVLij''.

""s郫s xqsLiNRPsNRPsVWs[ sMZaP[xtsQsLRiWRNRPLRi[,

sLRis˳xqssys˳y ry XsV龻[ Wgjis WgRisVVy'' (W.y.25)

""xqsLiNRPsNRPNRPV sVW\sVs sVsxqsV= s郫sQQ\sVFgS xmspLjigS sLRiWLixmsTs NRPLRixqssVVyRVLi gRi WgjiRVLiRV sLRiLiRLRi @˳xqsLi ¿[RVRLi ¿[R xmspLjigS ˳RLigS DLi[ A WgRisR sXLiճxqsVLij'' @sV lLiLiRV a][NS[ c ""@xLiNSLRi c sVsVNSLRi LRiWFy\s, [}LijRWjxqsLiLiRsVV\s yxqssV ssLjiLiRgS, xqsRWssVV @xqsLigRisVW @LiVVs ARxqs*LRiWxmsLiVVNRP ؃sLi NRPgRiRLi][ xqssVxqsQ\sVs xqsLiNRPNRPV sNRPNRPV sVW \sVsj (sVsxqsV= [y @sR) s郫sQQ\sVFRVLij. xqssVxqs NRPLRi xqssVVyRVsVW NRPWR |msNTPLis[RVRVRVLij. @xmsVRV sVNTP ZOP[QsVLiNRPLRisVV, RR*Li @s[j [sk @LiVVs xqsLisRWxms \sVs sR AsLRisLi sXLiճxqsVLij'' @s ¿zmsc

&#""saSssWryR RVLkiRVR[ saS*RsryRWxmsLji}qs,

xqsLisxqsLiVWLi NSsVzms xqsLRi*NSLi syLi xqs[ sLji*aRP sLji*NRPsV'' (W.y. 26)

""sVRsW! saRP*Li sVR\s sVWRV @sxqs (saRP* c \xqs c Fysxqs) \|mss Ds RVLkiRWsxqs @s[ RLidsVR saSLis F~Lij, @s NS[sV (sLRiLiRLRiLigS) Fs sNRPW [s xqsLisRWxms \sVs INSNRP (sLRiydR \sVs) sRsV @sV˳sLiRVsVV (F~LiRVsVV)'' @s[ a][NRPLi¿[R c ""xmsxms[xmsaRPsVLi aSsLi bPssV\Q*RLi RRVLRiLi sVss[ xqs Ay xqs s[RVM'' ""(saS*RsryRRWdR \sVs) A RRVLSsxqs xmsxmsLiRsRV LRiWxms \sVsj. aSLiR \sVsj; xqsVLRiWxms \sVsj; ˳[RaRPWssVV. @s @LiLRiV; @[ AR yss VxqsVN][y'' @s sWLiRWN][xmssxtsQRV[ sLjiLis ARxqs*LRiWxmsLi[ DLiRRLi @s[ ORPQLi gRi, xqsLisxqsRV \sVs, sLRi*Lixms aRPNRPLi NSs sR[ FsxmsVRV, Fs sNRPW [NRPVLiy DLiy @s xmsFyjLi sVd sLRic

""@x[ Vy sLRiRXxtsQW7zms NTPLis xmsaRPs gRiR=sVgRisV'' (W. y. 27)

""BLi ؃sVV sLRi\sVs RXztsQ NRPy\lLi DLiT NRPWR C xqssVxqsgRiRV[ G sxqsVsosW RWRLRiV; GsV AaRPLRisVV!'' @s @Li sVRVNRPV RLRi+s aRPsصj ssLS[ xmssX DLiR Rds, @ssLRisVV (xqsLRi*ssLSdssVV) sLji*ZaP[xtsQsVW @LiVVs xmsLRixLRiWxmsLi[ zqs[V DLiVLi Rds xmsFyjLiyLRiV. @LiRV¿[R c BxmsVRV $RLRiV Vs xqsNRP[NRPsORPQ \sVs zqs xqsLixxqsLisxqsRVzqs @s NRPWR sLRiLiVVLiR sRV胫sV.

sVWeeDxmssxtsQRV= DxmssLjiR ؃s˳WsVNSxqsV, RVLSsry LRiWFy RW xqsxmsdsV ˳WsVNS cryzms, RW {zqsM, RW xqs*LRiWxmszqsM xmsLS, RW R xqsLisxqsLiVW @xqsy c \|qss, RORPQ؃y sVsyy*˳تy`. ry ""xqsxmsdsV gSR xqsVxtsvFyQ'' B, ""RVLRigS'' B R, RR sLjiy e yLi ˳WsVNS sVjLRiWy [V ssVQQNS sVxys }qs xsR*Ljiuy B sxmsjaRPs[ e RRy zqsM gSR xqsVxtsvzmss` ˳xqs[ e @yzms s ry xqsVxtsvzmsM, [uyLi xqsRQ=zms aRPLkiLSOSQjxtsv, RyxsWsWճsWs ORPQճ xtsQ*LigS ˳تy` e R¿[uyLRiWFyxqsV ssxXxtsv, ryOTPQ s_y{qsss[Vs [uysV e [ z @xqsLigSR xqs*LRiWxms ryOSQyLRixqsLixmsyM e @R}qs @aRPLkiLjiM, xqsL][*Fyj sRVLRixqsLS*˳xqs ssLjiR c aRPVR \¿RsLRiWFyM e [uyLi zqsM xqsLRi*[NRP sORPQ e ryxxmsFyjy @sxmspL][xmssxtsQj c

a][ee ""RW xqs*y xqssVy aSLiy ssVQQNS sszqsM e

ryORPQQsry ssxXf ry RVLS NRP[R[ee

\sRgRi` c s R xqs*xmsM xqsLiNRPy sVxqsLi˳y` e

xqsVxtsvxms˳ت[ y}msR` @˳تyRyzqs[Me'' B.

xsR*LjixtsQxqs Rxqs RW zqsM, ry xqsLiNRPy sV xqsLi˳y` s gRi RWFy, yzms xqs*xmsLRiWFy e NTPNSyLi z [ @s}qs xqsLiNRP xqsLixmss[ Gs ˳sRM e RRQ* syLi ssVQQNSyLi RV c xqsLiNRPsVW ˳WRxqs sVsxqs Gs @˳تy`, xqsLiNRP s xqsLi˳sLi e @RM, gRiR=Q*xms sORPQ [uyLi zqsM e Ry xqsVxtsvzms LRiWFyzms s ˳s e @˳تyRy zqs[M e زy˳تy` c xmsLRiRW xmsRW xQ\QNS xmsL][ORPQ ryOSQyLRi ORPQRW xqsLixmss y*[uyLi زR xmsxqsNTPlLi[s s ˳s e @RM xqsLRi* sORPQ [uyLi zqsM e

a][ee AsLi\NRP xmnsVyNSLS xqsVxtsvzmsxqsRXbdP zqsM e

RVLSsrxmsaSLiy ry sVVNTP lLi[s z ZNP[s'' B e

@R ""xqsVxtsvzms xqsRXbdP''BRs[s xqslLi[*LijRV yFyLRi LRizy,""AsLi\NRP xmnsVyNSLS'' BRs[s @sy xqsLixqsLRi+ sRVLS R RW zqsM, ry RVLS ˳WsVLji; ""ry sVVNTP lLi[s z ZNP[s'' BRs[s c ry zqsM ZNP[s sVVNTP lLi[s yy B R sLRiWzmsRsV e sVVNTPLSsV ARsM ZNP[s aRPVRyR xqs*xqs*LRiW}msتszqslLi[s[ RsgRiLiRssV e LiRxqs, sVVZNP[aRP xqs*LRiWxms sVճzRLi yzqs}tsQ c

a][ee ¿[R NRPy LiRM RsVQQNS sVVNTPLjixtsQ[ e

R¿[yNTPؾ[ xqsLRi* zqsyLiR xqsLigRixM ee

B c aRPVR RWxmsxqs xmsRgSRsM @sRQ\ZNP ZaP[Q\QM xqsLiLi][ LiR B, aRPVR xqs*xqs*LRiWxms sخs[s @sy xmsRVVNSyLi xqsLis[yyLi (¿[yyLi) ssX LRiVQQNTP Lji, Ay RV xqsLRi*y aRPVR xqsLis[R sRVLRi R=Q* LRiWxms Gs[ RryLRiM e AsR NSyLi sRRW ssX LSsV xqsLS*juys˳WR aRPVR xqsR RyRNRP xqs* xqs*LRiWxms zqs lLi[s; xqs*xqs*LRiWxms ryOSQyLRi Gs[Rs gRiLiRssV e \|qss sVVNTPM; xqs Gs xqssWjMe xmsLRiRysrysLRiWxms RVLRi˳WsVNSRWM xqs*LRiWxmsLi R R[s e @RVsVR sZaP[u7sgRiLiRsM c LiRsWORPQW LSsRNRPy*` aRPVyxqsLigRi RWxmsryRs xqsRQxqsNTP lLi[s y{qs; AyRV sRsVVNRP xqs*LRiWxms Gs[; NTPLi R @syNRPyyLi ¿[yyLi ssX[M (yaRPxqs) @juys sWRR* sLRiRW` sVVNTPLSsV sVVNRP Gs, ys B R e

@sVee DxmssxtsQRV[ sLjiLis ؃s˳WsVNRP[ RVLSsryLRiWxms \sVs G xqsxms˳WsVNRP Ds][ @k, xzqs, xmsLRixqs*LRiWFyszqs, xqsLisxqsRWsxqscBsds, ds ORPQ ds IZNP[ sRLigS DLiRRLis, INRP[. ""xqsxmsdsV gSRxqsVxtsvFyQ'' ""RVLRigS'' ""xqsxmssV˳WsVNRP gSRxqsVxtsvzms @s[ }msLRiV gRij'' ""@j RVLRisVVsNRPV xqsLiLijLisj'' @s @NRPR sLjiLixmsTsj. A ˳WsVNRPsV ¿[Ljis ssVNRPVQ\s sVRVV ""x sR*LjixtsvV'' @s ¿xmsRVRVyLRiV. @NRPR sVs zqs gSRxqsVxtsvzms s DLiVLij. @LiVVy @j xqsVxtsvzms NSRV. FsLiRVs ssgSc A zqs[ Ds yLjiNTP aRPLkilLi[LijRWRV Vy NRPWR y sxtsQRVLi[ "s[sV' "yj'@s[ xqsLiLiRLi (AxqsNTP) DLiRRV. [}LijRW ¿[xtsQ LRiWxmsLi[ Ds ssLS sxtsQRVLi[ yLRiV ryORPV s Dy{qssVVgSs[ DLiLRiV. yLRiV @xqsLigRi\sVs ([s][sV xqsLiLiRLi [s) AR xqs*LRiWxmsryOSQyLRiLi F~LijsyLRiV. @LiRV¿[R yLRiV @aRPLkiLRiVV; G DFyRVW [s, G sxtsQRVNSLRisXRVW [s aRPVR\¿Rsxqs*LRiWxmsoV. yLji zqs xqsLRi*[NRP sORPQLigS DLiVLij.C zqss gRiWLji @sxmspL][xmssxtsQRV[ c

""RW xqs*y xqssVy aSy ssVQQNRPsszqsM,

ryORPQQsry ssxXf ry RVLSNRP[R['' (@s.D. 5c108)

""xqsR骫sVV, xqssVyLRiWxmssVV, aSLiRsVW @LiVVs G ssVQQNRPzqs Ds][ @j ryOTPQQ\Vs ARVVNRP @sxqssV gRiWLji胫s ssLRiLi[, RVLSsxqsgS ¿xmsRVRVsj''

""\sRgRis R xqs*xmsM xqsLiNRPysVxqsLi˳y`,

xqsVxtsvxms˳ت[ y}msRR˳تyRyzqs[M'' (@s.D. 5c109)

""xqsLiNRPV [NRPFsRLi¿[R Bj gRiRsxqs gSs xqs*Fysxqs NSs NSRV. RLRiWxms \sVs zqs [NRPFsRLi¿[R Bj xqsVxtsvzms NRPWR NSRV''@s xmsFyjLiRTLij. C sRLigS xsR*Ljixtsv \s A ssVNRPVs zqs, ysNTP xqsLiNRP [ds [NRPFsRLi¿[R, gRiRWxmssVW NSRV xqs*xmsLRiWxmssVW NSRV. NTPNRPVNRPV A @sxqsV xqsLiNRPsVV ¿[Rs[ NRPVgRiVRWLiLiVV. RRQ*s[R \s ssVNRPV \ZNP[ xqsLiNRPNRPV sVWNSLRi \sVs sVs}qs= [NRPFsRLi¿[R xqsLiNRPV xmsoso. @LiRVs yLji zqs gRi`cxqs*xms sORPQ \sVsj. @[ yNRPV Ryzqs [NRPFsRLi¿[R Bj xqsVxtsvzmsLRiWxms \sVsj NRPWR NSRV. yLRiV xcAR HNRPsVV VVNRP xmsRQORPQryOSQyLRiLRiWxms \sVs xmsLRixms gRiy LRisRLis yLjiNTP زRLi DLi[ xmsxqsNTP򹸅[V [RV. @LiRVs yLji zqs xqsLRi* sORPQ \sVsj.

A DxmssxtsQRV[s[ c

""As^sNRPxmnsVyNRPLS xqsVxtsvzmsxqsRXbdP zqsM,

RVLSsrxmsaSy ry sVVNTPlLi[s z ZNP[s''

""ZNP[s\sVs AsLiRxmso sVVR \Vsk xqsVxtsvzms][ xqssWssVW @LiVVs A zqs aSLiR\sVs RVLSsxqs. @j ZNP[ssVV sVVNTP򹸅[V'' @s ˳WsVNRP VVNRP xqs*LRiWxmsLi sLjiLixmsTsj. BNRPR ""xqsVxtsvzmsxqsRXbdP''@sRLi¿[R G BLijRW yFyLRisVW NRPWR ksRVLiRV DLiR Rds,"As^sNRPxmnsVyNSLS'@sRLi¿[R @syxqsLRi+ [s A zqs RVLRi˳WsV @ds, ""ry sVVNTPlLi[s z ZNP[s'' @sRLi¿[R A zqs ZNP[ssVVNTP򹸅[V NSs sVL]NRP [k NSRds sLRiWzmsLiR TLij. AR ZNP[saRPVRyRxqs*LRiWxmsLi[ DLiRRs[V sVVNTP @s gRizLiy. LiR sVVNRPV xqs*LRiWxmsLi yzqsxtsQLi[ c

""¿[RNRPy sM RsVQQNS sVVNTPLjixtsQ[,

R¿[y NTPؾ[ xqsLRi*zqsysxqsLigRixM''

""¿[RsVV][ (RXaRPsVV][) NRPWTs ` LiRLi. ¿[RLi][ sVVNRP \sVs ` sVVNTP(@s ¿xmsRVRVsj. ¿[RLi [s ` ARcBj xqsLRi*zqsyLiy xqsLigRixLi''@s ¿xmsTLij. aRPVRRWxms \sVs xmsRgSRNRPV @syNRPy \s ¿[y][ xqsLiLiRLi DLi[ @j LiRLi. aRPVR \sVs xqs*xqs*LRiWFys VxqsVN]sRLi¿[R @syNRPy \s s[R xmsyLSV (¿[yV) ssLjiLiRRLi sVVNTP. AR FsxmsVRW aRPVRsVV, RXaRPaRPWssVW @LiVVs `sWRs[V @s ys @LRiLi. @syNRPRsVV \ss sR¿[R(؃sLi¿[R) ssLjiryLiVV @sgS xqsLS*sNTP @juys \sVsj, aRPVRsVV, RssVW @LiVVs xqs*xqs*LRiWxmsLi[ zqs[V (DLiRRs[V)@sgS xqs*xqs*LRiWxms ryOSQRLRis[V @s @LRiLi. @[ sVVNTP; xmsLRixLRiWxmsLi[ DLiRRLi (xmsLRiRyszqsM) @s ¿}ms xqssWj @[. RVLRi˳WsVNRP VVNRP xqs*LRiWxmsLi NRPWR @[. C xqsLiRLRiLi[ C sxtsQRVLi gRiVLRiV DLiRVN][ycLiRsVW sWORPQsVW NRPWR @syNRPRsVV[. @LiRV¿[R aRPVRc@xqsLigRicRWxms \sVs ARNRPV LiRsWOSQ VLi[ xmsxqsZNP[ [RV. AR FsxmsVRW sVVNRP xqs*LRiWxmss[V. sVL]NRP sxtsQRVs[VsVsgS c @sR¿[R NRPRsVV \s ¿[y (RXaRPsxqsVso) ssX (yaRPLi) @juys sWRs[V @s sLRiLiVVLiRTLij gSs sVVNTP @sgS sVVNRPV򮲅[ sVL]NRP [k NSRV.

(yRVsV RW xqsLRiLi @sVN]yRV. sVLRiV ORPQLi[ Bj xqsLRiLi NSRV @sV ؃sLi NRPgjiLij. ys][ xqsLRiLi sbPLiLij. sbPLi FsNRPTNTP FLiVVLij? RsNRPV @juys\sVs yRV[ dsLi @LiVVFLiVVLij. @LiRV¿[R xqsLRiyaRPLi @sgS yRV yRVgS NRPsRRs[V. @[ gRiRQx sxtsQRVLi[).

sVWee GsLi ¿[ydsLiRds RW $RLRi؃yLi zqsM c xmsLRi Ry7szqsM c \|qss sVVNTP xqs*LRiWFy e

GsLi xmsLRis[VaSs xmsLRixxqs*LRiWFyM $RLRiM xqssWj xqs*LRiWxms [RNRP aSxqsQyNSyLi FysWLi xqsLiryxmsLiVVRVLi, sVVsVVORPV xqs*˳NRP XLiRxqs xqssWj xmsyyj xqsLRi*xsyLi @srysVzms xqssVgRiճsLiLiVVRVLi GyRXbdPLRiydM xqsLRi*[NRP NRP xqsLiyLiVVdsM xmsNSaRPRVLi][ sLSLi[ e

@sVee @LiRVs C y $RLRiVzqs ""xmsLRiRyszqs'' @j sVVNTP LRiWxms\sVsj. C sRLigS xmsLRis[VaRP*LRicxmsLRixxqs*LRiWxmso \s $RLRiVV xqssWj xqs*LRiWFys [jLi¿[ aSxqsQyNS FysWs ryzmsLiRRLiN]LRiNRPV, sVVsVVORPVso\s RsV ˳NRPV XLiysNTP xqssWjxmsysxs[RV sVVR\s xs[R xmssLRissV NRPWR xqsxtsQLigS VxmsysNTP xqsLRi*[NRPNRP}RVso\s BLi xmsaRPLixqsdsRVsVV \s dsV xmsRLji+xqsW sLSVRVyLRiV.

sVWee $sV \ZNP}qs [s}qsykaRP c xmssVRgRiᵳkaS˳Li NRPVsWLRi gRiyy˳Li xmsLjisXRM xqss xqsLRi*syydsVaSsM xqsLRi*M gRiVLRiVgRiVLRiVM $RsZaP[LRiM LRiRgjiLji sVjsxqss xmsLRisVRW kFyQ RVy xmsNSaRPsW[ sLS[, Ry7yzms $NSLi jsQZOP[QQ[, ry*LiaRP˳Wy˳Li $[VLiRxqsLRixqs*d c $s[VLiRxqsLRixqs*d xqsLiRVdsVLi y˳Li xmsLjisXRM gRiRVLRiVryLRi*˳ݪsVM, RVLRiWxmsRLRiM $RsZaP[LRi xmspFyRM $aSLiNRPLRiLi {mshRiLS sVjsxqss c xmsLRisVRW kFyQ xmsNSaRPsW[ sLS[ e

@sVee xqsLRi*ٲRV, gRiVLRiVsoNRPV gRiVLRiVso @LiVVs $RLiRZaP[LRiVRV [s}qsykaRPV\s NRPVsWLRiry*sV][sV xmssVRgRiصkaRPV\s gRiyRVs][sV NRPzqs a][˳ظRVVNRPQ\sVs LRiRgjiLji\|ms g]xms [xqsV=][ xmsNSbPLiRVRVsV C $NSLidjsQZOP[QQRLi[ RsV @LiaRP##\s xqsLiRVdsVLiRVV $[VLiRxqsLRixqs*dc $s[VLiRxqsLRixqs*RV][ NRPWT gRiRVLRiVryLRi*˳ݪsVVRV, RVLRiWxmsRLRiVRV @LiVVs $RLiRZaP[LRixmspFyRVV $aSLiNRPLRi{mshRisVVsV @jztsQLi sV[xqsV=][ xmsNSbPxqsW sLSVRVyLRiV.

sVWee @ NRPLRiWxmsLi RsWyLRi sLRiLi, xqsVNRPX[ sVysM xmsLRisVRW ˳NSQ* xsM xqs*LSճ}tsQNSjORPQQ\ LRixxmsNS\lLi LRi*Ljisry sZaP[\|tsQM sVxRVsM, xqssVLRiRVsM c ry*RsM NRPXyLRiRVLid [R` sVx[ xmssWyRV NRP[e

@sVee sVNRPxqs*LRiWxmso \s A AyLRisLRiV xmsoRVQ\s FsLiRL][ sVRVV xqs*LSճ}tsQNRPLi sVVR\s @s[NRPsy\s }qsysZaP[uy][ g_LRisxqsW xmspxqsW RsVsV ysVV NRPXyLRiVsV ¿[zqsN]sVRVyLRiV @s[ sxtsQRVLi y AsLiRsNRPLigS Dsj.

sVWee RWxqsM aRPRLi aRPRLi xqssWM xqsy ˳y ssWNRPRVLiRM $RLRiM RRsVgRiX{y ˳NRPxqsLi][aRP B bPssV e

@sVee $RLRiVV, yLji @sVgRisNTP FyRV\s ˳NRPsVW NRPWR FsxmsVRV ˳RsVVsV RWRVRV sWlLi[zqs xqsLisR=LSV sLiRVLRiV gSNRP.

B bPssV

""RLjiys sy gRixys sV}bPRVM''

a][ee sX^QM {qs*Q\VLRiRVLRi sVRV\lLi LS* gRiVLi\˳LRiyyLi

R\lLiQQQ sWlLi[ xmsLRisVxqsV[ [RsVVyRRVyQM e

sVVNSQ* ssLi sszms[ sVW][ sxqs=LRiyQ*M

aRPLi˳[LRiWQQlLi[M xqsLRiR ssy ˳تsoNS ˳sdM ee 1

a][ee sX^QM {qs*Q\V LRiRVLRisVRV\lLi LS*gRiVLi\˳ LRiyyLi

RlLi[Q sWlLi[ xmsLRisVxqsV[ [R sVVyRRVdse

sVVNSQ* ssLi sszms[ sVW][ sxqs=LRids

aRPLi˳[LRiWQQLji L>RiQQ*˳RVsLRiy ˳yLi s[V xXR[ ee

a][ee sX^QM {qs*Q\V LRiRVLRisVRV\lLi LS*gRiVLi\˳ LRiyyLi

RlLi[Q sWlLi[ xmsLRisVxqsV[ [R sVVyRRVdsLi e

sVVNSQ* ssLi sszms[ sVW][ sxqs=LRidsLi

aRPLi˳[LRiWQQLjiLi xqsLRiRxqsVyM ryR=sVXjM bPRWLi sM ee 2

aRPLi˳[LRiWQQLjiLi ssVRsVy sWORPQrysWzqs^ 3

aRPLi˳[LRiWQQLjiLi ssVRsVy ˳VNTP sVVNTP xmsydsV ee 4

a][ee sX^QM {qs*Q\V LRiRVLRisVRV\lLi LS*gRiVLi\˳LRiyyLi

RlLi[Q sWlLi[ xmsLRisVxqsV[ [RsVVyRRVyQ e

sVVNSQ* ssLi sszms[ sVW][ sxqs=LRiyQ

aRPLi˳[LRiWQQLSQ xXj szRRW RsRy ˳##s[sV ee 5

a][ee sX^QM {qs*Q\V LRiRVLRisVRV\lLi LS* gRiVLi\˳ LRiyyLi

RlLi[Q sWlLi[ xmsLRisVxqsV[ [R sVVyRRV^sQQ e

sVVNSQ* ssLi sszms[ sVW][ sxqs=LRi^sQQ

aRPLi˳[LRiWQ\lLiQQ xqsQXxRVRVy sxqsQXxR*xqs zqs^ ee 6

a][ee sX^QM {qs*Q\V LRiRVLRisVRV\lLi LS* gRiVLi\˳ LRiyyLi

RlLi[Q sWlLi[ xmsLRisVxqsV[ [R sVVyRRVyQM e

sVVNSQ*ssLi sszms[ sVW][ sxqs=LRiyQM

aRPLi˳[LRiWQQlLi[ LRijgRiRaRPV˳ dsRa][NS ˳##s[sV ee 7

a][ee sX^QM {qs*Q\V LRiRVLRisVRV\lLi LS* gRiVLi\˳ LRiyyLi

RlLi[Q sWlLi[ xmsLRisVxqsV[ [R sVVyRRVyQM e

sVVNSQ* ssLi sszms[ sVW][ sxqs=LRiyQM

aRPLi˳[LRiWQQlLi[M xqsLRi᪫sV ZaP[RVryLi Li˳NRPLi ry` ee 8

a][ee sX^QM {qs*Q\V LRiRVLRisVRV\lLi LS*gRiVLi\˳ LRiyyLi

RlLi[Q sWlLi[ xmsLRisVxqsV[ [R sVVyRRVyQsV e

sVVNSQ* ssLi sszms[ sVW][ sxqs=LRiyQLi

aRPLi˳[LRiWQQL_ jaRPRxXRRVLi Fyxmsoyss rsV ee 9

c $ RLRi aRPLRiM

@sVee ""sV}aRP*LRiVs RLjiRsVVV sR \sVss; @LRiLi ¿[zqsN]sVNRPV NRPxtsQ\sVss''

J! ˳تsoNRPVLS! ssVWLisVLiT [s, ssLi sR RsV xmssLRis ¿[RsV, sVRVLSsVRVLS\s yNRPV¿[RsV sVNRPV g]xms xqsVجs B¿[ RLRi sWLRisVV sLiRV ؃ys NRPgjiLiRVRVs aRPLi˳VsVWLji򹸅VVNRP @s[NRPsy\s sVLigRixmsRsVV\s dsV xqsLjiLiRLiT.

1. ... xxqssVV[ @˳RVsVVR sLRisVVy RLjiLis aRPLi˳VsVWLji y xXRRV xmsRLi[ xmsNSbPLiRVgSNRP.

2. xqsVsVLS... aRPLi˳VsVWLjis xqsLjiLiRLiT. dsVNRPV $xqssVXj NRPVgRiVRVLij.

3. xmsLiTRVLS! sWORPQ rysWzqsjN]LRiNRPV... aRPLi˳VsVWLjiNTP ssVxqsLjiLiRLiT.

4. xmsLiTRVLS..... ˳VNTPds sVVNTPds @sVgRizLi¿[ aRPLi˳VsVWLjiNTP ssVxqsLjiLiRLiT.

5. ..... xXRRVLi[ DLiRVN]sTs aRPLi˳VsVWLji¿[R RsVsVV @gRiVRVsVVgSNRP.

6. VRVLS! \sLSgRiLi zqsjLiRysNTP.... aRPLi˳VsVWLjiRVLiRV AxqsNRPVV AxmsLiT.

7. ...... aRPLi˳VsVWLjisVLiT aRPV˳sV F~Lij a][NRPRWLRiVLi @VRsVVgSNRP.

8. ...... aRPLi˳VsVWLji򹸅VVNRP xqsLRiLi @ZaP[RVxqsV=sV BRVgSNRP.

9. ....aRPLi˳VsVWLjiRVLiRV xXRRVLi szms @sLiRrLi F~LiRLiT.

Sambhoormoorthi         Chapters          Last Page