With the close of Phalguna Month on Amavasya, Chaandra-maana Samvatsaraas are recounted in the sequence of Sixty Years as follows: Prabhava, Vibhava, Shukla, Pramoda, Prajaapati, Angira, Shri Mukha, Bhaava, Yuva, Dhaata, Ishwara, Bahudhanya, Pramaathi, Vikrama, Vrisha, Chitrabhaanu, Subhaanu, Taarana,Paarthiva, Avyaya,Sarvajit, Sarvadhaari,Virodhi, Vikruti, Khara, Nandana,Vijaya, Jaya, Manmatha, Durmukha, Hemalamba, Vilamba, Vikaari, Shaarvari, Plava, Shubhakrita, Shobha -krit, Krodhi, Viswaavasu, Paraabhava, Plavanga, Keelaka, Sowmya, Saadhaarana, Virodhakrit, Paridhaavi, Pramaadi, Ananda, Rakshasa, Anala, Pingala, Kaalayukta, Siddhaardhi, Roudra, Durmati, Dundhubhi, Rudirodraagaari, Raktaahshi, Krodhana, and Kshaya. Punya Kaala is some sixteen ghadis before Chandra maana Sankranti, as in Surya Sankranti and Nakshatra Sankranti. In all these Sankraantis, Graha Snaanaas and Graha Daanaas are the requirements; Graha Shanti is useful when a specific Graha is malefic: Surya Graha is pleased with the Snaana-Daana of Manikya, wheat, Red Vastra, jaggery, Gold, Copper, Rakta Chandana and lotus flower kept in or accompanied in a copper vessel and take bath afresh in the same vessel. Chandra Peeda is removed with the daana in a ‘Vamsha grass’ container/ Patra the items viz. Khasha, Shirisha, Kumkuma, Rakta chandana, and Shankha and take bath in conchshelful waters. Angaara peeda is overcome by the daanaa of a silver patra full of Devadaaru gandha, Tila, Amla Salt in the same silver patra. Daana of a vessel made of Mritthika mixed with Gajamada or the semen of an elephant would provide Budha Graha Shanti. Daana of a Golden plate or vessel full of fruits like Gular, Bilwa, and Amla before taking bath along with Daana Padarthaas would assure Guru Graha Shanti. Shukra Graha Peeda is assuaged by the Snaama an Daana of Silver Patra full of waters mixed with Gorochana, Gajamada, and Shatapushpa powder or ‘Sounf’ eaten after a heavy meal as a digestive. ‘Shani peeda harana snaana daana’ is prescribed as tila, maasha, Priyangu and Loha Paatra full of Gandha and Pushpo -dakaas. Rahu Peeda is overcome by the snaana-daana of buffalo-horn filled with guggula, hing or asafoetida, haridala, and manassila and Ketupeeda is mitigated with the Daana-Snaana of the Mrittika dug up by a pig from the top of a mountain mixed with goat milk poured in a buffalo horn!
Shani Vrata and Shani Stotra:
Shani Vrata is performed on every Saturday of a week all through the year. This Vrata is to give away a daana of an iron vessel or atleast in an earthen vessel covered wih a black vastra or a course cloth, with black tilaanna and til oil along with a black pratima made of Mrittika of Shani to a dark coloured Brahmana with ‘Shanno devi’ etc Mantraas. If a Brahmana is not available the daana could be given away to others while reciting the following Mantra: Yah punarbhrashta Raajyaaya Nalaaya paritoshikah, Swapne dadou nijam raajyam Samey Sourih seedatu/ Namorka putraaya Shanais cha -raaya nihaara varnaanjana vanchakaaya, Shrutwaa rahasyam bhava kaamadastwam phalapradomey Bhava Surya putra! ( May Lord Shani be pleasedwith this Daana just as you were pleased by Nala Maharaaja who lost his Kingdom and regained by your grace and kindness; I am grateful to you the Kaala Swarupa and Surya Putra. May this Secret Mantra please you and fulfill all my wishes! Along with this Stotra I here by provide this Daana). Also the following recital of Bhagavan Shani Deva is worthy of contant repetition: Konasthah Pingalo Babhruh Krishno Roudronta kopamah, Shouris -sanaischaro Mandah pippilaadena Samtstutah/If the following Stotra is recited after taking bath in the mornings addressing Shani Deva for seven years, the person concerned would never be a victim of Shani Peeda for ever: Namastey Kona samsthaaya Pingalaaya namostutey, Namastey Babhru rupaaya Krishnaayacha namosutey/ Namastey Roudra dehaaya namastey chaantakaayacha, Namastey Yama Sanjnaaya namastey Souravey Vibho/ Namastey Manda Sanjnaay8tya Shanaischara namostutey, Prasaadam mama Devesha Deenascha pranatasya cha! On the same lines, Surya Puja and Upavaasa on Sundays reciting : Hraam, Hreem, Sah, Suryaya would ensure disease-lessness for ever!