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TRIVIDHA VISHNU SAHASRA NAAMA

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Padma Purana

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Padma Purana-Uttara Khanda

[Sourced from Padma Purana’s Uttrara Khanda, Brahmarshi Narada quoted Lord Brahma who in turn heard from Devi Parvati as having narrated by Maha Deva Himself about the Glorious Thousand Names of Maha Vishnu as follows so that the utteranace and absorption of the meaning of the Sacred Names would open up vistas of  Salvation to the Posterity in Kali Yuga:]

Viniyoga: Asya Vishnornaama Sahasra Stotrasya Shri Maha Deva Rishih, Anushtup Chhandaha, Paramatma Devataa, Hreem Beeja, Shreem Shaktih, Kleem Keelakam, Chaturvargardharmaartha Moksharthey Japey Viniyogah/ (To this Vishnu Sahasra Naama Stotra, Maha Deva himself  is Rishi, Anushthup is Chhandas or Prosody, Paramatma is Devata, Hreem is Beeja or the Seed, Shreem is Shakti or the Driving Force, Kleem is the Keelakam or the fulcrum, and the application or exaltation to the Stotra is the combination of the Foursome factors of Accomplishment viz. Dharma or Virtue, Artha or Well Being, Kaama or Fulfillment and Moksha or Salvation. May I respectfully perform Japa or repetitive prayer to the Almighty Vishnu). Om Vasudevaya Vidmahey, Maha Hamsaaya Dheemahi, Tanno Vishnuh Prachodayat/( May my mind, thought and deed be influenced to absorb the Vasudeva Tatwa or the Philosophy of Vasudeva and to achieve this status may I invoke Maha Hamsa Swarupa Vaasudeva with sincerity and devotion!). Anganyaasa Karanyasa Vidhipurvam Yadaa Pathet, TatphalamKotigunitam Bhavatyeva na shamshayah/ (In case, Anganyaasa or Limb-Coordination and Karanyaasa or hand-wise cordination with the Almighty is practised before reciting the Sahasra naama of Vishnu, then the resultant returns of fruits would indeed be multiplied by a crore times).

Anga Nyasa: Shri Vaasudevah Param Brahmeti Hridayam/ Mula Prakritiriti Shirah/ Mahaa Varaaha Iti Shikhaah/ Surya Vamsha Dhwaja iti Kavacham/ Brahmaadi Kaamya Laalitya Jagadaascharya Shashiava iti netram/ Paarthartha Khanditaasesha ityastram/ Namo Naraayaneti Nyaasam Sarvatra Kaarayet/ ( By saying Vasudeva Parambrahm,  the heart be touched by the fingers of the right hand; touch the head by stating Mula Prakritih; touch the tuft while saying Maha Varaha Vishnu; touch the shoulders with both the hands saying Surya Vamsha dhwajah or the Flagship of the Chariot of Lord Shri Rama the Vishnu Swarupa; touch the eyes reciting Brahmadi Kamya Laalitya Jagadaaschraya shaishavah or indeed Bhagavan Vishnu is magnificent in the form of an infant enchantiing the whole Universe as he manifests himself as an Avatara or incarnation; clap with both the hand palms by saying Parthaarthaakhanditaaseshah or Vishnu in the form of Shri Krishna who killed the huge army of opponents for the sake of Arjuna; and finally touch all the body parts stating earnestly uttering Namo Narayanaaya). Om Namo Naraayanaaya Purushaaya Mahatmaney, Vishuddha Satwaaya Maha Hamsaaya Dheemahi Tanno Devah prachodayat/ (I salute Omkara Swarupa Narayana Mahatma! I implore the Translucent Form of Vishnu who is akin to a spotless Swan imbued with Truthfulness to prompt me with clean thoughts and deeds); Kleem Krishnaaya vidmahey, Hreem Raamaaya dheemahey, Tanno Devah prachodayaat/ Sham Nrisimhaaya vidmahey, Shrikanthaaya dheemahi, Tanno Vishnu prachodayat/ Om Vasudaevaaya vidmahey Devaki sutaaya dheemahi, Tannah Krishnah prachodayat/ (We all endeavour to guess the Kleemkaara Form  of Knowledge which Krishna  Tatwa is all about; we try to meditate the Hreem Form of Shri Rama who may mould our actions positively; may the letter ‘Sham’ enlighten us to absorb the Nara Simha Tatwa; we do urge Shri Kantha so that Vishnu Bhagavan would influence us soon; we pray to the Omkaara Swarupa Vaasudeva to realise the Tatwa of Devaki’s son); Om Hraam Hreem Hroom Hraim Hroum Hram Hrah Kleem Krishnaaya Govindaaya Gopijanavallabhaaya Namah swaha/ ( We dedicate ourselves totally to the Swarupa of Hraam, Hreem, Hroom, Hraim, Hroum, Hram, Hrah and  Kleem beeja mantras signifying Sacchidaananda or the Form of Truthful Bliss who is the Beloved of Gopa Gopikas and perform Agni Homa to please Him and totally surrender to Him); Iti Mantra samuccharya yajed vaa Vishnumavyayam, Shrinivasam Jagannatham tatah stotram pathed sudhheeh, Om Vasudevah  Param Brahma Paramatmaa Paratparah/ (By pronouncing  the prescribed Mantras, the Learned Persons of Mental Maturity  should  worship the Abode of Devi Lakshmi-where the Over Lord of the Universe, the Eternal and Indestructible  Vishnu resides for ever and recite the Symbolic Thousand Names as follows:)

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Om Vaasudevah Param Brahma Paramatma Paraatparah, Param Dhaama Paramjyotih Param Tatwam Param Padam, Parah Shiva Parodhyeyah Param Jnaanam Paraagatih/  Paramarthah Parashreshthah Paraanandah Parodayah, Parovyaktaaparam Vyoma Paramaadthah Pareshwarah/ Niraamayo Nirvikaaro Nirvikalpo Niraashrayah, Niranjano Niraalambo Nirlopo Niravagrahah/ Nirguno Nishkalonantobhayochintyochalochintah, Ateendrayomitopaaro Nityoneehovyayokshayah/ Sarvagjnah Sarvagah Sarvabhavanah, Sarvashastaa Sarvasaakshi Pujyah Sarvasya Sarvadruk/ Sarva Shaktih Sarvasaarah Sarvatmaa Sarvatomukhah, Sarvavaasah Sarvarupah Sarvaadih Sarva Duhkhahaa/ Sarvaarthah Sarvatobhadrah Sarvakaaranakaaranam, Sarvaatishayitah Sarva- adhyakshah Sarveshvareshwarah/ Shadvimshako Maha Vishnurmahaaguhyo Maha Vibhuh, Nityodito Nityayukto Nityaanandah Sanaatanah/ Maayaapatiryogapatih Kaivalyapatiraatmabhuh, Janma -mrityu jaraateetah Kaalaateeto Bhavaatigah/ Purnah Satyah Shuddha Buddha Swarupo Nitya -achintan mayah, Yogapriyo Yogagamyo Bhavabandhaikamochakah/ Puraanapurushah Pratyak- chaitanyah Purushottamah, Vedaanantavedyo Durjayastraapatraya vivarjitah/ Brahmavidyaashrayo –naghah Swaprakaashah Swayamprabhuh, Sarvopaaya Udaaseenah Pranavah Sarvatah Samah/  (1-101)

( Om Vaasudeva or He who preserves all the Beings and Lokas within Himself; Param Brahma or the Supreme who has no form nor feature; Paramatma or Ultimate, Eternal, Pure, Enlightened and Formless Entity; Paratpara or the One beyond Prakriti and the Highest; Param dhama or the One existent all over and far beyond; Paramjyoti or the who is the Source of Radiance to Surya and all others; ParamTatwa or the Most Confidential Unknown Entity incomprehensible to Vedas, Upanishads and all the Sacred Scriptures; Paramam pada or the State of Moksha; Parah Shiva or the Parama Kalyana Swarupa or the Emblem of Extreme Auspiciousness; Parodhyayah or the Highest Goal of Meditation; Param Jnaanam or the Hallmark of Knowledge; Para gatih or the  Best possible Path worthy of Achievement; Paramarthah the Essential Truth of Accomplishment; Parashreshtha or Best of the Best; Paraanandah or the State of High State of Happiness or Bliss; Parodayah or the Most Progressive; Avyaktaparah or the One beyond the Unimaginable Entity of Mool Prakriti or Maya; Param Vyomah or the One  who is yonder  the perceivable Sky which is Endless, Everlasting  and Omni-Present; Paramarthih or He who is the Symbol of Opulence and Success; Pareshwarah or the One above Brahmaadi Devatas;  Niraamayo or He who is unaffected by diseases and difficulties; Nirvikarah or  is fully devoid of the traditional maladies and natural disorders pertaining to birth, health, mental stability, dissatisfaction, decadence on account of age and destruction or death; Nirvikalpa or without doubts and hesitations;  Nirashraya or unhinged as He himself is the natural hold of each and every thing and everybody; Niranjana or is bereft of desires, aspirations and objectives as He is unaffected by ‘Gunas’ or characteristics and tendencies; Niralamba or He has no clutch as He is the clasp of the Universe Himself; Nirlepa or is unaffected by wishes or purposes like a lotus leaf which is ever clean and  unpretentious; Nirgunah or He is the Paramatma unadulterated with the Features of Satvika- Rajasika and Tamasika naature; Nishkalah or He has no physical existence or Limbless; Anantah or the Everlasting and Infinite; Abhayah or Undisturbed by fears of the limitations of Time as He is the very Form of Kala; Achintya or the One unaffected by fetters of Mind-born impulses; Achala or He is steady from his own right track and is undeviating; Architah or is worshipped by one and all; Ateendriyah or He is unperceivable by Indriyas or Body Parts; Amitah or Aparicchinna or Immesurable; Apaara or Boundless; Nitya or Everlasting; Aneeha or Cheshtaa -rahita or Sthitapragnya/ Unshakable; Avyaya or Indestructible / Undiminishing; Sarvagjnah or Omni-scient; Sarvagah or All-Pervading; Sarvah or Sarva Swarupa;  Sarvadah or the Provider of anything to those who deserve;  Sarva bhavanah or the Originator of Everything and Everybody; Sarvashaasta or the Controller and Regulator of one and all; Sarva  Sakshi or The One who is the Evidence or Proof of all actions in the Past-Present and Future times; Sarvasya Pujya or the One who is worshipped by all irrespective of all the Beings of the Creation; Sarvadruk or He visions all the Beings and their actions; Sarva Shaktih or Vishnu Bhagavan is equipped with all kinds of Powers; Sarvasaarah or He is the Essence of everything; Sarvatma or He is the Soul of Everything in the Creation; Sarvato Mukhah or He is the Virat Purusha or the Face of the Universe in totality; Sarva Vaasah or He is spread all over and is all pervading; Sarvadi or the Originator of the entire Creation; Sarva Duhkhaha or the Mitigator of all kinds of problems and sorrows; Sarvarthah or He is the manifestation of Purusharthaas or of Dharma-Artha-Kaama-Mokshaas; Sarvatobhadrah or the Emblem of Propitiousness all around; Sarvakaaranakaarana or the Cause of the Causes of everything; Sarvaatishayatah or the One Superior to Brahma-Shiva and all the rest; Sarvaadhyakshah or He is the Presiding Deity of the Universe; Sarveshwareshwarah or the  Ultimate of all Principal Shaktis or Powers that be; *Shadvimshakah or Vishnu Bhagavan is the Twenty Sixth Swarupa comprising Twenty Five Tatwas-

*[Pancha Jnanendriyas or Body Parts of Ears, Skin, Eyes, Tongue-Nose; Pancha Indriya Tanmatras of Sound-Touch-Vision-Taste-Smell; Pancha Karmendriyas of Hands, Feet, Mouth, Anus and Secret Part; Manas or Mind; Pansha Bhutas od Earth-Water-Radiance-Air and Sky; Ahamkara or the Great Awareness, Maha Tatwa; Prakriti and Purusha or Jeevatma and hence Vishnu is the twenty sixth manifestation]

Maha Vishnuh or the Almighty-Omni Present-Omni Scient and Omni Potent; Maha guhyaah or He is the Greatest Unknown; Maha Vibhuh or the All Pervasive Supreme Energy; Nityoditah or The One who is Ever Present unlike Surya or Chandra or any other Powers; Nityayukta or the Ultimate Energy that is in constant vision and Touch with the Moving-Immobile Species of Creation; Nityaanandah or the Ever Blissful; Sanaatanah or the Ageless,Timeless and the Constant; Mayapaaatih or the Swami of Maya or Prakriti the Nature; Yohapatih or the Administrator of Yoga; Kaivalyapatih or the Chief Bestower of Moksha; Atmabhuh or Self-Manifested; Janma Mrityu Jaraateetah or Bhagavan Vishnu is unaffected by the Cycle of Births-Deaths and Old Ages; Kalaateeta or He is beyond  the control of Time as He created the Concept and Regulation of Time ranging from Seconds to Yugas and Kalpas on a cyclical manner; Bhavaateeta or Vishnu is far above the Shackles of Samsara and Life as these are His handiworks; Purnah or His is replete with knowledge, power, energy, prosperity and fulfillment; Satyah or He  is the Form of Ever -Present Truthfulness; Shuddha Buddhi Swarupa or the Embodiment of Purity and Knowledge; Nitya Chinmaya or He is the Profile of Ever Present Blissfulness; Yogapriyah or the One happy with those practioners of Yoga or the Interactors of Antaratma and Paramatma; Yogagamya or the One who is the destination point of yogis in the trance position called Samadhi; Bhavabandhaika mochakah or He who is the Singular Force that could transcend the strong chains of Samsara or the Mundane Life; Purana Purusha or Vishnu is the Original Maha Purusha or the Definitive Male Manifestation well before Brahma and other Devas; Pratyakchaitanya or  the Innovative Radiance Personified; Purushottama or the Exemplary embodiment of Masculinity; Vedanta Vedya or the Symbol of Veda Knowledge; Durjaya or the One who possesses the experience earned the hard way; Tapatraya Vivarjita or He who is totally devoid of the Three Kinds of human difficulties viz. Adhyatmika or Internal Problems, Adhidaivika or Natural Disasters, and  Adhibhoutika or Physique related issues; Brahma Vidyaashraya or the One who is aimed  by those replete with what the knowledge of  Brahma is all about; Anaghah or Totally Devoid of blemishes and sins;   Swaprakashah or He who is self-resplendent; Swayambhu or Self-Generated; Sarvopaaya or the Accomplisher on behalf of others who have faith in Him; Udaaseena or the One who is of Tranquil nature; Pranavah or Omkara Swarupa; Sarvatah Samah or Bhagavan Vishnu is dispassionate and equitable without prejudices and personal favours alike);

Sarvaanivadyo Dushpraapyastureeyastamasah parah, Kootasthah Sarvasamslishto Vaangmano gocharaatigah/ Samkarshanah Sarvaharah Kaalah Sarva bhayankarah, Anullanghyah Chitragatih Mahaa RudroDuraamsadah/ Moola Prakritiraanandah Pradyumno Vishwa Mohanah, Maha Maayo Vishwa beejam Paraa Shaktih Sukhaikabhooh/ Sarvakaamyonanta leelah Sarva Bhuta Vashankarah, Aniruddhah Sarvajeevo Hrishikesho Manah Patih/ Nirupaadhipriyo Hamsoksharah Sarva niyojakah, Brahma praaneshwarah Sarva Bhutabhrud Deha Nayakah/ Kshetragjnah Prakritiswaami Purusho Vishwa sutra dhruk,Antaryaami Tridhaamaantah Saakshi Nirguna Ishwarah/ Yogi gamyah Padmanaabhah Sheshashaayi Shriyahpatih, Shri Shivopaasya Paadaabjo Nithya Shreeh Shri niketanah/ Nitya Vakshahsthalasthashrih Shrinidhih Shridhro Harih,Vashya Shrih Nischalashreedo Vishnuh Ksheeraabdhi Mandirah/ Koustubhodbhaasitorasko Maadhavo Jagataadirhaa, Shri Vatsa Vakshaa nih seema kalyaanaguna bhaajanam/ Peetaambaro Jagaatraataa Jagatpitaa, Jagadbandhur Jagatsrashta Jagat dhaataa Jagannidhih/ Jagadeka sphurad Veeryo naahamvaadi Jaganmayah, Sarvaashcharyamayah Sarva Siddhaartha Sarva ranjitah/ Sarvaamogodhyamo Brahma Rudraadyut- krushta chetanah, Shambhoh Pitaamaho Brahma Pitaa Sharaadyadheeshwarah/Sarva Deva Priyah Sarva Devamurtiranuttamah, Sarva Devaika sharanam Sarva Devaika Devataa/ Yagjnabhuk Yagjna phalado Yagjnesho Yagjna bhaavanah,Yagjnatraataa Yaygjnapuvaan Vanamaali Dwijapriyah/ Dwijaika maanado Viprakula Devosuraantakah, Sarvadrushtaantakrut Sarva sajjanaananya palakah/ (102-204)

(Sarvaanavadyah or He who is commended by one and all; Dushpraapya or He who is difficult to be achieved unless venerated by sincere devotion; Tureeya or He is of the Ultimate Stage of Consciousness far above the Stages of Jaagriti or of Awakening-Swapna or of the Stage of Dreams and of Sushupti or of  Super Consciousness; Tamasah Parah or Bhagavan is yonder the Realms of Agjnana or Ignorance unable to distinguish Reality and Delusion; Kootastha or He is of Nirvikaara-Sthira-Adwiteeya Swarupa or of Featureless, Steady and Singular Form; Sarva samslishta or He is co-existent with every Being as He is All-Pervasive; Vaangmanogocharaatigah or He is imperceptible being far above the reach of speech-vision and thought;  Sankarshana or He as the Kaala Swarupa draws every Being unto Him- or alternatively as of the Swarupa of Bala Rama whose embriyo was forcibly transferred from Devi Devaki’s  womb into that of Devi Yashoda’s so that Lord Krishna was born to Devaki after a year later while Balarama was born to Yashoda a year earlier; Sarvahara or the Destroyer of the Universe at the time of Pralaya; Kaala or the Alternate Form of Yama Dharma Raja or alternatelely of the Time Measurement ranging from Kalpa-Yuga-Samvatsara- Ayana-Maasa-Paksha-Vaara-Dina aadi; Sarva Bhayankara or He as of Mrityu Swarupa and all the Beings are afraid of Him mortally; Anullanghya or He who could never be subdued nor his orders transgressed; Chitragatih or His ways of movements and deeds are mysterious and unpredictable; Maha Rudrah or He who asuumes the Forms of Dwadasha Rudras viz. Mahan, Mahatma, Matimaan, Bhishana, Bhayankara, Ritudhwaja, Urthakesha, Pigalaaksha, Rucha, Shuchi and Kaalaagni; Duraasadah or He whom Notorious and Cruel Forces of Evil are afraid to face; Moola Prakritih or the One who is the Creator-in-Chief  being the Cause and Causation of Srishti; Anandah or the Emblem of Joy  and Contentment; Pradyumnah or the alternate Form of the Illustrious Kamadeva the son of Lord Krishna of the Incarnation of Vishnu; Vishwa Mohanah or the Magician Par Excellence and the Extreme Enchanter of the Universe; Maha Mayah or the Charmer of Charmers; Vishva beejam or the Seed Cause of Creation; Para Shakti or the Highest Manifestation of Power and Invincibility; Sukhaika bhu or the Unique Source of Joy and Fulfillment; Sarva Kaamya or the One who is the most sought after; Anantaleela or the One who displays endless phenomena and sensations; Sarva Bhuta Vashankarah or Bhagavan Vishnu is the Mesmeriser and Controller beyond belief; Aniruddhah or the Greatest Warrior of all times whose valour is unparalleled; Sarva Jeevah or the One existent in the Inner Soul of all the Beings; Hrishkeshah or the Paramount Controller of Physical Limbs; Manah patih or the Hridayeshwara or the Chief of Hearts; Nirupaathipriyah or He who is the beloved of Jnaanis and Parama Hamsas as they are able to sift Reality and Illusion clearly; Hamsah or Bhagavan Vishnu assumed the Form of a Swan and taught the Tatwaas to Maharshis like Sanaka-Sanandana- Sanatana- Sanatkumaras; Aksharah or the Super Soul which is Indestructible; Sarva nijojakah or the One who prompts and facilitates various deeds of propitiousness; Brahma Praneshwarah or the Glorious Life-Master and Teacher of Brahma; Sarva Bhuta bhrut or the One who is the Karta and Bhartha / Creator and Sustainer of all  the Beings in the Universe; Deha Nayaka or the One who enables the body parts function; Kshetragjnah or He who sustains the Life-Force of all the Beings of Moveable nature or otherwise; Prakriti Swami or the Unique Controller of Prakriti or Mother Nature who is the cause and causation of Life’s Existence; Purushah or Bhagavan Vishnu is the Dormant Energy or the Inner Soul called Antaryami; Vishwa Sutra dhruk or the Sutra Dhari or the Conductor of Life’s Drama in the Universe; Antaryaami or the Ever active energy that propels the Life Force of all Beings tick; Tridhama or The One ever existent in Three Lokas of Bhuh-Bhuvah-Swah; Antah Saakshi or the One who perceives the Inner Soul of One and all in Srishti; Nirgunah or Beyond Gunas or Features of Satwa-Rajasika-Tamasika Nature; Ishwara or the Embodiment of Total Fulfillment / Contentment; Yogigamya or the Final Retreat of Yogis and Yoga; Padmanabha or He who  materialised a stem of Lotus on which was seated Lord Brahma; Seshashaayi or He who rests on the Sesha Naaga; Shr iyah Patih or the Swami of Devi Lakshmi; Shri Shivopaasya paadaabjah or He whose Lotus Feet are worshipped by Maha Deva; Nityashri or the One who is ever present along with Devi Lakshmi; Shri niketana or He whose heart is the flagship of Lakshmi; Nitya Vakshah sthalasya Shreeh or He whose chest is the permanent abode of Lakshmi; ShriNidhih or the Depository  or Reservoir of Opulence; Shridharah or He who preserves the Universal Mother of Lakshmi right within Himself; Harih or the Destroyer of Sins and Imperfections; Vashyashrih or He who preserves Lakshmi under His own control; Nishchala Shridah or He who bestows lasting and steady flow of Prosperity; Vishnuh or the Omnipresent; Ksheeraabdhi mandirah or Vishnu who resides on the Ocean of Milk; Koustubhobhaa-sitoraskah or He whose heart is resplendent with the radiance of the Unique Jewel called Koustubha; Madhavah or the Swami of the Loka Mata Devi Lakshmi or alternatively stated as Bhagavan Shri Krishna born of the Madhu Vamsha; Jagadaartiha or the obliterator of the tribulations of the Universe; Shrivatsa Vaksha or He who decorates his chest with the Shrivatsa Mani; Nisseema Kalyaana Guna bhaajanam or the Fulcrum of boundless features of auspiciousness; Peetaambara or the One who wears Saffron Coloured Clothes; Jannnaathah or the Prime Master of the Universe; Jagat pitah or the Father Figure of the Universe; Jagadbandhu or the One who alone extends full support and help like one’s own close and dependable relative; Jagatstrashta or the One who is of Brahma Swarupa in the context of Creation; Jagaddhaata or He as Vishnu sustains and promotes the Universe; Jagannidhi or He who absorbs the total Creation in the Form of a Beeja or Seed at the time of Pralaya; Jagadeka -sphuradveerya or the Outstanding embodiment of Valour and Confidence in the Universe; Naahamvaadi or the One deviod of ‘Ahamkara’ or Ego; Jaganmayah or of Vishwa Swarupa; Sarvascharya mayah or He who always creates miracles and amazements; Sarva Siddharthah or He who provides Siddhis or achievements; Sarva Ranjitah or He who is ever engaged in activities that provide joy and happiness to human beings, Deva-Danavas and all other species in Srishti; Sarva-modyodyama or He who ensures that fruits of each and every deed that is performed is duly paid off; Brahma Rudraadyukrushta chetanah or He who guarantees returns of the deeds done by all the Beings in a far more effective manner than what Brahma and Rudraadis could; Shambhoh Pitaamahah or He who provides birth and progress to Brahma and Shambhu too; Brahma Pitaah or Vishnu is the Father of Brahma; Shakraadyadheeshwarah or Vishnu is also the Swami of Indra and all the rest of Devbatas; Sarva Deva Priyah or Bhagavan Vishnu is always fond of Devatas; Anuttamah or there is none else as noble and helpful than Vishnu; Sarva Divaika sharanam or Vishnu is the Ultimate Shelter of all celestial Beings like Deva-Gandharvaas etc.; Sarva Devaika Devataa or Bhagavan Vishnu is the Singular-Most  Devata who is worshipped by Devatas; Yagjnabhuk or the Bhokta or the Receiver of all Yagjna Phalas; Yagjna phaladah or He is also the bestower of Yagjna’s benefits to those concerned; Yagjndesha or the Sole Authority of Yagjna Karyas; Yagjna Bhavanah or He is the Promoter of the urge to perform Yagjnas; Yagjnatraataa or the One who mercilessly destroys those Asuras and allied Evil Forces and safeguards Yagnas fully; Yagjnapuman or Vishnu Himself is the Yagjna Purusha and the Presider of all Yagjna Karyaas; Vanamaali or Vishnu is the Only One who wears the garlands of Wild Flowers as He enhances the beauty and fragrance of those flowers so garlanded by Him; Dwijapriyah or Bhaghavan is always affectionate to Brahmanas; Dwijaika Maanadah or He who always bestows great regard and consideration to Dwijas; Vipra Kula Devah or Vishnu is the Kula Devata of the Brahmana Community; Asurantakah or the Destroyer of Asuras who seek to propagate Adharma an Anyaaya or Evil and Injustice; Sarva Dushtaantakrut or the Great Punisher and Retributor of the Negative Forces; Sarva Sajjanaananya paalakah or Bhagavan is the Exceptional Promoter of all those who are Virtuous and Upright);

Sapta Lokaika jatharah Sapta Lokaikamandanah, Srishtishityantaktut Chakri Sharanga dhanvaa Gadaadharah/ Shankhabhrunnandaki Padma Paanirgarudavaahanah, Anirdeshyavapuh Sarva Pujyastrailokya paavanah/ Ananta keertih Nisseema Pourushah Sarva Mangalah, Suryakoti pratee- kaasho Yamakotiduraasadah/ Kandarpakoti Laavanyo Durgaa kotyari mardanah, Samudra koti Gambheerasteertha kotisamaahvayah/ Brahmakoti Jagatsrashtaa Vaayukoti Mahaabalah, Koteendu jagadaanandee Shambhukoti Maheshwarah/ Kubera Koti Lakshmivaan Shakrakoti Vilaasavaan, Himavatkoti nishkampyah Koti Brahmanda Vigrahah/ Kotyashva medha paapaghno Yagjnakoti samaarchanah, Sudhaakoti swaasthya hetuh Kaamadhukkoti Kaamadah/ Brahma Vidyaa Kotirupah Shipivishtah Shuchishravaah, Vishwambharah Teerthapaadah punyashravana keertanah/ Adi Devo Jagajjaitro Mukundah Kalanemihaa, Vaikunthonanta Maahaatmyo Mahaayogeshwarotsavah/ Nitya TruptoLasadbhaavo nihsshankho Narakaantakah, Deenaanaathaika sharanam Vishvaika vyasanaa –pahah/ Jagatkripaa khamo Nityam Kripaaluh Sajjanaashrayah, Yogeshwarah Sadodeerno Vriddhi Kshaya vivarjitah/ Adhokshajo Vishwaretaah Prajaapati shataadhipah, Shakra Brahmaarchita Padah Shambhu Brahmordhwa dhaamagah/ Surya Somekshano Vishwa bhoktaa Sarvasya paaragah, Jagatseturdharmasetudharo Vishwa dhurandharah/ Nirmamokhila Lokesho Nissangodbhutabhoga –vaan, Vashyamaayah Vashya Vishvo Vishwaksenah Surottamah/ Sarvashreyahpatirdivyah Anargha Bhushana Bhushitah, Sarvalakshana Lakshanyah Sarva Daityendra darpah/ Samasta Deva Sarvaswam Sarva Daivata Nayakah, Samasta Deva Kavacham Sarva Deva Shiromanih/ Samasta Devataadurgah Prapatraashani panjarah, Samastabhayahrudraama Bhagavan vishtarishrava/ Vibhuh Sarvahitodarko hathaarih Swargati pradah, Sarva Daivata Jeevesho Brahmanadi niyojakah/ (205-302)

(Sapta Lokaika Jatharah or Bhagavan Vishnu preserves in his belly all the Seven Lokas viz. Bhu Loka, Bhuvar Loka, Swar Loka, Mahar Loka, Jana Loka, Tapo Loka and Satya Lokaas; Sapta Lokaika Mandanah or Bhagavan is ornamented with the Seven Worlds as mentioned; Srishtisthityantakrit or He is the Cause of Creation-Preservation-Destruction; Chakri or Bhagavan who carries Sudarshna Chakra at his behest;Sharanga Dhanva or He also carries Sharanga named Bow and Arrows; Gada Dharah or He carries Kaumodi named Mace; Shankhabhrut or He carries Panchajanya named conchshell; Nandaki or He carries the Khadga or Sword by tht Name; Padma Mani or He is adorned with a Lotus named as Padma Mani too; Garuda Vahana or He is carried by Garuda or the Falcon Bird which is the powerful son of Devi Vinata; Anirdeshya Vapuh or Bhagavan is of Indescribable Physique; Sarva Pujya or He is worthy of Puja by one and all like Deva-Danava-Manushyas; Trilokya Paavanah or He is the One who purifies the Three Lokas by His Touch and Vision; Ananta Keertih or He is of endless reputation spread all over the Universe; Nisseema Pourusha or He is the bestower of boundless ‘Purusharthas’ or Dharma-Artha-Kaama-Mokshas; Sarva Mangala or the Symbol and Provider of Auspiciousness; Suryakoti Pratikasha or of far reaching splendour akin to crores of Surya Devatas; Yamakotiduraasada or Bhagavan is unrivalled and invincible even by crores of Yamaas; Kandarpakoti lavanya or He is of the elegance and charm of crores of Manmadhas; Durgakotyarimardana or Vishnu excels even crores of Devi Durgas in overpowering adversaries; Samudrakoti gambheera or He is deep, profound and mysterious  like crores of Oceans; Teerthakoti samaahvayah or Vishnu is as Sacred and Purificatory like crores of Maha Tirtha Places; Brahmakoti jagatsrashta or Bhagavan is as capable as crores of Brahmas in the context of Creation; Vayukoti maha balah or He has the extraordinary strength and power of crores of Vayu Devatas; Koteendujagadaanandi or Vishnu possesses the coolness and tranquility of crores of Chandra Devas; Shambhukoti Maheshwarah or Vishnu excels Koti Maheshwaras in magnificence and benevolence; Kuberakoti Lakshmivaan or He is the Symbol of Opulence exceeding that of crores of Kuberas; Shakrakoti vilasavaan or He overshadows crores of Indra Devas in the contect of Bhoga or enjoyment and pleasures; Himavatkoti nishpanpya or Vishnu Deva exceeds in his stability and immovability of crores of Himaalayas; Koti Brahmanda Vigrah or Vishnu has the Virat Swarupa far in excess of koti Brahmandas; Kotyashwamedha papaghnah or He is the provider of such magnitude of returns as would nullify the sins equivalent to performing Koti Ahwamedha Yagjnas!; Yagjna koti samarchanah or He is so enormous and mammoth as would equate the Material and Where-with-all required for performing crores of Yagjnas; Sudhakoti swasthya hetu or He is the Means of Well-Being and Welfare as could be provided by crores of Amrita deposits; Kaamadhuk koti kaamadah or He is of such grandeur that exceeds what all fulfillments of crores of Kama dhenus might provide; Brahmavidya koti Rupa or Vishnu is of such embodiment of ‘Jnaana’ or Supreme Knowledge that is far beyond the reach of crores of Brahma Vidyas; Shipivishishthah or He who is firmly existent and concealed in the endless of Surya Kiranaas or Sun Rays; Shuchishravaah or of the Magnificent  Reputation of Spotlessness and Pure Transparency; Vishwambharah or the Karta-Dharta / the Preserver and Supporter par excellence; Tirthapaadah or His Sacred Feet are present in all the Tirthas and alternatively all the Tirthas are sanctified with the touch of His feet; Punya Shravana Keertanah or His name, features, magnificence and exclusivity are the by-words in the Prayers, Hymns and Praises rendered and heard all over the Universe; Adi Deva or the Very Original and Timeless Deity; Jagajjaitra or the Supreme Triumpher of the Universe; Mukundah or the Bestower of Deliverance or Salvation; Kaalanemiha or the Destroyer of the most wicked and dominant Daitya called Kalanemi; Vaikunthah or of the Swarupa of Moksha; Ananta Mahatmya or He is of endless splendour and glory; Maha Yogeshwarotsavah or He whose vision constitutes a feast to  highly reputed and celebrated MahaYogis; Nityatripa or the Personification of Eternal Contentment; Lasadbhava or of Most Gorgeous and Striking demeanour; Nisshankah or He is most Clear headed and is devoid of doubts and apprehensions; Narakantakah or the Decimator of Narakasura who created mayhem and utter disorder in the Tri Lokas; Deenaanaathaika sharanam or the Ultimate Sanctuary of the Helpless and the Weak; Vishwaika Vyasanaapah or the Single-Most Reliever of incorrigible difficulties and impediments in the Worlds; Jagatkripaakshamah or He is the only Outstanding Embodiment of capability who possesses compassion and forgiveness; Nityam Kripaaluh or the Ever benevolent; Sajjanaashrayah or the Refuge of the Virtuous persons; Yogeshwarah or the Highest Master of Yogis and Siddhas; Sadodeerana or He is progressive, tolerant and the noblest; Buddhikshaya vivarjitah or the One whose clarity of mind and toughts are never decadent; Adhokshajah or He is above the considerations of worldly attractions and degenerations; Vishwareta or He is the manifestation of virility and of Universal Existence; Prajaapatishataadhipah or He is the Head of hundreds of Prajapatis; Shakra Brahmarchitapadah or His Sacred Feet are ever worshipped by Indras and Brahmas; Shambhu Brahmordhvadhaamagah or His abode Vaikuntha is far higher than those of Satya Loka and Kailasha viz. the Abodes of Brahma and Shiva respectively; Surya Somekshanah or Surya and Chandra are BhagavanVishnu’s eyes; Vishwa bhokta or the Supreme Protector of the Universe; Sarvasya paaragah or He is the One outstanding above the Entirety; Jagatsetudhara or He is the Boundary Line of the ‘Samsara’ or of Worldly Existence; Dharmasetu dhara or the Preserver of the Frontiers of Dharma or Virtue and Justice; Vishwa dhurandharah or He is the manifestation of Sesha Naaga or the Collosal Serpent named Sesha which balances and supports the weight of the World; Nirmama or He is the antithesis of desires and requirements; Akhilalokesha or He is the Top Administrator of all the Fourteen Bhuvanas; Nissnagah or the aspiration-less; Adbhuta bhogavaan or He has the phenomenally equipped  inputs of luxuries; Vashyamaayah or He keeps illusions under his control; Vashyavishwah or He keeps the Universe under his check and regulation; Vishswaksenah or He is ever prepared to charge his enemies and rout them helter-skelter; Surottamah or the Noblest and the Ablest of Devas; Sarvashreya patih or He is the embodiment of all kinds of auspiciousness; Divyah or He is the Possessor of Gorgeous and Sweet qualities; Anarghya bhushana  bhushitah or He is decorated with invaluable ornaments; Sarva Lakshana Lakshanya or He is endowed with incredible qualities of auspiciousness; Sarva Daityendra darpaha  or the demolisher of haughtiness and self-pride of the most notorious Daitya Kings; Samasta Deva Sarvaswam or He is the Unique and Match- less Possession of all the Devatas; Sarva Devata Nayakah or the Most renowned Chief of all Devatas; Samsta Deva Kavacham or the Body Shield of the full clan of Devatas; Sarva Deva Shiromani or He is the Head Gear Adornment of the Devas in totality; Samasta Devata Durgah or the Strongest and and insurmountable fortress for all the Devas; Prapannaashani panjarah or He is the Provider of the Barred Enclosure of Rescue and Safety to the Deprived and the Needy; Samasta bhayahatraata or the Dispeller of all types of fears and impediments; Bhagavan or the One replete with Opulence, Virtue, Fame, Prosperity, Knowledge and Objectivity; Vishtrashravaah or He with the ears of fisted Kushaas; Vibhuh or the All-Pervading; Sarvahitodarkah or He who plans and structures the future welfare for one and all; Hataari or He whose Antagonists are wiped out; Swargatipradah or the Bestower of Higher Lokas; Sarva Daivata Jeevesha or the Life-Provider of Devatas; Braahmanaadi niyojakah or the Regulator of the occupations and duties of Brahmanaas and others; Brahmaajyeshtha or He is by Far the Senior to Brahma);

Brahma Shambhu Paraadhaaryuh Brahma jyeshthah Shishurswaraat, Viraat bhakta paraadheenah Stutyah Stotraardtha saadhakah/ Parrathakartaa Kritagjnah swaartha krityasadojjhitah, Sadaanandah Sadaa Bhadrah Sadaa Shaantah Sadaa Shivah/ Sadaapriyah Sadaa Tushtah Sadaa Pushtah Sadaarchitah, Sadaa Putah Paavanaagrayo Veda Guhyo Vrishaa Kapih/ Sahasra naamaa  Triyugaschatura Murtih Chaturbhujah, Bhutabhavya bhavaannaatho Mahaa Purusha Purvajah/ Narayano Manchukesha Sarva Yogi vinihstutah, Vedasaaro Yagjna saarah Saama Saarastaponidhih/ Saadhya Shreshth Puraana Vinishtaa Shantih parayanam, Shiva Trishula Vidhwamsi Shri kanthaika varapadah/Narah Krishno Harirdharma nandano Dharma Jeevanah, Adi Kartaa Sarva Satyah Sarva Streeratnadarpahaa/ Trikaalajitakandarpa Urvashisruk Muneeshvarah, Aaadyah Kavih Hayagreevah Sarva Vaageeshwarshwarah/ Sarvadevmayo Brahmagururvaageeshwaripatih, Ananta Vidyaa Prabhaavo Moola vidyavinaashakah/ Saarvajyado Namajjaadya naashako Madhusudanah, Anekamantra Koteeshah Shabda Brahmaaaaikapaaragah/ Adi Vidwaan Veda Kartaa Vedaatmaa Shruti Saagarah, Brahmaartha Vedaaharanah Sarva Vigjnaana Janmabhuh/ Vidyaaraajo Jnaana Murtirjnaanasindhurakhandadheeh,Matsyadevo Mahaashringo Jadadbeejavahitradhruk/ Leelaa vyaaptaakhilaambhodih Rigvedaadi pravartakah, Aadikurmokhilaadhaarah Trineekrita Jagaddharah/ Amareekrita Devoughah Peeyoshotpattikaaranam, Atmaadhaaro Dharaadharo Yagjnaango Dharaneedharah/ Hiranyaakshaharah Prithvipatih Shradhaadikalpakah, Samasta Pitru bheetighnah Samasta Pitru jeevanam/ Havyakavaikabhuk havyakavyaika phaladaayakah, Romaantar leenajaladhih kshobitaasesha saagarah/  (303-403)

Brahma Shambhuparaarthaaryuh or His age is far beyond that of Brahma and Shiva; Brahmajyesthah or Vishnu is far senior several times to Brahma; Shishuswaraat or Vishnu is famed as Bala Mukunda at the time of Pralaya; Viraat or He is of the Collosal Swarupa like that of Brahmanda and above; Bhakta paraadheena or He is easily overcome and controlled by his devotees; Stutya or the One who is worshipped the most; Stotraartha saadhakah or He is achieved by the sense and import of what Stotras actually imply; Parathakarthaa or the One who is renowned for providing timely relief and support; Kritagjnah or the One who is readily responsive and grateful for the pleadings of his devotees; Swarthakrityasadojjitah or He is aloof and non-responsive from those who have selfish interests; Sadaanandah or He is ever blissful and the distributor of happiness to the Virtuous persons; Sadaabhadrah or He is the Pictogram of bestowing security and satisfaction; Sadaashantah or Ever Peaceful; Sadaashivah or the Ever Propitious; Sada Priyah or the One who is ever affable; Sada Tushhtah or the Ever Contented; Sada Pushtah or He is totally devoid of the urges of hunger and thirst as also unaffected by ‘Tapatrayas’ of Adhi Bhoutika-Adhi Daivika-Adhyaatmika nature or of Physical-Internal-Natural disasters and aberrations; Sadaarchitah or He is Ever Worshipped and worthy of constant Veneration; Sadaa putah or Ever Sancrosanct; Pavanaagrayah or He is the highest Purifier; Veda Guhyah or He is of the most concealed implication of Vedas; Vrishakapih or He who upholds the stability and constancy of Dharma as renowned and illustrious as Vishnu; Sahasra naamaa or of thousand names of popularity; Triyugah or of the Personification of Three Yugas of Krita-Treta-Dwapara ( in addition to the on-going Kali Yuga); Chaturmurtih or of Four Swarupas of Shri Rama-Lakshmana- Bharata-Shatrughnas; Chaturbhujah or He is of Four Hands representing Dharma-Artha-Kama-Moksha; Bhuta Bhavya Bhavaannathah or the Master of Beings of the Past-Present and Future; Maha Purusha poorvajah or the One who precedes all the Deities like Brahma and so on; Narayanah or the One who rests on Waters; Munjakeshah or He has the most alluring Form of curled and ringed  hair-style; Sarvayoga vinisrutah or the One who is possible of experience by various means  like Yoga, Vedic and other sources of knowledge, extreme devotion and total dedication; Veda Saarah or He indeed is the Quintessence of Vedas; Yagjna saarah or the Crux of Yagjnas; Saam saarah or the Core of the Saama Veda; Taponidhih or He is of the personification of Highest Level of ‘Tapas’ or Meditation as for instance practised by Nara Narayana Maharshis; Sadhya shreshtha or the One attainable by extreme Sadhana or Endeavour of High order or alternatively He is the Best and Most Illustrious of Sadhya Devatas; Puranarshih or Bhagavan Vishnu is of the Form of  the Ancient Rishi Narayana; Nishtha or the Adishtaana Swarupa or the Supreme Hold of the Universe; Shanti or the Emblem of Peacefulness; Parayana or the Utmost Position worthy of accomplishment; Shiva or the Kalyana Swarupa; TrishulaVidhvamshi or the Swarupa of Shiva who with his Trident destroys the whole of Creation at the Pralaya Kaala; Shrikanthaika Varapradah or He who is the unique One to renders help to Parama Shiva from time to time; Narah or the One like Nara Maharshi as engaged in constant Tapas at Badarikaashrama or alternatively He is also the dual form of Arjuna to Krishna in Dwapara Yuga; Krishnah or the Unique Avatara of Vishnu in Dwapara Yuga who affirmed: ‘Sambhavaami yugey yugey’; Hari or Shri Hari who responded post haste to the desperate cries seeking help from his Bhakta Gajendra when badly caught by a crocodile in deep waters or alternately Hari the One who destroys sins by anyone’s mere utterance of His name; Dharma Nandana or He who in the Avatara of Krishna provided extreme happiness to Yama Dharma Raja who took the form of Yudhishtara in Maha Bharata; Dharmajeevanah or He keeps Dharma alive always by demolishing forces of Evil from time to time; Adikarta or the very Original Creator who created Brahma; Sarva Satyah or Vishnu Bhagavan is the Eternal Truth; Sarva Stree ratna darpaha or He being a ‘Sthita Pragjna’ or ‘Jitendriya’ overcomes attractions of Life and renders the top womanhood’s pride as frivolous;  Trikaalajita Kandarpah or He keeps Manmatha astray and aloof irrespective of Past-Present-Future tenses; Urvashisrukah or He who created Apsara Urvashi; Muneeshwarah or He is the Doyen of Munis especially as of Nara Narayanas; Aadyah or the Purana Purusha Narayana; Kavih or the Most Learned of all times being the personification of Knowledge; Hayagreevah or  Vishnu’s Incarnation of Hayagreeva who assumed the Horse –Necked Form to destroy the Daitya named Hayagreeva; Sarva Vaageeshwareshwarah or the Paramount Vaageeswara or the Foremost Form of Speech, Scripting, Recitals, Poetry, Prose, Prosody, Grammar and all other branches of Knowledge far more superior than Brahma and Devi Saraswati; Sarva Devamaya or the Manifestation of Devas in totality; Brahma Guruh or Bhagavan Vishnu is the Instructor of Vedas to Brahma besides guiding him about  the fundamental principles of ‘Srishti’; Vageeshvaripati of the Swami of Devi Saraswati the Goddess of Learning; Ananta Vidyaaprabhavah or the One who was the Original Source of innumerable branches of Vidya or Learning; Moolavidyaa Vinashakah or Bhagavan is indeed the destroyer of the Fundamental ‘Avidya’ or Maya which ties down various Beings to the shackles of Samsara; Sarvajyada or He who bestows Sarvagjnata or of Omni-Science or Infinite Knowledge; Namajjadya naashaka or Bhagavan demolishes ‘jadatwa’ or insensitivity of various kinds to those who salute and worship him; Madhusudanah or Vishnu was the exterminator of the dreaded Daitya  brothers named Madhu and Kaitabha and thus came to be famed as Madhususana-[The two Demon brothers emerged from Vishnu’s ear-wax when Bhagavan was in Yoga Nidra on Ksheera Sagara; the brothers  heard from air the Vagbeeja mantra and as they repeated it several times, Devi Saraswati gave them the boons of invinciblity and they harassed even Brahma; the latter approached Vishnu who tricked them by giving further boons that no force in Three Lokas could conquer them as long as they did nor fight each other especially in water; Devi Maya mesmerised them into mutual fight and Vishnu expanded his thighs so much that there was no water ; thus the notorious brothers who created havoc with their misdeeds were thus killed by Vishnu];   Aneka Mantra Koteesha or Bhagavan Narayana is the Swami of crores of Mantras; Shabda Brahmaika paaragah or the Supreme Personifiction of ‘Shabda’ or the Utterances of Veda Vedangas and their countless ramifications; Adi Vidwan or He who was the foremost who brought Vedas to light; Vedakarta or He is in fact the originator of Vedas from his breathing; Vedatm or He is the Soul of the Paramatma; Shruti saagarah or He is the Grand Ocean of Vedas; Brahmaartha Vedaaharanah or He who assumed the Matsya Incarnation and retrieved Vedas to restore them to Brahma; Sarva Vigjnaana janmabhuh or Vishnu is the birth place point of all types of Knowledge; Vidyaa Rajah or He is appropriately designated as the Super King of Learning; Jnaana Murti or the Epitome of Knowledge; Jnaana Sindhuh or the huge Ocean of Jnaana; Akhandadhih or He is the Swarupa of uninterrupted and unchallenged Wisdom; Matsya Devah  or Bhagavan Vishnu assumed the Incarnation of Matsya (Fish) ; Jagadbeeja vahitra dhruk or Vishnu in His incarnation as Matsya Deva carried various sample species of Srishti especially Seeds and Aoushadhis or Medicines on a ship as  anchored to his horn to Meru Mountain at the Pralaya Time and enabled Punah Srishti or Repeat Creation by Brahma; Leelavyaaptaakhilaa -ambhodhih or Bhagavan Vishnu covered the entire Universe with his Matsya Avatara by swimming  in the Great Ocean as though it was a Child’s play; Rigvedaadi pravartakah or the Unique Disseminator of Ruk-Yajur-Saamaadi Vedas; Adi Kuramah or Bhagavan assumed the Incarnation of Kurma or Tortoise in the context of Deva-Danavas churing the Ocean of Milk to materialise Amrita; [Meru Mountain was   the churning rod, Vaasuki was the illusrtious serpent as the string with which to churn but as the Meru had to be steadied, Bhagawan assumed the Swarupa of a tortoise and bore the brunt of the Meru as child’s play];  Akhilaadharah or Bhagavan is the clutch which the Universe is held with; Trinikrita Jagaddharaha or Vishnu considers that the weight of the Three Worlds as a piece of grass; Amarikrita Devoughah or Bhagavan enabled Amrita to Devas and got them immortalised; Peeyushotpatti Karanam or Bhavan Vishnu was the major Player in extracting Amrita from the Ocean of Milk; Atmaadharah  or He indeed is the Self-Generated One as  none else was responsible of his existence;    Dharaa-dhaara or Vishnu is the holding grip of Earth; Yagjnaangah or Bhagavan Vishnu in His  Avatara as Varaha Deva-The Great Boar- was essentially the manifestation of  Yagjna; Dharanidharah or He as Varaha Deva literally lifted the weight of Earth on his damshtras or jaws; Hiranyaaksha harah or He was the destroyer of the Daitya called Hiranyaksha as the latter sought to drag Prithvi down to the abyss of Rasatala; Prithipatih the Ever grateful Bhu Devi is the consort of Vishnu her Saviour; Shraaddhaadi kalpakah or Bhagavan is one who made the lasting arrangement of Shraaddhas and Tarpanas infavour of the Pitrus or the Forefathers to appease the hunger and thirst of the departed Souls as also the Pitru Devatas; Samasta Pitru bheetighnah or He having made the tradition of Shraddha and Tarpanas, Vishnu ensured that the fears of the Pitru Devatas would be transformed as their blessings; Samasta Pitru jeevanam or He also brought in the regular practice the Pitru worship for mutual advantage as it provided sustenance to Piru Devatas; Havya kavyaika bhukta or Bhagavan is thus the recipient of Shraadhas and Tarpanas in the Forms of Havya to Devatas and Kavyaa to Pitru Devatas; Havya Kavyaika phaladaayakah or Bhagavan is the provider of the fruits of Havya-Kavyas or Yagjnas and Pitru Karyas executed by the concerned Karthas; Romantarleena -jaladhih or Bhagavan in the incarnation of Maha Varaha absorbed the Sapta Samudras or the Seven Seas in the pores of His Body Hairs; Kshobhitaasesha sagarah or Bhagavan in the search of Bhumi in the Oceans made the Waters topsy-turvy);         

Maha Varaaho Yagjnaghna dhvamsakoYagjnikaashrayah, Nrisimho Divyasimhah Sarvaanishthatha-Duhkhaha/ Ekaveerodbhutabalo Yantramamtraikabhanjanah, Brahmaadi dussahajjyotih Yugaantaa- Agnyatim bheeshanah/ Koti Vajraayudhi nakho Jagadushprekshya Murti dhruk, Maatru chakra pramathano Maha Maatru Ganeshwarah/ Achintyaamogha veeryardhyah Samastaasuraghasmarah, Hiranyakashipucchedi Kaalah Sankashaneepatih/ Kritantavaahanah Sadya Samasta Bhaya -naashanah, Sarvavighnaantakah Sarva Siddhidaha Sarvapurakah/Samastapaataka dhvamsi Siddhimantraadhikaahvayah, Bhairavesho Haratirghnah Kaalakotiduraasadah/ Daityagarbhas- traavinaama Sphutadbrahmanda gargitah, Smritamaataakhila traataadbhuta rupo Maha Harih/ Brahmacharya shirah pindi Dikpaalorghyaanga bhushanah, Dwadashaarka shirodaamaa Rudraseershaika nupurah/ Yoginigrasta girijaatraataa Bharavatarjakah, Veerachakreshwarotyugro Yamaari Kaalasamvarah/ Krodheshwaro Rudra Chandi Parivaaradadi dushta bhuk, Sarvaakshebhyo Mrityu Mrityuh Kaala Mrityu nivartakah/  Asadhya Sarva rogahnah Sarva dugraha sowmyakrut, Ganesha Koti darpaghno Duhkhaashesha gotraha/ Deva Daanavadurdarsho Jagadbhayada bhishakah, Samasta Durgaatitraataa Jagadbhakshaka bhakshah/ Ugroshombara maarjaarah Kaala Mushaka Bhakshakah,Anantaayudha dordandi Nrisimho Veerabhadrajit/ Yoginichakra guhyoshah Shakraari pashu maamsabhuk, Rudro Narayano Mesha Rupa Shankara Vaahanah/ Mesha Rupa Shivatraataa Dushtashakti Sahasrabhuk, Tulasivallabho Veero Vaamaachaarakhileshtadah/ Maha Shivah Shivaarudho Bharavaika Kapaaladhruk, Jhillila Chakeshwarah Shakra Divya Mohana Rupadah/ Gauri Soubhagyado Mayaaidhirmayaabhayaapahah, Brahmatojomayo Brahmashrimaya –scha Trayimayah/ Subrahmanyo Balidhwamsi Vaamanoditiduhkhaha, Upendro Nripatirvishnuh Kashyapaanvaya mandanah/ Baliswaaraajya raajyadah Sarva Deva Vipraannadochyutah, Urukramah teerthapaadah Tripadasyh Trivikramah/  (404-504)

( Maha Varaah or Bhagavan as the incredible Swarupa of Varah; Yagjnaghna dhwamsakah or He who destroys those Asuras who create difficulties in the execution of Yagjnas; Yaagjnikaashrayah or He who is the Safety Asylum of Ritwiks and others engaged in the Yagjna Karyas; Shri Nrisimhah or the Incarnation of Nrisimha who proved and established the trust and belief in the assurances of Bhakta Prahlada to Hiranyaksha that Narayana was Omni-Present even in a Pillar; Divya Simhah or the Awe-Inspiring Manifestation of Man-Lion since Hirankaksha secured the boon from Brahma that neither a ferocious animal nor a human being should not kill the Daitya; Sarvaanishtaartha duhkhaha or Narayana always tends to decimate whatever is disliked by him and the cause of his unhappiness; Eka Veerah or the One and Only Valiant Power in the Universe; Adbhuta balah or He is of the Exemplary Strength and Courage; Brahmaadi Dusshahajjoti or Vishnu is of such incredible effulgence that even Brahma was able to Vision even the profile of Nara Simha Avatara, let alone by the Deva Daanavas; Yugaantaryanti bheeshanah or Nri Simha Swami was like the colossal form of Agni of Pralaya kaala and its unsual severity; Koti Vajraathika nakhah or He possessed the terrible sharpness of crores of finger nails; Jagadutprekshya Murti dhruk or Vishnu as Nara Simha was of such inconcievable Form of ferociousness that none could hardly glance at it by any body in the Worlds; Matru chakra prama- thanah or Nrisimha Swami  was such as that he could instantly pound the entire Matrika Chakra Mandali comprising the most vicious Spirits like Shakini-Dhakini-Putana and such others; Maha Matru Ganeshwara or Nrisimha was such that he could easily surpass the combined Shakti of the Matruganas and their Super Chief; Achintyaamogha Veeraadhyaha or the Manifestation of Nrisimha had such Shakti as would  neither fail nor rendered ineffective ever; Hiranyakashipucchedi or such incomprehensible energy of  Narasimha doubtless devastated the all powerful force that the mightiest demon of all times possessed; Kaalah or Maha Vishnu was like the call of death and demolition of Asuras of unbelievable brutality and enormity; Sankashanipatih or Bhagavan Vishnu is the Form of Annihilation to his antagonists however mighty and vicious they might be; Kritanta vaahana or He has the Singular Power which could literally ride over the vehicle of Death; Sadyah Samasta bhava –naashana or Bhagavan Vishu is the instant remover of complications and difficulties of those who seek asylum and protection; Sarva vighnaantakah or He is the One who smashes impediments provided he is prayed to with earnestness and devotion; Sarva Siddhidah or He would also confer any type of Siddhis or Accompishments; Sarva purakah or the fulfiller of one’s desires and requests; Samasta Paataka dhwamsi or Bhagavan is highly responsive even to pardon the meanest sins that a Devotee might have committed; Siddhi mantraadhikaahvayah or He is pleased with prayers and overwhelmed with recitals of Mantras; Bhairaveshah or the Top Chief of Bhairava ganas; Haraarathi-ghnah or Vishnu has saved from several complications and embarrassments faced by Hara Deva [ An example was when Shiva granted a boon to Bhasmasuraand thelatter wanted to experiment on Shiva’s head and the situation was saved by Vishnu in the form of Mohini Devi who enticed the Asura to imitate dancing her and in the process made him to place his own hands on the Asuras head];   Kalakoti duraasadah or He remains a mystery to crores of Time Cycles;  Daithya garbhastraavinaama or Nrisimha’s mere name is such that by uttering it Daithya women are so afraid as to  drop their ‘garbhas’ or embryos at conception; Sphutath Brahmanda varjitah or Narasimha’s growl reverberates and shakes the entire Brahmanda; Smritamaatraakhila traataa or He is eveready to save and protect any Being by mere thought and appeal; Adbhutarupah or He presents himself in such astonishing and amazing Form of disbelief; Maha Harih or He is visioned in a composed Form to Bhaktas and in a violent Swarupa to the Evil Forces; Brahmacharya shirah pindi or He who retains Celibacy on his head ie according extreme imporatance to it; Dikpalaka or He is the One who controls Ashta -dikpalakas viz. Indra(East), Yama (West), Varuna (North), Kubera (South), Agni (South East), Nirruti (South West), Vayu (North West) and Ishana (North East); Ardhanga Bhushana or He who manifests Half Man and Half Lion; Dwadahaarka shirodaama or He who possesses Twelve Adityas mor Suryas viz. Dhata, Parjanya, Mitra, Aryama, Pusha, Shakra, Varuna,Bhaga, Twashta, Anshuman and Vishnu as per Brahma Purana; Rudra sheershaika nupuram or Shiva’s head shone like an anklet on Vishnu’s feet; Yogini grasta Girija traataa  or the Saviour of Devi Parvati when the several Yoginis surrounded Parvati very badly and put her in a tight corner; Bhairavatarjaka or He who threatened Bhairava Ganas of concequences and dispersed them with force; Veerachakreshwara or The Over Lord of Veera Chakra Mandalas; Atyugrah or He could assume very fearful Swarupas if situations were so warranted;Yamaarih or Vishnu could even be the Enemy of Yama if the latter and his companions harrassed Vishnu Bhaktas; Kaala samvarah or there were many occasions when he ticked off Kaala Devata; Krodheshwara or He controls and smashes the Krodha Guna several times; Rudra Chandi Parivaraadi Dushta bhukta or Vishnu sometimes might even punish and even devour the members of Rudra and Chandi Ganas if they cross their limits of patience; Sarvaakshobhyah or He is never shaken by the threats of any force in the Tri lokas; Mrityu Murtyuh or He is capable of destroying even Mrityu or Death; Kaala Mrityu nivartahah or Vishnu is capable of overcoming the Forces of Kaala and Mrityu when he is convinced; Asaadhya Sarva Rogaghnah or He  terminates even the most incurable diseases;  Sarvadurgraha sowmyakrut or He ensures the pacification of adverse Grahas tohis devotees; Ganesha koti darpagnah or the Subduer of crores  of Kushmandas and Evil Ganeshaas-not to be construed for GauriputraVighna Nayaka; Dusshahashesha gotraha or the One who defeats and uproots the intolerant opponents; Deva Danava Durdarshah or Maha Nri Simha Swami whom neither Devas not Danavas could possibly look at even; Jagad bhaya bheeshakh or He who generates unusual dread and distress among the Evil Forces like Danavas; Samasta durgati traata or He enables to scale up any insurmountable heights of suffering and grief; Jagad bhakshaka bhakshakah or Parama Vishnu is capable of swallowing the wanton devourers of the Worlds; Ugreshah or He who reins and regulates the severest of  Shaktis; Ambaramarjarah or He has the outstanding capability of purifying and cleansing the huge skies; Kaala mushaka bhakshakah or Bhagavan is so potent that he could eat off the mouse of Kaala Swarupa; Anantaayudha dordandi or He is equipped with ceaseless armaments  and weaponry to subdue the Evil Shaktis; Nrisimhahh or the Unique Form of Man and Lion; Veerbhadrajit He has the ability of overcoming even Veerabadra who destroyed the Daksha Yagna into smithereens; Yoginichakraguhyashah or He is the Confidential Master of the Yogini Mandala; Shakrari pashu maamsa bhuk or the Devourer of the meat of Indra Deva’s enemies who are like cattle; Rudrah or the One like Rudra or Nrisimha who exterminates the totality of Creaion at the time of Pralaya; Narayana or Vishnu who rests in Yoga Nidra as ‘Sesha shaayi’ on the Ocean of Milk; Mesharupa Shankara Vahana or He rides on the Chariot of Shiva in the Swarupa of a goat; Mesharupa Shiva traataa or Vishnu was the Saviour of Shiva in the Form of a Goat; Dushta Shakti Sahasra Bhuk or He devours Malicious Powers in thousands instantly; Tulasivallabhah or the beloved of Devi Tulasi; Veera or of Unparalleled  gallantry and valour; Vaamaachaaraakhileshtadah or He who fulfils the wishes of Vaamaachara Siddhas; Maha Sivah or Vishnu is Shiva Swarupa or the Embodiment of ‘Managala’or of  Auspiciousness; Shivarudhah or He who is present in Shiva Bhagavan’s lotus heart always; Bhairava Kapaladhruk or He in the alternate Form of Shiva carries a skull in his hands; Jhillichakreshwarah or He is of the Most Radiant Form of Lamps in strings that shine for ever; Shakra Divya Mohana Rupadah or the Provider of the Most Handsome Form of Indra to his devotees; Gouri Sowbhagyadah or He who grants Sowbhagya or of Eternal Propitiousness toDevi Gauri; Maya nidhi or the Great Deposit of Maya the Illusion; Mayaabhayaapagah or the destroyer of fears and apprehensions generated by Maya; Brahma Tejomayah or of the Incarnation of Vamana Deva brimming with the Brahma teja or the radiance of  Brahma; Brahmashri Vigrayah or He who shines with abundant Swarupa of Brahma Shakti; Trayimayah or He is the Three Faced Swarupa of Ruk-Yajur-Saama Vedas); Subrahmanyo or Vishnu of the Swarupa of Swami Kumar Skanda, or alternatively, He is of the Swarupa of  the Protector of Brahmanas who are engaged in Veda Pathana, Tapas or Meditation and Jnaana; Balidhwamsi or as Vamana Murthi Vishnu removed from Bali Chakravarti from his domination of Three Lokas; Vamanodati Duhkhaha or Bhavagavan as Vamana Deva mitigated the long standing sorrow of Devi Aditi as Devas were reinstated back in Swarga;  Upendro or Bhagavan assumes the Form of Upendra or the younger brother of Indra too; Nripatir –Vishnuh or He is described some times as ‘Narayanamcha Naradhipa’ or Kings are of Vishnu Swarupas since they are expected to be compassionate, dispassionate and also as the Protector; Vishnuh or One among the Dwadasa Adityas as mentioned earlier; Kashyapaanvaya mandanah or He as Vishnu being one of the Dwadashadityas had brought great name and fame to the Kashyapa-Aditi’s Vamsha; Bali swarajyadah or Bhagvan was pleased with the great sacrifice that Bali Chakravarti made in sacrificing Tri Lokas as gifted to Vamana Deva and made Bali as Indra in the subsequent Manvantara; Sarva Deva Vipraannadah or Bhagavan is responsible to grant food to Devas by way of ‘Havis’through the medium of Homas and Yagnas and to Brahmanas way of Bhojanas at various Pujas, Shraddhas etc; Achyutah or the One who is never diminishing; Urukramah or Bhagavan assumed Virat Swarupa at the Yagjna by Bali so that his three feet actually occupied  three Lokas; Tripadasthah or Bhagavan literally filled up the three Lokas by His three feet; Trivikramah or Vishnu occupied  the Universe in just three steps indeed);

Vyomapaaah Swapaadabhyah Pavitrajagatrayah, Brahmeshaadyabhi vandyaanghrih Dyutadharmaa Ahivdhavanah/ Achintyaadbhuta Vistaaro Vishwa Vriksho Maha Balah, Rahu moorthaa parangacchit Bhrigu Patni Shiroharah/ Paapastrastah Sadaapunyo Daityaashaa nitya khandakah, Pooritaakhila devesho Vishwaarthaikaavataara krit/ Swamaayaa nitya guptaatmaa Sadaabhakti chintaamanih  sadaa, Varadah Kaartaveeryaadi Raja Rajyapradonaghah/ Vishwashlaaghyomitaacharo Dataatreyo Muneeshwarah, Paraashakti SadaashlishtoYogaananda sadonmadah/ Samastendraari tejohyat- paramaamrita padmapah, Anasuya garbhi ratnam bhogamoksha sukha pradah/Jamadgnikulaadityo Renukaadbhuta shaktidhruk, Matruhatyaadi nirlepah Skandajit Viprarajyadah/ Sarvakshaatranta krudveera darpah Katraveeryajit, Saptadwipavati daata Shivarchaka yashah pradah/ Bhimah Parashuramasascha Shivaachaaryaika Vishwabhuh, Shivaakhila jnaana kosho Bhishmaachaaryogni Daivatah/  Dronaachaaryagururvishwa jaitradhanwaa Kritaantajit, Adwiteeya Tapo Murtih Brahmacharyaika dakshinah/  Manushreshthah Sataam Setu Maheeyan Vrishabho Virat, Adi Raajah Khitipitaa Sarva Ratnaikadhakrit/ Pridhyurjanmaadyaika daksho Geeh Shri Kirti swayamvritah, Jadadvritti pradah chakravartishreshthah Advaastra dhruk/ Sanakadi Muniprapya Bhagavadbhakti vardhanah, Varnaashramaadi Dharmaanaam Kartaa Vaktaa Pravartakah/ Suryavamshadhwajo Raamo Raghavah Sadgunaarnavah, Kaakutsthyo Veera Raajaayom Raja Dharma Dhurandarah/ Niyaswasthaashrayah Sarva bhadragraahi Shubhaikadruk, Nararatnam Ratnagarbho Dharmaadhyaksho Mahanidhih/ Sarva Sheshthaashrayah Sarva Shastraastragraama veeryamaan, Jagadeesho Dasharathih Sarva Ratnaashrayo Nripah/ Samasta Dharmasooh Sarva Dharma drashta -akhilaartiha, Ateendro Jnaana Vigjnaanaapaara drashta kshamaambhudhih/ Sarvaprakrushtah Shishtashto harshashokaadyanaakulah, Pirtaagjnatta saamrajyah Sapatrodayanirbhayah/ (505-603)

Vyoma paada or He as Vamana Deva measured the height of the Sky with his foot from the Earth; Swapadaabhyah Pavitrita Jagadtrayah or He purified the Tri Lokas with Ganga flowing from his own feet; Brahmeshadyabhi Vandyaanghrih or His Lotus Feet are ever worshipped by Brahma-Ishwara and Devas; Dyuta dharma or He who administers the Mediation Dharma instantly; Ahidhaavanah or He is instantaneous and swifty in his movements and actions like those of a serpent); Achintyaabdhuta vistaarah or Bhagavan Vishnu is simply unaffected by any kind of Past-Present-Future Complications or Surprises; Vishwa Vrikshah or He is of the Swarupa of the huge Tree of the Universe; Maha Balah or None in the Creation who could surpass his might and power; Rahu murthaa paraanchida or His capacity is such that His enormous strength of  was such that he snipped Davana’s  head as the latter had already consumed drops of Amrita on the sly but Bhagavan placed a snake head instead; *Bhrigu patni Shiroharah or Vishnu sliced off the head of Bhrigu Maharshi-

[ *Devi Bhagavata narrated that when Danava Guru Shukracharya was on long Tapasya to secure ‘Mrita Sanjeevani’ to revive the Danavas dying in large numbers during their on-going battles with Devas fortified with Amrita, Deva Guru Brihaspati assumed the Swarupa of Shukracharya and created rifts among Danavas preaching the Principles of Virtue and gradually disunited and weakened Danvas physically and psychologically. Shukracharya’s mother and Bhrigu Maharshi’s wife Devi Kavya realised that the attitudes of Danavas were fast drawing near Devatas and prayed to Devi Nidra to place all the Devas to a long spell of Nidra or sleep; Vishnu hid Indra and saved him but being very furious at the action of Kavya cut off her head; a highly angry Bhrigu no doubt revived Kavya back to life by his Power of Meditation but went to Vishnu and gave a curse that as a punishment to kill a virtuous woman, Narayana should suffer by taking continuous births as human beings with the absence of Lakshmi Devi for ever; On Vishnu’s sincere  apology, the curse was  lessened that Narayana should be born of human and other births in Martya loka by ten times and suffer his wife’s absence for a long spell of his life as a human being atleast once. That was why Vishnu as Lord Rama had to suffer Devi Sita’s absence for long in the custody of King Ravana];

Paapaastrastah or Bhagavan is always aloof from unjustified actions of blatant sins; Sada Punyah or He indeed is the personification of Punya or the Rewards for Virtue and Justice; Daityaashaa nitya khandakah or the destroyer of the desires of Daityas; Puritaakhila Deveshah or He goes out of way to fulfill even the small wishes of Devatas; Vishvaarthaika avataara krit or Bhagavan is always ready to assume Avataras for Loka Kalyana by saving the Virtuous and smashing the wicked; Swamayaa nitya guptatma or He who hides his own Form by the virtue of Maya the Deception; Bhaktachintamanih or He is like the Chintamani or the  Fabulous Gem which fulfills all the desires of the Devotees; Varath or the Provider par excellence; Kartaveeryadi Raja Rajyapradah or He who grants Kingdoms and Empires to persons like Kartaveeryarjuna who excelled in their devotion and tenacity; Anagha or By His own characteristic he is sinless and transparent; Vishwaslaghya or He is celebrated and applauded by one and all including the Evil Minded; Amitaacharah or He is highly disciplined and meticulous; Dattatreyah or Bhagavan’s Incarnation Duttatreya the Son of Maharshi Atri; Muneeshwarah or He  is  the Paramount Sage of all times; Parashakti sadaashlishtah or He is always present  and co-existent with Supreme Energy viz. Para Shakti; Yogananda sadonmadah or He is ever- exhuberant with the joy of Yoga and its experience; Samastendraari tejo hyuta or He  extinguishes the radiance of those who are the Opponents of Indra ; Paramamruta padmapah or He enjoys nectar like of lotus  flower juices; Anasuya garbha ratnam or He is the gem like son of Atri-Anasuya couple viz. Dattatreya; Bhoga Moksha Sukhapradah or He who bestows the lavish experience of Moksha or Bliss; Jamadagnikuladityah or He who illuminated the Maharshi Jamadagni’s family race like Surya Deva viz. Vishnu’s Avatara Parashurama; Renukadbhuta Shaktidhruk or He as Bhargava Rama who possessed the inimitable power of Renuka Devi; *Matruhatyadinirlepah or Parashu Rama was attributed and accused by the sin of matricide-

[ Parashurama’s mother Renuka Devi a renowned ‘Pativrata’ / or of High Devotion to her husband Rishi Jamadagni, while peforming her daily chore of bringing water from a river nearby accidentally broke the pitcher and got delayed in remaking a sand pot to fetch water home and by mischance witnessed a scene of a Gandharva bathing in the river with his wives which disturbed her thoughts a little. When she returned home, Jamadagni observed by his celestial vision as to what happened and asked his sons to behead her but one by one they refused and the youngest son Bhargava Rama instanly obeyed his father’s instruction to behead his mother and four elder brothers; the appreciative father when asked for a boon, Parashu Rama requested  his father to return his mother and brothers to life again by his Mantra shakti and Jamadagni did so readily];

Skandajit or as Parashurama he overcame and killed the Illusrious Emperor Kaartaveeryarjuna who had the renown of Skanda Kumara for his valour and was gifted by Indra with thousand hands besides being a a devotee of  Dattatreya; Vipraraajyada or He who distributed Kingdoms to Brahmanas and Sages having uprooted the race of Kshatriyas by way of Parashuramá’s twenty one and odd battles of the Kings; Sarva kshatraantakrith or as Bhargava Rama, He exterminated the entire race of Kshatriyas; Veeradarpah or He subdued the valiant and boastful Kshatriya Chiefs; Kaarta –veeryajit or He defeated and destroyed Kartaveeryarjuna; Sapadwipavati daataa or Bhagava n Vishnu donated to Brahmanas the Sapta Dwipas viz. Jambu-Plaksha-Saalmaali-Kusha-Krouncha-Shaka, Pushkalas; Shivarchaka yashapradadah or He who grants great keerti or Fame and Name to those worshipping Maha Deva; Bheemah or the fearfully gallant; Parashu Rama or the Unique Weilder of Invincible  Axe; Shivaacharyaikavishwabhuh or Vishnu who considered Shiva as his  exceptional Instructor; Shivakhila jnaana koshah or he who receives high grade knowledge of speciaility from Shiva; Bheeshmacharyah or Vishnu who as Krishna always deemed Bheeshma as his Acharya or the Senior Instructor; Agni Daivata or Bhagavan is also the venerator and worshipper of Agni as his Devata; Droncharya Guru or Bhavavan is the Guru of Dronacharya; Vishajaityadhanvaa or He possesses the bow and arrows which are ever victorious; Kritantajit or the One who defeats even Kalaa the Exerminator; Adwiteeya tapo murthih or He is of the Swarupa of Singular Most Meditation; Brahmacharyaika dakshinah or the Unsurpassed Practioner of Celibacy; *Manu Sreshthah or of the best of the Fourteen Manus [viz. Swayambhu,Swarochishta, Uttama, Taamasa, Raivata, Chakshusa, Vaiwastata the Current One, followed by Saavarni, Bhoutya, Rouchya, and four more Saavarnis]; Sataam setuh or He like a huge Setu or Grand Anicut or Dam preserves the esteem of the Virtuous ones always; Maheeyan or He is the Superior of the Best Beings in the Universe; Vrishabhah or One who literally rains with fulfillments of wishes like Nandeeshwara; Virat or of the Virat Swarupa or the Gigantic Form; Adirajah or the Supreme Most and the Foremost Emperor of the Universe; Kshiti pita or the One who accepts Mother Earth as his daugher; Sarva ratnaika dohakrit or He who milches infinite number of jewels to the Aspirants from Kama dhenu which was created by himself; Pruthuh or Vishnu assumes the Swarupa of Prithu Chakravarti who satisfied all the Beings in the Creation with abundance of such milk from Prithvi in the form of Kamadhenu as they desired-

[Viz .fooodgrains, fruits, vegetables and all kinds of food to His own  Subjects; Rishis milked Tapo mahima or the Power of Meditation in quantified measures; Devatas milked Swaha or the Offerings to Homaas-Yagjnas; Pitru Devatas milked ample Swadha; Nagas milked abundant poison, Yakshas miked Antardhana Vidya or the Art of disappearance; Gandharvas milked fragrance; Rakshasas milked blood; Mountains preferred Aoushadis of Indigenous medicines andso on]                            

Janmaadyaika Dakshah or Vishnu Bhagavan is the Topmost Doyen of Experience in Creation-Preservation-Destruction of the Universe; Geeh Shri Keerti Swayamvritah or He who is surrounded and worshipped by Vani Devi, Lakshmi Devi and Kartika Deva; Jagatvritthiprada or He who allots the individual professions and responsibilities to one and all of the Species; Chakravarti Shreshthah or the Best of all the Supreme Emperors; Adwyaastra dhruk or He who carries matchless Astra-Shastras; Sanakaadi Muni prapya bhagavadbhakti vardhanah or He who enhances the devotion and dedication that Munis like Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanaatana and Sanat Kumaras; Varnaashramaadi dharmaanaam kartha or He who propounded the Chatur Varnas and their respective Duties; Vaktaa or the One who describes and preaches the Dharmas; Pravartaka or the one who enforces the Dharmas too; Suryavamsha dhwajah or He who keeps aloft the flags of name and fame of Surya vamsha; Ramah or He as in the Incarnation of Shri Rama who delights and fascinates one and all as the ‘Maryada Purusha’or the Epitome of Idealism, Deference and Virtue; Raghavah or the Sanctifier of Raghu Kula; Sadgunaarnava or the Ocean of nobility, graciousness and dignity; *Kakutstha or He / ShriRama was the descendent of the illustrious King Puranjaya who was reputed as Kakustha or Indravahana-

*[In the illustrious lineage of Surya-Vaivaswata Manu-Ikshwaku Vamsha  were the famed Puranjaya / Kakutsha, Yuvanashra, Mandhata, Muchukunda and so on; King Puranjaya fought a severe battle with Daityas in behalf of Devas by riding a Great Bull which actually was Indra Himself by holding the Kakutsa or hump of the Bull thus obtaining the epithet of Kakutsa or Indra Vahana!]   

Veera Raajarya or as Shri Rama Vishnu was the Most  Reputed of the Kings of all times; Rajadharma dhurandharah or Rama was the best example ever of Kings as there was none else either in the past or in the future-‘Na bhuto na Bhavishyati’ immortalising the epither of Rama Rajya; Nitya swasthyaa –ashrayah or He is in the constant company of those Mahatmas or Great Souls who are always steady and unnerved; Sarvabhadragrahi or He who is the provider ofpersistent auspiciousness and security; Shubhyaikadruk or He has the determination and steadfastness to grant propitiousnes to those who dedicate themselves unto him; Nararatnam or Shri Rama is the oustanding ornament  and gift of humanity; Ranagarbhah or He was the Jewel born of His blessed mother’s womb; Dharmaadhyaksha or the Great Presider of Virtue; Mahanidhih or the Priceless Treasury of wealth and fulfillment; Sarva shreshthaashrayah or He is the highest anchorage point of all those who are the select few; Sarva –shastraastra grama veeryavaan or He is totally equipped with every conceivable weaponry and arrows surfeit with Mantras; Jagadheeshah or the Over Lord of the Universe in totality; Daasharathih or the most beloved son of King Dasharatha; Sarva Ratnaashrayo Nripah or the King who is the one bedecked by most valuable jewels;  Samasta dharmasuh or the One who is the Originator of all Dharmas; Sarva dharma drashta or He keenly notes the observance of all the Dharmas; Akhilaartiha or He who blows off all types of impediments; Ateendraha or He who could control all the external and internal parts of body and heart;  Jnaana Vigjnaana paaradrashta or He who is fully saturated with Knowledge and Wisdom; Kshamaambudhih or He is the Ocean of forgiveness and tolerance; Sarva prakrishtaha or the Magnanimous and Noblest of all; Shishteshthah or the One worshipped by those who are themselves worship-worthy; Harsha Shokaadyanaakulah or He is totally unaffected by joys and sorrows; Pitraagjnaakta saamraajyah or He like Shri Rama who forsook the Emperorship in view of the instruction of his father; Sapatrodaya nirbhayah or He who is dauntless on the arrival of enemies);

Guhaadesharpitaishwaryah Shivasprathaajaadharah,Chitrakutaatparatnaardrih Jagadeeshah Vanecharah/ Yadheshtaamogha sarvaastro Devendratanayaakshihaa, Brahmendraadi natainataisheeko Marichaghno Viradhaha/ Brahmashaapa hataasesha dandakaaranya paavanah, Chaturdasha Sahasrogra rakshoughnaika sharaika dhruk/ Kharaarih Trishirohantaa Dooshaghno Janardanah, Jataayushognigatidah Agasya Sarvaswa Mantraraat/ Leelaa dhanushkotyapaarasta Dundhubhyastha Mahaachalah, Sapta taalavyadhaakrishta Dhwasta Patala Danavah/ Sugriva raajyadoheena Manassaiva -abhayapradah, Hanumadrudra mukhyeshah Samasta Kapideha bhrut/ Sanaaga daitya baanaika vyakuleekrita sagarah, Samlechhaakoti banaika shushka nirdagdha Saagarah/ Samudraadbhuta poorvaika baddha seturyashonidhih, Asaadhya saadhako Lankaa samoolotsaada dakshinah/ Varadrupta  jagacchalya Poulastya kula kruntanah, Raavanighnah Prahastacchit Kumbhakarnabhi dugraha/  Ravanaika shirascchetta nisshankanyaindra raajyatah, Swargaaswargatwa vivicchedi Devendraanidrataa harah/ Raksho Devatwahyut Dharma -adharmatvaghnah Purooshtutah, Natimaatra dashaasyarih datta Rajya Vibhishanah/ Sudhaavrishti mritaa sesha swasainyojjeeva naika kruth, Deva Brahmana naamaika Dhaataa Sarvaamararchitah/ Brahma Suryendrarudraadi Vrindaarpita Sateepriyah, Ayodhyaakhila Raajaagryah Sarvabhuta manoharah/ Swaamyatulya kripa dando heenotkrishtaika satpriyah, Shwapakshyaadi nyaaya darshi heenaarthaadhika sadhakah/ Vadhavyaajanuchita krittarakah Akhilatulyakrit, Pavitraayaadhikya muktaatmaa Priyaatyaktah Smaraarijit/ Saakshaat Kusha Lavacchadya draavitohyaparaajitah, Kosalendro Veerabaahuh Satyarthatyakta sodarah/Shara sandhaananirdhuta dharani mandalo jayah, Brahmaadi Kaamasaamnidhya sanaathikrita Daivatah/ Brahmalokaapta chaandaala -adyasesha praani saarthakah, Swarneeta Gardhabhashwaadih Chiraayodhyaavanaika krit/ Raamo dwiteeya Soumitrah Lakshmanah Prahatendrajit, Vishnubhaktah Saraamadyaghni padukaa Rajya Nivrittih/ Bharatah Asahya Gandharva Kotighnih Lavanatmakah, Shatrughnah Vaidyaraa Ayurvedagarbhoushadhi patih/ Nityaamritakarah Dhanvantariyagjno Jagadharah, Suryarighnah Suraajeevah Dakshinashah Dwijapriyah/ Chhinnamurthaapadesharkah Sheshaangasthaapitaamarah, Vishwaarthaasheshakrut Rahushiracchettaa Akshataakritih/ Vaajapeyaadi naamaagnih Vedadharma paraayanah, Shweta dwipa patih Sankhyapraneta Sarva Siddhiviraat/  Vishwa prakashitaJnaana yoga mohatamishrah,Devahyutyaatmajah  SiddhahKapilah Kardamaatmajah/(604-708)

(Guhaadeshaarpitaishwarya or He provided prosperity and propitiousness even to the mountain cave surroundings during Rama’s forest life; Shivasparthaa Jataadharah or as Rama He grew up coarse hair on his head like that of Shankara; Chitrakutaaptaratnaadrih or He converted the Chitrakuta Parvata into Meru Mountain famed for storing various gems and possessing unique ‘Mahatmya’ or Celestial significance; Jagadeeshah or the Bhagavan of the Universe; Vanecharah or He who moved about and was used to forest life for fourteen long years; Yathoshtaamogha sarvastrah or He whose instructions are instantly followed by his powerful ‘Astras’ or Mantrika-arrows; Devendra tanayaakshiha or the Son of Devendra called Jayanta misbehaved with Shri Rama and the latter punished Jayanta by blowing his eyes; Brahmendraadinataisheekah or Rama’s arrows were so powerful that Brahma and Devas were humbled by bending their heads; Maarichighnah or Rama had to kill Maricha Raakshasa as the latter assumed the Form of a Golden Deer to attract Devi Sita and thus divert his attention so that Ravanasura could take the appearance of a Sage and tricked Devi Sita to be kidnapped by force; Viradhaha or Rama exterminated the Rakshasa named Viradha who was faceless but had long arms to draw preys from long distances and ate them; Brahmashaapa hataasesha Dandakaaranya paavanah or He sanctified ‘Dandakaaranya’ or the Dandaka Forests which were cursed by Brahmana Shukra -achaarya by using the Forests but reversed the ‘Shaapa’ that Rama would move about there and purify the Places; Chaturdash sahasrogra Rakshoghnaikaa Sharaika dhruk or Rama proved his unparalleled might by destroying forty thousand powerful Demons during his stay in the Forests with one single arrow; Kshararih or Shri Rama was the enemy of the Rakshasa named Khara; Trishirohanta or He is also the destroyer of the Demon named Trishira or the Three Headed One; Dushanaghnah or Rama exterminated Dushna Rakshasa too; Janardanah or He is the One whom the Devotees yearn for in search of their total fulfillment; Jatayushognigatidah or Shri Rama who was in long search for Devi Sita encountered the Illustrious Hawk called Jatayu who fought Ravana desperately as  Sita was stated to be shouting for  help; Rama found the huge and valiant bird as it was dying and described the scene of the kidnap by Ravana the King of Lanka; Rama dutifully performed the last rites of the Bird who was also a companion of King Dasharatha; Agastya Sarvaswa Mantraraat or He assumes the Swarupa of the Great Agasthya Muni who was indeed the highly reputed Deposit of Mantras-[ Agastya Muni taught the ‘Aditya Hridayam’ to Lord Rama as the latter prepared to go in for a battle to Ravana since Rama’s Vamsha Devata was Surya Deva];  Leela dhanush kotyapaarata Dundubhyasthya Mahachalah or Shri Rama threw off the mountain-like skeleton of Dundhubhi Rakshasa sky high by the power of his arrow as a child’s play-[ Sugreeva decided to test the energy of Rama’s arrow before convincing himself to accept Rama’s help to lend the Monkey Brigade in the battle against Ravana]; Sapta taala vyadhaa -krishtadhwasta patala danavah or Rama pierced his arrow and struck seven massive‘Taala’ trees lined up in a row-[Sugreeva again tested Rama’s strength to ensure that he could kill Vaali  his estranged brother who not only dethroned him but also forcibly abducted his wife]; Sugreeva Rajyadah or Rama was responsible to restore the Kingdom and wife to Sugreeva; Aheenamanasaivaa- bhayapradah or Rama possessed a kind and liberal heart to all those who seek his asylum; Hanumadbhrudmukhyeshah or Rama was venerated foremost byHanuman who worshipped Shankara too as much; Samasta Kapidehabhrut or Rama was the sustainer of the entire Vanara Sena or the Monkey Brigade; Sanaaga daitya banaika vyakuleekruta Sagara or Rama was so powerful to release one single arrow that created a collossal stir in the Ocean including endless serpents and Daityas who existed in it-[ As Samudra Deva did not respond favourably to Rama’s  prayers to reduce the force of the Ocean and give way to enable his army to cross to Lanka, Rama was upset and released one arrow into the Ocean and the entire lot of serpents and Daityas in the waters faced undue horror]; Samleccha koti banaika sushka nirdagdha Sagara or  Rama’s single arrow dried up the Ocean along with the ‘Mecchaas’ who resided in the waters; Samudradbhuta purvaika baddha setuh or He was instrumetal in building an unprecedented and unique  bridge across the ocean; Yashonithih or the Symbol of Fame and Popularity; Asaadhya Sadhakah or He who made the impossible as possible;Lankaasamulot –saada dakshinah or He was the One capable of completely uprooting the Kingdom of Lanka; Varadrupa Jagatcchalya Poulastya Kula kuntanah or He who shattered Ravana the Poulasya Kula’s dreaded Evil Might as he secured boons of invincibility; Ravanighnah or Rama in the Form of Lakshmana  crushed Meghanada the son of Ravana; Prahastaschhit or He who beheaded Pahasta Danava; Kumbhakarnabhit or He who felled the huge body of Kumbhakarna; Urgaha or He smashed countless Rakshasas by assuming the most ferocious Swarupa; Ravanaika shiracchettha or Rama indeed the Epic Hero who sliced off the ten heads of Ravana despite his boon that as each of his heads be sprung up again and again till Ravana’s brother conveyed that an Amtira Bhandar or Life Saving deposit of Nectar was in Ravana’s abdomen and that deposit be hit to eanable Ravana’s death; Nisshankainkendra rajyatah  or Rama restored Swarga to Indra without even a trace of doubt; Swargaaswarga vicchedita or He enabled Swarga to be revived as Ravana and Company converted Swarga as Aswarga as Devas fled away since Ravana took it over; Devendraanidrata harah or Indra had hardly slept as he suffered nightmares duing Ravana’s regime in Swarga; Raksho Devatwahrut or He forced Devas to lose the celestial privileges of Swarga as Rakshasas assumed Devatwa eversince; Dharmaadharmatwavighnah or  Rama who eliminated Adharma restored Dharma back to its feet again; Purushtutah or He who was extolled by one and all; Natimatra Dashaasyarih or He considered Ravana as his enemy till the latter bowed down out died; Dutta Rajya Vibhishanah or Rama bestowed Kingship to Vibhishana after Ravana’s death; Sudhavrishti mritaasesha swaseny jeevanaikakrit or Rama restored the lives of his supporters who died in the battle; Deva Brahmana naamaika dhata or He who sustained the name and life of Deva-Brahmanas ever since lest their existence would have been doubtful otherwise; Sarvaamarchitah or Rama remained ever worshipped there after; Brahma Suryendri Rudraadi Vrindarpita Satipriyah or Rama remained as the beloved of Devi Sita especially as her chastity and purity was proved by Agni Devata while Brahma, Surya, Indra and other Devas were the witnesses; Ayodhyaakhilaraajaagrayah or Rama was acclaimed as the most superior King of Ayodhya among the contemporary counter parts; Sarvabhuta manoharah or He delighted all the Beings owing to his outstanding and attractive features and characteristics; Swamyatulya kripaa -dandah or Rama’s conduct and performance of punishing the misdeeds and rewarding the good actions is ideal indeed; Heenotkrishtaika Satpriyah or Rama is equitable and just to both low and high of the Society; Shwapakshyadi nyaya darshi or He was equal and unbiased in his judgment even to the species like dogs and birds; Heenaarthaadika saadhakah or Rama provides additional attention and assistance to weaker sections of the Society; Vadhavyaajaanuchita kruttatarah or He who redeems those on the pretext of killing them!; Akhilatulyakrit or He who treats all as they deserve: One reaps as he sows; Pavitraayaadhikya muktaatmaa or He due to his nature of extreme nobility tends to purify one and all; Priyaatyaktah or He had to spend some time aloof from his Dear Sita Devi; Smaraarijit or He who overwhelmed even Shiva the adversary of Kama Deva; Sakshaat Kusha Lavacchadraavitah or He in the Form of his own sons Kusha and Lava was defeated which in a way was a self-defeat!; Aparajitah or Rama was actually invincible; Kosalendrah or He was the most prosperous Emperor of KosalaDesha; Veera baahu or He is of the most peerless and mighty hands; Satyarthatyakta Sodarah or He who even rejects his own dear and faithful brother Lakshmana for the sake of Truth and its preservance; Sharasandhana nirdhuta Dharani Mandalah or Rama on wearing his bow and arrows would be so formidable as to shiver Bhumandala or the entire Earth; Jayah or he is the Symbol of Victory; Brahmaadi Kaama saannidhya Sanaathikrita Daivatah or He who grants darshan or close vision as requested by Brahma and others as they too are blessed by their  presence along with him; Brahmalokapta Chandaalaadyasesha pranisaarthakah or He facilitates any body including even Chandalaas to reach  Brahmaloka and bless them; Swarneetigardabhashwaadih or He is grace is such that even donkeys and horses are despatched to Swarga; Chiraayodhyaavanaika krit or Shri Rama provided special protection and blesssings to long time residents of Ayodhya; Ramah or He who enchants and enthralls Sages and Devotees; Dwiteeya Sowmitraha or He is always accompanied by Sowmitra; Lakshmanah or He is also the alternate Swarupa of Lakshmana the One with highly propitious features; Prahatendrajit or as Lakshmana he killed Ranana’s son Indrajit / Meghanada the tricky vanisher on clouds, skies and all around ; Vishnu Bhaktah or Rama as of Bharata Swarupa who was Vishnu Bhakta; Saraamaanghni paadukaa Rajya nivrittih or Rama as of Bharata Swarupa who was satisfied with the worship of Rama’s footwear on the Throne of Ayodhya Kingdom and ruled it on behalf of Shri Rama for full fourteen years; Bharatah or Vishnu as of the Swarupa of Bharata who was the symbol of selflessness and high devotion as also of Administrative Skills; Asahya Gandharva Kotighnah or He as the slayer of crores of Gandharvas; Lavanantakah or as the Swarupa of Shatrughna he demolished Lavanasura; Shatrughna or Rama in the form of his youngest brother Shatrughna the killer of Enemies; Vaidyarat or the Chief of Medical Sciences viz. Dhanvantari; Ayurveda garbhoushadhi Patih or Vishnu Deva in the Form of the highest knowledge of Ayurveda; Nityaamritamkarah or He always carries Amrita in his hands; Dhanvantarih or Vishnu as Dhanvantari the matchless Physician who was Narayana Himself as was materialised from Ksheera Samudra or the Ocean of Milk carrying the Vessel of Amrita in the context of Deva Danava Mathana or Churning; Yagjnah or the Emblem of Yagjnas; Jagaddhara or the Inimitable Preserver of theUniverse; Suryaarighnah or He as Devi Mohini punished Ketu by slicing his head since Surya Deva complained to Mohini that Ketu a Danava originally pretended as a Devata and consumed drops of Amrita by default; Suraajeevah or He bestowed Amrita to all the Devatasa and got them immortalised; Dakshineshah or He as Yama Dharma Raja the Devata of Death; Dwijapriyah or the One who is always fond of Brahmanas; Chinna Murthaapadeshaarkah or He of the Swarupa of Rahu Devata whose head was  cut off  and is acclaimed as Swarbhanu – Rahu Graha is the antagonist of Surya Deva; Seshanga sthapitaamara or Rahu whose beheaded  body possessed Amrita and is thus everlasting; Vishwaarthaaseshakrit or Bhagavan who is the Single Most Fulfiller of the aspirations of his devotees; Rahushiracchetta or He as the demolisher of Rahu’s head; Akshataakritih or the Form of Indestructibility or Everlastingness; Vaajapeyaadinaamaagnih or Bhagavan Vishnu as of the Swarupa of Agni Devata in Vaajapeya and other such Yagjnas; Veda Dharma Parayanah or Bhagavan Vishnu is the Embodiment of Veda Dharmas or The Principles enunciated by Vedas; Shwetadwipa patih or the Chief of Shweta Dwipa; *Sankhya praneta or Bhagavan is of the Swarupa of Kapila Maharshi who was the exponents of Sankhya Yoga Shastra- *[Maharshi Kapila emphasised Duel Existence or of Two Realities viz.Purusha or Pure Consciousness and Prakriti or Matter as expressed in terms of Numbers or Enumeration; the latter as Pancha Vimshati or Twenty five Tatwas comprising Five Ahamkaras of ‘Manas’/ Thought, Buddhi or Intellect, Siddha or Concealed Impulse and Angaaram or Excitement; Five Jnanendriyas or Sensory Organs of Seeing, Hearing,Tasting, Eating, Touching; Five Karmendrayas of Eyes, Nose, Tongue, Mouth, Skin; Pancha Bhutas of Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Sky; and Five Tanmatras of Light, Sound, Taste, Smell and Perception]; Kardamaatmajah or Bhagavan is of the Swarupa of  Kapila the son of Prajapti Kardama and Devahuti;

Yogaswami Dhyana bhangasagaratmaja bhasmakrit, Dharmo Vrishendrah Surabhipatih Shuddhatma bhavitah/ Shambhu Tripuradaahaika sthairyavishwarathoduhah, Bhaka Shambhujito Daityaamrita vaapisamastapah/ Mahapralaya vishwaika nilayokhila naagaraat, Shesha devah Sahasraakshah Sahasraasya shiro bhujah/ Phanaamani kanaakaryo Jitaajaambu deekshitah, Kaalaagni Rudra Janako Mushalaastro Halaayudhah/ Neelambaro Vaaruneeshah Manovaakkaaya doshaha, Asantosha drishti maatra patitaika Dashaanah/ Bilasamyamano GhoroRouhineyah Pralambaah Mushtikaghno Dwividaha Kaalindikarshanah Balah/ Revateeramanah Purvabhakti kheda -achyutaagrajah, Devakisudevaahya Kashyapaaditinandanah/ Vaarshneyah Saatvataam Shreshtha Shouriryadukuleshwarah, Naraakritih Param Brahma Savyasaachivarapradah/ Brahmadi kaamyalalitya Jadaascharya shaishavah, Putanaaghnah Shakatabhidyamalaarjuna bhanjakah/ Vaataasurarih Keshighno Dhenukaarigaveeshwarah, Damodaro Gopadevo Yashodaananda dayakah/ Kaaleeya mardanah Sarvagopa gopijanapriyah, Leelagovardhanadharo Govindo Gokulotsavah/ Arishtamathanah Kaamonmatta Gopivivimuktidah, Sadyah Kuvalayapeedaghaati Chaanura –mardanah/ Kamsaarirugrasenaadirajyavyaayapaartamarah, Sudhaamangalitabhuloko Jaraasandha-Balatmakah/ Tyaktabhagna Jaraasandho Bhima senayashapradah, Saandipanimrutaapatyaya daataa Kalaantakaadijit/ Samasta Narakatraataa Sarvabhupati kotijit,Rukmini ramano Rukmi shasano Narantakah/ Samasta Sundarikeanto Muraarirgarudadhwajah, Ekaakijita Rudraarka Marudaadhya- kuleshwarah/ Devendra darpahaa Kalpadrumaalankrita Bhutalah, Baana Baahu sahasraacchinna –dyadi Ganakotijit/ Leelaajita Mahadevo Maha Devaika pujitah, Indraathaarjuna nirbhangajayadah Pandavaikadhruk/ Kashiraja shiracchettaa Rudrashakyaika mardanah, Vishweshwara Prasadaa- dhyah Kashiraja sutardanah/ Shambhu pratigjnaa vidhwamsi Kaashi nirdhagna nayakah, Kaashi- sharanakotighno Loka shikshaadwijarchakah/ ( 709-802)

(Yogaswami or Bhagvan in the Swarupa of Kapila Maharshi is the Exponent of Sankhya Yoga Practice; Dhyanabhanga Sagaratmaja bhasmakrit or as Kapila Bhagawan was disturbed from Tapasya and burnt off into ash the unruly sons of the King Sagara who ostensibly accompanied the Sacrificial Horse that was despatched to declare supremacy among the contemporary Kings and intended to perform Ashwamedha Yagna; Dharmah or Bhagavan Vishnu is the embodiment of Dharma; Vrishendrah or He assumes the Form of the Great Bull or Nandeshwara; Surabhi pati or He assumes the Swarupa of the Celestial Cow Surabhi; Shradhatma bhavitah or He possesses the Swarupa of Patience and Fortitude; Shambhuh or Vishnu is of Shiva Swarupa; Tripuraadahaikasthairya Vishwa rathoduhah or Vishnu as Tripuraantaka Shiva rode the Chariot of the Universe before terminating the Tripuraasuras; Bhakta Shambhujitah or Bhagavan Vishnu was defeated by his devotee Shiva; Daityaamritavaapisamastapah or Bhagavan Vishnu assumed the Swarupa of a Cow and drank up the Amrita that the Triparasuras stole and deposited in a well; Maha Pralaya Vishwaika Nilayah or Vishnu was the sole survivor and occupant of the whole Universe as Bala Mukunda atop a tree branch playing with his with flute; Akhila Naagaraat or He in the Form of Snake King Sesha Naaga; Sesha Deva or He who supports the weight of the Universe; Sahasrakshah or one with Thousand Eyes; Sahasraasya shiro bhujah or Bhagavan is of the Form of Thousand Faces and hands; Phanaamani kanaa karyojitaacchaambudakshitih or Bhagavan assumes the Swarupa of Sesha Naaga with innumerable  hoods ornamented with most precious and resplendent gems as wide spread white clouds providing shade to the Universe; Kaalaagni Rudrajanakah or Bhagavan as the Creator of Kaalaagni Rudra or the Great Destroyer Rudra; Mushalaastrah or Vishnu as the Swarupa of Balarama carrying a Mushala or Plough as the Astra or weapon; Halaayudhah or Balarama who carries a plough weapon; Neelambarah or Krishna as attired in blue; Manovaakkyaaya doshah or Bhagavan who keeps aloof from the blemishes of Thought, Speech and Action;  Asantosha drishtimtra paatitaika Dasha-anaah or Bhagavan assumed the Form of Sesha Naaga who fell down by his unhappy looks the mighty Ravana during the latter’s visit to Patala once; Bila Samyamana or Bhagavan is the One who controls the happenings in the Sapta Pataala Lokas; Ghorah or He assumes the most ferocious Swarupa at the time of Pralaya the Great Annihilation; Rouhineyaha or the Swarupa of Rohini’s son; Pralambah or the Killer of Pralamba Danava; Mushtikaghnah or the devastator of the mighty Mushtika-as also of Chanura- in a duel preplanned by the offensive King Kamsa during Krishna’s first visit to Mathura the Capital of the King ; Dwividaha or Bhagavan Krishna killed Dwivida Vaanara too when the latter attacked Lord Krishna; Kalindi karshanah or Krishna demonstrated his prowess by dragging the flow of Kalindi or River Yamuna; Balah or of the Invincible Form of Bala Rama; Revani ramanah or Bhagavan as Balarama who was mischievous with his wife Revati Devi; Purvabhakti khedaachytah or Vishnu was playful as Krishna with Balarama as in an earlier incarnation he like Rama was served most faithfully by Lakshmana; Devaki Vasudevaaha Kashyapaditi nandanah or Bhagavan Vishnu fulfilled the prayerful desire of Kashyapa Muni and his wife Aditi Devi by assuming the Incarnation as Krishna to be born as their son; Varshneya or He who was born of Vishnu Following; Saatvataam sheshthah or Krishna was the Magnanimous and the  Noblest one the Saatvata Kula; Shourih or of the Generation of Shura sena; Yadu Kuleshwara or of Yadu Kula; Naraakritih or Krishna as Vishnu’s human incarnation; Param Brahma or Krishna was Paramatma basically; Savyasaahi Varapradah or Krishna who bestowed boons to Arjuna who was called Savysaachi as he was proficient equally in releasing arrows with either hands; Brahmadi –kaamya laalitya jagadascharya shaishavah or Krishna was such that everybody from Brahma downward was enthralled at the surprising and highly alluring acts of Krishna in his childhood; Putanaghnah or the terminator of Rakshasi Putana as she cunningly arrived at Nanda-Yashoda’s  home and sought to breast feed the child but got killed; Shakatabhit or Krishna came to kill Krishna at the behest of Kamsha but Bala Krishna kicked off the Asura in the Swarupa of a horse-carriage sky high; Yamalaarjuna Bhanjahah or the demolisher of the Twin Trees called Yamala and Arjuna in the front yard of Yashoda’s house as the latter punished baby Krishna for his pranks and tied him to a grinder which was drawn by Krishna to the trees as they fell down by his strength and out appeared two Gandharvas who were converted as trees by an erstwhile curse of a Muni; Vaatasurarih or Krishna as a boy suppressed Trinavartaasura who tried to harm him in the form of a formidable windstorm; Keshighnah or Krishna slayed a Daitya named Keshi; Dhenukaari or Krishna also killed Dhenukasura who surreptitiously joined the herd of cows which Krishna and friends were taken for a day out; Gaveeshwara or Krishna was the Protector of Cows; Damodarah or Krishna had a spot on his stomach as Yashoda tied him up to a pillar to ensure that the boy would not leave home to perform pranks in the neighbourhood; Gopadevah or Bhagavan Krishna was the Leader of cow-shepherd boys; Yashodaanandadayakah or He was indeed the One who provided extreme ecstacy; Kaaliya mardanah or He who punished Kaliya Serpent as the latter tried to draw him deep into poisonous waters as a play ball of his fell into a pond as the playmates / agitated onlookers including his parents watched in great suspense and anguish but Krishna emerged on the hoods of the suppressed Kaliya safe while the  serpent was ordered by Krishna to vacate the pond for the Seas nearby under protection by Garuda Deva to let the pond be got safe for the public to re-enter it henceforth; Sarva Gopagopi jana priyah or Krishna was the beloved darling of all the Gopa- Gopikas; Leelaagovardhana dharah or Krishna proved his magnificence by lifting the massive Govardhana mountain to save the villagers of Gokula from non-stop lashes of rains and wind for several days and nights as caused by Indra who sought to punish the villagers since Krishna instructed them against a traditional annual worship to Indra but the humiliated Indra stopped the rains and apologised to Krishna for his blunder for not realising that Krishna was Supreme; Govindah or as Krishna provided succor to the villagers for several days under the protection of Govardhana thanks to ‘Kama Dhenu’ the Celestial Cow or the Great Provider, he secured the encomium as  Govinda; Gokulotsava or Krishna was of the Swarupa of celebrations called Gokulotsava after his name eversince; Arishta mathana or Krishna became popular as he killed Arishtasura as also as the One who destroyed Arishtas or Impediments in general; Kamomatta Gopivimuktaha or He demolished excessive fascination of Gopikas for himself and made them realise the Eternal Reality of Paramatma and the Cover of Maya which generates physical lust; Sadyah Kuvalayaapeeda ghaati or Krishna killed the arrogant and trained elephant called Kulalayapeeda instantly as it attacked Krishna and Balarama as they entered the Stadium into which King Kamsa invited them for play and fun; Chanura mardanah or Krishna overpowered and decimated the highly famed Wrestler Chanura who challenged Krishna for a bout; Kamsaari or Krishna the maternal nephew of the Mathura King Kamsa was the enemy eversince the former’s birth as a Celestial Voice warned the King that the Eighth Born Issue of Devaki and Vasudeva would terminate him; Ugrasenadi rajyavyaaparitaamarah or Bhagavan who appointed Devatas to oversee the affairs of the Kingdom entrusted to Ugrasena who was his maternal grandfather; Sudharmankita Bhulokah or The *Sudharma Sabha in Bhuloka which Lord Krishna built in Dwaraka [*Krishna instructed Vishwakarma to construct Dwaraka to enable the Citizens of Mathura to leave overnight; Vishwakarma the Divine Architet cum Builder made a highly planned City with Zones for residential, commercial and Public Places; among the last category a Sudharma Sabha Zone too was constructed for General Meetings and Conferences on the lines of Indra Loka. Unfortunately the ancient Dwaraka was submerged in the Ocean as also the erstwhile Yadu Vamsha perished due to the curse of Munis as described in Maha Bhagavata and Vishnu Puranas];

 * Jarasandha Balantakah or Krishna in the Swarupa of Bhima of Pandavas [* King Brihadradha of Magadha married two sisters but neither could get an Issue. Sage Chandkaushika gave a fruit to one of his wives whom he liked more, but the King being equally fond of and gave two halves to both. They gave birth to two ugly pieces of monster like forms and the King abandoned both, but a Rakshasi named Jara combined the two body parts which were born upside down and returned the child back to the King. Jarasandha eventually became a cruel King and attacked Dwaraka eighteen times but each time Krishna either avoided him or Jarsandha ran away or when defeated  he was left  free but Krishna never killed him.Once both Krishna accompanied by Arjuna and Bhima on disguise as Brahmanas approached Jarasandha and demaded a duel with any one of them. Recognising them Jarasandha declined to fight with neither Krishna whon he branded as a coward nor with Arjuna whom he said  was a mere boy; he then opted for Bhima and the duel lasted for several days.Finally Krishna hinted to Bhima to cut  Jarasandha’s legs, split his body into two and throw the pieces in opposite directions so that they coud not be reunited. Thus Bhima was destined to kill Jarasandha but under Krishna’s guidance] ;

Tyakta bhagna Jarasandhah or Krishna always let Jarasandha free as the latter fled away from the battles; Bhimasena yashahprada or Krishna waited for an opportunity to let Bhima take the credit of killing Jarasandha; Sandipani mritaapatya daata or Krishna and Balarama were taught full Vedic Knowledge by Sandipani Muni. Krishna on learning the his Guru’s son was dead, he dared to visit Yama Loka to find the boy’s Soul and on subduing Yama Raja returned the Soul back to Earth and paid Guru Dakshina by returning Sandipani’s son alive; Kaalantakaadi jit or Lord Krishna conquered those Devas designated to bring about death like Kaala, Antaka and so on; Samasta naarakatraataa or Vishnu Bhagavan provides relief to all those seeking refuge in Naraka Loka; Sarva bhupati kotijit or Krishna who defeated crores of Kings who attended Devi Rukmini’s wedding with Shishupala against her wishes as forced by her brother Rukmi and forcibly taken away as Rukmini loved Krishna immensely; Rukminiramanah or He is the heart-throb of Devi Rukmini; Rukmishasanah or as Rukmi chased the chariot to some how bring back Rukmini and force her marry against her will, Krishna overcame Rukmi and chained him but on compassion and on Rukmini’s pleadings , he let him free after shaving Rukmi’s head which was as bad as beheading Rukmi; Narakantakah or Bhagavan Krishna terminated Narakasura although he created a situation as though Devi Satyabhama did the killing of the demon; Samasta Sundari Kaantah or Krishna responded positively to all the charming women infatuated with him; Muraarih or Bhagavan slayed Murasura mercilessly; Garudadwajah or Krishna opted for the emblem of Garuda on the banner of his chariot since appropriately enough the Illustrious Garuda Deva is Vishnu’s Vahana / Carrier; Ekaaki Jita Rudraarka Marudyaakhileshwara or Vishnu was indeed invincible all by himself against Rudra-Surya-Marud Devas-Lokapalakas and so on as He was the Supreme; Devendra darpah or there were occasions when Krishna had to snub and subdue Devendra and asserted his superiority; Kalpa drumaalankrita bhutalah or Krishna defied Indra and brought down Kalpa / Parijata Tree from Swarga to Bhuloka and enriched Earth with the fragrance of the flowers of the Tree; Bana baahu sahasracchit or Bhagavan Krishna sliced off thousand hands of the arrogant and brutal Baanasura in one go by the Sudarshana Chakra; Nandyadi –ganakotajit or at one stage Bhagavan challenged and defeated Nandi Deva and his army too; Leelaajita Maha Devah or Vishnu for fun and in light vein overpowered Maha Deva too; Maha -devaika pujitah or in fact Mahadeva worships Vishnu; Indraathaarjuna nirbhangajayadah or For the sake of pleasing Indra, Krishna bestowed victory series to Arjuna as Indra was virtually the father-figure and mother Kunti gave birth to Arjuna due to ‘Indraamsha’; Pandavaikadhruk or Krishna was basically the Karta-Dharta or Saviour and Liberator at all the times; Kashiraja shiracchetta or Krishna sliced off the head of Kashi Raja; Rudrashaktaika mardanah or He subdued the Shakti of Rudra in the context of saving the King of Kashi; Vishveshwara prasaadaadhya or He however gained the confidence and  blessings of  Kasi Vishweshwara Deva; Kashiraja sutaardanah or He considered the prayers of the sons of the killed King of Kashi; Shambhu pratigjyna vidhvamshi or He reversed and made futile of the strong resolve of Shambhu Deva; Kashi nirdhagna nayakah or He took lead in turning Kashi Nagara into ashes; Kashisha gana kotighnah or He converted the Kashi Gana into smithereens ; Lokasikshaadwijarchakah or Bhagavan taught practical lessons in ‘Loukya’or worldly-wise way of Life to select and deserving  Brahmanas like Sudama within of course the peripheries of Dharma and Nyaya-[ Bhagavan Krishna worshipped and blessed some distinct personalities like Sudama in recognition of their deeds of virtue in their current and previous births];

Shiva teevra tapo vashyaha Puraa Shiva varapradah, Shankaraika pratishthaadhruk Swaasha Shankara pujakah/ Shivakanyaa vrata patih Krishna rupa Shivaarihaa, Maha Lakshmi Vapur Gouri traataa Vaidalavritrah/ Swadhama Muchukundaika Nishkaala Yavaneshtakrit,Yamunaapatih Aneetaparileena Dwijatmah/ Shri Daamaranka Bhaktaartha Bhumyaaneetendra vaibhavah, Durvatta Sishupaalaika muktidah/ Achandaaladikaprapya Dwarakaanidhi Kotikrut, Akrurodbhava Muktaika Bhaktah Swacchanda Muktidah/ Sabaala Stree Jalakreedaamrita vaapikritaarnavah, Brahmaastra dagdha garbhastha Pareekshajjeevanaika krit/ Parileena dwijasutaanetaarjunamadaapahah, Goodha Mudraakrit grasta Bheeshhmaakhila Kouravah/ Yadaartha khanditaasesha Divyastra Paartha moha hrut,Garbhashaapacchaladhasta Yadavorvibharaapah/ Jaraavyaadhari gatidah,Smritamaatraakhile-shtadah, Kamadevo Ratipatir Manmadhah Shambaraanrakah/ Anango Jita Goureesho Ratikantah Sadepsitih, Puhspeshurvishwa Vijayi smarah Kameshwaripriyah/ Ushapatirvishwaketur Vishwa truptodhi Purushah, Chaturatmaa Chaturvyuha Chaturyuga Vidhaayakah/ Chaturvedaika Viswatmaa Sarvotkrishtaamsha Kotisooh, Ashramatmaa Puraanarshi Vyasah Shaakhaa sahasrakrit/ Maha Bharata nirmataa Kaveendro Badaraayanah, Krishna dwaipayanah Sarva Purushaarthaika bodhakah/ Vedanta Kartaa Brahmaika Vyanjakah Puruvamsha krit, Buddho Dhyaanajitaasesha Deva DeviJagatpriyah/ Niraayudho Jagajjaitrah Shri Dhano Dushta Mohanah, Daitya Veda Bahishkartaa Vedaartha Shruti gopakah/ Shouddhodanih Drushtadishtah Sukhadah Sadasampatih, Yathaa Yogyaa-khila kripah Sarva shunyokhileshtadah/ Chatushkotipruthak Tatwa Pragjnaapaaramiteshwarah, Paakhanada Veda margeshah Paakhanda Shrutigopakah/ Kalki Vishnuyasha putrah Kalikaala vilopakah, Samasta mleccha dushtaghnah Sarva Shishta dwijaatikrit/ Satyapravartako Deva Dwija deergha kshudaapahah, Ashwavaaraadirekanta Prithvidurgati naashanah/ Sadyah Kshmaananta Lakshmikrunnashtanih Shesha Dharmavit, Ananta swarna yaagaika hema purnaakhila dwijah/ Asaadhaika Jagacchaastaa Vishwa bandho Jagadhwajah,  Atmatatwaadhipah katru shreshtho vidhirumaapatih/ Bhatru shreshthah Prajeshaagrayah Marichih Janakaagranih, Kashyapo Deva raat Indraha Prahlaado  Daityaraat Shashi/ (807-909)

(Shiva Kanyaavratapatih or Vishnu Bhagavan always protects the maidens engaged in performing Shiva Vratas;* Krishna Rupa Shivaariha or Vishnu saved Shiva from the latter’s antagonist  in Krishna Swarupa- [* The allusion was when Mahadeva gave away a boon to an ‘Asura’called Bhasmasura that whosoever or whatsoever was touched by the latter should be converted into ‘Bhasma’ or ash; then the Asura desirous of testing the boon sought to touch Shiva’s head and the latter had to run off from the Asura from pillar to post and finally approached Bhagavan Vishnu for help. Vishnu assumed the Swarupa of Mohini and enticed Bhasmasura into ‘natya’/ dance following the step-pattern of Mohini Natya; in the fast swirling dance,  Mohini made Bhasmasura to touch his own head and thus made the Asura converted into a heap of ash];

Maha Lakshmi Vapurgouritraata or Bhagavan assumed the Swarupa of Maha Lakshmi and saved the embarrrassment / trouble faced by Devi Parvati in a similar situation as above; Vaidalavrittaha or He killed Vaidalavritta the notorious  Daitya; *Swadhaama Muchukundaikanisshkaalyavaneshta krit or Krishna created a situation by which Muchukunda -of Ikshwaku dynasty of Treta Yuga to which Lord Shri Rama belonged to- terminated Kaalayavana an alien King with whom Jarasandha had a tie-up and thus attacked Mathura Kingdom after Kamsa’s death-

[* Muchukunda was the Commander in Chief of the Army of Devas in a series of battles against Daityas. Indra expressed gratitude for his services and asked Muchukunda for a boon. Tha latter requested Indra to let him sleep as long as he wished since he was too tired to fight any further. Indra granted the boon that none should disturb Muchukund’s sleep and if somebody did so that person would be burnt as ash. Muchukunda descended to Earth from Swarga and selected a mountain cave near Mathura to sleep. Meanwhile King Jarasandha attacked Mahura with the help of Kala Yavana the alien King of Yavanas with a colossal army;  an unruffled Krishna pretended that he was taking a walk before the commencement of the battle out side the Mathura fort. Quickly enough Kaala Yavana followed Krishna alone and unarmed and the latter entered a dark mountain cave and disappeared; Kalayavana tripped over the body of Muchukunda whose sleep got disturbed and opened his eyes while Kaala Yavana was burnt into a heap of ash! Muchukunda then had the sight of Bhagavan Krishna and prostrated before the Lord; Krishna instructed Muchukunda to proceed to Badarika -ashrama of Nara Narayana to perform Tapasya till the latter attained Mukti.]

Yamunapati or Bhagavan Vishnu  signalled his illustrious human incarnation by facilitating his father Vasudeva’s entry into the turbulent and deep waters of the Sacred River Yamuna on a stormy midnight celebrated as Janmashtami till date thus demonstrating  the River’s devotion to Him; Aaneeta parileena Dwijatmajah or Bhagavan brought back to life the sons of his mentor Muni Sandipani; Sudamaranka bhaktaartha Bhumyaaneetendra Vaibhava or Krishna bestowed the magnificence of Indra to his child-hood companion and bhakta viz. Sudama when the latter met the Lord with hesitation and difficulty; Duvritta *Shishupaalaika muktidah or Bhagavan sliced off the head of the ill-mannered adversary King Shishupala and granted Mukti to him- [ *Sishupala the son of King Dhamghosha and Srutadevi the latter being the sister of Vasudeva or Krishna’s paternal aunt; When Shishupala was born he was ugly and fearful with three eyes and four hands as his parents were about to disown him since he was not worthy of becoming a future King. Krishna visited the boy and while fondling the boy snipped of his third eye and two extra hands.Krishna disclosed that in future the boy was destined to be killed by himself. Srutadevi pleaded to Krishna to postpone the death as much as possible. Krishna promised that he would tolerate till the boy’s direct abuse to him uptil  hundred times only. At the last abuse, Krishna recalled his Sudarshana Chakra and demolished him. Incidentally, Shishupala and Dantavakra were stated to be the Gate Keepers of Vaikuntha the Abode of Bhagavan Vishnu named Jaya and Vijaya who misbehaved with the Illustrious Sanaka-Sanandana Muni brothers and were cursed  to become demons in four successive Yugas; Shishupala was one of the Demons of Dwapara Yuga ]

Dwarakeshwara or Lord Krishna was the Chief of Dwaraka the Capital of Yadus; Aachandaalaadika praapya Dwarakaanidhi kotikrit or Bhagavan Krishna set up a Huge Fund in Dwaraka for the upkeep of the poor and helpless low class chandalaas etc.; Akrurodbhava mukhyaika bhaktah or He who resides along with his confidant devotees like Akrura and Uddhava; Swacchanda Muktidah or He provides Mukti to his close associate devotees as per their own wishes; Sabaala Streejalakreedaamrita vaapikritaanaa or He created an ocean like Sweet Water Pond to enable the swimmings of maidens and women; *Brahmaastra dagdha garbhastha Parikshajjeevanaika krit or Bhagavan who saved the  life of the male foetus of Abhimanyu (Arjuna’s grand son) and Uttara later called Parikshit-[*Ashwattama desired to avenge his father Dronacharya’s death by Arjuna and avowed to uproot the latter’s lineage and  released Brahmaastra but Krishna nullified the Brahmastra with his Sudarshana Chakra and revived the foetus which was the last remnant of Pandavas; Ashvattama was also cursed to wander all over the Earth like a vagabond ghost forever being restless and without recognition];

Parileena Dwija Sutaaneta or Bhagavan Krishna brought back to life the sons of an erudite Brahmana; Arjuna madaapaha or when once Arjuna got egoistic and self-opinianated Krishna made him realise that but for his grace Arjuna would not be significant despite his being the son of Indra himself; Goodha Mudraakritigrasta Bhishmaakhila Kouravah or Bhagavan Krishna designed a secret  formation of a circuit and exposed Bhishma and other warriors of fame to face right in front of Mrityu in the Kurukshetra battle of Pandavas and Kauravas; Yathaartha khanditaasesha Divyastra Partha Mohahrut or Bhagavan made Arjuna realise the reality and removed the screen of ignorance that after all Arjuna  was just a paw  in the battle despite his unrivalled knowledge and experience of using Divine Weaponry; *Garbha shaapacchaladhwasta Yadavorveebhiraapah or Bhagavan made the pretext of Maha Muni’s  Shaapa to Yadava Kula which indeed destroyed the Yadavas-

[ *Out of a prank, one of the Yadava boys called Saamba was dressed as a Garbhini or an Expectant Mother and a group of them enquired of some famed visiting Munis to Dwaraka as to whether the Garbhini would result in a by or a girl- pat come the terse reply of the Munis that the result of the conception would neither be a boy nor girl but would be a ‘Musala’ or Metal Rod which would destroy the entire Yadu Vamsha; the frightened prankster boys informed Vasudeva, Balarama and Krishna who realised that the termination of Yadu Vamsha was not far and on selective basis the heads of the Vamsha and families shifted to the Sacred Prabhasa Sthana, the ‘Garbhini’ youth did deliver a Mushala, the rest of remainder Yadavas tried to pound it into powder and threw it on the High Sea but the powder got collected back on the Sea shore and got materialised as high blades and stalks of sea plants with which the remaining Yadus killed each other thus totally demolishing traces of  Yadavas];

Jara vyadhaarigatidah or Krishna granted Salvaion to a Hunter of a forest named Jara who was a spy of his enemies and converted him as his Bhakta eventully; Smrita maatraakhilshah or Bhagavan readily responds to his Bhakta’s sincere and desperate prayers and fulfills their desires; Kamadevah or He is of the Swarupa of Kama Deva or Manmatha; Ratipatih or Krishna is of the Form of the husband of Kama Deva; Mantathah or He as Manmatha creates unrest in mind and thought; * Shambarantakah or Krishna in the form of his son Pradyumna killed Shambaraasura who once kidnapped Pradyumna as a ten day boy-

[*Not knowing that Pradyumna was the son of Krishna and Devi Rukmini, Shambarasura kidnapped the boy toddler but on learning the reality threw the child on high Seas as a big fish devoured the child; a fisherman caught the fish and gifted it back to Shambara who in turn sent the fish to his kitchen whose in charge was Mayavati the previous birth’s Rati Devi  the erstwhile husband Manmatha who was burnt to ash for his indiscretion of provoking Shiva in favour of Devi Parvati; when Devi Rati pleaded to Shiva that her husband was killed on Deva Karya of doing Loka Kalyana of Shiva’s wedding with Parvati so that the wedding would end up with the birth of Skanda Kumara who alone was destined to kill the most dreaded Tarakasura, the merciful Shiva gave a boon too Rati that in her next birth as Mayavati woud regain Manmatha as her husband viz Pradyumna despite their age difference]   

Ananagaha or Shiva’s opening his third eye out of anger that his Tapasya was disturbed ended up in Manmatha’s turning into a heap of ash but when Rati Devi argued that her husband’s death was unjustified, Shiva gave her the boon that Manmadha would be ‘Ananga’ or Formless but still she alone could see or touch her husband; Jita Gourishaha or Bhagavan Vishnu in the Swarupa of Pradyumna thus registered a victory over Shankara; Ratikantah or Bhagavan Krishna as his Son Pradyumna was the beloved of Devi Rati; Sadepstitah or the awarder of the wishes of the Virtuous; Pushpeshuh or His archery is with Flowers; Vishwa Vijayi or He is the emblem of Outstanding victories; Smarah or He is of insant appearance by even a mere thought; Kameshwari Priyah or the Beloved of Devi Rati in his Swarupa of Pradyumna; *Usha Patih or Bhagavan Krishna in the Swarupa of his Grandson Aniruddha ( the son of Pradyumna) was the husband of Usha Devi-

[* Devi Usha was the daughter of Banasura a dedicated devotee of Shiva; She fell in love with Aniruddha but Banasura objected to her wedding with for two reasons viz. Aniruddha was the son of Pradyumna and the latter was Manmadha in his previous birth whom Maha Deva burnt off by his third eye; the more forceful reason was that he was an ardent Shiva Bhakta and Shiva was supposed to be an anti-form of Narayana whose Avatara was Aniruddha’s grand father Krishna; Banasura who never realised that Shiva and Vishnu were merely two Forms of same and singular Paramatma;  when Aniruddha proposed Usha’s name to Banasura the latter put Aniruddha into prison; a furious war broke out between Krishna and Banasura and the former’s Sudarshana Chakra chopped off  the thousand hands of Banasura and was about to kill the Asura. Maha Deva appeared and addresssed Krisha to stop and withdraw the Sudarshana Chakra and declared to all concerned engaged in the battle theTrue Identity of Shiva and Narayana and requested Krishna to allow the wedding of Aniruddha and Usha besides removing the Illusion of Banasura that Shiva was  Narayana’s enemy that Krishna was the Avatara of Vishnu]  

Vishwaketuh or Bhagavan Vishnu is the one who always unfurls the Flag of Victory; Vishwa tripah or Bhagavan is Unique in bestowing contentment to one and all; Aadhi Purushah or Bhagavan is the Supreme Inner Consciousness; Chaturatma or He is like the quadrangle of Manas-Buddhi-Ahankara-Chitswarupa or  Mind-Thought-Self Awareness-Pure Consciousness respectively; Chaturvyuhaha or Bhagavan is of Four Simultaneous Perceptions of Vaudeva-Sankarshana/ Balarama-Pradyumna-Aniruddha; Chaturyuga Vidhaayakah or the Regulator of Four Yugas of Satya-Treta-Dwapara-Kali Time Slots; Chaturvedaika Vishwatma or The One Universal Phenomenon  as percieved by Four Vedas;  Sarvotkrishtaaamsha kotisooh or the Paramount Entity that emanates crores and crores of Amshas or Alternate Forms; Ashramaatmaa or Bhagavan is the Swarupa of Four Ashramas of Balya- Koumara- Grihastha-Sanyasaas or of Brahmanadi Varnaas; Puranarshi or the One who brought to light various Puranas and Upa Puranas; Vyasah or of Vyasa Swarupa- the elucidator and analyser of Vedas; Shakha Sahasra krit or the One who edited innumerable branches of Vedas especially Saama Veda; Maha Bharata Nirmata or Bhagavan in the Form of Vyasa Maharshi who scripted the Great Epic of Maha Bharata; Kaveendrah or the Greatest Poet; Badaraayanah or Bhagavan of the Swarupa of Vyasa Maharshi who was born in Badari Vana; Krishna Dwaipayanah or He of the Rupa of Vyasa born in an Island due to the meeting of Parashara Muni and Satyavati alias Matsya /Yojanagandhi; Sarva Purusharthaika bodhakah or the One who is the Unique Preacher of Several Means of Life’s Aspirations and their Fulfillment the most significant being Dharma-Artha-Kaama- Mokshas; Vedanta Kartha or -He was also the scripter of Vedantas; Brahmaika Vyanjaka or He is the Best Interpreter of the Single-Supreme-Eternal- Form; *Puruvamsha krit or Vyasa was the One who kept the dynasty of Kuru intact by his union with Ambika and Ambalika under the instructions his mother Satyavati-

[*King of Kasi had three daughters Amba-Ambika-Ambalika; Amba proceeded to perform Tapsya as Bhishma  who had earlier forced her and the other sisters to Hastinapura from a Swayamvara  refused to marry her since he took the Pratigjna or vow not to marry at all and also refused Kingship from Shantanu ; Ambika and Ambalika were married to King Vichitraveerya but he was short lived. Thus Veda Vyasa had to have a union with Ambika and Ambalika as the furthering of Kura Vamsha was at stake; the former was frightened with Vyasa with his beards etc and closed her eyes and thus the blind Dhritarashtra was born; Ambalika went pale during the union and hence Pandu the weak and diseased was born and in the third attempt a Servant Maid was sent by the sisters and the virtuous and intelligent Vidura was born];   

Buddhah or Vishnu’s subsequent incarnation was of Buddha Deva; Dhyanajitaashesha Deva Devi Jagatriya or Bhagavan as Buddha became a big sensation with Devas and Devis as Buddhaavataara was the embodiment of Dhyana /Deep Meditation; Niraayudhah or Mahatma Bhuddha never resorted to violence and thus eschewed Astra-Shastras or weaponry of any kind; Jagajjaitra or Buddha Deva won over the whole world by his precepts of Truthfulness, Virtuosity, Non Violence, Universal Welfare and Love;  Shridhanah or Buddha preached liberalism, large heartedness and generosity as the Symbols of Prosperity and Opulence; Dushta Mohana or Bhahgavan Buddha mesmerised even the chronic Forces of Evil; Vedaardha Shruti gopakah or He kept the Vedas and their annotations concealed but preached and practised the essential principles in easy and practical dimensions; Daitya Veda bahushkarta or He who prohibited Daityas to reach Vedas; Vedarthashruti gopaka or He kept the meaning of Vedas and of Shrutis confidential; Shouddhodani or Vishnu took the Incarnation of Gautama Buddha the son of King Shuddhodana; Drushtadishtah or He had personally seen and appreciated the methods followed byDevas; Sukhadah or He who bestows happiness to one and all; Sadasampatth or He as Lord Buddha presided the ‘Sabhas’or Meetings of all good and the virtuous; Yathaa yogyogyaakhila kripah or He who showers kindness on all the deserving all the Beings; Sarva Shunyah or He who considered all materialistic forms as nothing or zero; Akhileshtadah or He who fulfills the aspirations of one and all; Chatushkotiprithak or He who manifests himself in all the four types of Srishti viz Deva Danavas-Manavas- Pashu Pakshis-Sthavara Jangamas or the Immovable and Movables including reptiles, insects and the rest; Tatwaprgjnaapaaramiteshwara or Paramatma is of the Boundless Pinnacle of Supreme Consciousness soacked with Tatwa Jnaana or the Differential Knowledge of Realism and Fallacy; Paakhanda Veda Margeshah or Buddha was the Protector of Vedas from Nihilists or Existentialists; Paakhanda Shruti Gopakah or He was the Saviour of Vedas and Scriptures from the Non Believers; Kalki or Bhagavan assumes the Tenth Incarnation after those of Matsya-Kurma-Varaha-Vamana-Naarasimha-Rama-Bala Rama / Parashu Rama- Krishna and Buddha; Vishnuyashah Putrah or Kalki Deva is described as the Progeny of Vishnu Bhagavan; Kali kaalavilopakah or Bhagavan would assume the Incarnation of Him Self  at the termination of Kalikaala and the heralding of Satya Loka; Samasta Mecchha dushtaghna or Kalki Deva would be the exterminator of Mlecchas or Nastiks or Non-Believers full of Vice, Immorality and Wickedness; Sarva Sishta Dwijaatikrit or The Outstanding Saviour of the Virtuous, Noble and Moralistic Dwijas; Satyapravartakah or He who observes the Principles of Satya Yuga; Devadwija dirgha khshudhapah or He satisfies the hunger and thirst of  Devas and Brahmanas by popularising the media of Yagjnas and Brahmana Bhojanas; Ashwa vaaraadih or Kalki Deva proves to be an outstanding rider of horses while devastating the Beings in the Universe while concluding Kali Yuga and heralding Satya Yuga; Ekanta Prithivi Durgati Nashanah or Kalki Deva hastens the total decadence and demoralisation of Earth before the dawn of the new yuga; Sadya Kshmaananta Lakshmi krita or Bhagavan blesses Bhu Devi to instantly restore her erstwhile prosperity and glory as soon as Satya Yuga arrives; Nashta nissesha  dharma yut or Bhagavan is indeed fully aware of the lost values of Virtue and Nyaya in the Kali Yuga; Asaadhyaika Jagacchaastaa or He alone could control and administer the impossible and irrepressible Universe and thus become the Incredible Shasta or the Law Maker and Enforcer; Vishwa bandhah or He bundles up the Universe in totality with the tight ropes of Maya or the Illusion as versus the Essential Reality of Avyakta-Shasvata-Ananta-Aja- Avyaya Vishnu; Jayadhwajah or He who always and everywhere hoists and unfurls His own Victory Flag; Atma Tatwaadhipah or Bhagavan is the Symbol of Atma Tatwa or the Manifestation of Pure Conciousness or the Supreme Self; Katrushershtha or He is the Unique and Unfaltering Doer or Preformer; Vidhi or He is what is called The Destiny Undefined; Umapatih or of Shiva Swarupa; Bhatru shreshthah or the Supreme Preserver and Sustainer; Prajeshaagraya or the Senior Most of Prajapatis or One the Title of Head Rulers of the Public in Entirety or The Chief of the Kings; Marichih or Bhagavan is like Marichi as an example of a Prajapati; Janakaagrani or Vishnu generates several such Prajapatis;* Kashyapah or Bhagavan is f the Swarupaof Kashyapa Muni-

[ *Kashyapa was married to seventeen of Daksha Prajapati’s daughters and the details of the latter and their children are as follows: Indra and Devas from Aditi; Diti gave birth to Daityas the most significant of them being Hiranyakaashya and Hiranyakashipu as also Marudganas; Danavas from Danu Devi like Viprachit -from whose wife Simhika were born Rahu, Vatapi, Bhouma, Namuchi and so on- besides Shambara, Maya, Tarakasura, Jambha, Naraka, Pralamba etc;  Devi Kadru was the mother of Serpents the most famed of whom were Sesha, Vasuki, Takshaka, Iravata, Maha Padma, Kambala, Ashwatara, Shankha, Karkotaka, Dhananjaya, and Kaliya; Khasa Devi wasthe mother of Rakshasas; Devi Vinata was the mother of the renowned Garuda and Aruna the carriers of Vishnu and Surya Deva respectively; Arishta gave birth to Gandharvas; Muni gave birth to Apsaras and Angels; Ila Devi was the mother of plants and creepers; Tamra gave birth to vultures, eagles and large birds; Timi mothered Aquatics; and to Saras Devi were born all ferocious animals like Lions, Tigers and so on];          

Devaraat or  Bhagavan is the Super King of Devas; Indrah or Vishnu is of the Swarupa of Devendra; Prahlaadah or Bhagavan was the Symbol of High Devotion and Dedication like Prahlada the son of Hiranyakashipu and Devi Kayaathu ; Daityarat or of the Form of Prahlada who was also the King of Daityas after his father was killed by Bhagavan Nrisimha Deva; Shashi or Bhagavan was also the ‘Amsha’ of Chandra Deva);

Nakshatresho Ravistejah Shreshthah Shukrah Kaveeshwarah, Maharshirvira Bhriguh Vishnu Adityeshah Baliswaraat/ Vayurvahnih Shuchi Shreshthah Shankaro Rudraraatgurh, Vidwattamah Chitrarathah Gandharnaagnyoksharottamah/ Varnadiragrayastree Gauri Shaktyagrayaa Shreescha Naradah, Devarshiraat Pandaaagryorjuno Vaadah Pravaadaraat/ Pavanah Paavaneshano Varuno Yaadasaam paih,Gangaa Tirthottamo Dhyutah Cchalakaagrayam Varoushadham/ Annam Sudarshanostraogyam Vajram praharanotthamam, Ucchaihshravaa Vaajiraaja Iraavata Ibheshwarah/Arundhatyeka Patnishah Ashwatthah Asheshariksharaat, Adhyaatma Vidyaa vidyaarayah Pranavascchandasaam varah/ Merurugiripatirmaargah  Maassagrayah Kaala satthamah ,DinaadyaatmaaPurva Siddhaah SaamaVedaraat/ Taarkshyah Khagendra Rithvagryo Vasantah Kalpapaadapah, Daatu Shershtha Kaama Dhenuh Artighnaagrayah Suhruttamah/ Chinta manirgurushreshtha Maata Hitatamah Pitaa, Simho Mrigendro NaagendroVaasukirnurvaronripah/ Varnesho Brahmanaschetah karanaarayam Namo namah, Ityetadvaasudevasya Vishnornaama sahasrakam/   (910-1000)

( Nakshatreshah or Bhagavan is of the form of Chandra Deva the Swami of Nakshatras or Stars; Ravih or He is also of the Swarupa of Surya; Tejassreshthah or the Incredible Fund of Effulgence; Shukrah or of the  Form of Shukracharya the Mentor of Rakshasas and the Son of Bhrigu Maharshi; Kaveeshwarah or the Chief of Poets and Writers; Maharshiraat or The Topmost Figure among Maharshis; *Bhrigu or Bhagavan was of the alternative Swarupa of Bhrigu who in one of the Rishi’s visits to Vaikuntha dared to curse Vishnu Himself that he should become  a Resident God and that he should be without the company of Devi Lakshmi-

 [*When once Vishnu  pretended and ignored that he was not aware of the Rishi’s arrival at Vaikuntha as He was playful with Devi Lakshmi , Bhrigu cursed Vishnu that he would become a Resident God of Earth as Lord Venkateshwara at Tirumala and that he would sufffer separation from Lakshmi];

Viishnu has one name of Dwadhaadityas viz. Indra,Dhata, Parjanya, Mitra, Aryama, Pusha, Shakra, Varuna, Bhaga Twashta, Viviswan, Amshuman and Vishnu; Aadityeshah or Bhagavan Vishnu is the Chief of the Dwadashaadityas; Bali Swaraat  or Vishnu as Vamana Deva blessed King Bali to beome Indra; Vayuh or Bhagavan is of the Swarupa of Vayu Deva; Vahnih or Vishnu is Adhishtana Devata or the Over Lord of Agni; Shuchi Shreshthah or Vishnu is the Paramount of Devas who too are of the Forms of Pureness; Shankara or Vishnu is an alternative of Shiva or the Emblem of Asupiciousness; *Rudraraat or Vishnu is the Lord of the Forms of Rudras-

 [*Ekadasha Rudras were named as Mahaan, Mahatma, Matimaan, Bhishana, Bhayankara, Ritudhwaja, Urthwakesha, Pingalaaksha , Rucha, Shuchi and Kaalaagni]

Guruh or Vishnu is of the Form of Brihaspati the Guru of Devas and the son of Angirasa Maharshi; Vidyuttama or Vishnu is the Supeior most of the Learned Vidwans; Chitra rathah or Bhagavan is of the Rupa of Chitraratha the King of Gandharvas; Gandharvaagrayah or the Overlord of Gandharvas; Aksharottamah or Bhagavan is the Loftiest of all Letters of Language viz. OM; Varnaadih or Bhagavan is the Foremost of the Aksharas viz ‘A’ kaara; Agrayasree or Vishnu is the Supreme Expression of Feminity viz. Devi Parvati; Gauri or Bhagavan is the alternate Rupa of Devi Gauri; Shaktagryaya or Vishnu is also the Swarupa of the Ultimate Shakti or Maya viz. Devi Lakshmi; Shreeh or the One Ever Anxious Devi to draw closest to Bhagavan’s heart is Shree Lakshmi; Naradah or  Bhagavan like Brahmrshi Narada who is ready to impart Knowledge to one and all; Devarshiraat or Bhagavan is the Ultimate of Devas; Pandavaagrayah or Bhagavan is of the Swarupa of Arjuna due to his distinctive and superior qualities of courage, devotion and determination; Arjunah or the Third Illustrious Son of Kunti Devi of the ‘Amsha’ of Indra; Vaadah or Shastraartha Swarupa purified by the Practice of Dharma; Pravadaraat or the One who excels in Virtue by thought, speech and deed; Paavanah or the Personification of Sanctity; Pavaneshaanah or the Best of the Practitioners and Providers of Pureness; Varunah or the Adhishtaana Devata or the Ruling Deity of Varuna Deva; Yaadasaampatih or Bhagavan is the Master of Water-based ‘Praanis’ or Beings; Ganga or Bhagavan assumes the Holy Swarupa of River Ganga which originated from Bhagavan Vishnu’s Sacred Feet and was brought down from ‘Shiva Mastaka’ or Shiva’s head onto Bhuloka by King Bhagiratha to purify the ash remains of the flippant sons of Sagara Chakravarti who annoyed Kapila Maharshi from his serious meditation and thus burnt them into ash; Tirthottamah or Ganga is indeed the most hallowed of the Rivers; Dyutam or the Game of Dice was indeed the display of Krishna’s ‘Maaya’ or Delusion which initiated the Great Batttle of  Maha Bharata; Chhalakaagrayam or the Dices that culminated in the Game heralded the extermination of the Kuru Vamsha; Varoushadham or Bhagavan is of the best  life- giving medicinal form to the Beings in the World viz. ‘Anna’ or food grains; Annam or Paramatma the Life Provider; Sudarshanah or the Magnificent and invincible Wheel of Bhagavan  Vishnu that  instantly responds to the call of Maha Vishnu in devastating his adversaries; Astraagrayah or This Incredible ‘Astra’of Vishnu is the emblem of Bhagavan Vishnu’s intrepidity and fairplay with the assisance of which Lord Krishna asserted of terminating th Evil and preserving  Virtue Yuga after Yuga; Vajram or Bhagavan is also the Swarupa of ‘Vajram’ or Indra’s exclusive weapon; Praharanottamam or Vajra is the ideal most weapon that Indra uses for a knockout hit; Ucchaishravaah or  Bhagavan’s  Swarupa is also of the Celestial Horse called Ucchaishrava that is capable of hearing from long distances which was materialised at the time of ‘Ksheera Samudra Mathana’or the Churning of the Ocean of Milk by Deva-Danavas for securing ‘Amrita’; Vaaji Raja or Vishnu was the creator of the race of horses too of which he was the Over Lord; Iravatah or Bhagavan was the Creator of Iraavatha too at the time of Samudra Mathana; Ibheshwarah or Vishnu is the Overlord of Iraavata and of the race of Elephants too; *Arundhati or Bhagavan is also of the Swarupa of Devi Arundhati or the Characterisation of ‘Paativratya’ or of Devotion to her husband –

[*Shiva Purana described an interesting link of Devi Sandhya the Manasika Putri or the mind-born daughter of Brahma but the latter got infatuated with her and an ashamed Sandhya resorted to severe Tapasya to Maha Deva for thousand years under the tutelage of Sage Medatithi who was actually Maharshi Vasishtha; since Shiva did not oblige her with his appearance, she tried to jump into the Fire Pit of an Yagjna that Medatithi was performing and Shiva realised Sandhya’s desperation and made his appearance; She asked for two boons that none in her clan be a victim of a lust ful eye, that she should be an example of Chastity and that Shiva should be her husband;  Shiva granted her wishes and blessed her to be born as Sati Devi and Devi Parvati in her  subsequent  births. Then Sandhya leapt into the firepit thinking of Medatithi (Vasishta) and in her immediate next birth she bacame Vasishtha’s wife; the Praana Vayu or the Vital Air of Sandhya’s burnt body was carried to Solar System and Surya convered it in three parts as Pratah-Madhyahinika-Saayam Sandhyaas or the Morning-Afternoon- Evening Timings of a Day.The Sages at the Yagnya were wonder struck that Sandhya was reborn as a girl-child named Arundhati and was married to Vashishtha when she came of age and earned exemplary fame of chastity; the practice of Vedic weddings continues till date by following the practice of visioning  Arundhati as a vow of mutual chastity];  Eka Patneesha or Bhagavan assuming the Swarupa of Vasishtha Muni as the husband of Pativrata Arundhati;

*Ashwatthah or the Sacred Peepul Tree-[* This Tree is considered as a  great boon to humanity; the the Prayer to this Vriksha states that its root  is of Brahma, Middle is Vishnu and  its Top is Ishwara bestowing many boons of prosperity, fame, longevity, good progeny, health and over-all fulfillment];

Ashesha Vriksharaat or Ashwattha the King of  Trees in the Lord’s Creation; Adhyaatmika Vidya or Bhagavan Vishnu is a Teacher ‘par excellence’ of the Knowledge of Inner-Consciousness or what is called Brahma Jnaana; Vidyaagrayah or Bhagavan is indeed the Icon of Vidya and the outstanding Exponent of all-inclusive branches of Knowledge; Pranavah or the Unique Manifestation of Pranava or Omkara Swarupa; Cchandasaam Varah or Bhagavan is the Personification of Vedas and Pranava the Cause and Causation of Creation all couched in Prosodial Pronouncements of Mantras replete with apparent and concealed meanings of far reaching potentiality and power; Meru or Bhagavan is  like the Meru the Celestial Mountain of Paramount Significance among numberless mountains in Creation; Giripatih or Bhagavan is indeed the Master of all the Mountains; Margah or He is of the Swarupa of Margaseersha Month; Maasaagrayah or He is the characterisation of all the months;

*Kalasattamah or He is the Most Propitious Time of a day called Brahma Muhurta- [*Vishnu Purana defined Brahma Muhurta as 4.08 am to 4.56am, assuming that Ushodaya or Sun Rise as 5.44 am approx; Amrita Kaala or Jeeva Kaala for Mah Yogis is stated to be from  2am to 2.48 am!]

Dinaadyaatma or Vishnu Deva’s Swarupa is regarded as Brahma Kaala or the adjoining point-time of day and night ie Prabhata Kaala/ Brahma Vela; Purva Siddah or Vishnu as he assumes the Adi Siddha Swarupa of Kapila Maharshi; Saamah or Bhagavan displays himself in the Form of Saama Veda which has thousands of Shakhaas or Branches and Sub Branches; Vedaraat or Saama Veda is called the King of Vedas; Tarkshyah or Paramatma Vishnu displays himself as Garuda the famed son of Kashyapa Muni and Vinata Devi; Khagendrah or the King of the Sky Birds ie. Garuda Deva; Rutvagrayah or Bhagavan is of the Swaupa of the Best of ‘Ritus’viz.Vasanta Ritu; Vasantah or the twin months of Chaitra and Vaishaakha; Kalpa paadapah or Bhagavan is of the appearance of Kalpa Vriksa which fulfills all kinds of deserving and genuine desires; Daatru Sreshtha or Kalpa Vriksha is indeed the most distinguished Tree; Kama Dhenuh or the Best Fullfiller of one’s wants; Artighnaa –grana or the Unsurpassed Eliminator of difficulties and hurdles; Suhruttamah or Bhagavan is the Top Provider of Great Tidings and of Surprising End-Results; Chintamanih or the Celestial Jewel of the materialisation of Bhagavan which accomplishes the desires of one and all; Gurusreshthah or Vishnu is the very best of all the Gurus; Maataa or Bhagavan is the paramount mother who provides birth to all; Pitaa or the Supreme Father the Janma Karta; Simhah or He is like a Lion the King of Animals; Mrigendrah or the Chief of the Animal Kingdom; Nagendrah or the King of Serpents; Vaasuki or Bhagavan is of the Swaupa of Lord Vasuki; Nrivarah or the Ultimate of the ‘Homo Sapiens’ or Humans; Nripa or the Superior Most Monarch; Varnesha or Bhagavan is the Highest Authority of Varnaas or Classifications by Caste and Creed ; Brahmanah or the One who is not only a Brahmana by birth but of Learning and Practice of Principles or in other words a Brahma Jnaani; Chetah or the One Enlightened with Atma Swarupa which is Unknown-Eternal-All Pervading-Endless Bhagavan MahaVishnu ; Karanaagrayam or Bhagavan Vishnu is the Utmost Executioner of Deeds!!).  

 

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Phala Shruti:

The Recitation, Study, Hearing, and Perception of Vishnu Sahasra Naama has a lasting impact by way of providing Peace of Mind, self-condinence; freedom of tensions, good health, sense of fulfillment, and feeling of lasting relief. It offsets insecurity, failure of tasks taken up and discouragements all around; On the other hand it encourages determination, urge for action,  positive thinking, courage to face challenges and even failures. It also fosters resistance against excessive desire, passion and sensuality; it calms down sudden bursts of anger and impulse; it cuts down narrow mindedness and meanness; it negates arrogance and pride; and enhances the feeling of sharing and the value of giving.

Vishnu Sahasra Naama encourages  Tirtha Darshanas, Yagjna Homas, Vratas, Tapa-Japa-Danaas, and penchant to perform Annadi Daanas, deeds of public utilities and over-all viruosity. Finally the Sahasra Naama justifie s the none too easy birth of human birth and leads to the steps up to Salvation.

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  Jyoti Rupamarupamcha Swarupam Rupa Samsthitam,

 Sarvagjnam Sarva Rupastham Sarvesham Sarvatomukham/

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