Sri Devi Kamakshi Sri Sri Sri Adi Sankara Sri Sri Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi MahaSwamiji Sri Sri Sri Jayendra Saraswathi Swamiji Sri Sri Sri Sankara Vijayendra Saraswathi Swamiji
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News & Upcoming Events
CAMP CHENNAI - HH Pujyashri Shankaracharya Swamigals will perform the Nitya Pujas at Shrimatam camp in the Madras Sanskrit College, Mylapore, Chennai from 18 May 2015 to 4 June 2015. Various spiritual & cultural programmes will take place right through the day. Devotees are invited to attend the pujas and receive the blessings of Sri Chandramouleeswara Swamy and Pujyashri Acharya Swamigals.  For further details, contact - 98400 56148, 98404 12086, 98410 13074, 99405 56633
29 May - Sanyasa Sweekara Day of HH Pujyashri Shankara Vijayendra Saraswathi Shankaracharya Swamiji - It was on this day in 1983 that His Holiness received Sanyasa Deeksha at the age of 13.
Madras Sanskrit College - Alumni Function held in the presence of His Holiness
Yajur Veda Sammelan Concludes - Shrimatam Camp at Mylapore - 24 May 2015
Kal Vaitta Vaaram held at Shrimatam Camp, Mylapore- 24 May 2015
Pushpabhishekam performed to His Holiness- Shrimatam Camp at Mylapore - 24 May 2015
Veda Dharma Shastra Paripalana Sabha - Visesha Upanyasam -31 May2015
Veda Parayanam performed at Swamimalai - May 2015
Nada Samarpanam at Shrimatam Camp, Mylapore
Yajur Veda Sammelan at Shrimatam Camp, Mylapore
Chidambaram Shri Nataraja Temple - Yagashala and Kumbhabhishekam in benign presence of Their Holinesses

Gautama Maharsi who composed the Nyaya-sutra is called "Aksapada". He was always so wrapped up in thought that he was often oblivious of the outside world. We call scientists, professors and such people "absent-minded" and retail jokes about them. Gautama too was absent-minded. One day as he was walking along, brooding over some philosophical problem, he fell into a well. Isvara then rescued him and fixed eyes to his feet. Thus, as he walked, he would be guided by the pair of new eyes. That is how he came to be called "Aksapada", one with eyes on his feet. So goes the story.

Vatsyayana wrote a bhasya for the Nyaya-sutra and Uddyotakara a vartika. Vacaspatimisra, who was a great non-dualist, wrote a gloss called Nyaya-vartika-tatparya-tika. Udayanacarya write a gloss on this gloss: it is known as Tatparya-tika-parisuddhi. He also wrote the Nyaya-kusumanjali. To recall what I said before, he was foremost among responsible for the decline of Buddhism in India. Jayanta wrote a commentary on the Nyaya-sutra called Nyaya-manjari. Annambhatta wrote the Tarka-samgraha and himself wrote a commentary on it called Dipika. Usually students of Nyaya start with the last-mentioned two works.

It is believed that the Ravana-bhasya, a commentary on Kanadas Vaisesika-sutra, is no longer available. However, a bhasya-like work called Padartha-dharma-samgraha by Prasastapada is still extant. Udayana has commented on it. Recently, Uttamur Sri Viraraghavacariyar wrote a book called Vaisesika-rasayana.

Vaisesika came to be called "Aulukya-darsana". "Uluka" means an owl-the English word "owl" is from "ulu". What belongs to, or what is concerned with, the owl is "aulukya". Kanada himself was called "Uluka". If Gautama, always lost in thought, fell one day into the well, Kanada was so absorbed in his philosophical investigations by day that he had to go begging for his food at night. He got the nickname of "Uluka" from this fact, that is he was not seen during day time and went about at night. (Bhagavan says in the Gita. that the night of the ignorant man is the day of the wise and enlightened man, jnanin. So all jnanins are owls in this sense).

Vaisesika is also called "Kanada-sastra" after the name of its founder, Kanada. Not the Tamil "kanada". A scholar has said jocularly that Kanada founded his system after having seen (kandu). Grammar and Vaisesika are believed to be of great help in the study of all subjects. So the saying:

Kanadam Paniniyam ca sarvasastropakarakam.

Like grammar (which originated in Nataraja's damaru), Nyaya and Vaisesika are also connected with Siva. In the Vaisesika treatises obeisance is paid to Mahesvara who is regarded as the Paramatman. The Saiva schools hold the view that Isvara is the "nimitta" or cause of the universe.

About "Hindu Dharma"
"Hindu Dharma" is a book which contains English translation of certain invaluable and engrossing speeches of Sri Sri Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi MahaSwamiji (at various times during the years 1907 to 1994).
For a general background, please see here