Just as "illakanam", the Tamil word
for grammar, is derived from the Sanskrit "laksana", so
too a number of other words that have to do with grammar in that
language are of Sanskrit origin. For instance, there are two
terms used in Tamil grammar, pakuti (pahuti) and vikuti (vihuti).
To illustrate in the word "Ramanukku" (for Raman ),
"Raman " is pakuti and "ku" is
"vikuti". Both terms pakuti and vikuti are derived from
Sanskrit grammar. "How do you say so? " it might be
asked. "Is it not pakuti an original tamil word derived from
in the sense of that which has been divided is indeed a Tamil
word. But I say that there is another pakuti that is a corrupt
form of the Sanskrit "prakarti". It is in the sense of
"prakarti" that the word "Raman" in
"Ramanukku" is described as pakuti. As for
"vikuti" it is from the Sanskrit
"vikriti": there is no such word as "vikuttal"
in Tamil corresponding to pakuttal. From the undisputed fact that
vikuti is from vikriti, we may conclude for certain that pakuti
is from prakrti.
also called "pratyaya", that which gives many meanings
to the same prakrti. When it is said "Ramanai
aditten"-(I) beat Raman-the pratyaya "ai" added
makes Raman the person who is beaten. If it is said Ramanal
adipatten-(I) was beaten by Raman-the prakrti Raman with the al
makes him the one who beat. )
is not my purpose to claim that Sanskrit is superior to Tamil.
When do feelings of superiority arise to make us happy? When we
are conscious of differences between what we believe is
"ours" and what we believe is "theirs". Where
we to have racial bias, we could be tempted to speak in
appreciative terms of what is "ours" and to deprecate
what is "theirs". If we realise that to harbour
feelings based on racial differences is itself wrong, that our
languages have sprung from the same family, from the same
cultural tradition, there will be no cause for speaking highly of
one language at the expense of another.
the subject of grammar I have mentioned certain facts and it is
not my intention to elevate one language above another.
About "Hindu Dharma"
"Hindu Dharma" is a book
which contains English translation of certain invaluable and
engrossing speeches of Sri Sri Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi MahaSwamiji (at
various times during the years 1907 to 1994).
For a general background, please see here