Page load depends on your network speed. Thank you for your patience. You may also report the error.

Loading...

CHATURVIDHA SHIVA SAHASRANAMA

Design

Linga Purana

Design

                SHRI SHIVA SAHASRA NAAMA STOTRA (LINGA PURANA)

Rishaya uvaacha: Katham Devena vai Suta Deva Devaamaheshwaraat, Sudarshanaakhyam vai labhyam vaktumarhasi Vishnuna/ Suta uvaacha: Devaamasurendraanaam bhavaccha sudaarunah, Sarveshameva bhutaanaam vinashakarano mahan/ Paraajitaastadaa Deva Deveswaram Harim, Pranemastum Sureshaanam shoka samvignamaanasaah/ Bhagavan Deva Devesha Vishno Jishno Janardana, Daanavaih peeditaah Sarvey vayam sharanamaagataah/ Twameda Devadevesha Gatirnam Purushottama, Twameva Paramatmaa hi twam Pita Jagataamapi/ Twameva Bharta Harta   Daataa Janardana/ Avadhya Varalaabhaaktey Sarvaey Vaarijalochana, Suryamandala sambhutamtwadeeyam chakramudyatam/ Kunthitam hi Dadhichena chaavanena Jagudguro,Dandam Shaarangam tawaastram cha labhyatam DaityehPrasaadatah/ Puraa Jalandharah hantum Nirmitam Tripuraarinaa, Rathaangam sushitam ghoram tena taanhantumarhasi/ Tasmaattena nihanyatwaa naanyaihi Shastra shatairapi, Tato nishamya teshaam vai vachanam Vaarijekshanah/ Vaachaspati mukhaanaah sa Harischakrarbhutswayam/Dandam sharangam tawaastram  cha labdham, Daiytyah prasaadatah/ Puraa Jalandharam hantum nirmitam Tripuraarinaa, Rathaanga sushitam ghoram tena taana hantumarhasi/ Tasmaattena nihanyatwaa naanyeh shastra shatairapi, Tato nishchaya teshaam vai Vachanam Vaarijaakshananah/ Vachaspati mukhaanaah sa Harischakrarbhutswayam/
(Rishis requested Maha Muni Suta to elucidate the context as to how Bhagavan Vishnu secured Sudarshana Chakra from Maha Deva. Suta Muni narrated that once there were fierce and prolonged battles between Deva- Danavas and Devas were badly hurt and humiliated. They approached Maha Vishnu for safety and  support.They prayed to Janardana, Vishnu and Jishnu pathetically and begged of him to provide succor and return to them their lost glories. They expressed their anguish that Daitya-Danavas obtained innumerable boons by performing desperate Tapasyas and became invincible to such an extent even the Chakra generated from Surya Mandala proved ineffective and the  Vajraayudha secured by Maharshi Dadhichi’s backbone had failed. Devas further submitted to Vishnu that only the  Incredible and indestructible Chariot and the accompanying weaponry that Maha Deva created to exterminate Jalandhara Daitya could save them; this was announced by none less than Brahma Deva himself. Brahma also confirmed that only Vishnu Bhagavan could possibly secure this ‘Ratha’ from Maha Deva).
Shri Vishnuruvaacha:Bhobho Deva! Maha Devam Sarva Devyaih Sanatanaih, Samprapya saampratah sarvam karishyami Divoukasaam/ Deva! Jalamdharam hantu nirmitam hi Puraarina, Labhwaa Rathangam teynaiva nihatya cha Maha Suraan/ Suta uvaacha:Ekamuktwa Surasheshthaan Surashreshthamanusmaran, Surashreshthastadaa Sheshtham Pujayaamaasa Shankaram, Lingam sthaapya yathaanyaa nyaayam Himavacchikarey Shubhey, Meruparvata sankaasham nirmitam Vishwakarmana, Twaritaakhyena Rudrena Roudreana cha Janardanah/ Snaapya Sampujya gandhya-dyojjvalaarlaankaaram manoramam, Tushtaavacha tadaa Rudram sampujyaagnou pranamyacha/ Devam Naamnaam sahasrena Bhavaadyena yathaakramam, Pujayaamaasacha cha Pranavaadyam namontakam/ Devam naamnaam sahasrena Bhavaadyena Maheswaram, Prati naama sahasrena pujayaamaasa Shankaram/ Agnou cha Naamabhirdevam Bhavaadyeh samidaadhibhih, Swaahaantai –rvidhivadyutvaa prayekamayutam Prabhum, Tushtaava cha punah Shambhuh Bavaadyourbhava- meeshvaram/


(Vishnu Bhagavan replied that the Chariot and its accessories which Maha Deva created to kill Jalandhara would indeed help uproot the remaining Danavas too. Suta Muni then described that subsequently a Shiva Linga was consecrated atop Himalaya Peak and Vishwakarma constructed the Sacred Place quickly. The Shiva Linga so sanctified was bathed and worshipped by Vishnu Bhagavan by reciting one thousand names of Maha Deva as each name of the latter was recited, Vishnu placed a lotus flower as an offering to the Shiva Linga and simultaneously ‘Samidhas’were propitiated too to Agni Deva meant for Parama Shiva. The Sahasra Naamas thus recited by Vishnu were as follows:)

Bhavah Shivo Haro Rudrah Purushah Padmalochana/ Arthitavyaayah Sadacharah Sarva Shabhu meeshwarah, Ishwarah Sthaanureeshaanah Sahasraaksha Sahasrapaat/ Vareenyaan VaradoVandyah Shankara Parameshwarah, Gangaadharah Shula dhaarah paraarthaika prayojana/ Sarvajnah Sarva  Devaadi Giridhanwa Jataadharah, Chandra peedaschandra moulir Vidwaan Vishwaamareshwarah / Vedaanta saara sandoha Kapaali Nilalohitah, Dhyanaadharoparicchedyo Gouri Bharta Ganeshwarah/ Ashta murtir Vishwa murtirstrivargah Sarva sadhanah, Jnaana gamyo Dhruta pragjno Devadevaa –strilochanah/ Vamadevo Maha Devah Paanduh Paridhrodho Drudhah, Vishwarupo Virupaksho Vageeshah Suchantarah/ Sarva Praanaya Samvaadi Vrishanko Vrisha vahanah, Isha Pinaki Khatvangi Chitraveshaschakshudchirantanah/ Tamoharo Maha Yogi Gopta Brahmanaangahryudjjati, Kaala kalaah Krittivaasah Subhaga Pranavaatmakah/ Unmatta Veshaschakshuyo Durvaasah Smara shashanah, Dhrudhaayuddha Skanda Guru Parameshthi paraayanah/ (1-10);
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(Bhava or the Originator of Existence; Shivaya or the Sacchidanada Swarupa or the climatic profile of Bliss; Hara or the Obliterator of Srishti / Creation; Rudra or Janma-Marana draavaya/ the interruptor of the Cycle of Births and Deaths; Purusha or the ‘Sahasra seershaa Purushah’or the Maha Purusha the Virat Purusha; Padmalochana or of the Lustrous Vision of Lotuses like Surya;  Arthitavya or the most primary and wort hy of worship like Ganesha; Sadaachaara or the One who is prayed to always as the Pradhana Prakriti Shiva Swarupa; Sarva Shambhumeeshwara or the Cause of Happiness; Ishwara or Sakala Vibhavairadhya or the Bestower of all types of Prosperity; Sthaanavey or the Immovable or Constant; Ishana-Ishaanah Sarva Vidyaanaam- or the Expression of Vidya or Knowledge; Sahasraaksha Sahasrapaat or the Appearance of Countless Eyes and Feet; Varenya or the Outstanding; Varada or the Unique Provider; Vandya the  Unique One esteemed and admirable; Shankara  the Source of Propitiousness; Pameshwara or the Utmost; Gangaadhara or He who retains the Sacred Bhaagirathi on his matted hair on head; Shula dhara or  the Carrier of the Powerful Shula representative of his readiness to destroy the elements of the Evil; Paraathaika prayojana or the One who is anxious to support and benefit; Sarvajna the Omni-scient / All Knowing; Sarva Devadi Giri dhanvaney or the One ready to keep the Meru-like  bow and arrows to defend Devas; Jataadhara or the One typical of retaining ‘Jataajuta’  matted hair on his head; Chandra peeda or He who displays Chandra on His matted  hair as a Symbol of Tranquility;  Chandra mouli or is ornamented as headgear by Chandra on His head; Vidwan or the Scholar ‘par excellence’; Vishwaamaresha or the Supreme of Devas in the entire Universe;Vedaanta saara sandoha or He who is saturated with the Esssence of Vedas; Kapali or the Wearer of the Skull of Brahma’s Fifth Head snipped by Shiva following Brahma’s indiscretion of ravishing Saraswati his own creation as daughter; Nillohita or the Carrier of the Metallic Trident of blue complextion; Dhyaanaadhaaro or He whose sustenance is in meditation; Aparichedyo or Indestructible; Gouri Bharta or the Husband of Devi Gauri; Ganeshwara or the Ganesha or alternatively the Chief of ‘ Panchavimshati Tatwaganasya Ishrarah’ or the Overlord of Twenty Five Tatwa Gunas; *Ashtamurti or the Eight Manifestations;
[* Bhava the Omni Present, Sharva the Omni Potent, Ishwara the Limitless, Pashupati or the Supreme Ruler of Pashus or Beings, Rudra or the Great Destroyer, Ugra or the Dreaded Most; Bhima of the Fearful Sign of Retribution of one’s own Karmkas or Actions; and Maha Deva the Paramount Deity; Another explanation of Ashtamurti is that they are Ashta Dikpalakas or the Rulers of Eight Directions viz. Indra (East), Ishwara (North East), Kubera (North), Vayu or Maruts (North West), Varuna (West), Agni ( South East), Agni (South East) and Yama (South). Yet another explanation is that of Ashta Vasus represented by Agni, Prithvi, Vayu, Antariksha or Atmosphere, Dyaus or Sky/Space, Surya, Chandra, Nakshatras/ Khetrajna or the Soul];
Trivargaaya or Dharma-Artha-Kaamas or alternatively the Tri-Gunas of Satwa-Rajas-Tamas; Swarga Sadhanaaya or the Singular Facilitator of achieving Swarga; Jnaana Gamya or the Ultimate Goal of Kaivalya; Dhrudha Pragjnaaya or the Epitome of Unnerved innner strength of Mind; Deva Devaaya or the Supreme Most Deva; Trilochana or of Three Eyes representng Creation- Preservation-Destruction; Vama Devaya; Maha Devaya; Pandavey or of Pale White /Yellow complexion; Paridhru- daya Dhrudhaya of inexpressible strength and courage; Vishwarupaaya or of the Image of the Universe;  Virupakshaya or of the Countenance of Soma-Surya-Agnyaadi Forms; Vaagishaya or of the Swarupa of Brahma the Lord of Devi Saraswati representing for Vocal Faculties; Shuchaye or the Symbol of Bahyantara Shuchi or of Purity and Cleanliness of Physical and Inner kinds; Antaraaya or of Inner Consciousness; Sarva Pranaya Samvadiney or the Highest Spiritual Leader who is approachable; Vrishanko or He who is seated nearby Nandeeshwara the Greatest Vrishbha; Vrisha Vahanah or He who is carried by Vrishabha; Ishah or Ishwara; Pinakiney or the One who sports the Unique Bow and Set of Arrows; Khatvangi or of the Body parts mutilated / revived in the process of combats with opponents; Chitra Veshaya or of several Roles and Forms; Chirantanaaya or always thoughtful of Actions oriented to preserve the Universe; Tamoharaaya or He who dispels Darkness, Ignorance and lack of Awareness; Maha Yogi Goptri or the Ultimate Icon of Yoga; Brahmanga hrujjati or His matted head-hair circles around the Universe which Brahma’s physical form is constituted of; Kaalakaalah or the Form of  Time and of Mrityu or of Termination; Krittivaasah or Maha Deva  who killed Gajasura granted the latter’s death wish that his elephant skin be draped around Shiva’s own body; Subhagah or the Symbol of Prosperity and Fame being an Image of Shiva as also Bhaga being one Form of Dwadshaadityas viz. Bhaga, Twashta, Vivishwan, Amshuman, Indra, Parjanya, Mitra, Aryama, Pusha, Shakra, Varuna and Vishnu; *Pranavatmakaaya or of the Omkara Rupa [*AUM- comprising the sounds of ‘A’ kara, ‘U’ kara and ‘M’ kaara and in between the Naada Swarupa]
 Unmatta Veshascha or of Avadhuta Dattatreya Swarupa of Feigned Insanity; Chakshusya or of His Three Eyes representing Surya-Chandra-Agni; Durvasa or of the sign of extreme wrath and rage typical of the illustrious Durvasa Muni; Smarashasanah or the Short-Tempered Despot who would not brook  even traces of indiscipline; Dhradhaayudhah or He possesses mighty weapons of far-reaching destruction; Skanda Guru or the Teacher and Guide of Lord Kumara; Parameshthi Paraayana or He who is deeply engaged in the affairs of Lord Brahma in the latter’s activities of Creation).   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------     
Anaadi madhya nidhano Gireesho Giri bandhanah, Kubera bandhu Shri Kanto Loka Varnottamo –ttamah/ Saamanya Deva Kodandi Nilakanthah Parashvadhi, Vishaalaaksho Mriga Vyaadhah Sureshah Surya taapanah/ Dharma karmaakshamah kshetram Bhagavan Bhaganetrabhit, Ugrah Pashupatistatha –aksharya priya bhaktah priyamvadah/ Daataa dayaakaro Dakshah Kapardi Kaama shaashanah, Smashaana nilayah  Shukshmah Shmashaanastho Maheshwarah/ Lokakarta Bhutapatir Mahakartaa Mahoyshadhi, Uttaro Gopatirgoptaa Jnaanagamya Puraatanah/ Neetih Suneethih Shuddhaatma Soma Somarathah Sukhi, Somapomritah Somo Mahaanitir Mahaamatih/ Ajaata Shatrulokah Sambhavo Havyavaahanah, Loka karo Vedakaarah Sutrakaarah Sanaatanah/ Maharshi Kapilaachaaryo Vishwa deeptis trilochanah, Pinaaka paani Bhurdevah Swastidah Swastikrudstadaa/ Tridhaama Soubhagyah Sharvah Sarvagjnah Sarva gocharah, Brahma dhrug Vishwasruk Swargah Kanikaarah Priya Kavih/ Shaakho Vishaakho Goshaakhah Shivonaikah kratussamaah, Ganaaplavodako Bhaavah Sakala sthapitar sthirah/ (11-20);
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(Anaadi madhya nidhano or Maha Deva has no Beginning-Intermission-End; Girishaya or of the Image of Maha Meru Mountain; Giribandhavah or closely related to the King of Mountains and of Devi Parvati the daughter of the King; Kubera bandhu or the Relative of Kubera the Kin3g of Yakshas and the Chief Treasurer of Devas; Shri Kantha or the Sacred Throated as the Retainer of  ‘Halahala’; Loka Varnottamottamah or He who is incessantly worshipped by the Superior Varna Brahmanas; Samaanya Deva or He who is the Deity of incredible identity, equainimity and approachability and thus called the Supreme Deva without pride and prejudice;  Kodandi or the Masterly Representation of Dhanur Vidya ; Nila Kantha or the Blue Throated Maha Deva who conserves the deadly Poisonous Flames created at the extraordinary churning of Khseera Saagara or the Ocean of Milk by Deva Danavas to secure Amrita the Life Sustaining Nectar; Parashwadhi or the alternate Form of Parashurama the incarnation of  Vishnu; Vishalaaksha or of Broad and Sensitive Eyes which vision the Happenings in the Universe; Mriga Vyadha or the Top Hunter of Evil in varied forms and destroys it; Suresha or the Sovereign Authority of Devas; Surya Taapnah or Most Powerful Source of  Energy that Surya Deva draws from; Dharma Karmaakshamah or He who ensures that all Actions enriched with Dharma or Virtue and Justice are everlasting; Kshetraya Bhagavatey or the Maha Deva the Germinating Seed of the Crop Fields;* Bhaga netra bhit or the One who is marked with eyes full of radiant flames;
[Bhaga is one of the Dwadasha Adityas viz.Dhata, Indra, Parjanya, Mitra, Aryama, Pusha, Shakra, Varuna, Bhaga, Twashta, Viviswan, Amshuman and Vishnu]
*Ugrah or of the Picture of Fury -[*typical of what Rudra Deva displayed at the total devastation of Daksha Yagna or the Sacrifice that Daksha organised when Devi Sati performed self-immolation as her father insulted her husband Maha Deva himself!]
Pashupati or the Chief Controller of Beings in the Worlds; Tarkhya Priya bhaktah or the Illustrious Devotee Garuda Deva whom Maha Deva likes immensely; Priyamvadah or He who is of benign countenance to those dedicated to him; Daata or the Inordinate  Benefactor; Dayakarah or the Emblem of Benevolence; Dakshah or the Sign of Tolerance and Magnanimity; Kapardi or the One who possesses Jatajuta; Kama Shasanah or the One who imposes and enforces Manmatha the God of Desire; Smashana nilayah or He is fond of residing in Smashana; Sukshmah or of  the Form of an atom or the One present in the Sushmna Nadi of one’s inner-physique; Smashaanastho or the One manifested at the places of termination of Souls; Maheshwara or the Ultimate; Loka Karta or the Creator of Tri Lokas; Bhuta Pati or the Chief of all Beings in the Worlds; Maha Kartey or the Magnificent Performer; Mahoushadhi or Maha Deva! you are the most Effective Medicine to cure the Beings; Uttaraya or Urthamukha looking above and at the futurity; Gopataye or the Guardian of Cows or the Chief of the Virtuous beings; Goptrey or the Saviour of one and all; Jnaanagamya or Parama Shiva is the goal to accomplish; Puratana or His ancestry is unknown or none; Neetaye or the Niti/ Sanmarga Swarupa; Suneetih or the Symbol of High Virtue; Shuddhatma or of Clean and Transparent Self; Soma or the Image of Chandra; Somaratah or engaged in the consumption of Soma Rasa or Amrita; Sukhi or of the ever lasting Bliss; Somapa or the Absorber of  Soma the Yagjna Phala; Amritapaaya or the Delighter in drinking Amrita; Somaayasomah or of the Swarupa of Yagjneeya Soma; Mahaneeya or  the Pujyaneeya; Mahamati or of the Outstanding Mental Faculties; Ajaatashatru or an opponent never born; Sambhavya or the  Manifester of  virtuous deeds; Havya vaahanah or the Carrier of Havya or oblations to the invoked Gods and Goddesses or the Vahni Rupa; Loka Kaara or the Originator of the Worlds; Veda Kaarah or the Inventor of Vedas; Sutra Karah or Maker of Brahma Sutras or the Primary Principles of Dharma by Brahma; Sanatanah or devoid of Origin; Maharshi Kapilacharya or of the Image of *Maharshi Kapila-
[*The Founder of Samkhya Yoga emphasising Duel Existence or of Two Realities viz. of Purusha or Pure Consciousness and Prakriti (Matter) as expressed in terms of Numbers or Enumeration; the latter comprises *Pancha Vimshati Tatwas including  Pancha ‘Antahkaranas’viz.Mind or Thought,  Buddhi or Intelligence, Siddha or Concealed Impulse and Angaram or Excitement;  Five Jnanendriyas or Sensory Organs for Seeing, Hearing, Tasting, Eating, Touching; Five Karmendriyas of Eyes, Nose, Tongue, Mouth, Skin; Five Maha Bhutas of Earth, Water, Fire, Air, and Sky; Five Tanmatras of Light, Sound, Taste, Smell and Perception ];
Vishwa- Deepti or the Provider of Illumination to the Universe; Trilochana signifying Three Gunas of Satwa-Rajasika-Tamasika or Three Acts of the Almighty viz. Creation-Sustenance-Destruction; Pinakapaani or Maheshwara carrying the set of Arrows and Bow named Pinaaka; Bhudevah or another Form of Bhu Devi representing Tolerance and Forbearance; Swastida or the Provider of Happiness; Swastikrit Saada or the Eternal Provider  of Goodness and Auspiciousness; Tridhama or the One with ready access to Tridhamas viz. the Abodes of Brahma-Vishnu-Maheshwara; Soubhagyah or Prosperity; Sharva or the Valiant and Destroyer; Sarvagjna or the All-Knowing; Sarva Gochara or the One who visions everything; Brahmadhrugvishwa srukswargah:  Maha Deva! You are the form of Swarga preserved  and the Universe as created  by Brahma; Karnikara Priyaaya or He who is delighted see and feel to the pericarp of a Lotus or alternatively stated He is fond of the softness of Karnikara flower / leaf of tenderness; Kavih or the Unique Poet of the Universe; Shaakhah or the Branch of  Smritis; Vishakhah or the Alrenate Swarupa of Skanda Deva; Goshakhah or The Sacred Cows as an integral part of Vedas ; Shivaaya  or ‘Shivo Moksha Sukha Rupa’; Naikaya or Adviteeya or Singular; Kratavey or of the Swarupa of Agnishtomaadi Rupa; Samaaya or always Balanced and Equanimous or of Even Tempered; Gangaaplavodaka  or Maha Deva afloat the Sacred River Ganga; Bhavah or the Thought such as the feeling to provide Moksha to a Bhakta; Sakalaya or Totality or  Fullness; Sthapati sthira or like the Immovable Bhumi or Vishwa);  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------     
Vijitaatma Vidheyatma Bhuta Vaahana Saarathih, Sagano  Gana kaaryascha Sukritiscchinna- samshayah/ Kama Devah Kamapalo Bhasmodvilita Vigraha, Bhasma Priyo Bhasmashaayi Kaami kantah Kritaagamah/ Samaayukto Nivrutthaatma Dharma Yuktah Sadaa Shivah, Chaturmukhes- chatur baahuh duraavaaso duraasadaah/ Durgamo Durlabho Durgah Sarvaayudha Vishaaradah, Adhyatma Yoga Nilayah Sutantu vardhanah/ Shubango Loka Saarango Jagatishora4mritaashanah, Bhasmashuddhi karo Meru Raajoswi Shudda vigrah/ Hiranya retastaraa nirnirmamaaree chirmahila –alayah, Mahahrado Mahagarbhah Siddhirvindaara vanditah/ Vyaghra charma dharo Vyaali Maha Bhuto Maha Nidhih, Amtitangomrita vapuhu Pancha Yagna Prabhanjanah/ Pancham vimshiti Tatwagjnah Paarijaata Paaravarah, Sulabha Suvrutah Shuro Vangmayaika nidhirnidhih/ Varnaashrama Gurur Varni Shatrujitcchatru taapanah, Ashramaya Kshapana kshaamo Jnaana vaana chalaachalah/ Pramaana Bhuto Durjayah Suparno Vaayu Vaahanah, Dhanurdharo Dhanur Vedo Guna raashir Gunaakarah/ (21-30)
(Vijitatmaney or of ‘Swaadheena’ / Self Regulated Inner-Soul; Vidheyatma or of Controlled Consciousness; Bhuta Vaahana Sarathi or the Charioteer of  Beings as determined by their own Karma Phala; Saganaaya or accompanied by Pramathaadi Ganaas; Gana Karyaaya or Deva Deva is fully occupied with the Pancha Vimshati Tatwa Gunaas of Twenty Five ‘Tatwas’as referred to above vide Kapila Maharshi’s Sankhya Yoga; Sukeertaye or of Excellent Reputation and Eminence; Chinna Samshaya or the Remover of several doubts and misgivings; Kama Deva or the  Controller of Desire and Lust; Kamapalah or the Chief Administrator and Regulator  of Kama  or of Yearning / Craving; BhasmodhyulitaVigrah or He who turned Manmatha  into burnt ash by opening His Third Eye as the latter tried to provoke Maha Deva’s feelings of Passion and Love for Devi Parvati albeit for Loka Kalyana; Bhasma Priya or Bhagavan is extremely fond of Bhasma or Ash; Bhashmi shaayi or He takes fascination in sporting with and even sleeping on heaps of Bhasma; Kaami Kaantah or the Representation of the Lover and the Beloved signifying Ardha Naareeshwara; Kritaagamah or the Aagamas or Vedas were created by Him; Samyuktaaya or He who is united  with another Entity or Nitya Prakriti Yukta; Nivrittatma or who is bound by the belief in Godly Intervention or the Turns of Fate as opposed to  ‘Pravriti’ or taking proactive Action or Karma; Dharmayuktaya or always along the lines of Dharma or Virtue and Justice; Sada Shivaaya or Sarva Kaala Kalyana Yukta or He with constant accent on Auspiciousness; Chatur Mukhaaya Chatur Bahavey or Ishwara is with Four Faces and Four Hands representing Four Vedas and Four Hands used for Creation, Preservation, Decadence and Destruction; Duraavasa or the One who destroys those who speak ill of others; Durasadaya or Invincible; Durgama insuperable; Durlabha or Inaccessible; Durga or the Alternate Form of Maha Deva; Sarvaayudha Visharada or The Highest Professional of all kinds of weaponry; Adhyatma Yoga Nilaya or the One present in the Yoga Samadhi  or extreme synthesis of Inner Soul and the Supreme; Sutantu Vardhana or the Strengthener of the weak and pathetic; Shubhanga or of exquisite physique; Loka Saranga or the Bhramara /Honey Bee  which collects honey from different flowers; Jagadeesha or the Monarch of the Universe; Amritaashanah or the Consumer of Soma Rasa at the Yagjnas; Bhasma shuddi karaaya or He who purifies his devotees with Bhasma; Meru or of the Swarupa of Kanakadri or the Golden Mount; Ojaswiney or the Fund of Knowledge and Analytical Power;   Suddha Vigraha or the Form of Sanctity and Purity; Hiranya reta or the Supreme Creator of Universal Existence from his virility akin to Agni; Taraniye or the One who facilitates the crossing of the Ocean of Samsaara; *Marichiney or the Great Illusion;[*Also the Swarupa of Marichi of the Sapta Rishis viz. Marichi, Pulaha, Atri, Angira, Pulastya, Kratu and Vasishtha];
Mahimalaya or the Resider of Himalayas; Mahaahrado or of Maha Hridaya or the One riding on the waves of Jnaana Samudra or the Ocean of Knowledge; Maha Garbha or  the Womb of  Great Tatwas that create the Charaachara Jagat or the Universe comprising the Moving and Immovable Beings; Siddhavrindara vanditaaya or the One venerated by Siddhas, Siddha Ganaas, Vrindara Ganas; Vyaghra charma dhara or the Wearer of Tiger Skin; Vyali or One ornamented with strings of serpents; Maha Bhuta or the Virat Swarupa or the Self-Manifested; Maha Nidhih or the Unique Reserve of Assets; Amritanga or of the Indestructible Physical Parts; Amrita Vapu or of Embodied Nectar; *Pancha Yagjnaaya or of the Swarupa of Five Daily Yagjnas-[* viz Deva Yagjna, Rishi Yagjna, Pitru Yagjna, Nara / Mankind Yagjna, Bhuta Yagjna or in favour of animals and birds;]


 Prabhanjanah or like a Stormy Wind; Pancha Vimshati Tatwagjnah or of Twenty Five Tatwas as explained vide Kapilacharya and Sankhya Yoga above-mentioned; Parijataaya or like Parajata Vriksha or Kalpa vriksha manifested at the time of Samudra Mathana; Paraavaraya or of Para Brahma Swarupa; Sulabhaaya or Easy of Achievement if approached appropriately; Suvratah or the Unfailing Discharger of duties and regulations; Shurah or the Most Intrepid Warrior; Vangamayaika Nidhih the Icon of Knowledge, Vidya , Shabda Shastra, Reasoning, Grammar and Vocal finesse; Nidhaya  or the Limitless Endowment; Varnaashrama Guru or the Teacher of the Principles of Varnaashrama or the Duties of the Chaturvarnas of Brahmana-Kshatriya-Vaishya-Shudraas; Shatrujitcchatru taapanah or the One who uproots Opponents and makes their living impossible; Ashrama Guru or the Teacher cum Enforcer of the Ashramas of Brahmacharya-Vivahika-Vaanaprastha- Sanyasa; Shatrujittchatru tapanah or the Subduer and Tormentor of Opponents; Ashramaya or the Regulator of the Cycle of Birth-Growth-Death; Kshapanaya or the Mitigator of the Sins of Bhaktas; Kshamaaya or the Liberal Pardoner of Indiscretions; Jnanavatey or the Epitome of Enlightenment; Achalaachala or the Form of Moveable and Immobile Beings; Pramaana Bhuta or the Authoritative Evidence or Proof of the Cause of the Beings; Durjeyah or he who provides the Knowledge that is difficult to secure; Suparna or of Garuda Swarupa; Vayu Vahana or Rider on Air; Danurdharo or the Carrier of Bow and Arrows; Dhanurvedo or the Paradigm of the Science of Archery; Guna Rashi or the Fund of Features viz. Satwika-Rajasika- Taamasika natures; Gunaakara or the Creator of Gunas);

Anantadrushtiraanando Dando Damayitaa Damah, Abhivado  Mahaacharyo Vishwakarmaa Visharadah/ Veeta raago  Vineetaatma Tapaswai Bhuta Bhaavanah, Unmatta veshah Pracchaanno Jita Kaamo Jita Priyah/ Kalyana Prakritih Kalpah Sarvaloka Prajapatih, Tapaswin Taarako  dheema Pradhana Prabhuravyayah/ Loka paalontarhitaatmaa Kalpaadhih Kamalekshanah, Veda Shastraartha Tatwagjno Niyamo Niyamaashrayah/ Chandra Surya Shanih Keturavinaamo Vidrumatcchavih, Bhakti gamyah Param Brahma Mriga Baanaarpanonaghah/ Adri Raajaalaha Kantah Paramatma Jagadguruh, Sarva Karmaachalastwashtaa Mangalyo Mangaavritah/ Maha Tapa Deergha Tapaah Sthavishtah Sthaviro Dhruvah, Aho Samvatsaro Vyaaptih Pramaanam Parama Tapaah/ Samvatsara karo Mantrah Pratyayah Sarva Darshanah, Ahah Sarveswarah snigdho Maha Retaa Maha Balah/ Yogi Yogyo Maha Retaah Siddhah Sarvaadhiranjitah, Vasurvassumanah Satyah Sarvapaapaharo Harah/  Amritah Shaswataha Shaanto Baana Hastah Prataapavaan, Kamandaludharo Dhanvi Vedaango Vedavin Munih (31-40).
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(Ananta Drishtih or Shiva has the possession of endless vision; Ananda or the Symbol of Joy; Dandaya or the Enforcer of Punishment; Damayita or the One with Great Restraint; Damah or the Characterisation of restraint; Abhivadyo or Extolled by one and all; Mahaacharya or the Illustrious Guru and Guide; Vishwakarma or the Architect of the Universe; Visharadaaya or of the Sarasvati Swarupa the Source of Vidya; Veetaraagah or the Unique One without desire, pride and prejudice; Vinitatmaney or the One with high modesty; Tapaswi or the Exemplary Meditator; Bhuta bhavanah or the One who is always engaged in the welfare of all the Beings; Unmatta Veshaaya or He who displays absurdity and irrationality; Pracchanno or of Concealment and disguise; Jitakaamaaya or the One who conquered  passion and partialities; Ajita priyaya or he is fond of only Vishnu the Invincible; Kalyana Prakritih or has the Outstanding Trait of Auspiciousness ; *Kalpah or the Swarupa of Kalpa or of Everlasting Passage of Time measured in Kalpas, Yugas and so on;
*[ Each Kalpa makes hundred Maha Yugas and the latter comprises one full circle of Yugas stated to include 1200 Deva Years while one Deva Day is hundred human years; there are 30 Kalpas in the Flow of Time and the Time Circle is recurrent again and again! Another explanation of Kalpa relates to Six Vedangas]  
Sarva Loka Prajapatih Maha Deva is the Exclusive and Exceptional Administrator par excellence; Tapaswi; Taaraka or the One who saves from ‘Samsara Samudra’; Dheemaan or the One possessive of High Resolution and Mental Sharpness; Pradhana Prabhavey or the Principal Authority; Avyaya or the Never-Diminishing and Ever Lasting; Loka Paala the Supreme Administrator of Three Lokas; Antarhitatma or the Internal Consciousness devoid of features; Kalapaadih or the Ever Flowing Time as explained above; Kamalekshana or the One with Lotus-like Looks of Clarity and Attractiveness; Veda Shastraagjna Tatwagjna or Master of Tatwas backed by Veda Shastras;* Niyamah or the Principled One practising the Ashtanga Yoga of which Niyama is a significant input-[*‘Yama Niyamaasana Praanaayam Pratyaahara Dharna Dhyaana Samaadhyayoshtangavaani or Yama-Niyama-Asana-Pranaayama- Pratyaahaara-Dharana-Dhyaana-Samaadhi];
Niyamaashrayah or the One with Self-Regulation and Restraint; Chandrah-Suryah-Shanih-Keturviraamah or of the Swarupas of Moon, Sun, Saturn and Ketus; Viraamah or the one in the stage of Rest and relaxation always; Vidrumacchavih or of the brighteness of Corals or sprouting buds; Bhakti gamya or the Ultimate Goal of Bhaktas; Param Brahma or the Prime Creator;  Mriga baanaarpanah or He whose arrows target deer as his mind searches his devotees; Anagha or Blemishless / devoid of sins; Adri rajaalaya or the Resident of Himalayas; Kantah or the Alternate Form of Devi Parvati as Ardha Nareeshwara; Paramatma or the Super Soul; Jagad guruh or the Fabulous Instructor to the Universe; Sarva Karma or the Profile of all actions; Achala Twashta or like the Stable Sun God around whom the Lokas rotate; Mangalyo or the Archtype of Propitiousness or alternatively the Alternate Form of Mangala Graha or Lord Kumara; Mangalaavrita or the periphery of Mangala Graha; Maha Tapa or the  High Personification of Tapas or Meditation; Deergha Tapa; Sthavishtha or of  the Grossest Form; Sthavirah or the Contant; Dhruvah or the Stationary; Ahah or of Ahardiva Swarupa or Repetitive  Day Time; Samvatsaro Vyapti or the Sagjnatmika Swarupa of a Year Long time; Pramanah or the Authoritative Testimony; Param Tapah or the Form of Matchless Meditation; Samvtsara karah or the One who has designated the sixty *Samvatsaras-
[* Prabhava, Vibhava, Shukla, Pramodoota, Prajopatti, Aangirasa, Shrimukha, Bhava, Yuva, Dhaata, Ishwara, Bahudhanya, Pramaati, Vikrama, Vrisha, Chitrabhanu, Swayambhanu, Taarana, Parthiva, Vyaya, Vrisha, Sarvajit, Sarvadhari, Virodhi, Vikruti, Khara, Nandana, Vijaya, Jaya, Manmatha, Durmukhi, Helambi, Vilambi, Vikaari, Sharvaani, Plava, Shubhkrut, Krodhi, Vishwaavasu, Paraabhava, Plavanga, Keelaka, Soumya, Saadhaarana, Virodhikrut, Pareedhaavi, Pramaadeecha, Ananda, Raakshasa, Nala, Pingala, Kaala Yukti, Siddharthi, Roudri, Durmati, Dundhubhi, Rudhi-rodgaari, Raktakshi, Krodhana and Akshaya; all these are of repetitive/ cyclical nature.]
Mantra Pratyayah or of great faith and conviction in Mantras; Sarva Darshanah or the One who visions every thing and every body; Ajah or Nitya Siddha or Everlasting; Sarveshwarah; Snigddhaaya or highly affectionate to his devotees; Mahareta or the Symbol of Virility; Maha Balah or the Almighty; Yogi Yogyah or the Best Specialist of Yoga Practice;  Siddhah the Paramount Accomplisher; Sarvadih or the Primary Generator; Agnidah or the Creator of Jnaanaagni; Vasuh or Preserves the entire ‘Charaachara Srishti’ or the Species of Mobile nature or the Immobile; Vasumanah or of unprejudiced mind; Satyah the Eternal Truth; Sarva Paapa harah or the One who absorbs all kinds of sins and immoralities; Harah the Sign of Destruction;  Amritaaya Shaswataaya or Maha Deva is Amrita Swarupa and is Eternal; Shantah the Epitome of Peace and Tranquility; Bana hastah or the One armed with arrows ready to destroy the Evil; Pratapavan or the One with Courage and Resolution; Kamandalu dharah or the Carrier of the Sacred Vessel containing Amrita; Dhanvi or the Possessor of Bow and Arrows to readily punish the vicious; Vedaanga or the Originator of *Vedangas viz. Siksha, Chanda, Vyakarana, Nirukta, Jyotisha and Kalpa; Vedavin Munih or the Maharshi Rupa who is the Inventor of the Chatur Vedas of Ruk-Yajur-Saama-Atharvana description).

Bhrajishnurbhojanam bhokta Loka neta Duraadharah, Ateendriyo Maha Mayah Sarvaavaasas chatush pathah/ Kaala Yogi Maha Naado Mahotsaaho Maha Balah, Maha Buddhirmahaa Veeryo Bhuta chaari Purandarah/ Nishaacharah Preta chaari Maha Shaktir Mahadyutih, Anideshavapuh Shrimaan Sarvahaaryamitah Gatih/ Bahushruto Bahumayo Niyataatma Bhavodbhavah, Ojastejo Dyuti karo Narthakah Sarva Kaamakah/ Nritya priyo Nrityanrutyah Prakaashatmaa Prataapanah, Buddha spashtaaksharo Mantrah Sanmaanah saarasam plavah/ Yugaadi krudyugavartho Gambhiro Vrisha Vaahanah, Ishto Visishtah Shishteshto Sharabhah Sharabho Dhanuh/ Apaam nidhiradhishtanam Vijayo Jayakaalavit, Pratishthitah Pramnajno Hiranya Kavacho Harih/ Virochanah Suragano Vidyesho Vibudhaashrayah, Baalarupo Balonmaathi Vivarto Gahano Guruh/ Karanam Karanam Karta Sarvabandha vimochanah, Vidyuttamo Veetabhayo Vishwa bhartaa Nishaakarah/ Vyavasaayo  Vyavasthanaah Sthaanado Jagadaadijah, Dundhubho Lalitho Vishvo Bhavataatmaani samsthitah/ (41-50)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
Bhrajishnu the Embodiment of Effulgence; Bhojanam or Ahaara or Food; Bhokta or the Consumer of the Food too; Lokaneta or the Leader of Three Lokas; Duraadhara or Irressitible but invincible; Ateendraya or far beyond the physical limbs and mental faculties; Maha Maya or The Great Illusion; Sarvavaasa or Maha Deva might reside any where; Chatushpathah or He allows entry to any of the Four Routes viz. Dharma- Artha-Kaama- Moksha; Kala Yogi or the One who decides and knows the Past-Present-Future as also theTime of Birth- Growth-Termination of each Being; Maha Naada or the Swarupa of the Pronounced Reverberation of the Sound of Omkaara; Mahotsaah or the Boundless Form of Zeal and Zest; Maha Bala or the Personification of Strength and Valour; Maha Buddhi or the Unique Brainpower and Faculty of Understanding; Maha Veerya or the Omni-Potent having generated Srishti of the Universe; Bhuta chari or the Accepter of the company of even Spirits of questionable existence; Purandara literally means destroyer of Abodes and Puras/ Townships- as generally called Indra but is an epithet of Shiva as the Liberator of Souls in general as also in the context of his decimating Tripurasuras; Nishacharah or Energetic in the nights; Pretachari or the Accompanier of Dead Bodies; Maha Shakti; Maha Dyuti or the Form of Outstanding Lustre; Anirdeshya Vapu or of Colossal Physical Form; Shriman or  Nitya Shri yukta or of Ever lasting  Opulence; Sarvahaaryamitaya or the Mahakaala or the Signage of Destruction; Bahu shruta or the Supreme Author of all Scriptures; Bahu maya or the Provider of Contentment to the maximum of Beings; Niyatatmaney or the One approachable always; Bhavodbhava or the Originator of ‘Samsara’; Ojastejodyutikaraaya the Creator of Life-Strength and Brightness; Nartaka or Nata Raja, the Exceptional Dancer in the Worlds; Sarva Kaamaka or the Great Fulfiller of Desires and Expectations; Natya Priyo or the Inimitable Lover of Dance; Nitya nrithya or Ever-Absorbed Practitioner of Dance; Prakashatma or the Manifestation of Luminosity; Pratapana or the Flagship of Valor and Courage; Buddhi Spashtaakshara Mantra or Omkara Mantra emerging from Maha Deva’s Thinking Clarity and and Purity; Sanmanah or the Celebrated and Glorified;  Saaramsamplavah or the Means to achieve the best of life; Yugadi krudyugaavarta or He who regulates Yugas; Gambhira or the Most Complex beneath a normal appearance; Vrish Vahana or Nandi as His carrier; Ishtya or the One cherishable by all;  Vishishta Shershthaha or the Distinguished and the Best;* Sharabha or the Avatara of Shiva –
*[After the killing of Demon Hiranyakashipu, Nrisimhadeva the Incarnation of Vishnu did not cool down and Devas prayed to Shiva to appease his anger; Shiva then assumed the Swarupa of Sharabha as the eight-legged deer with Lion face, thousand arms and two wings and eventually made Nrisimha less powerful];
Sharabhodhanuh or the Carrier of Famed Pinakini the bow and arrows; Aapaam nidhi or of the Description of Oceans; Adhishtaana or the Prime Clamp of the Universe; Vijaya or the Symbol of Victory; Jayakalavit or of the Awareness of innumerable victories; Pratishthithah or of well established reputation and glory; Praamanagjna  or the whole world  has the Evidentail Knowledge of his Magnificence;  Hiranaya Kavachah or the Golden Shield against the Malicious Forces; Harih or the devastator of the sins of Beings; Virochanah or Reliever of all kinds of hurdles and diffuculties; Sura ganah or the Representational Form of crores of Devatas; Vidyeshah or the Image of Vidyas; Vibudhaashrayuah or the One surrounded by countless Jnanis and Yogis; Baala Rupah or of Rudra Deva who was manifested from the fore head of Brahma as a child; Balonmatti or the One who is obsessed by own Shakti; Vivartah or the One who is extremely busy with ever-mobile visits all over the Universe; Gahanah or  Incomprehensible; Guruh or the Highest Instructor; Karanam-Kaaranam-Karta or the Action-Cause-and the Actor; Sarva bandha vimochanah or the Emancipator of Shackles; Vidyuttamah or the Great Absorber of Knowledge; Veeta bhayah or the One without any type of fear or apprehension; Vishva Bhartha or the One who holds the unimaginable weight of the Universe; Nishaakarah or the Cause of Nights and Darkness; Vyavasaayah or the Assiduous Worker with determination; Vyavasthaanah or who formulates the methodology of various Establishments; Sthaanadah or the Decider of Places and Duties to various entities; Jagadaadija or the Prime Most Manifestation of the Worlds; Dundhubah or the Ever-Destroyer of the Evil; Lalitah or the incomparable Form of softness and adjustment; Vishvah or the Alternate Form of Mahadeva; Bhavaatmaani Samsthitah or He who is the Representation of Bhavas or the Inner most Feelings, Features, Characteristics and Thoughts);
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Veereshvaro Veerabhadro Veeraha Veerabhudviraat, Veera chudaamanirvetta Teevra Naado Nadeedharah/ Aagjnaadhaarah Trishuli cha Visishtah Shivaalayah, Vaalakhilyo Mahaachaapah Tigmamshurnidhiravyayah/ Abhiraamah Susharanah Subrahmanyah Sudhapatih, Maghavan Koushiko Gomaan Vishraamah Sarvashasanah/ Lalataaksho Vishwadevah Saarah Samsaarachakrabhrut, Amogha dandi Madhyastho Hiranyo Brahma varchasi/ Paramarthah Paramayah Shambaro Vyaghrakonalah, Ruchirvaruru Ruchirvandyo Vaachaspatiraharpatih/ Ravirvirochanah Skandhah Shastaa Vaivasvato janah, Yuktirnnata Keertischa Shantaraagah Paraajayah/ Kailaasapati Kaamaarih Savitaa Ravilochanah, Vidwattamo Veetabhayo Vishwa Hartaa Nivaaritah/ Nityo Niyata Kalyaanah Punya Shravana Keertanah, Doorashravaa Vishwasaho Dheyo Duhkha Dusswapna Naashanah/ Uttaarako Dushkrutihaa Dhurdarsho Dussahobhayah, Anaadirbhurbhuvo Lakshmih Kireeti Tridashaadhipah/ Vishwagopta Vishwa bharta Sudheero Ruchiraangadah, Janano  Jana Janmaadih Preetimaan nitimaannayah/(51-60)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(Veereshwarah or the Mighty Swarupa of Gallantry and Intrepidity; Veerabhadra or the Chief of Rudra Ganas who devastated the Daksha Yagjna as Devi Sati immolated in Homaagni as the latter could not contain her insults about her husband Maha Deva by her father; Veerah or the Symbol of Valour; Veerabhudvirat or the Collossal Form of Strength; Veerachudaamani or the Head-Ornament as symbolic of Heroism; Vetta or the All-Knowing; Teevra Naada or of the resounding sound of Om as a result of friction of the movement of Planets; Nadeedharah or the One who carries Devi Ganga on his head; Aagjnaadhara Shuli or the Trishula Dhara Shiva who is obeyed by one and all at once; Visishta Shivalaya or He who is present  in the most distinguished Temples all over the Worlds; *Vaalakhilya or of the Swarupa of the Celestial Rishis called Vaalakhilya Rishis-
[ *The Rishis were of  thumb size who were famed to perform Tapasya by hanging upside down the trees; they were heckled by Indra as they contibuted a small twig at a Yagjna by Kashyapa Muni where as Indra contributed a huge mountain! ]
*Maha chaapa or the Shiva Dhanush the Distinguished Bow and Arrows that subdued Rakshasas subsequently gifted to King Janaka the father of Devi Sita as a pre condition of her wedding by Shri Rama the Epic Hero of Ramayana and the Incarnation of Bhagavan Vishnu the Scripter of this Shiva Sahasra Naama;  
Trigmaanshu or the epithet of Surya Deva who is Unvisionable due to his piercing rays; Nidhir-avyayah or the Huge Deposit of Magnificence and Illumination; Abhiraamaya or the Shelter of Yogis desirous of enjoying relaxation; Susharanah or the Refuge Point of those requiring safety and protection from the Worldly Evils; Subrahmanyah or the Excellent explainer and interpreter of the intricacies of Sacred Scriptures [ Tapo Vedashcha Satyam cha Jnaanam cha Brahma Sagjnitam hitah Subrahmanyah]; Sudhapatih or the Custodian of Amrita; Maghavan or the Alternate Form of Indra; Koushikah or of the Swarupa of Maharshi Koushika; Goman or of the Swarupa of Cows and Cowherds or Gouvishwarupa; Vishramah or Resting Point of the Soul of Beings between births and deaths; Sarva Shasanaha or the Supreme Administrator  whose decisions are final; Lalaatakshah or the Retainer of His Third Eye on His Forehead; Vishva Dehaha or His Physical Form constitutes the Universe in totality; Saarah the Quintessence of Existence viz. the Symbol of Life’s Cycle; Samsaara Chakra bhrit or the Clutch and Grip of Life and Death; Amogha dandi or the Irretrievable Awarder of Fruits of Karma; Madhyastha or with no prejudices or inhibitions and absolutely just and neutral; Hiranya or of the Eternal Fund of Radiance; Brahmavarchasi or the Sourcer of Radiance to Brahma Deva called Brahma Varchas as accomplished by the deserved ; Paramaarthah or Supreme Fulfillment which Maha Deva  grants; Paramaayi or the Origin of  Bliss beyond the realm of sorrows; *Shambara or or the  Swarupa of Water and Cloud and Shiva as the Image of Propitiousness –[ *Another reference of Shambara was that he was a Demon who kidnapped Pradyumna the son of Krishna but on learning that the child was Krishna’s son threw the boy in a river; a fish swallowed the boy but a fisherman caught the fish and gifted it back to Sambara who in turn sent the fish to his kitchen and the maid of the kitchen found a boy from the stomach of the fish; she brought up the boy and eventually fell in love and married him; Krishna realised the background and Pradyumna killed the demon finally] ; Vyaghrakonalah or Shiva is of the the Swarupa of a Tiger and of Agni; Ruchih or of Extreme Radiance; Virinchi or the Alternate Form of Brahma Deva; Vedyah or of the Veda Swarupa; Vaachaspati or in the Profile of Vidya Pati Lord Brahma the Bestower of Knowledge; Aharpati or of the Swarupa of Surya the Lord of the Day Time; Ravih or Shiva as  the Altenate Form of Surya; Virochana or the Alternate Form of  Agni; Skanda or Shiva as Epithet of Kumara; Shasta or Shiva again as Kumara as the latter was the Administrator of Rules and Regulations as prescribed in Vedas and other Scriptures; Vaivaswato janah or Shiva as of the Swarupa of Yama and his Subjects; Yuktih or the Master of the the Followers of Ashtaanga Yoga;Unnati Keertih or of the Symbol of High Popularity and Fame; Shanta Raagah or the one desirous of Tranquility; Parajayah or the One defeated by Bhakti; Kailasapati or the Chief of Kailasa Mountain; Kaamari or the Adversary of Kama Deva/ Manmatha; Savitha or  the Creator or another epithet of Bhagavan Shiva; Ravilochana or Parama Shiva assumes Surya as one of  his eyes since Surya-Chandra-Agni are his eyes; Vidwattamah or the Symbol of Knowledge or Learning as in ‘Ishanah Sarva Vidyaanaam’; Veeta bhayah or the Antithesis of Distress or Fear; Vishwa harta or the Ultimate Terminator of the Universe; Nivarita or the  Great Impediment against the Evil; Nitya or the Eternal; Niyata kalyana or the Proven Form of Auspiciousness; Punya Shravana Keertana or the Hymn eulogising Bhagavan yielding good results; Doorashrava or the Praise of Maha Deva heard from a long distance; Vishwasah or the Symbol of Tolerance; Dhyeyo or the Aim which Yogis and  devotees seek to reach; *Dusswapna Naashanah or the Destroyer of Bad Dreams-
*[Bad Dreams and Dreams portending death include sights of shaven heads, shabby clothes, drinking oil, angry Gods or Brahmanas, steep falls from heights, killing snakes or animals, wedding scenes, and playing with monkeys; fire; drying up of water bodies, crooked noses and long ears, black tongue, upward looks, crows sitting in rows, sticking in mud or slush, shouts, view of rainbows and lightenings, preta piscachas,  etc. The remedial actions include recitals of Durga /Chandi Sapta Padi, Shiva-Vishnu Sahasranaamaas and Gajendra Moksha Kathana;  Source : Agni Purana]
Uttarako or the one who could provide a safe passage by a ship through the rough Seeas of Samsara; Dushkritiha or the destroyer of bad deeds or Sins; Durdharah or the One who never supports the negative ideas or actions;  Dussaho bhayah or the One who relieves from *Dusshah or the Destroyer of the Intolerant-
*[The Personificatoin of Dussaha in each house hold is stated to be Brahma’s creation present in each and very house hold as an evil  force full of mean qualities like intolerance, greed, hatred, inhibition, selfishiness and cruelty; Dussah married Nirmayishta the daughter of Lord Yama and their progeny include eight sons Dantakrisht (Teething troubler), Tathotki (Body Growth Stunter), Parivartak (Narma garbha bhashana or double meaning speaker), Angadhruk ( Provocator of deeds and words), Shakuni ( Foreteller of Good-Bad Events either as a crow or dog or owl), Gandatara (Child Delivery Troubler), Garbhaantaka (Snipper of Embrioys) and Dhana-Dhanya haara; the eight daughters of Dussha are Nijojika or Para Stree / Paradravya stealer, Virodhini or Spoiler of relationships, Kharihan or Bhojana Naashani, Shraamani or Creator of Unrest and exciter of vicious deeds, Ritumati or Trouble maker of Female Menses, Smitiharaatmika or the destroyer of family happiness, Beeja- patarini or the Ruiner of matrinonial harmony and Dweshini or the One who breeds hatred and Contempt; Source: Markandeya Purana];
Abhayah or Provider of Succor or the Guarantee against difficulties; Anadi Bhurbhuah Lakshmi or the Image of the Timeless Past of Bhur-Bhuvah- Swar lokas and their Lakshmi Swarupas; Kireeti or Bhagavan in  the Profile of Arjuna who entered into a battle with Shiva in disguise as a Hunter as to who killed their targetted boar first; Tridashaadhipah or the Supreme Deva of three directions of Earth-Higher Lokas-Lower Lokas; Vishwagopta or the Concealed Protector of the Universe; Vishwa Bharta or the Preserever of the Worlds; Sudheerah or the Most Valiant; Ruchirangada or the One with exquisite limbs; Janana the Creator; Jana Janmaadih or Prime Generator of Beings; Preetiman or the Fund of Fondness and Approachability; Neetimaatryah or the Symbol of Morality);
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Visishtah Kashyapo Bhanur Bheemo Bheem Paraakramah, Pranava Saptadhaacharo Mah Kayo Mahaa Dhanuh/ Janmaadhipo Maha devah Sakalaagama paaragah, Tatwaattatwa Vivekaatmaa Vibhushinirbhuti bhushanah/ Rishirbrahmanavijjishnu Janma Mrityu Jaraatigah, Yagjno Yagjnapatir- yajwaa Yagjnaantomogha vikramah/ Mahendro Durbharah Seni Yagjnaango Yagjnavaahanah, Pancha Brahma Samutpattirvishwesho Vimalodayah/ Atmayoniranaadyanto Shadvimshat Sapta loka bhrit, Gayatri Vallabhah Praamshurvishwaa vaasah Prabhakarah/ Shishurgaritah Samrat Sushenah Sura Shatruha, Amoghorishta mathano Mukundo Vigatajjwarah/ Swayam jyotirh anujjotirachanchalah, Pingalah Kapilashmashruh Shastra Netra trayi tanuh/ Jnaana skandho Mahaa Jnaani Nirupattirupa- plavah, Bhago Vivaswaanaadityo Yogaachaaryo Brihaspatih/ Udaara Keertirdyogi Sadyogi Sada-sanmayah, Nakshtra Maali Rakeshah Swadhishtaanah Sharaashrayah/ Pavitra Paanih Paapaarirmani- pooro manogatih, Hrutpundareekamaaseenah Shuklah Shanto Vrishaakapih/ (61-70)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Vishishtah or the Most Distinguished; Kashyapah or of the Image of Maha Muni Kashyapa the father of Virtue and Vice alike as of Deva-Daanavas; Bhanuh or the Alternate Swarupa of Surya Deva; Bhimaparakramah or one of Maha Deva’s  Incarnations as the Representation of Bravery and Power-
[*Bhima one of the Dwadasha  Jyotir Lingas viz. Somnatha, Shrishaila Mallikarjuna, Ujjain’s Mahakaal, Omkareshwara, Kedareshwara, Bhima Shankara, Kashi Vishwanatha, Trayambakeshwara, Vaidyanatha, Naganatha, Jagdeshwara, Rameshvara, and Ghrishneshwara]
Pranavah or Omkara Swarupa; *Saptaadhaara or Seven Adhaaras of th Universe –[* Sapta Devatas viz. Agni, Vayu, Surya, Brihaspati, Varuna, Indra and Vishwa deva; Sapta Veda Mantras vix. Bhu-Bhuvah-Suvah-Mahah, Janah, Tapah and Satya; Sapta Rishis stated to be in the On-going Manvantara viz. Vishwamitra, Jamadagni, Bharadwaja, Gautama, Atri, Vasishtha and Kashyapa; Sapta Mantra Vahana / Chandas viz. Gayatri, Ushnik, Anushthup, Brihat, Pankti, Trishthup and Jayati etc.]
Mahakayo or of Virat Swarupa; Maha Dhanuh or Shiva who possesses the Mightiest Set of Bow and Arrows; Janmaadhipah or the Singular Source of Births or Creation; Maha Deva or the Devaadhi Deva; Sakalaagama paaragah or the Great exponent and expert of all Vedas and Sacred Scriptures; Tatwaattatwa Vivekatmaa or the One who indeed is aware of what is Tatwa or what is not- ie. Tat or That-Am or You/Atat or Not That-Am or You; Vibhushana or Ornamented  with Vidya and Susheelata; Bhuti Bhushana or Ornamented with Pancha Bhutas of ‘Prithivyaapastejovaayura- akaashas’; Rishirbrahmaavid- Rishih or ‘Ateendraya darshakah’- or who could visualise beyond the Physical Parts or the Unknown beyond the Self; Brahmana vid or known to Brahmanas too; Vishnu Janma Mrityujaraatigah or Vishnu transcends all the features of birth-death-old age; Yagjo Yagjnapati  or Shiva is the Yagjna Swarupa and the Chief of Yagjnas too; Yajwa or Sakala Yagjna Yajamana Swarupa; Yajnaanta or the Successful End of Yagnas too; Amogha or the Unblemished and Translucent; Vikramah the Embodiment of Bravery; Mahendrah or of the Alternate Form of Indra; Durbharah or the One beyond the capacity of Sorrows; Senani or  the Commander in Chief of Devas; Yagjnaangi or the Detailed Format of Yagjnas; Yagjna vaahanah or the Vehicle that supplies the ‘Ahutis’ or offerings to the concerned Devas; *Pancha Brahma Samutpatti or the One who is the Origin of Five Brahmas-
*[These are responsible respectively for Creation-Preservation-Dissolution-Concealment-Revival viz. Sadyojata the West Faced representing Prithvi, Vamadeva the Nort Faced representing Jala, Aghora the South Faced representing Agni, Tatpurusha the Concealer facing East representing Vayu and Ishana Faced North East representing Aakaasha or Sky]       
Vishwesho or the Over Lord of the Universe; Vimalodayah or the Sacred Creator of all the Beings; Atmayoni or Self-Generated; Anaadyantah or the One devoid of Beginning and End; Shadvimshat or the Swarupa of Twenty Six Tatwas including Prakriti/ Maya [See Pancha Vimshat Tatwas afore mentioned]; Sapta Loka Dhruk or of the Huge Profile of Seven Lokas of Bhur-Bhuva-Swaha-Mahah-Janah-Tapaha-Satya; Gayatri Vallabhah or the Form of Devi Gayatri’s Husband; Pranshu or of the Extreme Radiance of Surya Kiranas; Vishwaavaasah or the One who occupied the entire Universe as his Abode; Prabhakara or Maha Deva as the Producer of Abundant Morning Rays; Shishuh or the Swarupa of an innocent child; Giriratah or He who is fully occupied with activities related to Kailasa Mountain; Saamrat or the Highest Authority; Susenah or the Signage of Grandeur; Sura shastruh or the destroyer of the Opponents of Devas; Amogha or the Infallible and also Shiva’s expressions are never failing; Arishtamathanah or the punisher of misfortunes and evil forces; Mukundah or the Bestower of Mukti or Salvation; Vigata jwarah or the Curer of even the worst kind of ailments; Swayam jyotih or the Self-lluminmated; Atma Jyoti ot the resplendent Inner Soul; Achlaanchala or the Firm and steady flame of eternity; Pingalah or the one attired with tiger skin; Kapila smashru or he with yellow reddish moustache and beard; Shaastranetra trayi tanuh or His physique is full of Shastra Nyaya Vyakarana Three Vedas; Jnaana Skandha Maha Nidhih or His body is like the Tree trunk full  of Stock of Knowedge to guide devotees to attain Salvation; Maha Jnaani or the Symbol of Sublime Knowledge; Nirutpatti or the Unborn; Upaplavaha or the tormentor like Rahu Deva (‘Upaplavah Saimhikeyah’); Bhago Viwaswanaadityah or Bhagavan Shiva assumes three Forms of Surya Deva viz. Bhaga-Viwasva-Aditya; Yogaacharya or the Reputed Teacher of Yoga; Brihaspati or of the Alternative  manifestation of Deva Guru; Udaara Keerti or the One with exalted fame; Udyogi or Sign of Hard Work as a Yogi in the pursuit of Mukti; Sadyogi or an exemplary Yogi ever engaged in guidance and encouragement to the Virtuous; Sadasanmayah or fully busy in performing Universal Well-being; Nakshatra Maali or Maha Deva who decorates the Sky-Line with strings of twinkling Stars; Rakeshah or the Magnificent Master of the far spread Sky; *Swadhishtaana or one of the Main Sources of Vital Energy being one of the Seats of Parama Shiva in the Physique of each Being; Shadaashrayah or the Six other Sources of Vital Force;
[* The Seven Chakras present in a human body are Mulaadhara, Swahishtaana, Manipura, Anahata, Vishuddha, Agjna and Sahasraara and these seek to correlate the levels of inner consciousness influencing the state of mind];
Pavitra paanih or the Sacred Hand symbolising Abhaya Mudra of the Sign of Fearlessness; Papaaraye or another expression of sinlessness; Manipura or the Representation of Inner Strength and Poise as governed by Vishnu Deva; Manogatih or Shiva the Speed - Controller of the flow of Mental Energy; Hridpunareeka maaseenah or Parama Shiva is seated and settled on the Lotus-like  Inner Consciousness of devotees; Shuklah or of the Crystal Clear complexion of Shiva; Shantah or the embodiment of Tranquility; Vrishakapi or the Shanta Kampana or the pro-active means of encouraging Peacefulness);
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Vishnur Grahapatih Krishnah Samarthonartha naashanah, Adharma Shatru Rakshayyaha Puruhutah Purushthatah/ Brahma garbho Vrishadgarbho Dharma Dhenurdhanaagamah, Jagaddhitaishu sugatah Kumarah Kushalaagamah/ Hiranya Varno Jyotishman Nanaanubhutadharo Dhwanih, Arogo Niyama -adhaksho Vishwamitro Dwijottamah/ Brihajjyotih Sudhaama cha Mahaajjotiranuttamah, Maataamaho Maatarishwa Nabhaswaa Naaga haara dhruk/ Pulastyah Pulahogastyo Jaatukarnya Paraasharah, Niraavara dharmagjno Virincho Vishtarashavaah/ Atma bhuri niruddho trijnaana Murtir Maha Yashaah, Loka Chudaamanirveerah Chanda Satya Paraakramah/ Vyaala Kalpo Mahaa Kalpo Mahaa Vrikshah Kalaadharah, Alankarishnustwachalo Rochishnurvikramottamah/ Aashu shabda Patirvegi Plavanah Shikhi Sarathih, Asamsrushtotithih Shakrah Pramaathee Paapa naashanah/ Vashushravaah Kavya vaahah Pratapto Vishwa bhojanah, Jaryo Jaraadhi shamano Lohitascha Tanuna paat/ Prushadashvo Nabho Yonih Supreetaakasta Mitrah, Nidhaadastapano Meghah Pakshah Para Puranjayah/ ( 71-80)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Vishnuh or Maha Deva as Vishnu’s Avatara; Graha pati or Bhagavan Shiva is the Authority Figure of the Nine Planets viz. ‘Adityaaya Somaaya Mangalaaya Budhaayacha Guru Shukra Shanibhaschya Rahavey Ketavey Namah’;  Krishnah or Shiva as of the Swarupa of Bhagavan Krishna; Samarthah or the One who is incredibly capable; Anartha naashanaaya or the Destroyer of Anarthaas or grave difficulties; Adharma Shatru or the proven antagonistic opponent of Viciousness; Rakshayya or the Sign of Security and Safety; Puruhuta Purushasthita or Applauded and Celebrated by Indra, Vedas and countless others; Brahma Garbha or Brahma and Vedas retained in his belly; Vrishad rupa or  the Retainer of the Universe in his Garbha; Dharma dhenavey or Shiva as the Sared Cow represented as Dharma; Dhanaagamah or when Shiva is worshipped could prosperity be far behind!; Jagadishtuh Shiva has no partial view in the Universe to any body who deserves; Sugatah Shiva is known as compassionate and lenient to one and all including the vicious ones; Kumarah or Shiva assumes the Swarupa of Kumara Swami; Kushalagamah or he is the harbinger of happiness due to health and wealth; Hiranya Varnah or of Golden Complexion; Jyotishmaan or the Representation of Jyotish Vidya the Science of Fururistic Knowledge; Naanaa Bhuta dhari or Shiva the encourager of all types of Bhutas like Piscachas and such other questionable entities; Dhwani or the Eternal Sound of Pranava; Arogah or the bestower of the gift of diseaselessness; Niyamaadhyashah or the Presider and Enforecer of Regulations of Discipline and  Self Control;  *Vishwamitra or Shiva in the Form of  Maharshi Swarupa -
[* Vishwamitra was a Symbol of tenacity to convert himself as Maharshi from being a Rajarshi, a Kshatriya, owing to  his enormous Shakti of Tapas; the Maharshi was famed for  his feature of clemency to Trishanku a King turned into a Chandala due to Vasishtha’s curse; his grit to create an Alternate Swarga for the sake of Trishnku out of gratitude since who looked after the Maharshi’s family in his absence for a long spell of Tapasya;  his testing King Harischandra of truthfulness to extreme limits, his training Shri Rama as a teen-ager in Astra-Sikshana or the art of archery against the wishes of Dasharatha and eventually to announce Rama’s bravery to the Demons and the Vicious thus paving way for the Wedding of Devi Sita and so on];
Dwijottamah or Parama Shiva assumes the  Image of an Exemplary and the most virtuous Brahmana; Bridhajjyoti or Shiva assumes the Swarupa of Bhagavan Surya as the Visibly Brightest in Creation; Sudhama or the Most Radiant in Srishti of his (Shiva) own; Maha Jyoti or the Supreme  Illumination; Anuttamah or There is none else as noble as Shiva; Mataamaho or of the Glory of  a Mother’s Father as suggestive of Jagajjani Maya or in the normal parlance a  maternal Grand Father which Shiva never had; Matarishwena or Vayu Rupa on Antariksha; *Nabhaswana or of the Profile of Sky[ *Daksha Prajapati had twenty four daughters from Prasuti and another sixty from Virini; of these thirteen were wedded to Dharma and among the Rishis who were so married were Nabhaswana, Naga Hardrika, Pulastya, Pulaha, Agastya, Jatakarma, Parashara and Nirvarana]; Naaga hara- dhruk or the  Wearer of a Snake-Garland;  Pulastya and  Pulaha or Shiva as Pulastya-Pulaha Maharshis- [Different Maharshis were designated as among the Sapta Rishis in different Manvantaras; Marichi, Atri, Angirasa, Pulah, Kratu, Pulastya and Vasishtha in an earlier Manvantatara] ;
*Agastya or Shiva in the Rupa of Agastya –
*[Both Agastya and Vasishtha were called as Kumbhaja brothers as they were born from a pitcher in which the semens of Mitra and Varuna Maharshis were deposited  on seeing the fascination of Apsara Urvashi; Vasishtha was born as the incarnation of Vayu Deva  and Agastya from Agni. The famed Agastya ate the two demons Ilwal and Vataapi as they invited the Muni for a meal at Shraaddha and cooked  Vaatapi so that the latter who had the boon of his meat to come alive could break open the stomach of the eater so that the demons could enjoy Agastya’s dead body but the far-sighted Agastya while eating Vatapi’s meat addressed the demon saying : ‘Jeernam Jeernam Vatapi Jeernam’ and indeed Vatapi was digested! Agastya had also the distinction of taking ‘Auoposhana ’ or sipping the entire Ocean as he was annoyed with Sumudra Deva and retained  the water in his body; as Devas prayed to him he released the water from his body again through his male organ!Agastya Muni was the illustrious Scripter of Lalitha Sahasranama, Saraswati Sahasra Naama and Adithya Hridaya among innumerable  other works  like Nadi Shastra];
Jatakarnya or  Shiva assumed the Rupa of the Muni  and was the intiator of Samskaaras like Pumsavana to facilitate the pre-natal Puja and Jata Karma after the birth of a Child; *Parashara or Shiva took the form of the limping Sage[* who was the grand father of VedaVyasa whose mother Satyavati had an illicit affair with the Muni and begot Vyasa, the first cousin of Bhishma born of Ganga and King Shantanu as Satyavati was wedded to the King subsequently]; Niravarana  Dharmagjna : Shiva also  took the Form of Niravarana Dharma another grandson of Daksha; Virinchi or of Brahma Swarupa; Vishtasharva or of the Swarupa of Ashwattha Vriksha; Atma bhuvey or the Charaachara Sarva Jagat; Aniruddhah or Overpowering and Irrepressible or another name for Vishnu; Vigjnaana Murti or the manifestation of Knowledge; Maha Yashah or the Personification of Glory and Fame; Loka Chudaamani or the Head-Jewel of Shiva the Alternate Shape of the Universe; Veerah or the Most Gallant;  Chanda Satya Parakramah or  the aggressively truthful champion; Vyala Kalpa or the One with snakes all over; Maha Kalpa or the Universal Destruction at the end of a Day of Brahma of thousand yugas;  Maha Vriksha or the Kalpa Vriksha that bestows boons to the Beings or alternatively stated in Bhagavad Gita as ‘ Urthva Moolamagha shaakha mashwaddhyam praahuravyayam’; Kalaadharah or the One who assumes Chandra Kalaas*
[*As per Shiva’s own decision of waning or waxing and rising shades of brightness in response to Daksha Prajapati’s curse to Chandra that the latter (son-in-law) should lose his brightness for ever since he was neglecting his all other daughters except Rohini];
Alankarishnavey or the Murti who is elegantly ornmented; Achalah or Stable and Determined; Rochishnu or Incarnation of  Luminosity; Vikramottamah or the personification of courage and gallantry; Aashu shabda Patir Vegi or Instantly reactive and speedy to  Sound waves; Plavanah or the One capable to enable swimming  across Samsara Sagara; Shikhi Sarathi or the One who could charioteer the tasks of Agni or carry ‘havish’ or the offerings to Devas; Asamsrushtah or he who is not always satisfied as Maya or Illusion is always at work; Atithi or He who is not bound by formalities since  he could arrive any time with no reference to Tithi or Nakshatra; Shakrah Pramaathi or the Swarupa of Indra; Paapa naashanah or the demolisher of sins);Vasushravaah or He who hears and considers what *Ashtaavasus would  advise to Shiva-
[* Ashtaavasus viz. Aapa, Dhruva, Soma, Dhara, Anila, Anala, Pratyusha and Prabhasa  once visited Vasishtha’s Ashram along with their wives and desired to possess Nandini the Kamadhenu; as the Maharshi refused Prabhasa he took lead in stealing the cow while other Vasus too abetted the plan. Vasishtha cursed the Vasus to become humans but reduced the impact of the curse to all of them to be born as humans only for a few hours except Prabhasa the ring  leader. Thus Devi Ganga who was married to King Shantanu of Maha Bharata on condition that what even she did should not be questioned but she drowned the new borns one by one in the River but he could not contain himself and asked Ganga why did she do such merciless actions; Ganga left Shantanu as the eighth child was spared but deserted the King for good. The eighth child was Gangeya who was Bhishma and that was Prabhasa the Leader of Ashta Vasus who secured Vasishta’s curse that he should have a full life but without a wife since Prabhasa listned to his wife and stole the Kama Dhenu Nandini];
KavyaVaahaaya or Shiva carries the offerings at the Shraddhaas of Pitru Devatas; incidentally the Samidhas  carried by Agni to Devatas is called Havis; Prataptaaya  or like the molten  glow;Vishwa bhojana or at the time Universal Destruction Maha Deva assumes the violent Swarupa of a huge meal of the Universe; Jaryaaya or of the manifestation of the old age of the Beings; Jaryadhi shamnnah or the lessenor of the symptoms of advanced age too; Lohitascha or of the Huge Metallic Trident; Taunapaat or the Sacrificer of his own body; Prushadashvaya or Shiva possesses the horse that flies as fast as wind;  Nabho or He of the all pervading Sky; Yoni or Jagadaakara rupa or the Manifestation of Creative Energy as the Universe; Supreeta or of the extraordinarily attractive and shapely physique; Tamishraghney or the extinguisher of Ignorance or darkness; Nidaaghaya Tapanaya or of the Rupa of scorching and  blistering of Greeshma Ritu; Meghaya Pakshaaya or of the Season of  Clouds and Rains; Para Puranjaya or of the Subtle Form of Puramjaya or Parama Shiva);
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mukhaanilah Sunishpannaha Surabhih Shishiratmakah, Vasanto Madhavo Greeshmo Nabhasyo Beeja Vaahanah/ Angeera Muniraatreyo Vimalo Vishwa Vaahanah, Pavanah Purujicchakrastrividyo Nara Vahanah/ Manobuddhirahankaarah Kshetrajnah Kshetrapaalakah, Tejonidhirjnaaa nidhirvipaako Vighnakaarakah/ Adharonuttaro Jneyo Jyeshtho Nisshreyasaalayah, Shailo Nagastanudemho Danavaarirarindamaha/ Chrudheerjanakaschaaruvishalyo Lokashalyakrut, Chaturvedaschaturbhavas-Chaturaschaschatura Priyah/ Aamnaayotha  Samaamnaayasteertha DevaShivaalayah, Bahurupo  Maha Rupah Sarvarupascharaacharah/ Nyaaya nirvaahako Nyaayo Nyaanagamyo Niranjanah, Sahasra Murthaa Devendrah Sarva Shastra Prabhanjanah/ Mundo Virupo Vikruto Dandi Daanto Gunottamah, Pingalkaaksho Haryaksho Nilagreevo Niraamayah/ Sahasra baahuh Sarweshah Sharnyah Sarva Loka Bhrut, Padmaasanah Paramjyotih Paraavara param phalah/ Padma garbho Maha garbho Vishwa garbho Vichakshanah, Paraavaragjno Beejeshah Sumukhah Sumahaaswanah/( 81-90);
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   
Mukhaanilah or of the Agni-Faced; Sunishpaanna or the Originator of Sarva Shobhana or Ever Charming; Surabhih or like the Celestial Cow that fulfills all desires; *Shishiratmaka or the Swarupa of *Shishira Rithu of Winter  [*Vasanta or Spring (Chaitra-Vaishakha), Greeshma or Summer (Jyeshtha-Ashadha), Varsha or Monsoon (Shravana-Bhadrapada), Sharad or Autumn (Ashvin-Kartika), Hemanta or Pre-Winter (Margashira-Pushya) and Shishira or Winter (Magha-Phalguna)]
Vasantho Madhava or of the ideal Vasanta Ritu or the budding Season known as Vasantosawas of which Madhava is identified with for Radha-Krishna Raasa Leelas; Greeshmaya or of Summer Season; Nabhasyaya or of the Varsha Ritu Rupa of Shravana-Bhadrapadas; Beejvaahannaya or of Sharad-Hemanta Swarupa; Angirasa Muni or Shiva of the Rupa of Angira Muni; Atreya or Maha Deva as Atreya; Vimalaya or of Purity and Clarity; Vishwa Vaahanaaya or the Universe as his Chariot; Pavanah or Sakala Pataka Naashakara or the expunger of all kinds of Sins; Purujit or  he who was victorious over Indra; Shakraaya or of the Form of Lord Indra;Trividyo or the One realisable in three ways of Bhakti-Jnaana-Vairagya; Nara vahana orof Kubera Swarupa; Mano Buddhi or Manah Samyukta Buddhi or Heart felt or Sincere  Mindedness; Ahankarah or Self-Orientation; Kshetrajna or Jeeva Rupam; Kshestra Paalaka or the Governor of the Jeevas; Tejo Nidhi or the embodiment of Luminosity; Jnaana nidhi or the Fund of Knowledge; Vipaakah or Sarva Karma phalaprada or the Provider of the results of various kinds of Actions; Vighna karakah or the Maker of Obstacles or vice versa or the demolisher of difficulties; Adharaaya or the One who has no support or Aadhaara or devoid of any backing; Anuttaraaya or he needs  no requirement or replies; Jneyo or the Omni-Scient or All-Knowing; Jyeshtho or the Eldest; Nisshreyasaalaya or You are the Moksha sthala as the end-result of all endeavours; Shaila Nagaya or Shailadi Parvata Rupa or the Linga Rupa made of stone: ‘Shri Shaila Shikharam drushtwa Punarjanma na Vidyatey’; Tanurdoha or the Sukshma Rupa that Yogis could visualise;  Danavaaraye Arindamaya or the Destroyer of Danavas and Swabhakta Shatrus or Self-generated enemies; Chaarudheer janaka or  the Father-figure of Sukshma Buddhi ; Charu Vishalaalya or of the  huge yet of Minute Consciousness; Loka shalya krut or the Vision of Depraved Universe by Maha Deva; Chaturvedah or He is the manifestation of Chaturvedas; of Chaturbhaavas or of  Dharma-Artha-Kaam- Mokshas; Chaturascha Chaturapriyah or indeed the Swarupa of Chaturata or Great Skills and also Chaturapriya or the One who is immensely fond of Chaturata or ingenuity; Amnaayoya or Veda Swarupa; Samaamnaaya or Pramaana bhuta or highly recognised Veda Swarupa; Tirtha Deva Shivalayah or the Most Auspicious Temple besides a sacred water body; Bahu Rupah or of varied  and innumerable Forms; Maha Rupa or of Virat Swarupa; Sarva Rupascharaachara or the Countless Forms of Movable and Immobile Beings; Nyaya nirvahakaya or the sustainer of Natural Justice; Nyaya or Shiva as the personification of Nyaya; Nyaya gamya or He who is the end-result of Nyaya; Niranjana or  He who is an embodiment of Purity or spotlessness; Sahsramurtha or of Thousand Forms; Devendra or of the Indra Swarupa; Sarvashastra prabhanjana or the Highest Exponent of all Shastras; Mundah  or Akesha rupa; Virupa or of Body Form of abormality; Visishta Rupa or of distincive Swarupa; Dandiney or Kala dandaya or stifled y the Kaala Devata; Dantaaya or of the fearful teeth line; Gunottama or the Best characterisation of Tri Gunas of Satvika-Rajasika-Taamasika nature; Pingaalaksha or of the ash smeared eyes akin to that of an owl and he is the visioner of the Past-Present-Future; Haryaksha or of the magnetic eyes of Bhagavan Vishnu; Nila -greeva or of blue-necked Swarupa due to his retenion of’ ‘Halahala’or the poisonous flames that broke out at the time of churning the Ocean of Milk by Deva Danavas in search of Amrita; Niramaya or the Swarupa of Health and Wealth’; Sahasra bahavey or of Thousand Arms; Sarvesha or the Over Lord of the Universe; Sharanyah or the Final Refuge; Sarva Lokabhrut or the Sustainer of the Tri Lokas of Bhuloka, Urthwa Loka and Adho Lokaaa; Padmasana or the one who is Magnificently seated on the Hritkamala or the Lotus-like hearts of his devotees or simply stated with the  Padmasana posture of Yogis; Param Jyoti or The Ultimate Form of Brilliance; Paraavara Param Phalaya or of the Unimaginable Fruits of the Parama Pada’s Bliss; Beejesha or the Sovereign of Beeja Mantras each of which constitute steps to Moksha the Unknown Beyond; Sumukha or The Supreme Countenance of Belevolence; Suma haswana or the Unique Voice of Omkaara);
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Devasura Gurur Devo Devasura Namaskrutah, Devasura mahamaatro Devasura samaashrayah/ Devadi Devo Devarshir Devaasura Vara pradah, Devaasureshwaro Divyo Devasura Maheshwarah/ Sarva Devamayocchintyo Devataatmaatsambhavah, Idadyoneeshah Surva Vyaaghro Deva Simho Divaakarah/ Vibhudhaghra Vara sreshthah Sarva devottamottamah, Shiva jnaanaratah Shreemaan Shikhishri Parvata priyah/ Jayastambho Visishthambo Narasimha nipaatanah, Brahmachari Lokachari Dhanadhipah/ Nandi Nandeeshwaro Nagno  Nagnavrata dharah Shuchih, Lingaadhyakshah Suraadhyaksho yugavah/ Swavashah Savashah Swargah Swaramayasswanah, Beejadhaksho Beejajkarta Dhanakruddharmavardhanah/ Dambhodambho Mahadambhah Sarvabhuta Maheshwarah, Smashaana nilayashishyah Seturapratimaakrutih/ Lokottarasphuta Lokastrayambiko Naga Bhushanah, Andharaarirmakha dweshi Vishnukandhara paatanah/ Veeta doshokshaya guno Dakshaarih Pushadantadhrit, Dhurjatih Khandaparashuh Sakalo Nishkalonaghah /( 91-100)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Devasura Gurur Devo or Bhagavan Shiva is Reputed Instructor of Devas and Asuras alike as indeed the Creator of both of them and he has no partial views on either of them; Devaasureshwaro Divyo Devasura Maeshwarah or He is greeted with veneration to both Devas and Asuras; Devasura mahamaatro or He is the one who controls and disciplines Devas as well as Asuras; Devasura mahashraya or they secure access to him equally well; Devadidevo or He is not only Deva of Devas but also Deva of Adi Deva like Brahma viz.Maha Deva; Devarshi Devaasuravarapradah or the One who is worshipped by Devarshis as also Devasuras; Divyah or the Highest Celestial Manifestation;   Devasura Maheshwarah or the Maheshwara of Devas and Asuras; Sarva Devamayah or the One who is spread over across al the Devas; Achintya or He is beyond understanding of any body or incomprehensible;  Devatatama or the very Soul of Devatas; Atma Sambhavah or He is materialised from the Jeevatma or the Conciousness of the Beings-that is, the Atma Tatwa which the Supreme and Maha Maya created; Eedidya or Sarva Stutya or Commended by one and all; Anishah or none could command  Shiva; Sura Vyaaghraaya or the Mighty and fierce Tiger among the Devas; Deva Simhah or the Lion among the Devatas; Divakara or Surya the Maker of the Day; Vibhudagra or the Head of Vibudhas or the Most Learned; Vara Sreshtha or the Outstanding Boon that one could aspire for; Sarva Devotthama or the Noblest and the Best of all Devas including Prajapatis and Brahma; Shiva Jnaana Rataaya or the One who is replete with the concentrated knowledge of what Shiva is all about; Shreeman or He who is of the Form of Three Kinds of Lakshmi or ‘Shri Lakshmyaa Trivarga sampattou’ viz. Dharma-Artha-Moksha as he was never after Kaama; Shikhi Shri Parvata Priya or Shiva the One who is fond of Skanda Deva and Devi Parvati; Jaya stumbhha  or  Tower of Victory which was installed by Indra and Devas on  Maha Deva’s victory over Triparasuras; Vishishtumbha or Sarvotkrishta / highly distinguished; Narasimha nipadanah or attacking the Opponents like Narasimha Swarupa; Brahmachari or like the Unmarried youth; Lokachari or the Traveller of Tri Lokas; Dharmachari or the One who is the High Practitioner of Dharma or Virtue; Dhanaadhipa or of the Swarupa of Kubera the Head of Wealth; Nandi or Nandi Shiladika Rupa or the renowned Carrier of Maha Deva; Nandeeswara ; Nagna or Shiva is addressed as Namo Digambaraaya or the Form of Nudity; Nagnavrata dhara or the Observer of the Vrata or Practice of Nakedness; Shuchih or One with Bahyantara Shuchi or of the Physical and Internal Cleanliness; Lingaadhyasha or the Supreme of Linga Swarupas; Suradhyasha or the Highest Profile of all Devas; Yugadhyakshah or the Premier Deva of Yugas; Yugaavahaya or of the Cyclical Passage of Yuga Kaalaas; Swavashah or He is Self- Controlled and not regulated by any body else; Savashah or He who controls others well; Swargah or of the Characteristic of Swarga; Swarah or of the Great Omkaara Swarupa; Swaramaya swanah or the  Reverberating Sound of Pranava; Beejaadhyaksha or the  Ultimate Authority of the Beejaaksharas or the Mula Mantras governing the Seed Mantras; Beeja karta or the Originator of the Beeja Mantras; Dhanakruddhana Vardhanaaya or the Perfonification of Wealth as also the Creator and Promoter of Wealth; Dambhaaya or He who is the Bhakta Parikshaaya or testor of the genuinness of his devotees; Adambhaaya or the One devoid of Conceit or Superiority; Mahadambhaaya or where necessary He is the Proclaimer of his Supremacy; Sarva Bhuta Maheswaraaya or the Maha Deva of all the Beings in Srishti; Smashana nilayaaya or the One who represents the Concluding Truth of Life as of Smashaana or the  Final Destination; Tishthaya or of the Prithivi Swarupa; Setavey or the bridge between Life and  Relief ; Apratimaakritih or of Formless Profile; Lokottarasphutaaloka or the Luminosity beyond Lokas; Traimbakaya or Maatru-Murti of Three Mother Forms; Naga Bhushanah or He who is ornamented with serpents; Andhakaarayah or Maha Deva subdued *Andhakasura;
 [*The Asura got puffed up by Brahma’s boon that none excepting Maha Deva could kill him; the Asura who was originally born of Devi Parvati’s prank of forcibly closing Shiva’s eyes and was nourished by herself; Shiva despatched Andhakasura to assist Hiranyaksha but Vishnu had to kill Hiranyasha who stole Vedas and saved Bhu Devi. Meanwhile Andhakasura started making advances to Parvati herself and Shiva had to curtail his mental and physical blindness; a highly repentant Andhaka was condoned by Shiva and allowed him to enter the coveted Ganaadhipatya or of the Chieftainship of some Rudra Ganas -Source: Shiva Purana];
Makha dweshi or Shiva is evidently the detester of Makhas like those of Daksha Yagna where his wife Devi Sati had to resort to ‘Atmaarpana’;


*Vishnu kandhara pataatanah or of the Swarupa of Hayagriva who was Vishnu’s Incarnation and he destroyed Madhu Kaitabha demon brothers whose boon was invincibility except by their mutual fight and when they fought on a completely dry place on high Seas; Vishnu expanded his thighs and Devi Maya allured her with her unique beauty thus creating a stiuation of mutual fight] ; Veeta dodshah or devoid of blemishes; Dakshaari or the adversary of Daksha Prajapati; Pushadantadhrut or of the Swarupa of Ganesha whose tusk piece was smashed by Parashurama on a duel when Parvati grew angry and Vishnu and Lakshmi had to apologise to her on behalf of Parashu Rama; Source: Nilamatha Purana of Kashmir; Dhurjati or Jatasandhata or the One with twisted jataajuta or course hair on his head; Kanda Parashu or Sarva Chedaka Parashu or Shiva with an all-devastating axe; Sakala Nishkala or with Sa-Kala-Nishkala- Chandra or head- ornamented with Chandra with all his Sixteen Kalas on his head; Anagha or Ever Sinless);
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Aadharah Sakalaadhaarah Pandurabho Mrido Natah, Purnah Purayitaa Punyah Sukumarah Sulochanah/ Saama Yogah Priyakarah Punyakeertiranaamayah, Manojavastheerthakaro Jatilo Jeeviteshwarah/ Jeevitantakaro Nityo Vasurethaa Vasupriyah, Sadgatih Sadkrutih Saktah Kalakanthah Kalaadharah/ Maani Maanyo Mahaakalah Sadbhutih Satparaayanah, Chandra Sanjjevanah Shastaah Loka Goodhomaraadhipah/ Loka Bandhuhurlokanaathah Kritagjnah Kritibhushanah, Anapaayya-ksharah Kantah Sarva Shaastra bhrutaam Varah/ Tejomayo Dyutidharo Lokamayograniranuh, Shuchismitah Prasannatmaa Durjayo Duratikramah/ Jyotirmayo Niraakaro Jagannaatho Jaleshwarah, Tumbaveeni Mahakaayo Vishokah Shokanashanah/ Trilokatma Trilokeshah Shuddah Shuddhi Rathaakshajah, Avyakta Lakshano Vyaktaavyakto Vishaampatih/ Varasheelo Varatulo Maano Maana dhano Mayah, Brahma Vishnuh Prajaapaalo Hamso Hamsa geetirmayah/ Vedhaa Daataa Vidhaataacha Attaa Harta Chaturmukhah, Kailasa Shikhari vaasi Sarvavaasi Satamgatih/ Hiranyagarbho Harinah Purushah Purvajajah Pitaa, Bhutaalayo Bhutapatir bhutido Bhuvaneshwarah/ (100-110)

Aadhaarah or the Support; Mahaadharah or the Support with which the Three Worlds are preserved; Pandurabhah or Shiva with the glitter of Pandu or pale-white complexion; Mrida or Earth or of Intense Energy- Sarvan Sukhayateeti Mridayah; Nataayah or the Renowned Swarupa of Nataraja; Purnah or the Sakala Shanti Sampanna or the Profile of Tranquility; Purayita or the Fulfiller of the wishes of His Devotees; Punyah or the Destroyer of Sins even by remembering his name even once; Sukumarah or Skanda Kumara; Sulochanah or Great Vision of Universal Creation; Saama Yogah or of Unique Entity of Sooothing Comfort; Priyakarah or the One who provides love and happiness; Punya Keerti or the Renown of having performed deeds of excellence; Anaamayah or of Levelling Effect of trouble free existence; Manojavah or as swift as thought - alluded as Hanuman; Teerthakarah or Creator of Tirthas like Pushkara; Jatilah or Jataavishishtah or distinguished by His Jataajuta or of the twisted and rough hair; Jeeviteshwarah or the Embodiment of Life; Jeevitaantakarah or the Terminator of Life; Nitya or the Eternal; Vasureta or Vasu suvarna Retaah or of the Golden Semen that created Bhumi; Vasupriya or the beloved of Bhudevi; Sadgatih or the Administrator of the path of Righteousnes; Sadkritih or the Decider of the acts of Morality; Saktah or the Shakti Swarupa; Kalaakantha or the Poison Throated;* Kaladhara or the One wearing Chandra representing the Sixty Four Kalas orArts;
[*Chatusshashti Kalaas include Vidyas like Geeta (Singing), Vadya or Instrumetal Music; Nritya or dance, Natya or Theatrical performance; Alekhya or Paniting, Pushpapastrana or making a bed of flowers; bhumika karana or making the base for jewellery; Indrajala or the Art of Magic; hasta laaghava orthe sleight of hand; Yantra Matrika or the art of machanics; Maanasi Kavya or mental compositions; Samachya or the Art of Conversation; Dyuta Vishesha or Gambling etc;]
Maaniney or Satya Sanmaana Vishishtah or Wide and Formal Recognition of Deeds of Excellence; Manyo or the Awardee of such Awards; Maha Kaalah or of Unlimited Kaala Swarupa; Sadbhutih or the Great Being of Truthfulness; Satyaparayanah or the Unique  Pratctioner of Truthfulness; Chandra sanjeevanah or the Revivor of Chandra’s Life Forces [See Chandra Kalas above]; Shasta or of the Swarupa of Skandeshwara; Shastaloka Gudhah or the Concealed Meaning of Shastra or  the Maker of the Law; Amaradhipa or the Head of the Amara Loka; Loka Bandhuh or the One  with the close Relationship of all the Beings on the Universe; Loka Natha or the Principal Figure of the Tri Lokas; Kritagjnah or He who takes into account of the good deeds  of the Beings; Kritibhushana or He who ornaments of such good deeds done in the past; Anapaayyaksharah or Shiva who is of the Alphabets of Imperishable nature; Kantah or of  the Beloved one or of the epithet of Skanda; Sarvashastra bhrutam Varah or the One who epitomises all the Shastras; Tejo mayo or the Essence of Brightness; Dyuti dhro or the One full of Illumination; Lokamaya or the Illusion created by the Lokas; Agrani or the Sarva Sheshtha or the Highest Manifestation; Anavey or Anuh Parama Sukshma Rupah; Shuchismitah or of the Smiling Swarupa of extreme cleanliness; Prasanatma or of the Supreme Soul of  Pleasantness; Durjayah or Unconquerable; Duratikramah or He who could not be trangressed; Jyotirmaya or the Fund of Brilliance from flames; Niraakarah or He has or  no shape nor profile; Jagannatha  or the Leader of the Lokas; Jaleswarah or the High Profile of Water or Jala; Tumbaveeni or the Magnificent Stringed Instrument of Gandharva called Tumba Deva like the One played byRudra Veena;  Maha Kayaaya or of Gaint Physique of Virat Swarupa; Vishokah or He who conquered  Distress or Sorrow; Shoka nashanah or the destroyer of Grief;  Trilokatma or of the Super Soul of the Three Dimensional Nature ; Trilokeshah or the Over Lord of the Trilokas; Shuddhah or the Embodiment of Purity; Shuddhi or of Shoucha Rupa or  of Spotlessness; Rathaakshah or of the Swarupa of Sudarshana Chakra – ‘Rathaksham Sudarshana Chakram janayateeti Rathaakshajah’; Avyaktalakshanah or the Unknown Entity; Vyaktaavyakta or Visionable to Maha Yogis but Unknown otherwise; Vishampatih or ‘Visham Sakalaprajaanaam Patih’or the Supreme  Power of one and all in Srishti; Varasheelah or of the Best Provider of Demeanour; Varatulah or Bestower of Balanced boons as a Being is eligible precisely; Maanah or Sakala Pramaana bhuta or the one who is a perfect Standard; Mayah or Sukha Swarupa; Brahma Vishnu Prajaapaalah or Shiva is the Highest Ruler of Brahma-Vishnu and Prajapati; Hamsah or the destroyer of Ignorance and is the Hamsa Swarupa since a Swan is able to distinguish purity or otherwise; Hamsagatih or Shiva like Hamsa is able to reach yogis or others);

Vedha Dhata Vidhata cha Attaa Harta Chaturmukhah, Kailasa sikhari vaasi Sarvaavasi sataam gatih/ Hiranyagarbho harinaha Purushah Purvajah Pita, Bhutalayo Bhurapatirbhutido Bhuvaneshwarah/ Samyogi Yogavidbrahmanaa Brahmanyo Brahmanapriyah, Devapriyo Devanatho Devagjno Devachintakah/ Vishamaakshah Kalaadhyaksho Vrishanko Vrishavardhanah, Nirmado Nirahamkaro Nirmoho Nirupadravah/ Darpahaa darpito druptah Sarvatru Parivartakah, Saptajihvah Sahasraarchih Snigdhah Prakritidakshinah/ Bhutabhavyabhavannaathah Prabhavo Bhrantinaashanah, Anarthonartho Mahakoshah Parakaryaikapanditah/ Nishkantakah Kritaanando Nirvyajo Vyajamardanah, Satwavan Satwikah Satyakeerti Stambhakritaagamah/ Akampito Gunagrahi Naikatmaa Naikakarmakrut, Supreetaha Sumukhah Sukaro Dakshinonalah/ Skandhah Skandhadharo Dhuryah Prakatah  Preetivardhanah, Aparajitah Sarvasaho Vidagdhah Sarva Vahanah/ Adhrutah Swadhrutah Saadhyah Putamurtiryashodharah, Varaha shringa dhrugvaayur balavaanekanaayakah/ (121-130)

Vedha or Sakalaadhaara Bhuta Vidhata or the pivotal hold of all Beings; Dhata the Creator; Vidhata or the Destiny Maker; Attaa Hartaa or the Preserver and Eliminator; Chaturmukha or Brahma Deva; Kailasa sikhari vaasa or the Resider of the Top of Kailasa Mountain; Sarva Vaasi or the Inhabitant of all the Beings whether mobile or immobile; Satamgatih or Margadarshi or the Path Finder; Hiranya Garbhah: literally of the Golden Womb or Lord Brahma the Creator; Hiranyaha or of Golden Complexion; Purushah : ‘ Purusham Shankaram Prabhu Gourim cha Prakritam’ or Shankara is of the Male and Gouri of Prakriti / female manifestations; Purvajah or ‘Sakalaadi’ or Very First Ever Recognised ;  Pitah or the Foremost Father ever known in Srishti/ Creation; Bhutaalaya or the Residing Point of Beings; Bhuta pati or the Head of various Beings in all the Lokas; Bhutida or the Provider of Fulfiller of Wishes; Bhuvaneshwarah or the Master of Fourteen Bhuvanas or Lokas; Samayogi or the Bestower of Karma Phala or the Fruits of Erstwhile Deeds by all the ‘Pranis’ or Beings; Yogavidbrahma or Parabrahma who possesses the High Awareness of Yoga Vidya; Brahmanya or ‘Brahymaney Tapasey Hito’ or He who is the well-wisher of those who perform Tapasya; Brahmana Priya or Shiva is fond of true Brahmanas by practice rather than by birth; Deva Priya or He is extremely delighted with Devas; Deva Nadha or the Master of Devas; Devagjna or He is fully familiar with the ways of Devas; Devachintakah or He is totally seized of the affairs of Devas; Vishamaaksha or He who feigns crooked eyes to questionable characters; Kalaadhyaksha or the Prime Source of ‘Chathusshashthi Kalas’ or of sixty four types of Art Forms; Vrishanka or Shiva whose emblem is a Bull or Nandeeshwara; Vrisha vardhana or He who promotes Vrisha Dharma or the Features of Virtue and Patience; Nirmadaya or the Negation of  Arrogance; Nirahankara or devoid  of Conceit and Ego; Nirmoha or the antithesis of Attachments; Nirupadrava or He who is unaffected by the Tapatrayas or the Three Kinds of Difficulties affected by the Beings viz. Adhidaivika or natural hazards, Adhibhouthika or physical problems and Adhyatmika or Internal aberrations; Darpaha Darpita or He who blows off the self-pride of the arrogant ;  Drupta or the Great Form of Calmness and Peacefulness; Sarvatra parivratah or Bhagavan Shiva rotates Kaalamana ie. Rithus or Seasons from time to time;
*Sapta Jihwaha or of the Seven  Tongued Agni Swarupa-
*[ Viz.Kali, Karaali, Manojava, Sulohita, Sudhumra varna, Ugra or Sphulingini, and Pradeepta]; Sahasraarchih or He who is worshipped by thousands of Lights; Snigdhaaya or soaked  with Kindness; Prakriti Dakshinah or He who is soft, obliging and amenable like Prakriti or Nature itself; Bhuta bhavya Bhavannathah or the Master of Past, Present and Future; Prabhava or the Chief Coordinator of Samsara; Bhranti nashana or He who is the destroyer of delusions and mis-beliefs; Anarthah or destroys ill-gotten wealth; Arthah or encourages prosperity earned by dint of hard work;
*Maha Koshah or Shiva is Parabrahma the Great Bliss-
[* He like a Shell is associated by Pancha Koshas or Five Sheaths of Human Body called  Annamaya (Physical Energy), Praanamaya (Vital Energy), Manomaya (Mental Faculty), Vigyanamaya (Buddhi or Sharpness of Discrimination) and Ananda maya (Bliss)] ;
*Parakaya Pandita or Shiva is the Original Siddhi Purusha with one of the innumerable Maha Siddhis like the ability to enter another body form and Soul;
[* Maha Deva is the fulfledged Master of unlimited Siddhis or Accomplishments; the popular Ashta Siddhis are Anima or the ability of miniaturising  oneself; Mahima is turning one self giant like; Laghima is the capacity to get oneself unusually light; Garima is to make the Self too gross and heavy; Prapti is to achieve any kind of mental desire; Prakamya or providing fulfillment of other’s wishes; Vashitwa or capacity to control any other Party; Ishitwa or fully dominating over others as wished. Among many other Siddhis include Para Kaaya Pravesha or totally entering other’s body and even Soul; Doora Shravana or distant hearing, Doora Darshana or Distant Vision or ability to see things or actions any where from other places; Manojavam or reaching a place as fast as a thought as also thought reading; Kamarupa or assuming the physical form of another Being-be it a moving species or an immobile like a mountain etc; Swacchanda Maranam or the gift to die at one’s own wish; Deva Saha Kreeda Anudarshanam or the gift to view Deva Devis playing among themselves; Yatha Sankalpa Siddhi or accomplishing any thing by a mere thought; and so on.]
Nishkantakah or the Destroyer of those who create problems of vicious nature or alternative explanation is Parama Shiva is the reversal of the notorious Arishad Vargas or the Six infamous Enemies of humanity viz. ‘Kama Krodha Lobha Moha Mada Matsaras’or Desire-Anger-Meanness-Infatuation-Arrogance-and Jealousy; Kritaananda or the Epitome of Everlasting Joy; Nirvyaja or denial of falsehood; Vyaja mardana or the Punisher of hypocrisy; Satwavatey or the Embodiment of moral strength and courage; Satwikaaya or basically of Satwika guna or of the characteristic of virtue and morality; Satya Kirthi Stambha or the Pillar of Truth and Fame; Kritaagamah or the Exhorter of the Essence of Vedas; Akampitaya or the One who is unshaken and firm in his resolve; Gunagrahi or the Absorber of all the Trigunas of Satvika-Raajasika-Taamasika nature; Naikatma or the Unique Super Soul; Naikatma krut or the Benefactor of those seek Paramatma; Supreeta or the Provider of Affection and Help; Sumukha or of Supportive and Comforting Countenance; Sukshma or of ‘Sarva Gatam Sukshmam’ or Bhagavan is present in a miniscule form in every Being performing helpful deeds to all; Dakshinonalah or of ‘Savya Marga’ or of Right and Perfect Direction; Skandah or Shiva assuming the Alternate Form of Lord Skanda Kumara; Skandadharah or He takes over the Skanda Tatwa or of Bravery as also of Dharma as Skanda is the ‘Shaasta’or the Regulator of Righteousness; Dhuryah or the holding grip of various Beings in Creation; Prakatah or He who is visionable in the Form of  Surya, Chandra, Agni, Wind, Sky and other Celestial Entities; Preetivardhanah or the Promoter and Fulfiller of Aspirations and Desires; Aparajitah or  the Unconquerable; Sarvasaha or He could experience and feel  the features and qualities of each and every entity in the Universe; Vidagdhah or the One who burns off the blemishes and sins of Devotees; Adhrutah or Niraadhara or Supportless; Swadhrutah or Self-Supportive; Sadhyah or Achievable by the right-minded; Sarva Vahana or the Carrier and Path Finder of the Worlds; Purta Murtaye or Maha Deva is akin to a Composite Human Form; Yashodharah or the Personification of Reputation and Eminence; *Varaha Shringadhruk or Shiva as the Yagna Varaha Purusha with Horns [* or of the Avatara of Vishnu in the Grear Bear Form who salvaged Bhu Devi from sinking into the abyss of Oceans into Patala, saving Vedas and Arya Dharmas besides destroying Hiranyaksha the Most Powerful Asura]; Vayubalavaan or He is of the power and strength of Maha Vayu or  the Hurricane Winds; Eka Nayaka or the Singular Most Supreme of the Universe);


Shruti Prakashah Shrutimaaneka bandhuraneka dhrut, Shri Vallabha Shivaarambhah Shanti Bhadrah Samanjasah / Bhushayo Bhutikrudbhutir Bhusano Bhuta Vahanah, Akaayo Bhaktakaayasthah Kalajnaani Kalaavapuh/ Satyavrata Maha Tyagi Nishtha Shanti Parayanah, Paraartha Vrittirvarado Viviktah Shruti Saagarah/ Anirvinno Gunagraahi Kalamkaanka kalamkaha, Swabhava Rudro Madhyasthjah Shatrughno Madhya Naashakah/ Shikhandi Kavachi Shulee Chandi Mundi cha Kundali, Mekhali Kavachi Khadgi Maayee Samsaara Saarathih/ Amrutyuh Sarva Druk Simha Tejoraashir Maha Munih, Asankhyeyoprameyatmaa Veeryavaan Kaarya Kovidah/ Vedyo Vedartha-vidgopta Sarvaachaaro Muneeshwarah, Anuttamo Duraadharsho Madhurah Priyadarshanah/ Sureshah Sharanam Sarvah Shabda Brahma sataangatih, Kalabhakshah Kalamkarih Kankanikrita Vasukih/ Maheshwaaso Mahi Bhartaa Nishkalanko Vishrunkhalah, Dyumanistaranirdhanyah Siddidah Siddhi Saadhanah/  Nivrittah Samvritah Shilpo Vyudhorasko Maha bhujah, Ekajjyotinirantanko Naro Narayana Priyah/ Nirlopo Nishprapanchatma Nirvyagro Vyagra naashanah, Stavyastavapriyah Stothaa Vyasa Murtiranaakuklah/ Niravadyapadoaayo Vidyaaraashiravikramah, Prashanta Buddhirakshudrah Kshudraha Nitya Sundarah/ Dhairyagryadhuryo Dhaatreeshah Shaakalyah Sharvari patih, Paramardha Gurur Drishtirguraashrita Vatsalah/ Raso Rasagjnah Sarvagjnah Sarva Satwaalambanah/(131- 145)

Shruti Prakashakah or He who brought Vedas to light; Shrutiman or the Epitome of Vedas; Ekabandhu or the Closest confidant to one and all; Aneka Dhrut or of Innumerable Manifestations who  assume responsibility to one and all; Shri Vallabha or the Alternate Swarupa of Bhagavan Vishnu; Shivaarambha or He who ushers Auspiciousness to  all; Shanti Bhadrah or the Custodian of Law and Order in the Universe; Samanjasaha or the One providing justice and timely help; Bhushaaya or He makes Bhumi as his bed; Bhuti krut  or Shiva is the Creator of Beings; Bhuti bhushanah or the One who ornaments all the Beings ie. who makes them happy; Bhuta Vahanah or He is the unique Carriage from births and deaths; Akaaya or Formless or Bodyless; Bhaktakayastah or he displays his Physical Form to his devotees; Kaala Jnaaniney or the One with full knowledge of Past-Present and Future; Kaala Vapuh or He is capable of bestowing relief in a split second; Satya Vrata or One who induces the Practice of Truthfulness; Maha Tyagi or the Great Practitioner of Sacrifices; Nishthaa Shanti Parayana or the Motivator of Practising Self-Discipline and Peacefulness; Paraartha Vritti Varada or the Bestower of the Boon of Moksha; Viviktah or the Distinguisher of Realism and Falsehood  ie. Maya and Truth; Shruti Sagarah or the Ocean of Vedas; Anirvinna or devoid of worries and apprehensions ; Gunagrahi or the One who absorbs varying features; Kalamkaanka or of the Form of Chandra who suffers blemishes;  Kalamkah or the One who removes stains of human beings; *Swabhava Rudra or as he was generated by Brahma as a crying child ;  *[ ‘Rodayaateeti Ruth Agjnaanam dravayateeti Rudrah’or the Child cried due to ignorance and was pacified and hence called Rudra];  Madhyasthah or One between Brahma and Vishnu-an alternative explanation being that Bhagavan is neutral and does not get affected by inhibitions or partiality; Shatrughnah or the Decimator of Enemies; Madhyanashakah or the Great Interrugnum between Universal Existence and Destruction; *Shikhandi or  of the Swarupa of Revenge [*Princess Amba of Maha Bharata was disllusioned by Bheeshma  and was reborn as Shikhandi as an eunuch and out of vengence killed Bheeshma in the Great Battle at Kurukshetra];  Kavachiney or the Body Safeguard in battles; Shuliney or the Carrier of a Spear ready to confront the Wicked; Chandi or the Goddess of Retribution; Mundini or the Goddess with shaven head looking grotesque to the Evil; Kundali or the One who sports Karna kundalas or Ear lobe ornaments; Mekhali or wearing Kati Sutra or Waist Ornament; Khadgi or the Sword that punishes the Vicious; Samsara Sarathi or the Great Charioteer of Samsara; Amrityu or Shiva is popularly called Mrityumjaya; Sarvadruk or He looks after one and all; Simha or the Ferocious; Tejoraashi or the Fund of Luminosity; Asamkheya or Uncountable; Aprameya or Immeasurable; Veeryavatey orthe Emblem of Courage; Karya Kovidaaya or He is a unique expert in handling various tasks; Vedyah or the personification of Vedas; Vedartha Vidgopta or the Confidential Preserver of  Vedas; Sarvaachari or the Symbol of Traditions; Muneeshwarah or the Prime Leader of Sages; Anuttama or there is none else more Virtuous; Duradharsha or far beyond all difficulties; Madhuraya or the Deposit of Sweetness; Priyadarshanaaya or the One who visions the Beings in the Universe with affection and care; Sureshaaya or the Top Master of Devas; Sharanyam Sarva or the Ultimate Point of Refuge to all; Shabda Brahma Satangatih or of the Sacred Path of Shabda Brahma or of the constant  recitals of Vedas; Kaala bhaksha or the Terminator of the periodicity of Time; Kalamka-ari or the Enemy of Kalankaas or the mind-borne imperfections; Kankani krita Vaasuki or Maha Deva is ornamented with the Vasuki  Serpent; Maheshwaasah or He who has the totality of the Universe as his abode; Mahi Bharta or the Master of Prithvi / Earth; Nishkalanka or the Negation of Impurities; Vishrunkhalah or Free from all kinds of chains of Maya or Illusion; Dyumanistara or of Surya Swarupa; Dhanya or the Most Glorious; Siddhidah or the Fulfiller; Siddhi Sadhana or the Facilitator of Siddhi or Accomplishment); Nivrittah or the Bestower of Salvation; Samvartah or the Destroyer of Avidya or Ignorance / Maya-also another Name of Bhagavan Shiva; Shilpah or the Magnificent Architect cum Builder of Brahmanda; Vyudhoraskah or the Creator of wide spread puzzles and riddles of Life; Maha Bhujah or the Golorious Hands that possess the ability of reaching far distances; Eka Jyoti or the Single Most embodiment of Illumination; Niraatankah or the One who scares away problems and diseases; Naro Narayana Priya or He who is fond of Human Beings and Narayana-alternatively He is affectionate to the Naro Narayana Maharshis; Nirlepah or the Redeemer of Karma related to the actions of various Beings; Nishprapanchatma or He who is least affected by Pancha Bhutas who indeed created them all; Nirvyagro or He who provides ‘Karma Samaapti’or the closure of Actions of human beings ie Salvation; Vyagra naashanah or the Destroyer of extreme situations like death; Stavya Stava Priyah or Maha Deva is pleased with commendations and prayers; Stotey or the Whole World is constantly engaged in praising and worshipping Him; Vyasa Murtey or Shiva assumes the Swarupa of Veda Vyasa  as the latter was instrumental in dividing the Single Maha Veda into Chaturvedas of Ruk-Yajur-Saama-Atharvanas and also scripting Eighteen Maha Puranas; Anaakula or the Least Disturbed by ‘Arishad Vargas’of Kama-Krodha-Lobha-Moha-Mada-Matsaryas or Desire-Anger-Narrow mindedness-Possessiveness-Arrogance and Jealousy;  Niravadyapadopaaya or the Enabler of Moksha; Vidyaraashi or the Prime Source of Vidya or Knowledge: ‘Ishaanam Sarva Vidyaanaam’; Avikramah or none else as the Symbol of Courage; Prashaanta Buddhaye or of Tranquil Mind; Akshudraya or devoid of base mentality; Kshudraghney or the Decimator of narrow-mindedness; Nitya Sundarah or Maha Deva has an eternally attractive physical Frame; Dhairyagyardhurya or the personification of intrepedity and courage; Dhaatreeshah or the Master of Prithvi / Earth; Shaakalya or of Shakalya Maharshi Swarupa; Sharvari Patih or the Master of Darkness or the Deity of  Nocturnal Activities; Paramartha Guru or Maha Deva is the highest Instructor as to how best to achieve the Final Goal; Drishti Guru or the Master Visionary to guide as to how to reach Salvation; Ashrita Vatsala or He never fails those who approach him for his benevolence with Earnestness; Rasah or the Quintesssence of Parama Brahma: ‘ Raso Brahma Swarupah’; Rasagjnaaya or Bhagavan is all-knowing: ‘Sarvasya Brahma Rasasya Jnaana Vettha’; Sarva Sattaavalambanah or Bhagavan Shiva assumes the responsibility of all the Beings in the Universe). [Sri Shiva Sahasra naama concludes].

Suta uvacha: Evam naamnaam Sahasrena tushtaava Vrishabhadwajam/ (The above are the Thousand Names of Vrishabhadhwaja Parameshwara);


Snaapayaamaasa cha Vibhuh Pujayaamaasa Pankajaih, Parikshartham Harey Pujaa Kamaleshu Maheshwarah/ Gopayaamaasa Kamalam tadaikam Bhuvaneshwarah, Taddhita Pushpo Haristatra kimidam twabhyachintayan/ Jnaatwaa Swanetramuddhutya Sarva Satwaavalambanam, pujayaamaasa bhavena naamnaa tena Jagadguram/ Tatastatra Vibhu drushtwaa tathaa bhutam Haro Harim,Tasmaa-davataaraashu Mandalaatpaavakasya cha/ Koti Bhaskara Samkaasham Jataamukutamanditam, Jwaalaamaalaavritam Divyam teekshna damshtram bhayankaram/ Shulatanka Gadaachakra kunta paasha dharam Haram, Varadaabhaya hastam cha Deepicharmottareeyakam/ Ityabhutam tadaa drushtwa Bhavam Bhasma Vibhushitam, Twadrushto namascha kaaraashu Deva Devam Janardanah/

(As Bhagavan Vishnu performed ‘Abhisheka’ to Maha Deva and placed a lotus flower each while reciting the Thousand Names of Shiva, the latter desired to test the sincerity of devotion of Vishnu and hid one lotus flower short; On finding one flower short in the Puja, Bhagavan Vishnu pulled out one eye of his for completing the Worship to Shankara. Then Vishnu had the vision of Maha Deva with the luminosity of thousand Surya Devas; his head gear covering coarse and twisted hair; surrounded by high flames, with sharp teeth, fearsome profile; carrying trident- sword-chakra and so on but displaying Abhaya Hasta indicating assurances of safety; waving a dry tiger skin with ash laden face; Vishnu was awe struck and made Pradakshina Namsakaras as the Fourteen Bhuvanas trembled).


Maha Deva was then pleased enormously and on realising that Vishnu’s endeavour was in the context of saving and safeguarding Devas, He bestowed Sudarshana Chakra with whose magnificence that the recurrent fears and tribulations of Devas would vanish instantaneously and for ever.

Phala Shruti:
Whosoever  reads or hears the Shiva Sahasra naama with devotion and sincerity would secure the fruits of giving suvarna daana to learned Brahmanas; those who perform Abhisheka to Shiva Linga with cow’s ghee become eligible to the return of Ashwamedha Yagjna Phala.  
(Source: Maha Linga Purana)

 

Design


Linga Purana      Shiva Purana      Brahma Purana       Maha Bharata