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brahma

 

Essence Of
Brahma Purana

 

11    ‘Surya Mahatmya’: Avatarana, Dwadasadityas, Konaarka and Worship

 (Suryaashtottara’ included)


Brahma was stated to have affirmed that Bhagavan Surya was the soul of each and every body in the Lord’s creation, as Surya was the Devata of Devatas. All the formal ‘Ahutis’ (Oblations) in Agni Deva have to reach Surya and then to the respective Devatas. Surya has the greatest role of absorbing water from various sources including Akasha Ganga and provides rains due to which the life-giving ‘Anna’ (Food) to one and all. None else is responsible to regulate ‘Kaalamaana’ (Time) commencing from the count of Kshanaas, Muhurtas, days, nights, Pakshas (fortnights), ‘Maasaas’ or months, Samvatsaras,  (years), Rithus, and Ayanaas (half years) and this would never be possible but for the punctuality of Surya, and no other  Devata could ever be capable of! How could one comprehend as to when treeswould yield fruits and flowers without the sense of Ritus! How could one calculate when to sow and when to reap! In the same way, Swarga Vasis too get attuned to time calculations as to how and when various tasks were scheduled; for instance, even Brahma has to abide by the procedure of Srishti and Yama has to await the appropriate time to terminate! Also, the respective ‘Amsaas’ of Surya Deva tend to dominate each month, such as Vishnu Rupa in Chaitra month, Aryama in Vaishakha month, Vivaswaan in Jyeshtha month, Amshumaan in Ashaadha month, Parjanya in Shraavana month, Varuna in Bhaadra month, Indra in Aswin month, Dhata in Kartika month, Mitra in Agahana month, Pusha in Poushya month and Twashta in Magha and Phalguna months. Additionally the names of Dwadasha Adityas are Aditya, Savita, Surya, Mihira, Arka, Prabhakara, Martaanda, Bhaskara, Bhanu, Chitrabhanu, Diwakara and Ravi. Thus twenty Suryas are popular. Brahma assured Maharshis and Munis that one needed to recite the following names of Surya and would indeed be not necessary to recite the Surya Samasra naamaas! The following are the most sanctified twenty one namaas:


Vikartano Viviswaancha Martanda Bhaskaro Ravih,

Loka prakaashakah Shrimaan lokachakshur -maheswarah/

Lokasaakshi Trilokeshaha Kartaa Hartaa Tamishrahaa,

Tapanastaapana -schaiva Shuchih Saptaashwavaahanah/

Gabhasti hasto Brahma cha Sarvadeva Namaskrutah

Ekavimshati rityesha stava ishtavah sadaa Raveyh/


(Vikartana, Viviswaan, Martanda, Bhaskara, Ravi, Loka Prakaashaka, Shrimaan, Lokachakshu, Maheswara, Loka Saakshi, Trilokesha, Karta, Harta, Tamishraha, Tapana, Taapana, Shuchi, Saptaashwa vaahana, Gabhasti hasta, Brahma, and Sarva Deva Namaskruta are the Sacred Naamaas). Surya Deva would be extremely pleased by his ‘Stuti’ with these naamaas and bestow to the Reciters with excellent health, Dhana Vriddhi, and Yasha Prapti. Recital of these naamaas at the time of Sun Rise and Sun Set would demolish one’s own sins on account Manasika (Mental), Vaachika (Vocal), Shaareerika (Physical) and Karmajanita (arising of deeds) sources.


 Explaining the birth of Surya, Brahma recounted that Daksha Prajapati had sixty celebrated daughters of whom thirteen were wedded to Kashayapa Muni, who begot by Aditi the whole lot of Devas; by Diti were born Daityas, by Danu were born danavas; by Vinata the vamsa of birds like the famed Garutmant; and ‘Sthaavara Jangamas’ or Immobile and Moving species other than human beings. Aditi’s progeny viz. Devas were born out of Satvika Guna, while Daitya, Danava, and such other negative children were born of Rajasika and Tamasika Gunaas. As Aditi gave birth to Surya Deva, she eulogized him as follows:


Namastubhyam Param Sukshmam Sumupunya bibhrateytulam,

Dhaama Dhaamavataameesham Dharmaadhaaram cha Shaswaram/

Jajataamanupa karaaya Twaaham Stoumi Gopatey,

Aada daanasya yadrupam teevram tasmai Naaamyaham/

Graheetumashtamaasena kaalenaambumayam rasam,

Bibhraataswa yadrupamati teevram nataasmi tat/

Sametamagnisomaabhyaam Namastasmai Gunaatmaney,

Yadrupa mrugyajuh saamnaa maikyena tapatey tawah/

Viswametattrayi samjnam Namastasmai Vibhaavaso,

yattu tasmaatparam rupa motyuktvaabhi samhitam/

 Asthuulam Shulamayam Namasttasmai Sanaatana/

( My greetings to you! You possess a very pure and unique Form of effulgence as the Lord of Radiance and the Hold of Illumination of everlasting nature! Keeping in view the huge advantages arising out of your existence to the whole Universe, may I offer my sincere reverences to you! I salute that magnificent yet fierce Form of yours especially when you seek to absorb water from Prithvi for eight long months. Surya Deva! Your Swarupa is a mix of Rik-Yajur-Saama Vedas all rolled in one with the symbol of ‘Trayi Sanjna’ and even more than that of  the OM sound which denotes both the ‘Sthula’ or gross and the ‘Sukshma’ or miniscule)! Pleased by her prayers, Surya asked Aditi to ask for a boon and the latter made an appeal to Surya that Daityas had been stealing the Yagna Phala which was actually due to Devas and as such Surya might please give birth to her as the elder brother of Devas and bless her to be born to her and destroy the Daityas. Surya agreed to do so and as a gesture of her gratitude, Aditi took to extreme penance by observing Kruchhu and Chandrayana Vratas but her husband Kashyapa was angry that she was killing the child in her garbha by such severe Vratas; he said: Kim maarayasi garbhandamiti, Nityopa Vaasini! (Hey Aditi, the ever fasting woman! Why are you destroying the embriyo!). In reply Aditi shouted back to Kashyapa saying:


Saachatam Praaha Garbhanda metatpasyeti Kopanaa,

Samaaritam vipakshaathaam Mrityu deva bhavishyati/


(Look at my Garbha! His is not destroyed indeed, but is going to destroy the enemies); by so saying, she relieved her Garbha and a huge mass of Radiance was materialized. Meanwhile, there was an ‘Akashavani’ (Celestial Voice) resounded to say:


Maaritam tey yatah prokta meta dandam twayaaditeyh,

Tasyaanmuney sutastyeyam Martaandobhyo bhavishyati!


(Kashyapa Muney! You apprehended that the embriyo might be killed, but it would surely kill these who steal the ‘Havishyas’viz. Asuras! It was at that time when Martanda was generated from Aditi Garbha that Asuras challenged Indra and Devatas and were instantly burnt off into ashes by his fierce looks. 

Brahma Deva commended the great significance of Suryaaraadhana and stated:

Bhava Suddhih Prayoktavya Niyamaachara samyuktaa,

Bhava shuddhayaa kriyatey yatthasswargam saphalam bhavet/

Stutijjapyopahaarena pujayaapi Vivaswatah,

Upavaasena Bhaktya vai Sarva Paapaih pramuchyatey/

Pranidhaaya shiro bhumyaam namaskaaram karoti yah,

Tatkshanaatsarva Paapebhoymuchyatey naatra Samshayah/ 

Bhaktiyukto Naroyosou Raveh kuryad pradakshinam,

Pradakshani krutwaa tena Saptadwipaa Vasundharaa/

Suryam manasi yah krutwaa kuryaad vyoma pradakshinaam,

Pradakshneekrutaastena Sarvam Devaa bhavanti hii/

(Those who pray to Surya Deva with mental discipline and devotion by performing  Upavaasa (Fasting), Stavan (Eulogy), Japa (continuous nama smarana), Upahara Samarpana or offer of gifts, Puja or formal ‘shodasopacharas’ or the prescribed s sixteen services like Avaahana (Invocation), Aasana             ( Seating), Snaana (Holy bathing), Pushpa- Phala- Dhupa-Deepa-Naivedyaa - Arati, Swasti, Bhojana, and Brahmana Dakshina, as also Bhajana (Group singing) would instantly demolish sins and acquire positive fruits. Those who seek to vision Surya Bhagavan by keeping their heads upside down the Earth and lift up their bodies would also attain positive benefits undoubtedly. Those who perform ‘Surya Pradakshina’ (Self-Circumambulation) of Akaash (Sky) carrying Sapta Dwipas by their mind would be executing ‘Parikrama’to all the Devas)! Those who observe fasting on Shashthi / Saptami with single Bhojana a day as also perform Puja in the prescribed manner as outlined above with devotion secure the fruit of executing an Ashvamedha Yagna. On Shukla Paksha Saptami, possibly coinciding with a Sunday, performances of Snaana, Daana, Tapa, Homa, Puja and Upavasa would have considerable impact in fulfilling desired objectives. Any ‘dharmic karya’ aimed at Surya Deva would assure that there would be no ‘daridrata’ or poverty and ‘Anarogya ’or illnesses in the entire Kula / Vamsha of the family. Those who would paint Sun Bhagavan’s temple with white, brown or yellow colours and decorate the walls of the Temple with all sand possible alternatives would fullil all their wishes. Those who light lamps with ghee or sesame / gingelly oil and offer to Surya deva would have their eye sight excellent and none in his Vamsha would ever be blind, especially if they perform Deep-Daana. Such Deepa Daana in temples, cross-roads or public places is blessed with prosperity. Anybody who steals lit-up deepas or spoils them is sure to have adverse effects like imprisonment, family loss and dispatch to dark narakas. Early morning offers of water to Surya become eligible for Siddhhis. Observance of Aditya Vrata by reciting hymns like Aditya Hridaya by standing from sunrise to sunset facing Surya Deva would have far reaching effects of immense Punya. Also,

Arghena sahitam chaiva Sarva saangam pradaapayet,

Udaye Shraddhaa Yuktah Sarva Paapaaih pramuchyatey/

(Offering water with devotion and faith at Sunrise time and performing ‘Saangopanga’or prostration and daana would yield excellent results, especially in demolishing sins. Arghya or water along with Agni, Aakasha, Bhumi, Surya Pratima and Pindi or platform of the Pratima is to be offered to Surya with sincerity to reap far reaching benefits. In fact, worship to Surya Deva at the Uttaraayana and Dakshinaayana timings (when the course of Surya changes from South to North and vice versa) would have very significant effects of far reaching benefits. Any charity in the dedication of Surya like Chhatra (Umbrella), Dhwaja or Pataka (Flags) and Chavara (hand fan with which to please a Deity) would result in a lakh-fold advantage to the donor.

Maanasam vaachikam vaapi kaayajam yaccha dushkrutam,

Sarvam Surya prasaadena tadasesham vyapohatih/

Ekahenaapi yad Bhaanoh pujaayaa praapyatey phalam,

Yadhokta dakshinairviprairna tat kratushatairapi/

(Bhagavan Surya awards the gift of trouncing offences committed by way of Sharirika or Physical, Vaachika or spoken and Manasika or thought-wise media. Even a day’s worship with all the inputs like Snaana, Shodasopachara, Daana and Stuti would excel the observance of several Yagnas).


Brahma desc ribed Aditya Mahatmya by saying that as soon as Surya Deva emerges on the horizon early in a day, his powerful rays destroy darkness and the Unique and Readily realizable Deity (Pratyaksha Devata) on the Sky who has neither beginning nor end; the indestructible and everlasting Aditya grows by the day with ferocity and temperature, spreading heat all across the Tri Bhuvanaas, creating-preserving and terminating the ‘Charaachara Jagat’. He is Dhata, Vidhata, and the root-cause of Srishti; Surya Mandala is everlasting and eternal; he is the Father of Pitruganaas and the Supreme Deva of Devas. Countless Yogis who leave their ‘Bhoutika Dehas’ (mortal bodies) have their Souls carried by Vayudeva and get absorbed into Him; Renowned Grihasti Yogis like King Janaka, Vaalakhilya like Brahmavaadi Maharshis, Veda Vyasa like Vaanaprastha Rishis and Shuka Deva like illustrious Veda Vedaanga Brahma Yogis and innumerable such Maha Yogi Purushas were all the memorable entrants into Suryamandala.    


Prajapatis had all divided their ‘Tejas’ or Inner Radiance and paved the way to materialization of Dwadasa Adityas viz. Indra, Dhata,Parjanya, Twashta, Pusha, Aryama, Bhaga, Vivaswaan, Vishnu, Amshuman, Varuna, and Mitra; Surya Deva got spread all over the Universe by these Twelve Forms. Indra is the ‘Prathama Murti’ of Surya Deva who is the Chief of Devas and the Prime Enemy of Daityas. Dhata is second Amsha of Surya being the Prajapati the Creator of Prajas. Parjanya is the third name whose major function is to absorb water from all possible sources and meterialise clouds. The Fourth Amsha of Surya is Twashta the unique embodiment of Vanaspatis and Aoushadhis (vegetable oils and herbs / medicines respectively). Pusha represents Pushti or excellent health and physical well being as existent in ‘Anna’or food. Aryama is the sixth Form of Surya Deva who symbolizes all the Devas in the form of Vayu. As is existent in the form of Aishwarya / prosperity and the Physique of humanity, Bhaga is the seventh Amsha of Surya. The eighth Form of Aditi Putra is Vaiwasvaan as existent in Agni (Jatharaagni) responsible for digesting the food consumed by all living beings. The ninth Amsha of Sun God is Vishnu who is ‘Sarva Vyapi’ the Omni Present and all – pervading. Amshuman is the tenth Murti of Surya Deva who provides the aspect of everlasting joy to humanity and all other species of Srishti. The eleventh Amsha of Bhaskara is in the Form of Varuna who exists as Jala /Water and preserves and sustains life to all Beings of Creation. Finally, the Twelfth Rupa of Surya Deva is Mitra, who exists in the form of friend, philospher and guide to the entire Universe, performing Tapasya on the banks of Chandra River and wishing and enabling the Totality of ‘Charaachara Jagat’ to source happiness and contentment. Dwadashiva pruthaktena taani vakshaamaseshatah, Adityah Savitaa Suryo Mihirorkah Prabhaakarah/ Maartando Bhaaskaro Bhanuschitra Bhaanu Divaakarah, Ravirdwaadashabhisteshaam Jneyah Saamaanya naamabhih/ Visnurdhaataa Bhagah Pushaa Mitrendrou Varunyornamaa Vivaswaa namsumaam Twashtaa Parjanyo Dwaadashah smritaah/ Ityetey Dwadasha –adittaah pruthaktena Vyavastithaah, Uttishthanti Sadaahyetey maasthairvaa Dasabhih kramaat/  (Normally Surya Deva’s names in vogue are Aditya, Savitru, Surya, Mihira, Arka, Prabhakara, Martanada, Bhaskara, Bhanu,Chitrabhanu, Divakara, Ravi and so on. But the additional names are Vishnu, Dhata, Bhaga, Pusha, Mitra, Indra, Varuna, Aryama, Vivasvata, Amsuvan, Twashta and Parjanya. Vishnu shines with twelve hundred rays in Chaitra Maasa, Aryama with thirteen hundred rays in Vaishakha Maasa, Vaivaswata in Jyeshtha Maasa with fourteen hundred raus, Amsuaan shines with fifteen hundred rays in Ashadha, Parjanya in Shravana Maasa with fourteen hundred rays, Varuna in Bhadrapada Maasa with as many rays as the previous month, Indra Swarupa Surya with twelve hundred rays in Kartika Maasa, Mitra in Margasirha month with the same as in the previous month, as Pusha in Poushya Maasa with nine hundred rays, as Bhaga in Magha and Twastha in Phalguna with eleven hundred hundred rays in each case. The number of Surya Kiranas would be on the ascent in Uttaraayana and on the descent in Dakshinaayana. Daily recital of the above Twenty Names of Surya Deva at both the Sandhya timings would fetch the fruits of excellent health, prosperity, reputation and recognition.

Sanatana Rahasya’: Sage Narada having performed Tapasya asked Mitra Deva as to why the latter being the Omniscient, Omni Present and Omni Potent Overlord of the Universe, revered by Chaturashramas, Chatur Yugas and Chatur Varnas, besides all the Devaas, Danava-Daithya-Rakshas and Pitras still adored some distinct Entity himself! Mitra Deva sensitized Nara as follows: ‘Narada! There is a Supreme Power which exists in the Universe-or rather the Universe exists in that Supreme Power- which is ‘Sukshma’ (the miniscule yet mammoth), ‘Avigneya’ (Unrecognaisable), ‘Avyatka’ (Unvisionable), ‘Achala’(Immovable), Dhruva ( Fixed), ‘Indriya Rahita’ (Devoid of Limbs and Senses), ‘Vishaya rahita’(feature less), ‘Antaratma’ (The Supreme Inner Conscience) called ‘Kshetrajna’, the ‘Adi Purusha’, the ‘Hiranya Garbha’, ‘Vishwaatma’, ‘Sharva’, ‘Akshara’,  devoid of Tri Gunas of Satvika-Rajasika-Tamasika nature. That Supreme Shakti is at once Saguna, Nirguna, Vishwa Rupa, and Jnaanagamya and Sarvavyapi: Vasannapi shareereshu na sa lipyeta karmabhih, Mamaantaraatma tava cha ye chaanyey dehasamsthitaah/ Sarveshaam Saakshibhutesow na graahyah kenichat kvachit, Saguno Nirguno Vishvo Jnaanagamyo hyasow smritah/ Sarvatah Paanipaataantah sarvatokshishiromukhah, Sarvatah Shrumaamllokey Sarvamaavrutya tishthati/ (Heads of one and all in Srishti are his Unique Head; hands, shoulders, feet and all other body parts are his own of every person and  of various other species are his of own as well. He is Unique Paramatma manifested in myriad forms multiplied.) It is that Parama Shakti which is at once in a cognizant, perceivable and ready Form with the ‘Amsha’ of the Self is Surya Deva. Brahma gave Upadesha to Narada by the recitation-power of which one would be free from ill-health, unfulfilled desires, poverty and ignorance of knowledge!

 

Konaaditya Mahatmya: Brahma informed the great Sages about the significance of Konaaditya, a hallowed Place in Dakshina Bharata Varsha in Ondradesha (the present Orissa) on the banks of the Eastern Sea in the Northern Part of Viraja Mandala, there were Brahmanas whowere Tapsvis, Yogis, highly venerated Veda Swaadhyaayis and ‘Shatkarma’ Practitioners, while all other Varnas including Kshatriya, Vyashya etc. too observed the respective Varna Dharmas. A strong popular belief prevailed in the Region that a Temple there on the Seashore was an extraordinary Abode of Konaaditya, bestowing boons to fulfill their desires and ambitions from the worship with reverence and faith. Early morning snaanas in the Sea are followed by Abhishekas, offerings, Surya Stutis and Tarpanas to Devas, Rishis and deseased ancestors as a part of the ‘Suryaaraadhana’ (worship). On the banks of the Samudra, the devotees normally are seated facing Surya in the East, a copper plate is placed with red chandana and Sea water, an Ashtadala Kamala (Eight-leafed lotus) is prepared and decorated with Lotus-leaves with rice grains, tila seeds, red chandana, red flowers and Kushaa grass; then the process of worship would include ‘Nyasa’ or unification of one’s body and soul by way of Anganyaasa and Karanyaasa and perform Dhyana first by invoking Surya in the Center of the Ashtadala, Agni in Agneya, Nirruta in Nirutya, Vayu in Vayavya and Ishaana in Ishaanya. This would be followed by welcoming Surya from the Sky and performing Avahana (Invocation), Aasana (Seat), and Sthapana (Settling). The Mantra-yukta Puja would commence with the display of ‘Sumukhi Samputi Mudras’ by the devotee’s fingers; snaana is performed; Surya is imagined as seated on white Ashtaadasa Kamala with yellow eyes and red coloured body, two hands and red-robes and then prayers are followed. The procedure of Puja includes Anganyasa in coordination with the Directions (Dishas) as follows: Hraam Hridayaayanamah-Agni koney; Hreem Sirasey Namah Nairryuttye; Hroom Shikhaayai Namah Vaayavye; Hraim Kavachaayanamah Ishaaney; Hraom Netraayanamah Madhya bhaagey; Hrah Astraayanama Chaturdikshu Iti/ Then would follow offerings of Arghya, Gandha, Dhupa, Deepa and Naivedya and before the close of the Puja there would be Japa, Stuti, Namaskara and Mudras and Visarjanma. Indeed, Brahmanaas, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and others as also women and children offering handful of Sea-water without the formal worship to Konaaditya are blessed with the fulfillment of their own desires; let alone those who worship as per procedure who reap multiple benefits and attain Suryaloka after life! Worship to Surya on Saptami Days is highly commended; this bestows mukti from physical ailments, Dhana to the needy of it, Vidya to Vidyarthis and good Santaana (progeny) to those whon aspired for it. Those who perform ‘aaraadhana’, especially at Konadithya in Ondra desha at Sun Rise and Sunsets, Chaitra Shukla Paksha days, Samkraanti days or at the Uttaraayana and Dakshinaayanas, Vishu Yoga timings, Sundays, or at other ‘Parva Dinaas’ would indeed be blessed for fulfilments of  their wishes.  


‘Suryaashtottara naama’


Brahma stated that when the ‘Sthaavara-Jangamas’ (Moving and Immobile Beings) were all destroyed and the Universe was submerged in darkness, and Samashti Buddhi or Maha Tatwa (The Great Awareness) was generated from which Pancha Maha Bhutas of Earth, Water, Illumination, Air, and Sky were materialized; a Huge Egg appeared on Water afloat in which Trimurtis of Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara were present and so did Sapata Lokas, Sapta Dwipas, Sapta Samudras, Sapta Maha Parvataas (Seven Lokas, Continents, Oceans and Mountains). That was the Time when a Formidable Mass of Radiance and Radiation appeared as Adi Deva named Surya Deva and Tri Murtis paid homage to him as follows:   


Adidevosi Devaanaiswaryaayachha tameeshwarah/

Adikartaasi Bhutaanaam Deva devo Diwaakarah/

Jeenanah Sarva bhutaanaam Devagandharwa Raakshasaam,

Muni kinnara sidhhaanaam tathaivoragapaksheenaam/

Twam Brahmaa twam MahadevastwamVishnustwam  Prajaapatih,

Vaayustindrascha Somascha Vivaswaan Varunastathaa/

Twam Kaalah Srishti kartaacha Hartaa Bhartaa tathaa Prabhuh,

Saritah Saagarah Shailaa Vudyudindra Dhanuumshicha/

Pralayah Prabhavashaiva Vyaktaavyaktah Sanaatanah,

Ishwaraatparato Vidyaa Vidyaayaah Paratah Shivah/

Shivaatparataro Devasatwameva Parameswarah/

Sarvatah Paanipaadaantah Sarvatokshishiromukhah/

Sahasraamshuhu Sahasraasyah Sahasracharanekshanah,

Bhutaadi Bhurbhuvah swascha Mahah Satyam Tapojanah/

Pradeeptam Deepanam Divyam Sarvaloka prakaashakam,

Durnireeksham Surendraanam yadrupam tasyatey namah/

Sara Siddhaganairjushtam Bhrugvatri Pulahaadhibhihi,

Stutam Paramavyaktam yadrupam tasyatey namah/

Vedyam Vedavidaam nityam Sarva jnaana samanvitam,

Sarva Devaadi Devasya yadrupam tasyatey namah/

Viswakrudwiswa bhutam cha Vaiswaarara suraarchitam,

Viswasthita –manithyam cha yadrupoam tasyatey namah/

Param Yajnaatparam Vedaatparam  Divah,

Paramaatmebhikhyaatam yadrupam tasyatey namah/

Avigneyamanaalakshyama dhyaanagatamavyayam,

Anaadinidhanam chaiva yadrupam tasyatey namah/

Namo namah Karana Kaaranaaya Namo namah Paapa vimochanaaya,

Namo Namastey Ditijajaardanaaya Namo namo Roga vimochanaaya/

Namo namah Sarvavarapradaaya Namo Namah Sarva Sukhah pradaaya,

Namo namah Sarva dhana pradaaya Namo namah Sarva matihpradaaya/


Brahma Deva further stated:


Om Suryoryamaa Bhagatwashtaa Pushaarkah Savitaa Ravih,

Gabhastimaanajah Kaalow Mrutyutdhaataa Prabhaakarah/

Prithivyaapascha Tejascha kham Vaayuschja paraayanam,

Somo Bruhaspatih ShukroBudhongaaraka Yeva cha/

IndroVivishvaadeeptaamshuh Shuchih Sourihi Sanescharah,

Brahmaa Vishnuscha Rudrascha SkandoVaishravano yamah/

Vaidyuto Jaatharaagniraindhanastejasaam Patih,

Dharmadhwajo vedakartaa Vedaango Vedavaahanah/

Krutam Tretaa Dwaaparascha Kalih Sarvaamaaraashrayah,

Kalaakashtha muhurtaascha Khapaa Yaamataasthathaa Kshanaah/

Samvatsarakaroswattah Kaalachakro Vibhaavasuh,

Purushah Shaaswato Yogi Vyaktaavyakta Sanaatanah/

Kaalaadhyakshayah Prajaadhyasho Vishvakarmaa Tamonudah,

Varunah Saagaromschascha jeemutoo jeevanorihaa/

Bhutaashrayo Bhuta patih Sarva loka namaskrutah,

Srashtaa Samvartako Vahnih Sarvassyaadiralolupah/

Anantah Kapilo Bhaanuh Kaamadah Sarvato mukhah,

Jayo Vishaalo VaradahSarva Bhutanisheyvitah/

Manah Suparno Bhutaadhih Sheeghranah Praanadhaaranah,

Dhanvantarir Dhumaketuraadi Devoditeyh Sutah/

Dwaadashaatmaa Ravirdakshah Pitaa Maataa Pitaamahah,

Swargadwaaram Mokshadwaaram Trivishtapam/

Deha Kartaa Prashaantaatmaa  Vishvaatmaa Sukshaatamaa Maitreyah Karunaanvitah/                                                                                            


( Bhagavan Surya! You are the Adi Deva. As you are the High Epitome of Iaishwaraya or Affluence, you are the Ishwarya (Highest) of all Devas; the Prime Creator of Creation too and the Preserver of the Principal Elements /Maha Bhutas, Devatas, Gandharvas, Raakshasaas, Munis, Kinnaraas, Siddhaas, Nagas, Birds and so on; You are the Trimurtis, Pajapatis, Vayu, Indra, Soma, Viviswaan, Varuna, Kaala; Srishti Karta, Dharta, Samharta; You are the Rivers, Seas, Mountains, Vidyutcchakti (Electricity), Indra Dhanush (Rainbow), Pralaya ( The Great Devastation), Vyaktaavyata (Seen and Unseen) Sanatana Purusha (The Fore- Most Being), the Most Evident Supreme Energy; You are the Physique and its limbs; the Thousand Kiranas or Rays, with Thousand Faces, Eyes, Feet and the Chief Cause of the Causes; You are the Embidiment of Bhuh, Bhuvah, Swaha, Mahah, Janah, Tapah, and Satya; Your Effulgence is such that even Devas could never vision it clearly, let alone human beings; Devatas and Siddhas as well as Maharshis like Bhrigu, Atri, Pulah etc. are constantly engaged in Praises for you; You are the Vishwa Vyapak or Prevading the Totality of Universe; You are the Swarupa (Form) of Yagnas, Vedas, beyond  Lokas and Dyulokas; Avigneya, Alakshya, Achintya, Avyaya, Anaada, and Anata (Unknown, Untargettable, Undefinable, Everlasting, Symbolic of Pure Ecstacy, and Unending); My Greetings to you the Cause, Causation and the Causer; the Unique Sin-Demolisher; the Destroyer of Daitya Peeda, Roga  Peeda and Samasta Peedas and the bestower of boons, happiness, contentment, prosperity and above all Uttama  Buddhi (Outstanding Noble Mentality).


Brahma further eulogized Surya Deva as follows:


(Om Surya, Aaryama, Bhaga, Twashta, Pusha (Sustainer), Arka, Savita, Ravi, Gabhastimaan or the Possessor of High-beam Rays; Aja or birthless; Kaala, Mrityu, Dhata or the one who is the Prime Hold; Prabhakara or the Embodiment of Glow; Prithvi, Aapa or Water; Teja, Swa or Sky; Vayu, Parayana the Unfailing High-Form of Protection; Soma, Brihaspati, Shukra, Angaraka, Indra, Vivi swaan, Deeptaamshu or the Provider of Prakasha Kiranaas; Shuchi or the Symbol of Purity; Sauri or the Surya Putra Manu; Shanaischara, Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra, Skanda, Vaishravana (Kubera), Yama, Vaidyuta or the Origin of Vidyut Shakti; Agni, Jatharaagni or the In-Fire of Physique; Iandhana (the form of Fire-wood); Agni, Tejahpati, Dharmadwaja or the Insignia of  Virtue; Veda Karta, Vedaanga, Veda vaahana, Krita (Satya Yuga), Treta, Dwapara, Kali Yugas; Sarvaamaraashraya; Time Units viz. Kala, Kaashta, Muhurta, Kshapa or Night Time Unit; Yaama or Prahara and Kshana; Samvatsara kara, Asvattha, Kalachakra, Vibhavasu or Agni; Purusha, Shaaswata, Yogi, Vyaktaavyakta / Percievable and Imperceivable; Sanatana, Kaalaadhyaksha or the Presiding Deity of Time; Prajaadyaksha, Vishwakarma, Tamonuda or the banisher of darkness; Varuna, Saagara, Amsha, Jeemuta (Clouds), Jeevana, Ariha the destroyer of Enemies; Bhutaashraya, Bhutapati, Sarvaloka namaskrita or He who is respected by all Lokas; Srashta, Samvartakaagni (Pralayaagni); Alolupa (Alobha); Ananta, Kapila, Bhanu, Kaamada (Fulfiller of desires); Sarvatomukha or the Possessor of Faces in all directions; Jaya, Vishaala, Varada the Provider; Sarva bhuta nishevita, Mana, Suparna (Garuda), Bhutaadi, Sheeghraga; Praanadharana, Dhanvantari, Dhumaketu, Adideva, Aditi putra, Dweaadashaatmaa or the Form of Twelve Suns; Ravi, Daksha, Pita, Maataa, Pitaamaha Swargadwara, Prajaadwaara, Miokshadwara, Trivishtapa or Swarga; Dehakarta, Prashaantaatma, Vishwaatma, Vishvatomukha, Charaacharaatma, Sukshaatma, Maitreya and Karunaanvita (Ever Merciful).


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